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Beyond Japan with Oliver Moxham

Beyond Japan with Oliver Moxham

By Centre for Japanese Studies at UEA
Beyond Japan is an interdisciplinary podcast which invites you to take a look at the broad reach of Japanese Studies both within and beyond Japan. The series is hosted by Oliver Moxham (@OllieMox on Twitter), researcher of Japanese war heritage, and brought to you by the Centre for Japanese Studies at the University of East Anglia in collaboration with the Sainsbury Institute for the Study of Japanese Arts and Cultures.
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Beyond Japan Ep. #40: Futurism: A Global Art Movement with Dr Daria Melnikova

Beyond Japan with Oliver Moxham

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Beyond Japan Ep. #45: The Ainu in Japan with Amanda McGuire
This week we are joined by Amanda McGuire, PhD candidate at the University of East Anglia, to discuss the Ainu in Japan, exploring their historical and contemporary relationship with the peoples of mainland Japan and what the withdrawal of the Ainu dance from the Tokyo 2020 Olympics Opening Ceremony says about the theme of "unity in Japan". For a comprehensive list of Japanese time periods, please see Japanese History: A Timeline of Periods and Events Image and audio credits Intro-outro audio: tonkori suite by Yirara Hanawo, improvised music with the yonkori, a musical instrument used by the Ainu. [L] "Ainu group dancing tutorial (11)" by avlxyz is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 [R] "Espaço Tokyo 2020" by Secretaria Especial do Esporte is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
21:46
July 22, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #44: Prehistoric Tragedy: The Oldest Shark Attack Victim with J. Alyssa White
This week we are joined by J. Alyssa White, PhD candidate in Archaeology at the University of Oxford, to discuss the prehistoric tragedy of the world’s oldest shark attack victim. The 3,000-year-old remains of Tsukumo No. 24 were first excavated in Okayama prefecture in the early 20th century covered in hundreds of small cuts to the bone which had baffled archaeologists until now after Alyssa, along with a team of researchers, compared the damage to that of contemporary shark attack victims. Join us as we explore the final moments of Tsukumo No. 24 in amazing detail. Read Alyssa's article: 3000-year-old shark attack victim from Tsukumo shell-mound, Okayama, Japan For a comprehensive list of Japanese time periods, please see Japanese History: A Timeline of Periods and Events Image and audio credits Intro clip: tiger sharks by dinger154 is licensed under the Creative Commons 0 License Intro-outro audio: jasonszklarek / MotionElements.com [L] Excavation photo - Original excavation photograph of Tsukumo No. 24, courtesy of the Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, Kyoto University [R] "IMG_1794bcra Tiger Shark (Galeocerdo cuvier)" by Kevin Bryant, DMD is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
22:58
July 15, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #43: Bronze Age Globalization with Dr Mark Hudson
This week we are joined by Dr Mark Hudson, archaeologist in the interdisciplinary Eurasia3angle research group at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, to discuss Bronze Age Globalization. Mark’s research of Jōmon-era Japan has indicated that socio-cultural exchange occurred between the Japanese archipelago and mainland Eurasia, followed by a re-Jōmonization where external cultures were rejected in a return to the local. I will be asking Mark what prehistoric globalization looked like and how it relates to our contemporary understanding of the process today. Read Mark's article, Bronze Age Globalisation and Eurasian Impacts on Later Jōmon Social Change For a comprehensive list of Japanese time periods, please see Japanese History: A Timeline of Periods and Events Image and audio credits Intro-outro audio: jasonszklarek / MotionElements.com [L] Map by Junzo Uchiyama from "Bronze Age Globalisation and Eurasian Impacts on Later Jōmon Social Change" [R] "Jomon Period Domen Clay Mask" by Gary Lee Todd, Ph.D. is marked with CC0 1.0
21:55
July 8, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #42: Japan in the British Media with Dr Christopher Hayes
This week we are joined by Dr Christopher Hayes, Research Associate at the Sainsbury Institute, to discuss “Binaries of Representation: Japan in the British Media”. Chris will share his insights on British travel shows that see TV personalities like Paul Hollywood or Sue Perkins travel the archipelago and reduce it to binary tropes such as “traditional Japan” and “ultra-futuristic Japan”, or “traditional Japan” and “weird Japan”. Chris also explains how Japan’s own official tourism discourse is complicit in creating these narratives. Read Chris' article: Othered, Orientalised, and Opposingly Depicted: The Persistence of Stereotyping of Japan in the British Press Sources Paul Hollywood Eats Japan Stacey Dooley Investigates: Young Sex in Japan Sexless in Japan – BBC News Image and audio credits Introduction clip: Japan geeks: Virtual girlfriends from No Sex Please, We're Japanese Intro-outro audio: jasonszklarek / MotionElements.com [L] "British tourists performing the Shinto temizu purification ritual at the Meiji shrine in Tokyo" by Anguskirk is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 [R] "124/365 — Robo fiddle. #project365 #iphone #Japan #robots #fiddle" by Zen Len is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
47:20
July 1, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #41: Tech, Art & Rehabilitation with Kanako Nakamura
