In this second episode of the special series on organized crime on our oceans, Esther and Felix are joined by Lejda Toci, fisheries crime focal point from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Together, they discuss fisheries crime, other types of criminalities within the fisheries industry and map out the fisheries value chain.
Follow Lejda Toci on Twitter: @LejdaToci
** "Hunting The Hunters" by Ancient Astronauts & Ian Urbina
** "Riders Of Lost Arks Pt. 2" by Alec Troniq & Ian Urbina
Sources for this episode include:
** Kindly note that a short paragraph on the nexus between fisheries crime and tax crime was obtained from the following UNODC report: www.unodc.org/documents/about-unodc/Campaigns/Fisheries/focus_sheet_PRINT.pdf
*** Time stamps for this episode: Interview with Ian Urbina 05:30 - 52:45
*** This episode kicks off a series of episodes dedicated to organized crime on our oceans. Esther and Felix talk to Ian Urbina, investigative journalist, Pulitzer prize winner and former New York Times writer. Ian is the author of the book The Outlaw Ocean and has launched a reporting project under the same name, including the Outlaw Ocean Music Project.
“Traffickers and smugglers, pirates and mercenaries, wreck thieves and repo men, vigilante conservationists and elusive poachers, seabound abortion providers, clandestine oil-dumpers, shackled slaves and cast-adrift stowaways — drawing on five years of perilous and intrepid reporting, often hundreds of miles from shore, Ian Urbina introduces us to the inhabitants of this hidden world. Through their stories of astonishing courage and brutality, survival and tragedy, he uncovers a globe-spanning network of crime and exploitation that emanates from the fishing, oil and shipping industries, and on which the world’s economies rely.”
*** Check out Ian’s reporting project: https://www.theoutlawocean.com/
*** Support investigative journalism on our oceans: https://www.theoutlawocean.com/donate/
*** Music used in this episode: “Hope and Despair (Instrumental)” by Behind Clouds & Ian Urbina / “Try To Boil The Ocean” by Alec Troniq & Ian Urbina ***
To commemorate Global Tiger Day, Esther and Felix look into the illegal trade in tigers and shed light on issues previously unaddressed by a certain Netflix documentary.
Sources for this episode include:
** BIg Cat Public Safety Act: https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/1380
** Global/International Tiger Day: https://www.awarenessdays.com/awareness-days-calendar/international-tiger-day-2020/
** Tiger King Netflix Series: https://www.imdb.com/title/tt11823076/
** Tiger King Court Case Files: https://sherloc.unodc.org/cld/case-law-doc/wildlifecrimetype/usa/2019/united_states_of_america_v._maldonado-passage_no._cr-18-227-slp_w.d._okla._jan._22_2020.html?lng=en&tmpl=sherloc
** National Geographic Sources: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2019/11/tigers-in-the-united-states-outnumber-those-in-the-wild-feature/ - https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2020/03/captive-tigers-joe-exotic-tiger-king/ - https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2017/02/wildlife-watch-tiger-temple-monks-trafficking-zoo/ - https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/07/wildlife-watch-news-captive-tiger-farms-trafficking-investigation-vietnam-laos/
** World Wildlife Crime Report: https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/wildlife.html
“The Rise of the Parallel Pandemic” explores the growth of the global trade in counterfeit products amid the COVID-19 crisis. Organized crime groups are capitalizing on fear, supply shortages & growing demand to sell their products & expand their influence in existing and emerging consumer markets. Now more than ever, it is important to understand the health, societal & economic risks posed by consuming illicit medical products.
Sources for “The Rise of the Parellel Pandemic” include:
** Anastasia Austin, “4 Ways Microtraffickers are Getting Around Coronavirus Restrictions”, Insight Crime, 12 June 2020, https://www.insightcrime.org/news/analysis/microtrafficking-coronavirus-restrictions/ ** “Fake medicines can be counterfeit, contaminated or mislabelled. Don’t take the chance.”, Interpol, https://www.interpol.int/en/Crimes/Illicit-goods/Shop-safely/Fake-medicines ** “Global operation sees a rise in fake medical products related to COVID-19”, Interpol, 19 March 2020, https://www.interpol.int/en/News-and-Events/News/2020/Global-operation-sees-a-rise-in-fake-medical-products-related-to-COVID-19 ** Sam Piranty, “Coronavirus fuels a surge in fake medicines”, BBC, 9 April 2020, https://www.bbc.com/news/health-52201077 ** Jay Kennedy, “Buyer beware: Counterfeit markets can flourish during a public health crisis”, The Conversation, 26 March 2020, https://theconversation.com/buyer-beware-counterfeit-markets-can-flourish-during-a-public-health-crisis-134492 ** Mimi Yagoub, “Colombia Busts Fake Medicine Ring Worth Millions”, Insight Crime, 28 July 2016, https://www.insightcrime.org/news/brief/colombia-busts-fake-medicine-ring-worth-millions/ **OECD/EUIPO (2020), “Trade in Counterfeit Pharmaceutical Products”, Illicit Trade, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org/10.1787/a7c7e054-en ** Tom Kington, “Patients die as Sicilian mafia buys into the hospital service”, The Guardian, 1 January 2007, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/jan/01/italy.mainsection ** “WHO Global Surveillance & Monitoring System for Substandard and Falsified Products”, World Health Organization, 2017 https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/326708/9789241513425-eng.pdf?ua=1 ** Zachary Goodwin, “Brazil Smuggles In Hydroxychloroquine Amid Coronavirus Despair”, Insight Crime, 4 June 2020, https://www.insightcrime.org/news/brief/brazil-coronavirus-hydroxychloroquine/ **
And on last week’s episode:
Rafi Letzter, “The coronavirus didn't really start at that Wuhan 'wet market'”, Live Science, May 2020, https://www.livescience.com/covid-19-did-not-start-at-wuhan-wet-market.html