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AfriCan Geopardy

AfriCan Geopardy

By African Geopardy

AfriCan Geopardy is a fun, witty, and authentic way of talking about the ocean, and African geopolitics, with an added twist of bursting stereotypes about Africa. We are two AfriCan gals who have PhDs - we know our onions.
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A Reflection of our 2022 journey with Ife
A Reflection of our 2022 journey with Ife
In the December episode of AfriCan Geopardy, Dr Ife Okafor-Yarwood reflects on the year we have had by going over the topics we have discussed throughout the year. We want to thank our listeners and guests for the support they have given us throughout the years, and we look forward to your continued support. AfriCan!
27:20
December 01, 2022
Fishing and insurgency in the Lake Chad Basin: Exploring Boko Haram’s economy of violence.
Fishing and insurgency in the Lake Chad Basin: Exploring Boko Haram’s economy of violence.
Welcome to the November episode of AfriCan Geopardy. Have you ever wondered about the relationship between fish and terrorism? Listen to this episode to find out more. Here, we discuss "fishing and insurgency in the Lake Chad Basi: Exploring Boko Haram's economy of violence" with Mr Malik Samuel, an investigative journalist and a researcher with the Institute for Security Studies. His work in the last seven years has been focused on the Boko Haram crisis affecting the Lake Chad Basin region. His research focus includes terrorism financing, children in conflict, human rights violations, farmer-herder clashes, and the crime-terror nexus. Although terrorist can maintain their reign of terror through coercion and intimidation, the insurgency has also been sustained because Boko Haram/ISWAP and their likes are winning hearts by providing public goods and services that the government has failed to provide the people. If there is one thing you take away from this episode, let it be that we cannot win the war on terror through armament alone.
35:51
November 01, 2022
The untold stories of AfriCan abolitionists!
The untold stories of AfriCan abolitionists!
In this month's episode of AfriCan Geopardy, we discussed "the untold stories of AfriCan abolitionists" with Mr Michael Odijie. Mr Odijie is a Research Fellow on the African Abolitionism: The Rise and Transformations of Anti-Slavery in Africa" (AFRAB) project at University College London (UCL). AFRAB seeks to answer critical questions about the role of Africans in the abolitionist movement on the continent. To find out more, check: African Abolitionism: The Rise and Transformations of Anti-Slavery in Africa | History - UCL – University College London The discussion highlights the role that AfriCans played in the eras of slavery and abolitionism - this episode is not to be missed. Listen. Reflect. Share.
37:07
October 03, 2022
Overdosing on multivitamin supplements in post-COVID19 era - Nigerian example.
Overdosing on multivitamin supplements in post-COVID19 era - Nigerian example.
In this episode of AfriCan Geopardy, we discuss "Overdosing on Multivitamin supplements in post-COVID19 era" with Ms Ifedola Olojo, a Clinical Pharmacist at the Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Lagos, Nigeria. Ifedola received her first degree, a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D), from the University of Benin, Nigeria and a second-degree MSc. Pharmacology from the University of Lagos, Nigeria. Her professional interests are HIV care, Infectious diseases, Digital Healthcare delivery and Nutrition health. Listen. Reflect. Share.
31:28
September 05, 2022
"The complexities of Western return of African stolen Artefacts"
"The complexities of Western return of African stolen Artefacts"
In this episode of Geopardy, we discussed "The complexities of Western return of African stolen Artefacts" with Nosmot Gbadamosi, the writer of Foreign Policy's weekly Africa Brief. She has covered human rights, the environment, and sustainable development across Africa, Asia, and Europe. Her journalism has appeared in over 30 publications, including Al Jazeera, CNN, and TIME Magazine. In discussing the complexities of the return of Africa's stole artefacts, we focused mostly on Benin bronze and the complexities around the promise of the return and why return must mean return and not the current shadows of uncertainty surrounding the terms of the return of the stolen artefacts by the former colonial masters. This episode is one not to be missed. You may reach Nosmot via the following: Portfolio: www.nosmotgbadamosi.com Blog: https://lovedesignetc.wordpress.com
30:20
August 03, 2022
The role of socio-economic development in conflict prevention and resolution in Africa
The role of socio-economic development in conflict prevention and resolution in Africa
In this episode of AfriCan Geopardy, we discussed "The role of socio-economic development in conflict prevention and resolution in Africa" with Teniola Tayo, a researcher with the Lake Chad Basin programme at the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) in Dakar. Teni's research interests border on the security, trade and development nexus. Teni uses the social realities in the Lake Chad Basin to show how working for peace in times of conflict must almost always consider the socio-economic solutions. With vast experience working in the subject area, the recommendations are practical and include actionable roles for the AfriCan youths. Listen. Reflect. Share.