This week we are joined by Kanako NAKAMURA, General Manager of Digital Interactive Rehabilitation System (Digireha for short), to discuss tech, art and rehabilitation. Kanako will explain how technological innovations and digital art can revolutionise monotonous rehabilitation processes for disabled children, creating a joyful, customised experience and fostering interactive relationships with family members. Visit the Digital Interactive Rehabilitation System website. Image and sound credits: Digireha introduction video [デジタルアートやセンサーを用いたリハビリツール『デジリハ』- Digital Interactive Rehabilitation System]
14:54
June 24, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #40: Futurism: A Global Art Movement with Dr Daria Melnikova
This week we are joined by Dr Daria Melnikova, Robert and Lisa Sainsbury Fellow at the Sainsbury Institute, to discuss the art movement of Futurism in the early 20th century and how collaborating Russian and Japanese artists within the movement challenged its founding principles and Eurocentric nature. Japanese time periods mentioned: Taishō period: 1912-1926 AD Image credits [L] Kinoshita Shūichirō, A Maiko Hitting a Drum (1921) painting, published as a postcard by the Arts and Crafts Association, Tokyo. Work destroyed (photograph provided by Omuka Toshiharu) [R] Fumon Gyo, Deer, Youth, Light, Cross (1920) oil on canvas 64.7 x 80 cm, Nara Prefectural Museum
24:35
June 17, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #39: Gagaku: Court Music Through the Ages with Professor Fabio Rambelli
This week we are joined by Professor Fabio Rambelli, lecturer at the University of California’s Department of East Asian Languages & Cultural Studies as well as International Shinto Foundation Chair in Shinto Studies, to discuss gagaku (雅楽), a traditional form of Japanese music which has endured to the modern day largely unchanged for over a thousand years. Fabio shares with us the cultural significance of court music in modern Japan, who played it and why and the global interest in Buddhist culture both tangible and intangible. Watch Fabio playing the shō Join Fabio's conference on Gagaku: Cultural Capital, Cultural Heritage, and Cultural Identity Introduction music: Performance Hideaki Bunno Gagaku Ensemble in Kanazawa Performance Digest Image credits: [L] Musicienne de Gagaku, ensemble 'Owari Miyabie' (Maison du Japon, Paris) by dalbera is licensed under CC BY 2.0 [R] Gagaku practice by JuhaOnTheRoad is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
38:31
June 10, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #38: Exhibiting Japan with Professor Nicole Rousmaniere
This week we are joined by Professor Nicole Rousmaniere, Research Director at the Sainsbury Institute and Professor of Japanese Arts at UEA, to discuss ‘Exhibiting Japan’. Nicole has curated multiple exhibits at the British Museum including their permanent Mitsubishi Gallery as well as temporary exhibits such as the Manga Exhibit and Crafting Beauty in Modern Japan exhibit. As we gear up to a summer of Japan-related exhibits at the Sainsbury Centre, this episode explores the challenges of presenting another nation’s culture, both ethical and practical. See the British Museum's digital collection here For more details on Nicole's Accidental Translator lecture Japanese time periods mentioned: Jōmon period: 14,000 - 300 BCE Kofun period: 300 - 538 AD Edo period: 1603 - 1867 AD Meiji period: 1868 - 1912 AD Glossary (in order of appearance): Kōgei (工芸): Traditional Japanese crafts. Netsuke (根付): Miniature sculptures originally used as button fasteners dating back to the Edo period. Orientalism: A term coined by Edward Said in 1978 which refers to the patronising attitude of the West towards Middle Eastern, Asian and North African communities. Japonisme: A period of popularity and influence of Japanese art and design among a number of Western European artists in the nineteenth century at the start of the Meiji period. Image credits: Samurai Armour by ~SMugridge~ is licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0 Manga Exhibition at the British Museum. by p_a_h is licensed under CC BY 2.0
43:23
June 3, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #37: Digitising Cultural Artefacts with Dr Ryōko Matsuba
This week we are joined by Dr Ryōko MATSUBA, Lecturer in Japanese Digital Arts and Humanities at the Sainsbury Institute, to discuss the digitisation process of cultural artefacts. Ryōko is a specialist on Edo printed culture with wide-ranging experience of scanning kabuki prints and many other museum artefacts to create digital copies. As well as allowing for greater accessibility, Ryōko explains how digitisation facilitates international research by broadening online resources and creating new perspectives on delicate artefacts. We also discuss the practical challenges and ethics of digitisation as well as the details of a technical workshop at the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts being held this week as part of our Shōtoku Intervention. For more details on the Shōtoku Intervention, you can revisit our Shōtoku miniseries, episodes #32 through #34. Image credits Photographs by Dr Ryōko MATSUBA, digitisation with students at the British Museum and Smithsonian
24:24
May 27, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #36: Robots in Elder Care with Dr Naonori Kodate
This week we are joined by Dr Naonori Kodate, Associate Professor in Social Policy and Director of Research at University College Dublin, who will introduce us to the growing phenomenon of robotics in elder care. In super-aged Japan, robots are becoming more and more common in assisting care staff in a wide range of activities, from heavy-lifting to night-nursing, as the human workforce decreases due to depopulation and strict migration policies. Nao’s research indicates robots can be more than tools, providing social contact for a demographic commonly afflicted by loneliness. What’s more, as other nations begin to see ageing populations, robots in the care home may soon become the norm. Sources Ide, H., Kodate, N., Suwa, S., Tsujimura, M., Shimamura, A., Ishimaru, M., & Yu, W. (2021). The Ageing ‘Care Crisis’ in Japan: Is there a role for robotics-based solutions? International Journal of Care and Caring, 5: 165-171.  Obayashi, K., Kodate, N., & Masuyama, S. (2020) Can connected technologies improve sleep quality and safety of older adults and care-givers? An evaluation study of sleep monitors and communicative robots at a residential care home in Japan. Technology in Society, 62. 小舘尚文,生活支援技術の受容をめぐる社会・文化・政策的課題―介護ロボットの社会実装を事例に―, In: 「高齢者を支える技術と社会的課題 科学技術に関する調査プロジェクト報告書」、国立国会図書館 調査及び立法考査局; 2021年3月;pp65-80. National Diet Library, Japan. Image credits [L] Universal Accessibility Ageing Research Centre, Japan [R] Circuits of Care film poster
31:17
May 20, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #35: Peace, Youth Politics & Article 9 with Professor David Slater
This week we are joined by David Slater, Professor of Anthropology at Sophia University in Tokyo, to discuss Article 9 and Youth Politics. Following Japan’s defeat in the Asia-Pacific War and the dismantling of its empire, occupying US forces put a clause in their revised constitution that forbade Japan from engaging in war or having a standing army. This clause, Article 9, has been the subject of much public debate in recent years as government leaders such as former PM Shinzō Abe have sought to revise it, inciting political action from youth activists seeking to keep Japan out of warfare. However, as discussed in our earlier episode of ‘Failed Revolutions’, political activism has a tainted reputation and a repressed history in Japan. David explains the fine line demonstration groups must walk to campaign for political change while avoiding appearing to be political. Read David's article, 'SEALDs (Students Emergency Action for Liberal Democracy): Research Note on Contemporary Youth Politics in Japan' Image credits [L] Children's Monument by jonathan_moreau is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 [R] LAY OF THE (IS)LAND: US ARMY JAPAN COMMANDING GENERAL TOURS U.S. INSTALLATIONS, VISITS JSDF LEADERSHIP by LimpingFrog Productions is licensed under CC BY 2.0
40:14
May 13, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #34: History & Myth in Ancient Texts with Professor Bryan Lowe
As museums across Japan celebrate the 1,400th anniversary of the death of Prince Shōtoku Taishi, the legendary figure who brought Buddhism to Japan, the Sainsbury Institute together with the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts at the University of East Anglia is currently collaborating with major universities and museums in Japan to create a special exhibit commemorating the event. This Shōtoku Intervention will display the Sainsbury Centre’s collection of Japanese Buddhist and Shinto artefacts centred around a rare 13th century Kamakura period statue of a female Shinto deity. To better explain the significance of Shōtoku Taishi, Beyond Japan will be exploring over three episodes the religious, political and historical context of this dynamic period of East Asian history. We hope you enjoy our Shōtoku miniseries. Our third and final Shōtoku interviewee is Bryan Lowe, Assistant Professor of Religion at Princeton University, with whom I will be getting to grips with the tricky task of reading history from mythology in such ancient texts as Japan’s Kojiki, or “An Account of Ancient Matters” written in 711 and Nihon Shoki, or “Japanese Chronicles” written in 720. Bryan begins by exploring why texts were written in this time and how some texts like Buddhist sutras were written and read for rituals rather than sharing information, yet we can still glean much about life in those times from the context in which they were written. In taking this approach, we try to make sense of legendary figures such as Prince Shōtoku Taishi, seeing what we can learn about the man the legend is based upon and what the legends themselves tell us. Image credits: [L] Japan,  late Heian period - Further Discourses on the Supreme Truth (Abidharmakosha-Bhashya) - 1916.1060 - Cleveland Museum of Art.tif by anonymous is marked with CC0 1.0 [R] 聖徳太子 [Shōtoku Taishi] by jun560 is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
38:21
May 6, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #33: The First Empress Jingū - Powerful Women in Ancient Japan with Professor Chizuko Allen
As museums across Japan celebrate the 1,400th anniversary of the death of Prince Shōtoku Taishi, the legendary figure who brought Buddhism to Japan, the Sainsbury Institute together with the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts at the University of East Anglia is currently collaborating with major universities and museums in Japan to create a special exhibit commemorating the event. This Shōtoku Intervention will display the Sainsbury Centre’s collection of Japanese Buddhist and Shinto artefacts centred around a rare 13th century Kamakura period statue of a female Shinto deity. To better explain the significance of Shōtoku Taishi, Beyond Japan will be exploring over three episodes the religious, political and historical context of this dynamic period of East Asian history. We hope you enjoy our Shōtoku miniseries. Our second Shōtoku interviewee is Chizuko Allen, Professor of Asian Pacific American Studies at the University of Hawaii at Manoa and researcher of Korea-Japan relations in ancient times, who will discuss the hidden history of the powerful women of Japan’s distant past through the First Empress of Japan, Empress Jingū. Through Jingū and other examples we can see how empresses played a key role in engaging the Japanese state with continental kingdoms and even lead military campaigns, their record superseding that of their husbands in the ancient records of the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki. We also discuss how this legacy was appropriated by expansionists in the 16th and 19th century before being buried in the post-war period through modern interpretations (or misinterpretations) of these texts. Chizuko's research profile Read Empress Jingū: a shamaness ruler in early Japan Image credits: [L] Empress Jingu In Korea by Glaurung_Quena is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 [R] Empress Jingu and Takenouchi no Sukune Fishing at Chikuzen LACMA M.84.31.260 by Fæ is licensed under CC BY 2.0