27:59
July 04, 2022
Impacts and Trends of IUU fishing in the South West Indian Ocean (SWIO)
Impacts and Trends of IUU fishing in the South West Indian Ocean (SWIO)
On this episode of AfriCan Geopardy, we discussed “Impacts and Trends of IUU fishing in the South-West Indian Ocean (SWIO)” with Mr Vicente Cossa. Mr Cossa works for the World Wide Fund for Nature, focusing on processes for establishing the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Monitoring Control and Surveillance Coordination Centre, which will be based in Mozambique (SADC-MCSCC). As the title indicates, the discussion focussed on the extent of IUU fishing and the challenges and progress made by SWIO countries (Mozambique in particular). Importantly, Mr Cossa also touched on the cyclical relationship between poverty and deprivation in the coastal areas and the advancement of insurgency in coastal Mozambique. Listen. Reflect. Share.
36:39
June 01, 2022
The impact of Russia’s war in Ukraine on Africa’s global ambitions/partnerships
The impact of Russia’s war in Ukraine on Africa’s global ambitions/partnerships
In this episode of AfriCan Geopardy, we discussed “the impact of Russia’s war in Ukraine on Africa’s global ambitions/partnerships” with Liesl Louw-Vaudran, a senior researcher at the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), South Africa. She is the editor of the ISS’ monthly publication on the African Union Peace and Security Council, the PSC Report, and project leader for Southern Africa. She is also a non-executive board member of In Transformation Initiative, a South African not-for-profit organization focused on peacemaking. She has published extensively, with her latest publication being Could Russia’s war in Ukraine derail Africa’s global partnerships? - ISS Africa, published in April 2022. Reflect. Comment. Share.
33:41
May 02, 2022
The role and contribution of African women in technology
The role and contribution of African women in technology
Although women are generally underrepresented in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics), they are present and doing amazing jobs in their roles. Women nurture the tech ecosystem in Africa, leading tech hubs and empowering young Africans. In this episode of African Geopardy, we discuss 'the role and contribution of African women in technology' with Aïda Ndiaye. Ms Ndiaye heads META's Society and Responsibility Policy Programmes and Campaigns in Europe, the Middle East and Africa. In her role, she oversees external programmes to combat online misinformation and build an informed digital world. Her team also leads direct engagement with policymakers and regulators in EMEA to shape the future of tech regulation. As you can see from the profile, our guest is a leading figure in a global tech company and is best placed to discuss this topic with us. Listen. Share. Engage.
32:57
April 01, 2022
Impact of COVID19 on clinical radiography: the AfriCan story
Impact of COVID19 on clinical radiography: the AfriCan story
The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted clinical radiography educational activities, including teaching, research, and clinical placement, globally. Like most other countries across the globe, countries across the African continent were well affected by the lockdown measures introduced by governments to slow the spread of the pandemic. This episode explores some of the disruptions to clinical radiography caused by the COVID19 restrictions and offers suggestions to avert future impact. We are privileged to have an excellent guest discuss the topic with us. Dr Theophilus(Theo) Akudjedu is the programme coordinator for the MSc Medical Imaging with Management Programme and a senior lecturer in medical imaging at the Institute of Medical Imaging and Visualisation, Bournemouth University. He holds an honorary diagnostic radiographer post with the University Hospitals Dorset (England). As a clinical academic diagnostic radiographer, Theo's research interests relate mostly to clinical neuroimaging (MRI), radiography, healthcare research, and workforce development. Before his postgraduate studies, Theo worked clinically as a diagnostic radiographer in some of Ghana's busiest urban and rural hospitals. To find out more about the topic, read the research by Dr Theo and colleagues below: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8603034/
23:22
March 01, 2022
Understanding ad-hoc security initiatives in Africa
Understanding ad-hoc security initiatives in Africa
In this episode of AfriCan Georpardy, we discuss understanding ad-hoc security initiatives in Africa with Dr Andrew Yaw Tchie. Dr Andrew E. Yaw Tchie is a Senior Research Fellow at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), a Visiting Professor at the University of Buckingham, a visiting Senior Fellow at King's College London and an Associate Fellow at the Royal United Services Institute. At NUPI, he focuses on stabilisation, peace operations, peacekeeping, peacebuilding and security assistance in Sub-Saharan Africa and Coordinates the training for Peace Project. You would see from the discussion that there are many positive things about ad-hoc security initiatives on the African continent and the role they play in working for peace in situations of conflict and/or insurgency. There are equally some limitations identified by Dr Tchie, as he made recommendations on what can be done differently. You can read a paper on the subject published by NUPI with Dr Tchie as a co-author via the link below: https://trainingforpeace.org/publications/understanding-ad-hoc-security-initiatives-in-africa/ Thanks for listening.