24:10
April 29, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #32: Mixed Religions: Buddhism, Shinto & Honji Suijaku with Professor Marcus Teeuwen
As museums across Japan celebrate the 1,400th anniversary of the death of Prince Shōtoku Taishi, the legendary figure who brought Buddhism to Japan, the Sainsbury Institute together with the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts at the University of East Anglia is currently collaborating with major universities and museums in Japan to create a special exhibit commemorating the event. This Shōtoku Intervention will display the Sainsbury Centre’s collection of Japanese Buddhist and Shinto artefacts centred around a rare 13th century Kamakura period statue of a female Shinto deity. To better explain the significance of Shōtoku Taishi, Beyond Japan will be exploring over three episodes the religious, political and historical context of this dynamic period of East Asian history. We hope you enjoy our Shōtoku miniseries. Our first Shōtoku interviewee is Marcus Teeuwen, Professor of Japanese Studies at the University of Oslo, who will help us understand the changing faiths of Japan in the 7th century through the Buddhist concept of honji suijaku (本地垂迹), a notion which allowed Buddhist monks to explain the gods, or kami, worshipped in Japan at the time as traces of Buddhist deities. Mark explains that our contemporary understanding of religion as competing bodies which seek to shape how people live their lives with the goal of a happy afterlife does not apply in this period of time, that the worship of deities had much more practical intentions and that politics were at the core of the spread of Buddhism. Mark's research profile Image credits: [L] Faux Fox Populi by 顔なし is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 [R] 東大寺盧舎那仏像 - 奈良の大仏 the colossal Buddha of Nara by Hase don is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
38:16
April 22, 2021
Beyond Japan #31: International Research Post-COVID with Professor Simon Kaner
This week we are joined once more by Professor Simon Kaner, Executive Director at the Sainsbury Institute for the Study of Japanese Arts & Cultures, for a reflective episode on international research post-pandemic. Much has changed in international academic fields as Japanese Studies since March 2020 in response to restricted domestic and international movement. Academic institutes such as the Sainsbury Institute have drastically altered their approach to fostering international research projects with such digital initiatives as this very podcast. Simon will share with us how else these projects have been altered by the pandemic, the pros and cons of such changes and how he believes future international research will look once we’re out the other side. Simon's research profile Sainsbury Institute website Image credits: [L] "Plane Taking Off - St. Martin/St. Maarten" by justin_levy is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 [R] "Creative Company Conference 2011" by Sebastiaan ter Burg is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0
32:17
April 15, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #30: Big Data in Prehistory with Dr Enrico Crema
This week we are joined by Dr Enrico Crema of the University of Cambridge to discuss how big data is revolutionising our understandings of prehistoric societies, laying out shifts in demographics and cultural exchange that occurred with early migration from the Korean peninsula to the Japanese mainland. Enrico explains the breadth and range of the ENCOUNTER project he is heading and how by analysing the impressive archaeological record found in Japan allows for new depths to our understanding of immigration and cultural boundaries long before recorded history, precisely at the shift from the Jōmon era to the Yayoi era (c. 300 BCE). We apologise for the slightly reduced audio quality of this week’s episode brought about by unavoidable technical issues. Enrico's research profile Image credits: [L] "連綿と続く米への情熱 Perpetual Passion for Rice" by Yuya Sekiguchi is licensed under CC BY 2.0 [R] Hypothesised timing of the spread of wet-rice farming (from Kobyashi, K.  2009 Kinkichihoito no chiiki he no kakusan. in: Nishimoto, T. (Eds.). Yayoi-jidai no hajimari to sono nendai, Yuzankaku, Tokyo, pp. 55–82.
25:38
April 1, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #29: Disaster Heritage with Dr Andrew Littlejohn
This week we are joined by Dr Andrew Littlejohn of Leiden University to discuss disaster heritage around the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011. This heritage typically consists of ruins from catastrophic natural disasters that, while initially may be preserved for commemorative purposes, can end up being articulated to attract tourism to sites of mass death. Together we explore how disaster heritage fosters debate around the relationship between humans and their environments, as well as its potential to disrupt authorised heritage discourse. We also consider whether any disaster can be called ‘natural’ given the intrinsic human element to all disasters. Andrew's research profile Glossary 3/11: Shorthand used to refer to the Great East Japan Earthquake and ensuing tsunami and nuclear disaster that took place on 11 March 2011. Anthropogenic disaster: a disaster caused by human action or inaction. Ishinomaki’s Okawa Elementary School: a public elementary school building in Miyagi Prefecture where more than  80 pupils and teachers lost their lives in the 2011 tsunami.  Minamisanriku Disaster Prevention Centre: a central disaster heritage site of the 3/11 tsunami in Fukushima Ontological dissensus: debates around the relationship between people and the environments they live within i.e. the change of a religious practice to local heritage. Shinsai ikō (震災以降): literally ‘disaster remains’, memorial buildings or structures related to the disaster. Tensai (天災): natural or ‘heavenly’ disaster Image credits [L] "Boat on the Roof" by Pavel Polukhin is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 [R] "南三陸町志津川 防災対策庁舎(東北トリップ)" (Minamisanriku Disaster Prevention Centre) by jetalone is licensed under CC BY 2.0
45:37
March 25, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #28: Nihonjinron - the Future of "Japanese-ness" with Prof David Rear
This week we are joined by Professor David Rear of Chuō University to discuss the once-dominant discourse of nihonjinron, or “Japanese-ness”, which has shaped many aspects of Japanese society over the last century through its ideas of Japanese uniqueness and group-consciousness. David gives us a brief history of the discourse, how a discourse can shape society and new discourses of internationalisation and individuality which he argues have seen the decline, if not the end, of nihonjinron as the dominant narrative. As there are quite a few Japanese terms thrown around in this week’s episode, a brief glossary has been included below. David's research profile Glossary (in order of appearance): Nihonjinron (日本人論) – literally "theories/discussions about the Japanese". A genre of texts that focus on issues of Japanese national and cultural identity and how Japan and the Japanese should be understood. Kokoro (心) – “Heart” or “soul”. Within nihonjinron, it refers to Japanese-ness as being something Japanese are born with. As such, nihonjinron argues that Japan and Japanese people cannot be fully understood by non-Japanese. Kokusaika (国際化) – “Internationalisation”. Originated in the ‘80s during Japan’s economic boom period to attract foreign investment, divided between “outward kokusaika”, where Japanese learn English and go abroad to promote Japan, and “inward kokusaika”, which created a discursive barrier between Japanese and foreigners arriving in Japan who need to adapt to Japanese culture. More recently it has sought to encourage diversity and almost directly opposes nihonjinron arguments of homogeneity (see tayōsei). Kosei (個性) – “Individuality”, not necessarily in terms of independence but as skill or talent that can be learned and put to use for the nation when referred to politically. Jibunrashisa (自分らしさ) – “Being true to yourself”. Can be found in commercial advertising with kosei to refer to putting yourself before society’s demands. Tayōsei (多様性) – “Diversity”. Used today with kokusaika to encourage assimilation of foreigners into society in the context of depopulation and labour shortages. Orientalism – Coined by Edward Said in 1978, orientalism refers to the othering and stereotyping of Eastern nations with Western nations as Occident vs Orient, "Us and Them". Image credits: [L] Dándole forma a mi artículo sobre la teoría nihonjinron (me tiene enganchada ^^) by Lau_chan is licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0 [R] Tokyo subway at rush hour by transitpeople is licensed under CC BY 2.0
40:20
March 18, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #27: 福島の古墳:東日本大震災以降の発掘調査 菊地芳朗教授(福島大学)
Welcome to a special Japanese-language episode of Beyond Japan. For our English-speaking listeners, please follow this link where our episode with Professor Kikuchi Yoshio on the Kofun of Fukushima is available with English subtitles. 日本学を多角的な視点からアプローチするポッドキャスト「ビヨンド・ジャパン」をお聞きいただきありがとうございます。このポッドキャストはセインズベリー日本藝術研究所とイーストアングリア大学の日本学センターがお届けします。私はセインズベリー日本藝術研究所でプロジェクトサポートオフィサーを務めているオリバー・モクサムです。日本の戦争の遺産に関する研究をしています。よろしくお願いします。 今週のお話し相手は福島大学の菊地芳朗教授で、議題は福島県の古墳と東日本大震災以降の発掘調査です。古墳の文化的な意義、また大災害以降の修復について話します。どうぞお聞きください。 来週のエピソードは英語に戻りますが、もし今後も日本語のエピソードが聞いてみたい、という方はぜひご連絡ください。 菊地教授のプロフィール This week we are joined by Professor Kikuchi Yoshio of Fukushima University to discuss excavating kofun burial mounds in Fukushima following the Great East Japan Earthquake. We will explore the cultural significance of kofun in the area and the challenges surrounding their excavation in the last ten years. If you enjoyed this Japanese-language episode, please get in touch and we may produce more Japanese episodes in future. Kikuchi Yoshio's research profile [JP] Image credits: [L] 大安場古墳1号墳 by 小池 隆 is licensed under CC BY 3.0          [R] 高橋淳一Nippon Jin写真展-087 by gwai is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
22:19
March 11, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #26: Japanese Diaspora with Professor Wolfram Manzenreiter
This week we are joined by Professor Wolfram Manzenreiter of the University of Vienna to discuss Japanese Diasporas, taking a look at what can be learned from diaspora communities both in the millions, such as those of Brazil, the USA and Peru, and in the thousands in areas like Mexico, Paraguay and Canada. We will also consider the connection between these communities and their indigenous roots in Japan, as well as the relationship between historic Japanese migration and the strategies of the Japanese empire. Wolfram's research profile Read Squared diasporas: Representations of the Japanese diaspora across time and space Image credits: Fieldwork photographs by Professor Wolfram Manzenreiter
31:29
March 4, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #25: Heritage-Making with Professor Aike Rots
This week we are joined by Aike Rots, Associate Professor of Japan Studies at the University of Oslo, to discuss Heritage-Making in Japan, examining how the process of ‘heritagisation’ can secularise and politicise religious sites, such as Shinto shrines and natural areas of religious significance to Okinawan and Ainu communities, and the role of nationalism within heritage. Aike's research profile Sacred Heritage in Japan edited by Aike Rots and Mark Teeuwen Image credits: [L] "Evening light, Kiyomizu-dera temple, Kyoto" by Dimitry B is licensed under CC BY 2.0 [R] "Sefa Utaki-15.jpg" by alainkun is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