38:15
February 01, 2022
AfriCan Georpardy, reflections about 2021.
AfriCan Georpardy, reflections about 2021.
Happy new year, everyone, and welcome to the first episode of Georpardy. Here, Dr Dyhia Belhabib and Dr Ifesinachi Okafor-Yarwood reflect on their personal experiences and the topics discussed by our guests in 2021. It's one of the longest episodes we've had and unedited because we want it to be authentic, and there's also the fact that we don't have the requisite editing skills :). Thanks so much for being part of our journey, for listening, and for sticking with us. We have amazing things planned for 2022.
01:14:15
January 03, 2022
China Africa relation in the context of fishmeal investment in The Gambia
China Africa relation in the context of fishmeal investment in The Gambia
In this episode, we discuss China Africa relation in the context of fishmeal investment in The Gambia with Mr Mustafa Manneh. Mr Manneh is the West Africa Regional editor at China Dialogue, based in The Gambia. He is a researcher focusing on China-Africa relations and fishmeal investment. All major fishmeal industries in the Gambia are Chinese-owned, causing devastation in the country. It contributes to overexploitation, equates to 'stealing fish from human to feed fish' and pollutes the environment driving potential tourists away. European countries are also complicit because they enable the business of these fishmeal companies to flourish. A recent report by Greenpeace highlighted the complicity of European companies in helping this industry flourish. The report noted that major European companies contribute to the devastating consequences of the fishmeal and fish oil trade in West Africa. In particular, the report mentioned major companies in France, Norway, Denmark, Germany, Spain, Greece, and the UK. You may read the report here: https://www.greenpeace.org/static/planet4-africa-stateless/2021/05/47227297-feeding-a-monster-en-final-small.pdf. Enjoy
30:31
December 01, 2021
Gender and Security in Africa: The Nigerian Experience.
Gender and Security in Africa: The Nigerian Experience.
In this episode, we discuss Gender and Security in Africa: the Nigerian experience with Ruth Okugbeni, the Acting Executive Director at the CLEEN Foundation www.cleen.org.  Ruth's work focuses on improving the effectiveness of security and justice sector agencies through human rights-based approaches and improved accountability for better service delivery. She holds a Bachelor's Degree in Education from the University of Ibadan, a Master of Arts Degree in Development Studies with a major in Social Policy from the Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands. She is currently pursuing doctoral studies and research in Defence and Security Studies.  The discussion clarifies why women are underrepresented in the security sector and makes recommendations on what can be done differently.  Key insights from the discussion are that laws that promote gender discrimination were formulated during the colonial era. Therefore, as independent states, African nations must work to repeal those laws and take advantage of women and men's contributions in the security sector.
36:14
November 01, 2021
Nigeria's suppression of Piracy and Other Maritime Act 2019: A panacea for maritime security...
Nigeria's suppression of Piracy and Other Maritime Act 2019: A panacea for maritime security...
In this episode of Georpardy, we discuss 'Nigeria's suppression of Piracy and Other Maritime Act 2019: A panacea for good maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea'. Since the law was enacted, there have been two criminal convictions, one in 2020 and the second in 2021. However, one question that begs for an answer is: can the law serve as a deterrence to criminals? Listen to find out. Discussing this topic with our hosts is Constance Omagbemi, a Corporate Lawyer presently with the Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA). She spent the first five years of her career as a Litigation Lawyer with two leading law firms in Nigeria before joining the Legal Services Unit of NIMASA in January 2013. Her diligent efforts in the Agency and penchant for excellence earned her the Employee of the Year award in 2019. 
31:45
October 01, 2021
The artisanal fisher in Ghana; an under rated component in a nation's socio-economic development.
The artisanal fisher in Ghana; an under rated component in a nation's socio-economic development.
In this episode we continue with the theme of fisheries policy or lack thereof by bringing to the fore the realisties from Ghana. The topic is discussed with Mr Kwesi Johnson, an ardent advocate for sustainable fisheries management in Ghana. He has worked in initiatives that involve local and international development organisation, academia, media, grassroots trades, farmers for fair trade, village banking saving and loan activities and fishers' groups in combating Illegal fishing and promoting self-help through savings and voluntary compliance activities. He shares the social realities of fishers in Ghana and makes recommendations on what can be done differently to improve the current situation.
45:54
September 01, 2021
AFriCan Fisheries Policy related to Regional Fisheries Management Organisation...
AFriCan Fisheries Policy related to Regional Fisheries Management Organisation...
In this episode we discuss African fisheries policy or lack thereof. This is an episode NOT to be missed. The African continent does not assert itself in the Regional Fisheries Management Organisations. There is still this colonial undertone with the way European countries relate with countries in Africa on fisheries. The network tried so hard to disrupt the flow of our conversation, but we won Our guest, Madam Mpozi has a wealth of practical and academic experience of the subject. Madam Mpozi's academic training is in marine & fisheries science, having obtained a Master's degree in Fisheries Science and Management from the University of Bergen, Norway. She has over 15 years of experience spanning a diverse career path- such as fisheries, academia and state-owned entities. Madam Mpozi was the founding Director of the Security Institute for Governance & Leadership in Africa (SIGLA), focusing on maritime security... In the last five years, Madam Mpozi was the Deputy Director-General of fisheries at the Department of Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries, responsible for the sustainable development and management of South Africa's 22 commercial fishery sectors and aquaculture. Her function included advising the Minister and Parliament on fisheries policies. In 2016, for the first in South Africa's history- the small scale fisheries policy was developed and approved by Parliament. The policy led to the recognition and restoration of fishing rights to coastal communities. For four years, Ms Mpozi has been the Commissioner of South Africa to the tuna regional fisheries management organization (tRFMO's). She led the negotiations on the sustainable management and fishing possibilities of shared and highly migratory fish stocks. South Africa led the adoption of various management measures throughout this process. Like all our guests, Madam Mpozi have an open invitation to return - #goodtrouble. #Findawaytogetintheway.
46:00
August 02, 2021
Religion and Development in Africa
Religion and Development in Africa
In this episode of AfriCan Geopardy, we discussed religion and development in Africa. Religion and development are often intimately interwoven for good or ill in Africa and elsewhere. For instance, religious organisations play a significant role in poverty alleviation, health care and peace and reconciliation programmes. At the same time, select religious organisations were used as a tool for colonialism. Hence, we have chosen this topic to clarify the intersection between religion and development. To discuss this topic, we had a befitting guest who is an expert on the subject. Dr Aikande Clement Kwayu is a social scientist with experience in both academia and practice. She consults on management, political economy analysis, policy analysis and evaluation of development projects. Dr Aikande has a PhD in Politics and International Relations from the University of Nottingham (UK). Her book, Religion and British International Development Policy | Aikande Clement Kwayu | Palgrave Macmillan, published in 2020, is a must-read.
38:01
July 01, 2021
Disaster Risk Management in Africa with a focus on averting Conflict over Water Resources.
Disaster Risk Management in Africa with a focus on averting Conflict over Water Resources.
Disaster risk management entails introducing disaster risk reduction policies and strategies to prevent new disaster risk, reduce existing disaster risk, manage residual risk, and strengthen resilience and reduce disaster losses. With a focus on averting conflict over water resources, we discuss disaster risk management in Africa with Thandie Mwape Villadsen. Thandie is the Humanitarian Diplomacy Coordinator for the Africa Region at the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) as Humanitarian Diplomacy Coordinator for Africa. Thandie is a Zambian National, a trained journalist and former UN Diplomat with 20 years of international experience in the United Nations in Africa, Asia, Geneva and New York. In her previous job, Thandie worked as global Policy Advisor at the Netherlands Red Cross society/Partners for Resilience Alliance on Climate Change and Ecosystems and advancing disaster risk reduction and community resilience. In this discussion, Thandie outlines some of the issues relating to disaster risk management on the continent, the work done by IFRC and recommendations on what the continent can do differently.
30:36
June 01, 2021
Energy Security in Africa with Dr Nalule.
Energy Security in Africa with Dr Nalule.