32:07
February 25, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #24: Modern Shinto with Dana Mirsalis
This week we are joined by Dana Mirsalis, PhD candidate at Harvard University, to take a look at Shinto in Modern Japan. Together we unpack the tricky task of defining what Shinto is, whether it is an unofficial Japanese religion, a Japanese religion or even a religion at all. We also explore the ways Shinto shapes and is engaged with by contemporary Japanese as well as the shifting roles of women within the priesthood. Dana's research profile, website and Twitter (@DanaMirsalis) Image credits: [L] Priesthood students of Kōgakkan University by Dana Mirsalis [R] "Sumiyoshitaisha Shinto Shrine, Osaka, Japan" by Geoff Whalan is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0         
41:49
February 18, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #23: Failed Revolutions - 1960 ANPO Protest & U.S. Capitol Riot with Professor Nick Kapur
This week we are joined by Nick Kapur, Associate Professor of History at Rutgers University, to discuss failed revolutions, drawing comparisons between the 1960 ANPO riots of Japan over US-Japan relations with the Capitol Hill Riot we saw on 6 January 2021. Although more than 60 years apart and in totally different contexts, Nick argues that there are several factors worthy of comparison, such as the role of polarising heads of state, the nationwide shocked response to televised political violence and how the media, state and people respond to these movements which never met their goals. Nick's research profile You can order Nick's book, Japan at the Crossroads: Conflict and Compromise after Anpo, here Image credits: [L] 1960 Protests against the United States-Japan Security Treaty by Asahi Shimbun Company [R] Proud Boy Demonstrator, May Day 2017 by AdamCohn
37:42
February 11, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #22: Sanpō Yoshi & Stakeholder Capitalism with Daisuke Tsuchiya
This week we are joined by Daisuke Tsuchiya, Partner at the Brunswick Group and head of Global Japan Practice, to discuss the Japanese business philosophy of ‘Sanpō Yoshi’, or the ‘good for three parties’. Daisuke argues that this notion of stakeholder capitalism, where a successful business must also benefit others, is an important alternative to the profit-oriented Western model of capitalism, especially in a world where nations are increasingly facing top-heavy demographics. Daisuke's Brunswick Profile Articles: Familiar Face of Good: Sanpo Yoshi Capitalism: A coming of age story Abenomics: The Sequel Image credits: [L] 江戶風華-五大浮世絵師展 by 迷惘的人生 [R] Male mechanical engineer with sustainable agricultural robot in field by This is Engineering image library
24:32
February 4, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #21: Global Summitry - The G7 & World Politics in 2020
This week we are joined by Professor Hugo Dobson, Professor of Japan's International Relations, to discuss the cancelled 46th G7 summit. We will explore the summit’s controversies and changes, reflecting the seismic political changes seen within G7 nations over 2020. We also discuss what changes this predicts for the G7 in 2021, the first to be held in post-Brexit Britain. Hugo's research profile and Twitter. Watch Hugo's interviews at the G20 Argentina 2018, G7 Canada 2018 and G20 China 2016. Read up on Hugo's articles: Reviving multilateralism through multi-stakeholder cooperation Afterlives of Post-War Japanese Prime Ministers Is Japan Really Back? The “Abe Doctrine” and Global Governance Teaching Global Citizenship (paywall) Image credits: [L] G7 Summit flags by UK Prime Minister [R] President Trump's Trip to the G7 Summit by The White House
48:08
January 28, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #20: Buddhism as Lived Religion in Rural Japan with Dr Paulina Kolata
This week we are joined by Dr Paulina Kolata to discuss lived religion in rural Japan, exploring the active role Buddhism and its institutions play in day-to-day life in such issues as rural depopulation. Paulina Kolata obtained her PhD in 2019 from The University of Manchester. She is a Postdoctoral Research Associate at Manchester Metropolitan University and an Early Career Research Fellow at The University of Manchester. Her doctoral work investigated the religious, economic, and social impact of depopulation and demographic ageing in Buddhist temple communities in regional Japan. Currently she is developing a book manuscript based on her doctoral research. Paulina's research profile You can read Paulina's chapter on rural temples and heritage through Routledge here. Image credits: All photographs taken by Dr Paulina Kolata.
38:07
January 21, 2021
Beyond Japan Ep. #19: Migrant Communities of Tokyo with Dr Jamie Coates
明けましておめでとうございますand welcome back to Beyond Japan! This week, for our first episode of 2021, we are joined by Dr Jamie Coates, anthropologist and lecturer in East Asian Studies at the University of Sheffield, to look at migrant communities in Tokyo and Japan at large, exploring how the liminal space of Ikebukuro has fostered a multinational district and understanding how attitudes towards Japan have changed amongst its denizens. Jamie's research profile Image credits: [L] Migrant Community of Ikebukuro by Dr Jamie Coates [R] IMG_9310 池袋 by Toomore
34:26
January 14, 2021
Beyond Japan Christmas Break 2020
Beyond Japan will be taking a break over Christmas, resuming on the 14th of January 2021. We will be joined then by Dr Jamie Coates, anthropologist and Lecturer in East Asian Studies at the University of Sheffield, to look at migrant communities in Tokyo and Japan at large, challenging the homogenous image of a nation whose future depends on their currently overlooked migrant population. Until then, メリクリ and よいお年を!