Energy security is commonly defined as the uninterrupted availability of energy sources at an affordable price. However, this definition does not reflect the social realities of 600 million AfriCans who do not have access to electricity or the 900 million that lack access to clean cooking on the continent. As a result, taking this reality into account Dr Nalule powerfully argues that energy security is about accessibility than affordability as people have to first have access to electricity before being concerned about affordability. She also proposed some solutions to Africa’s energy security needs. Thanks for listening.
39:22
May 01, 2021
Minority expert voices and "Facebook Diplomas"
Minority expert voices and "Facebook Diplomas"
In this episode, Drs' Okafor-Yarwood and Belhabib reflects on what trolling might look like for minority expert voices and why these voices are targeted in the first instance. One important question that they pose and provides an answer for is, what should one do when one is trolled? They also share some advice on how to handle trolling. The keyword is to "not feed the trolls" and step away from one's devices for a bit if need be, for one's mental health. Do enjoy listening and share any tips you might have on how to deal with trolls. Have a great month ahead.
47:28
April 01, 2021
Cyber Security in Africa
Cyber Security in Africa
In this episode we discuss "Cyber Security in Africa" with Dr. Aisha Ali-Gombe. Dr Ali-Gombe is an assistant professor of Computer Science at Towson University and a visiting research scientist with the Center for Computation and Technology at Louisiana State University. Dr Ali- Gombe earned her PhD in Engineering and Applied Science with a major in Computer Science from the University of New Orleans in 2017, following an M.S. degree in Computer Science in 2012 and an MBA from Bayero University Kano, Nigeria in 2011. Her expertise and research interest are in cybersecurity, reverse engineering, and digital forensics. She has published her work in top tier conferences and journals of computer and mobile security and forensics. Dr Ali-Gombe is a recipient of the early-career NSF CRII grant and TotalFinaElf Undergraduate Merit Scholarship, Nigeria, amongst other recognitions. Dr Ali-Gombe recognised that cyber-security is a national security issue. As such, African countries must take cyber threats seriously. She also highlighted the import role that technology can plan in advancing sustainable development for the AfriCan continent and the need for our government to be more proactive and supportive. Enjoy!
55:57
March 01, 2021
Pandemics and disaster management in Africa!
Pandemics and disaster management in Africa!
Dr Michael Adekunle Charles is a seasoned diplomat and an international development professional with over 18 years experience providing technical, managerial and operational support to field and country offices of the Red Cross and the public and private sector.   He is a medical doctor with a Masters degree in public health from the University of Heidelberg and Bielefeld in Germany. Dr Charles has engaged with government authorities at various levels in over 30 countries on the African continent. Currently, he is the Head of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) Southern Africa delegation, based in Pretoria South Africa. In this episode, we learn more about pandemics and disaster management in the AfriCan continent. Listen. Reflect. Share. #AfriCan!
43:03
February 01, 2021
#Almajiranci and the security of the AfriCan child.
#Almajiranci and the security of the AfriCan child.
In this episode, we discuss the #Almajiranci system of Islamic education practised in northern Nigeria and other parts of West Africa with Dr Hadiza Kere Abdulrahman - the male gender seeking Islam knowledge is called Almajiri, the female gender is Almajira. Dr Kere Abdulrahman is a lecturer in Inclusive Education at Bishop Grosseteste University in Lincoln, UK. She has a PhD in Education and researches the Almajiranci system of education of northern Nigeria – she is also an advocate for its practitioners. Did you know that the Almajiranci system's changing nature has routes in the Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) introduced in the 1980s? Did you also know that experts hold that having vulnerable children in cities across a nation fighting an ideological war makes it easier for Boko Haram insurgents to continue to wage war against the Nigerian state due to a robust recruitment source? - listen to find out more. Dr Kere Abdulrahman is a lecturer in Inclusive Education at Bishop Grosseteste University in Lincoln, UK. She has a PhD in Education and researches the Almajiranci system of education of northern Nigeria – she is also an advocate for its practitioners.
46:49
January 01, 2021
Making Africa work through the power of innovative volunteerism - in conversation with Dr Munang.
Making Africa work through the power of innovative volunteerism - in conversation with Dr Munang.
In this episode, we pick the brains of Dr Richard Munang on how African youths can contribute to positive change on the continent. The discussion is based on his book "making Africa work through the power of innovative volunteerism" and how the ideas therein can help the African continent rebuild better despite the many challenges.  Dr Richard Munang is the Africa Regional Climate Change Coordinator at the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). He is responsible for guiding the actualization of UNEP's climate-resilient development strategy for Africa in a manner that ensures human wellbeing.  He is the author of the book "making Africa work through the power of innovative volunteerism". Check out the book on www.richardmunang.com You have to listen to this conversation to not only benefit from the unique insights from Dr Munang but, also see that the African continent have the resources (natural and human) to build resilience to climate and in the long run, attain sustainable development for its people.
45:42
December 01, 2020
Women in maritime: Towards an inclusive maritime sector in Africa.
Women in maritime: Towards an inclusive maritime sector in Africa.
Women are underrepresented in the maritime sector, globally. Women represent only two per cent of the world's 1.2 million seafarers, and 94 per cent of female seafarers are working in the cruise industry. In the AfriCan continent, though women are well represented in the seafood supply chain, they are underrepresented in the decision-making process in the fisheries sector. In this months episode, we are discussing "Women in maritime: Towards an inclusive maritime sector in Africa". We are privileged to have Captain Londy Ngcobo, a Ship navigator and Africa's First Female Dredge Master, who is passionate about Unlocking Africa's Ocean Economy with us. Captain Ngcobo has over 13 years of experience in the maritime industry which has equipped her with the ability to focus on providing sustainable tools for women to thrive in scarce skills and her zest for life encourages the youth to think outside the box, with her Forbes Women Africa piercing the phrase "I didn't choose to be Rose from the Titanic, I chose to Captain the Titanic" and through her popular TEDx Talk "Anchors Aweigh, No Rest For The First". This Black Excellence Award-winning Woman in Scarce Skills is making waves on land as a maritime advocate, Director of Womaritime experts and founder of Global Maritime Youth All which has earned her the well-known title "The Blaqmermaid." Enjoy!
28:15
November 01, 2020
Popular protests and unconstitutional change of government/Coups in #Africa
Popular protests and unconstitutional change of government/Coups in #Africa
According to the Lexico online dictionary, a coup is a sudden, violent and illegal seizure of power from a government. The coup in Mali which took place on 18th August 2020, is the third in Africa in the past three years (Sudan, 11th April 2019 and Zimbabwe, 15th November 2017). The African Union's position about unconstitutional changes in government has led some AfriCans to ask, whether it is the African Union's job "protect people from authoritarian regimes or to protect authoritarian regimes from their people?". On this episode, our guest, Dr Mohamed Diatta, a researcher at the Institute for Security Studies notes among other things that to there is an urgent need to address the real feeling among African's that, political change can only occur through popular protests and military interference. He also warned that the longer the situation in countries like Guinea and Côte d'Ivoire to fester, there is a real chance for instability to spread in those countries. Do listen, reflect and share.
51:37
October 01, 2020
The safety of navigation and the protection of Africa's marine envi- a prevention and cure approach.
The safety of navigation and the protection of Africa's marine envi- a prevention and cure approach.
The significance of the marine environment to the social and economic wellbeing of coastal states in Africa, in particular, Small Island nations such as Seychelles, Mauritius and Cabo Verde, cannot be overemphasised. The existence of these states practically depends on the health and sustainability of their marine environment. As a result, anything that threatens this sustainability is essentially a threat to their security. In light of the Mauritius oil spillage, whereby a Japanese bulk carrier (MV Wakashio) broke-up and leaked oil on the shores of Mauritius in July, and taking into account that 24.3% of the country's GDP is from tourism (2018 figures), we discuss the implication of this spill with Dr Nkeiru Scotcher. Dr Scotcher is a postdoctoral fellow and instructor in Ocean Governance and the Law of the Sea at the Department of Law in Gothenburg University, Sweden. What is clear from the conversation is the Mauritius government is not to blame for what happened during and at the aftermath of the spill as it is impossible to prepare for that which is beyond one's control (one cannot give what one does not have). Though different, the BP US Gulf of Mexico spills in 2010, and the aftermath evinces that it is difficult to prepare for such eventuality. What is clear, Dr Scotcher notes, is the need for Africa to regroup, restrategise and push for change in the international Convention, including pushing for the introduction of a protocol that can increase liability and the review of the relevant Convention. You may reach her via email on: nkeiru.scotcher@law.gu.se
32:32
September 01, 2020
Humanitarian action in Africa, what is it and what should it entail?
Humanitarian action in Africa, what is it and what should it entail?