00:23
December 16, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #18: Digitising Japanese Studies with Dr Paula Curtis
This week, for our final episode of 2020, we are joined by Dr Paula Curtis, historian of premodern Japan at Yale University, for a topical discussion on Digital Japanese Studies, considering how moving the field online through incorporating digital methods, tools and resources might alter its future direction. We consider the benefits and challenges of digitising Japanese Studies  from compiling open-access databases to online networking. Paula's research profile Paula's website Image Credits: [L] Digitising newspapers at the University Library Svetozar Markovic by europeananewspapers [R] Digital Archives of From Blanks to Sensitivity by mhrs.jp
34:03
December 16, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #17: Dansō Crossdressing and Gender in Japan with Dr Marta Fanasca
This week we are joined by Dr Marta Fanasca, researcher of Japanese and Gender Studies at the University of Manchester, to discuss gender in Japan through Dansō crossdressing escort services. We discuss issues of applying universal understandings of gender and LGBTQ+ terminology in a national context, challenge the Euro-American term of ‘escort’ and explore how supposedly conservative Japan reconciles with its history of gender fluidity. Marta's research profile Image credits: [L] 桜井 涼夜 (@ryoya0127) Twitter [R] 篠原雪斗@男装 ウィズプラス
29:40
December 10, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #16: Lessons on Health & Inequality from Post-Growth Japan with Professor Eric Brunner
This week we are joined by Eric Brunner, Professor of Social and Biological Epidemiology of University College London, to discuss ‘Health & Inequality in Post-Growth Japan’, examining the relationship between health and wealth and what we can learn from the high standard of health equality in Japan where the economy hasn’t seen major growth in 20 years. We apologise once more for the poor audio quality on my part caused by unresolved technical difficulties. These have now been amended for future episodes. Eric's research profile. For Eric's co-authored book: Health in Japan: Social Epidemiology of Japan since the 1964 Tokyo Olympics Image credits: [L] Doctor. by MIKI Yoshihito. (#mikiyoshihito) [R] A visit to the Eye Doctor Netsuke by Curious Expeditions
37:14
December 3, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #15: Esperanto & Transnational Language with Dr Ian Rapley
This week we are joined by Dr Ian Rapley, history lecturer at Cardiff University, exploring the transnational invented language of Esperanto, its legacy in Japan and the alternative historical perspective it provides. We apologise once more for the poor audio quality caused by unresolved  technical difficulties, but we can happily confirm they have been solved  for next week’s recording. Ian's research profile is available here. Image credits: [L] Capa do manual de Esperanto - 1930s by Hemeroteca Municipal de Lisboa (Portugal) [R] 30-8v by Roland ROTSAERT
33:51
November 26, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #14: 'Super-Aged' Japan with Dr Iza Kavedžija
This week we are joined by Dr Iza Kavedžija, Senior Lecturer in Anthropology at the University of Exeter, to discuss ‘super-aged’ Japan, the challenges of a top-heavy demographic and how to live a meaningful, hopeful life in the face of crisis.  Iza's research profile is available here. ARTICLES:  Reorienting Hopes The good life in balance: Insights from ageing Japan MEDIA: Social care Japanese style – what we can learn from the world’s oldest population The Japanese concept of ikigai: why purpose might be a better goal than happiness Interview in Japanese by Eikoku News Digest Image credits: [L] ひいおばあちゃんと曾孫 by k14 [R] お年寄りに注意 by cyberwonk
31:21
November 12, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #13: Hauntings and Discriminated Histories with Professor Andrea De Antoni
This week we are joined by Andrea De Antoni, Associate Professor of Cultural Anthropology at Ritsumeikan University, discussing how to academically approach rumours of hauntings and the discriminated histories they can represent. In this episode, we grapple with 'affect' as a means of understanding bodily experiences in haunted spaces and what we can learn from comparing such phenomena on a transnational level. Andrea's research profile is available here. You can also experience a drive through Kiyotaki tunnel here. ARTICLES: Andrea's article on Kiyotaki tunnel Witnessing an exorcism in Italy Steps to an ecology of spirits Other hauntings of Kyoto Image credits: [L] Kiyotaki Tunnel by Andrea De Antoni [R] Mountain of the Fear - Mt. Osore by Junichiro Sekino
35:17
November 12, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #12: Black Lives Matter and Afro-Japanese Exchange with Warren Stanislaus
This week we are joined by Warren Stanislaus, PhD candidate at Oxford and Associate Lecturer of global and transnational intellectual history at Rikkyo University, on the Black Lives Matter Movement and Afro-Japanese Cultural Exchange. Listen in to learn about the imaginings and attitudes towards race in Japan and the people challenging the homogeneity myth of 'Nihonjinron'.  Warren's website can be found here. See the breakdown of his Rikkyo course on Transnational Intellectual History here. Read his article on 'Black in Japan: Shifting the Narrative' here.
46:21
November 11, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #11: Haruki Murakami in the Hong Kong Protests with Dr Michael Tsang
This week we are joined by Dr Michael Tsang, Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellow at Newcastle University, who will be discussing the impact of acclaimed author Haruki Murakami’s ‘Always on the Side of the Egg’ speech on the Hong Kong protests. We explore the agency of a novelist using his skill with language to express political support and inspiration while averting direct political confrontation. See Michael's research profile here.
34:24
November 11, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #10: Kurosawa vs Western Cinema with Dr Dolores Martinez
This week we are joined by Dr Dolores (Lola) Martinez, research affiliate at the University of Oxford’s Anthropology department, to discuss the cinematic works of legendary director Akira Kurosawa and the exchange of ideas that occurred between his cinematography and that of Western cinema.  See Lola's research profile here. ARTICLES Review of the book 'Kurosawa Akira vs. Hollywood' 2017 BBC podcast, 'Seven Samurai: A Japanese masterpiece'
39:28
November 11, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #09: Japanese Korean Pop Culture Exchange
This week we are joined by Dr Chris Perkins, senior lecturer in Japanese at the University of Edinburgh, who will be discussing Japanese Korean Cultural Exchange in the immediate post-war. We will be reflecting on how media shaped popular notions of both nations by their respective peoples after more than half a century of colonisation. See Chris's research profile here. You can watch Diary of Yunbogi here.
45:25
November 11, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #08: Sino-Japanese Relations After Abe with Dr Giulio Pugliese
This week we are joined by Dr Giulio Pugliese, Departmental Lecturer in Japanese Politics and International Relations at the University of Oxford, who has written extensively on politics and international relations in the Asia-Pacific with a focus on Japan, China and the United States. Today we will be discussing the legacy of Shinzō Abe on Sino-Japanese relations following his resignation on the 16th September, and how his departure will impact the future relationship between Japan and China. You can find out more about Dr Pugliese's research here. You can preview his book Sino-Japanese Power Politics: Might, Money and Minds here.