In this month's episode, we have Mamadou Sow, the Head of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Southern Africa - Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. In previous episodes, we aimed to introduce the subject to our audience before handing over to our guest. However, we have not followed this protocol this time because we believe that humanitarian action is one of those hard to define concepts and means different things to different people. As Mr Sow aptly captured, the first contributors to humanitarian action are communities, many of whom use their social networks to support people in times of conflict/during displacements; disparent from what can be deduced from a google search of "humanitarian action".                     The conversation about humanitarian action brought to the fore the need for African government to do all that they can to silence the guns, because according to Mr Sow that is the only way the continent can make progress. Mr Sow makes many recommendations on how the #AfriCan continent can turn the tide on conflict, including calling on the leaders to "be bold and consider political solutions".                 Listen. Share. Subscribe.
43:31
August 01, 2020
Embracing diversity in a changing world.
Embracing diversity in a changing world.
At a time when the world is calling for #equality, we join our voices to the millions of people across the globe to highlight the need to embrace our diversity. Covid19 has exposed the level of inequality in medical research, as ethnic minorities are more likely to die of Covid than their white counterparts. Nowhere is this inequality more glaring than in the United States were "black people simply are not receiving the same quality of health care that their white counterparts receive". With the foregoing in mind, the hosts, Drs Belhabib and Okafor-Yarwood share their personal experiences to highlight the imperative for us to embrace diversity in medical research, in our work places and daily lives. Thank you for listening.
41:34
July 01, 2020
Africa's youth agency, resilience and transilience.
Africa's youth agency, resilience and transilience.
In the June episode of African Geopardy, we are discussing "Africa's youth agency, resilience and transilience". This is an important topic as the African continent is seen to be experiencing "youth bulge" - a demographic pattern where a large share of the population is comprised of children and young adults. According to the United Nations, 226 million youth aged 15-24 lived in Africa in 2015, representing nearly 20% of Africa’s population, making up one-fifth of the world’s youth population. The share of Africa’s youth in the world is forecasted to increase to 42% by 2030. However, many commentators (the African Union is not one of them) see this as a problem, as they declare that the majority of young Africans are stuck in "waithood" and struggling to make ends meet.  To discuss this topic with us, we have Mr Femi Balogun, a researcher, evaluation consultant and policy analyst. He sees the African youth population as trailblazers as they have continued to find creative ways to solve the problems in their respective environs. Their contributions might not be adequately captured, but, he made a strong case on the need to move the discussion around youths in Africa away from resilience to transilience. Like always, thanks for listening and do share.
36:09
June 01, 2020
Mediation and working for peace in situations of conflict.
Mediation and working for peace in situations of conflict.
In light of the #Covid-19 pandemic, on the 23rd of March 2020, the United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres urged warring parties across the world to lay down their weapons in support of the bigger battle against Covid-19. By the 27th of March, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, H.E. Moussa Faki Mahamat, called on all warring parties in the African continent to engage in a lasting ceasefire, to give a chance to peacemaking. Undoubtedly, for Africa to have a fighting chance at turning the tides on the pandemic, then it has to be able to focus its resources on doing just that, as conflicts of any form would escalate the rates of community infections.   Therefore, in this episode, we are joined by Nox Nokukhanya Ntuli, a mediation expert, to discuss mediation and the critical role it plays and can continue to play in conflict resolution, especially at a time when the African Union have set aside, 2020 as the year that all guns of violence and conflicts will be silenced in Africa. Enjoy the episode and take care.
26:25
May 02, 2020
Africa's preparedness for the Corona virus pandemic
Africa's preparedness for the Corona virus pandemic
According to the latest figures by the Africa Center for Disease Control on, there are now over 5700 confirmed cases of Covid19, 196 deaths and 412 recoveries across 49 of the 55 countries in the African continent. The worst affected countries include South Africa, Egypt, Algeria and Morocco. Given the fragile conditions of Africa's health system, the low number of reported cases of the Coronavirus have puzzled foreign media and researchers alike, as they wonder whether this is due to inadequate detection mechanism, the climatic conditions of the continent or merely a fluke. In the April episode of AfriCan Geopardy, we speak to Abimbola Adebakin, a pharmacist and the Chief Executive Officer of Advantage Health Africa, a health technology group with a pharmacy franchise aimed at providing genuine, affordable and accessible medicines, about Africa's preparedness for Covid19. She identifies four areas that Africa must focus on to turn the tides of the virus - early detection, observation and treatment, control and finally, change of behaviour.