49:06
November 11, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #07: Histories of Empire and War in Japan with Dr Sherzod Muminov
This week we are joined by Dr Sherzod Muminov, lecturer in Japanese History at the University of East Anglia, who explores how histories of empire and war are shaped in Japan and the reverberating impact that has in Japanese society and on its international relations. See Sherzod's research profile here. If you would like to tackle the challenging field of transnational imperial history with Sherzod, check out the ‘Researching Japan’ module of our new MA in Interdisciplinary Japanese Studies.  Image credits: Photograph of Yushukan imperial soldier statue by Oliver Moxham; Kobayashi Yoshinori (1998) 'Sensōron', Tokyo: Gentōsha
34:04
November 11, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #06: Calligraphy and the Post-War Avant Garde Movement with Dr Eugenia Bogdanova Kummer
This week we are joined by Dr Eugenia Bogdanova-Kummer, lecturer in Japanese Arts, Cultures and Heritage at the Sainsbury Institute, who will be introducing us to calligraphy and the post-war avant-garde movement. See Eugenia's research profile here. Eugenia is the Course Director of our new MA in Interdisciplinary Japanese Studies. If you would like to explore the colourful and diverse world of Japanese Art History, you can find out more about the course at the SISJAC website.
28:01
November 11, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #05: Dissenting Voices in Modern Japan with Dr Nadine Willems
In this episode, Dr Nadine Willems talks about political dissent during Japan’s modernisation period. She highlights the grievances of dissenters and the kind of censorship and repression they had to confront. She discusses the place of anarchism as an anti-capitalist ideology in the early twentieth century and how it was informed by foreign intellectual trends as well as indigenous traditions. The podcast also illustrates the role of poetry as a way to raise awareness about the plight of the Ainu community in northern Japan in the 1930s. See Nadine's Research Profile here. Follow her on Twitter @N_Willems5
32:38
November 11, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #04: Anime in the Arts with Dr Rayna Denison
This week we are joined by Dr Rayna Denison, Senior Lecturer in Film, Television and Media Studies. Rayna specialises in local and transnational studies of Asian media industries, especially popular cinema and television. Today she kindly joins us to place the genre of Japanese animated television and film, popularly known as anime, into the broader world of arts. See Rayna's Research Profile here. Get in touch here. If this episode has fired up your interest in Japanese Arts, then check out the Japanese Art History and Cultural Heritage module on our new MA in Interdisciplinary Japanese Studies. See the SISJAC website for more details.
33:41
November 11, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #03: International Relations with Dr Ra Mason
This week we are joined by Dr Ra Mason, Sasakawa Lecturer in International Relations and Japanese Foreign Policy at the University of East Anglia who will introduce us to the dynamic and nuanced world of Japan's International Relations.  See Ra's Research Profile here.  If this episode has given you an appetite for politics and diplomacy, you can join Ra at the cutting edge of Japanese Foreign Policy on our new MA in Interdisciplinary Japanese Studies. For more information, see the SISJAC website.
30:28
November 11, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #02: Modern Japanese Literature with Dr Hannah Osborne
This week we are joined by Dr. Hannah Osborne, Senior Lecturer in  Japanese Literature at the University of East Anglia, who explores with  us the diverse, powerful and increasingly international field of modern  Japanese literature. Hannah Osborne is Lecturer in Japanese Literature at the School of  Literature, Drama and Creative Writing and the Centre for Japanese  Studies at the University of East Anglia. She completed her doctoral  thesis, Gender, Love and Text in the Early Writings of Kanai Mieko at the University of Leeds in 2015. Before taking up her current post, she  taught courses in modern Japanese literature at SOAS, University of London, the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. Her research interests include: intersections between text, illustration and  the avant-garde arts; gender and the body; and women's writing and  translation in modern Japanese literature. She is currently working on  her book manuscript The Intermedial Text: Kanai Mieko and the Japanese  Avant Garde. She is also Editor for Literature at Japan Forum.   If this episode has awoken your inner bookworm, check out our new MA  where you can discuss your favourite titles with Hannah herself on our Modern Japanese Literature module. Find out more on the SISJAC website.  See Hannah's research profile here.   ARTICLES:  'The Ai-Novel: Ai no seikatsu and Its Challenge to the Japanese Literary  Establishment'    'The Transgressive Figure of the Dancing-Girl-in-Pain and Kanai Mieko’s  Corporeal Text'
29:20
November 11, 2020
Beyond Japan Ep. #01: Stone Circles of Akita and Wiltshire with Prof. Simon Kaner
Welcome to the debut episode of our new podcast series 'Beyond Japan', where we explore the interdisciplinary nature of Japanese Studies through academics from a wide range of fields. In this episode, the Director of the Centre for Japanese Studies at the University of East Anglia, Professor Simon Kaner, Executive Director of the Sainsbury Institute for the Study of Japanese Arts and Cultures, where he is also Head of the Centre for Archaeology and Heritage talks about the significance of Japanese archaeology for the  global history of humanity, and introduces some of the initiatives he leads setting Japanese archaeology and heritage in a comparative and interdisciplinary perspective, most recently launching the Online Jomon Matsuri. Has this episode piqued your interest? You can study more like this in our new MA in Interdisciplinary Japanese Studies. Find out more: https://www2.uea.ac.uk/study/postgraduate/taught-degree/detail/ma-in-interdisciplinary-japanese-studies Profile of Prof. Simon Kaner  For more information on Simon's research:  Work at the Sainsbury Institute The Online Resource for Japanese Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Global Perspectives on British Archaeology For works written and edited by Simon
14:03
October 29, 2020