33:43
April 01, 2020
Dialogue/negotiation as part of a comprehensive set of policy options in countering terrorism.
Dialogue/negotiation as part of a comprehensive set of policy options in countering terrorism.
Nation-states have almost always maintained the position, "we do not negotiate with terrorists". However, as Tony Penn suggests, all conflicts occur as a result of lack of diplomacy or in this context the failure/unwillingness of both state and non-state actors to engage in lengthy negotiation – be it the traditional way, i.e. secret negotiations or the more contemporary route of open negotiations. Recognizing that the counter-terrorism mechanism which emphasizes the use of force, does not seem to be yielding enough positive results, especially in the African continent, in our March episode, we discuss the need for African governments to explore dialogue/negotiations as part of a comprehensive set of policy options in countering terrorism.   Enjoy! and please, do share.
40:36
March 01, 2020
Silencing the guns in Africa
Silencing the guns in Africa
The African Union's vision of silencing the gun by 2020 was conceived in 2013, at their 50 anniversary. There, African leaders pronounced their determination to achieve the goal of a conflict free Africa, to make peace a reality for all people and to rid the continent of wars, civil conflicts, human rights violations, humanitarian disasters and violent conflicts and to prevent genocide. In this episode, we discuss whether this ambitious goal is close to being achieved and what must be done to silence the guns in the African continent
32:39
February 13, 2020
Environmental racism and terrorism
Environmental racism and terrorism
Our guest for this episode is Frances Roberts-Gregory,  an ecowomanist ethnographer and PhD Candidate in Society & Environment at the University of California, Berkeley. She lectured on climate justice, environmental racism, digital media and gender justice at Tulane University and Bard Early College New Orleans (BECNO). Frances also consulted for the Deep South Center for Environmental Justice as the project manager for the Gulf Equity Water Corps Project. Her current research explores women of color, post-apocalyptic imaginings and state-corporate crime in Louisiana. She is a founding member of the Feminist Agenda for a Green New Deal and hopes to increase the underrepresentation of grassroots women of color in climate policy in the future
38:59
January 06, 2020
Maritime crimes and the new tools at hand
Maritime crimes and the new tools at hand
In this Episode of AfriCan Geopardy, we talk about maritime and fisheries crimes, new tools to tackle them, and explore the differences between criminalization of the poor and crimes. 
56:20
December 03, 2019
Mothering and research
Mothering and research
This month's episode discusses the sacrifices associated with being a woman/mother and a researcher. We share our personal experiences and grateful for the support we get from our partners. So, if you feel grossed out by breast-milk pumping, do not listen. Cheers, to all the mamas out there that rock!
48:46
November 02, 2019
Maritime Security
Maritime Security
In this new episode of AfriCan Geopardy, we receive our guest of the month, Dr. Dirk Siebels to talk about maritime security in Africa. Who hasn't heard about piracy in the horn of Africa, or around the Niger Delta? While many think maritime security could be summarized to that, in reality there is no generally agreed upon definition for maritime security. We define it as the absence of threat -- threats to seafarers, including fisherfolks and anyone that depends on the marine environment for livelihoods; threats to the state from other state and non-state actors. The maritime domain captures adequately, the interconnectedness of the human and national security discourse in that security threat at sea have implications for the security of the state and the people who depend on the marine environment for subsistence. In this Episode, Dr. Siebels talks about his new book: Maritime Security in West and East Africa: a tale of two regions, available at: https://www.palgrave.com/gp/book/9783030226879 Listen and share!
55:15
October 01, 2019
Helicopter research and data collection in the global South
Helicopter research and data collection in the global South
In this episode, our guest Dr. Nelly Isigi Kadagi joins us to talk about helicopter research and data collection modes in the global South, and methods of engagement. Helicopter research describes when researchers from wealthier countries fly to a developing country like Zimbabwe, take samples, fly out, analyze the samples elsewhere, and publish the results with little involvement of local scientists. At best, local scientists are used to provide logistics, and may not even be acknowledged. We illustrate this issue with anecdotes, and explore some successes of research engagement from the global south.
46:28
September 02, 2019
Women and minorities in research
Women and minorities in research
This is our very first podcast where we all about some of our experiences in research, being women, African, working from the West, and describing some funny work situations. There are some technical issues related to the fact that we are literally 12,000 km appart. This is Ife and Dyhia and this is AfriCan Geopardy.
42:05
August 01, 2019