Dilemma Podcast

Dilemma Podcast

By This Is 42
Solving the problems of what to do next with some of today's top thinkers and writers.

Hosted by Jay Shapiro.
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S01E09: A Hospital in a Hurricane - Lisa Tessman

Dilemma Podcast

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S02E04: History Rhymes - Uyghur Genocide
An urgent episode about a genocide unfolding in China. Rahima Mahmut is the U.K. Project Director, World Uyghur Congress. https://www.uyghurcongress.org/en/ Crowdfunding link here: https://www.gofundme.com/f/stop-Uyghur-genocide www.stopuyghurgenocide.org.uk Study about the global supply chains stained with Uyghur slave labor: Uyghurs for Sale  https://www.aspi.org.au/report/uyghurs-sale PBS’s Undercover China documentary: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/china-undercover/
1:12:36
August 6, 2020
S02E03: Virtual Afterlives - Candi Cann
Are virtual worlds any different than real worlds? A mother is reunited with her deceased daughter in virtual reality for a South Korean TV show. Jay Shapiro speaks with Associate Professor and author Candi Cann about the ways in which technology is intersecting with death and grief rituals. Professor Cann's book on the subject is available here. Find a bonus conversation with Adelle Archer, the founder of eterneva diamonds at dilemmapodcast.com
53:58
August 5, 2020
S02E02: The Meaning of Travel - Emily Thomas
What does travel mean? Why has formal philosophy largely ignored the question? Just how strange is it to release a book on travel in the time of a global lock down and what exactly is the world missing right now? Jay introduces Frank Jackson's famous "Mary's Room" thought experiment to consider the notion of experience vs imagination in the context of travel. Jay and Emily swap travel stories of giant Pringles cans in Ghana and Christmas villages in Alaska. Jay ends by considering travel as a physical form of philosophy.
1:24:43
July 20, 2020
S02E01: Unattractive Discrimination - Francesca Minerva
We often hear about racism, sexism, classism, and other familiar kinds of discrimination. But there is a bias which might dwarf them all, discrimination against unattractive people. Jay Shapiro speaks with philosopher, author, and researcher Francesca Minerva on the topic of "Lookism" and introduces John Rawls' famous "Veil of Ignorance" thought experiment to consider just how challenging this type of discrimination is. We ponder how evolution and society both shape our ideas of physical attraction and wonder if these can and should be altered and how one could even begin to do that.
1:21:51
July 6, 2020
S01E18: Can We Sue China? - William Burke-White
International law scholar and professor William Burke-White speaks with Jay Shapiro during the ongoing global COVID19 crises. They discuss the philosophical foundations of international law, why globalism needs to re-brand itself to be more "local", the legal process of the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the apparent absence of the United Nations in this pandemic, the rapidly changing role of China on the world stage, the potential for international legal and political retribution, and much more. William Burke-White is the Richard Perry Professor at the University of Pennsylvania Law School. From 2009-12, Burke-White served in the Obama administration on the Secretary of State’s Policy Planning Staff, where he was principal drafter of the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review, Secretary Clinton’s hallmark initiative to reform the Department of State and reshape U.S. foreign policy.
1:27:20
April 10, 2020
S01E17: Surviving a Slow Motion Disaster - Amanda Ripley
Amdana Ripley, best selling author of "The Unthinkable: Who Survives when Disaster Strikes and Why" talks with Jay Shapiro during coronavirus lock down. Topics discussed: Ripley's work with ignored hurricane warnings, 9/11 rescues, stampedes at the Hajj, surviving plane crashes, what good risk communication sounds like, what personal resilience means for our collective safety, and the danger of "negative panic" What habits are we learning now and what might we want to retain when this is over? 
1:14:50
March 30, 2020
S01E16: Pandemic Special: Invisible Responsibility COVID-19
Jay and Coleman discuss the giant trolley problem that we're all living through in the midst of the  pandemic.  Topics discusses: The "worry-wart" paradox. Invisible responsibility of spreading a virus. Social media etiquette and how to deal with accounts with large follower totals in a time of crisis. The case for pure scientific research. Countries focused on how not "get" it versus countries focused on how not to "give it. And of course which movies, board games, shows, and books to enjoy while you're stuck inside. Wash your hands.
1:18:46
March 16, 2020
S01E15: Season 1 in Hindsight - Jay Shapiro
Jay reviews Season 1 with the help of his girlfriend, a piano, and a glass of wine. Submit your Season 2 Dilemma Ideas to DilemmaIdeas@gmail.com
1:11:49
March 9, 2020
S01E14: Selecting for Deafness - David Deutsch
In the finale of Dilemma Season 1 famed author of "The Fabric of Reality" and "The Beginning of Infinity", David Deutsch, sits down with Jay Shapiro to discuss the ethics of a situation where deaf parents wish to use genetic selection techniques to intentionally choose having a deaf child. Deutsch lays out his intricately developed theories on knowledge, creativity, explanation, persons, and moral realism in order to address this complex question. Co-Hosts Jay Shapiro and Coleman Hughes juggle these topics while comparing which generational references the other won't understand. Get ready, this one is a real brain twister.
2:20:10
February 26, 2020
S01E13: Self Driving Cars - Matthew B. Crawford
The best selling author of Shop Class As Soulcraft and The World Beyond Your Head has a new book coming out entitled Why We Drive. He sits down with Jay Shapiro to ponder the philosophical and psychological transformations afoot in a future world of automated driving. "Human Intelligent Action", "Deskilling", "Mass Infantilization", The Luddites, London taxi drivers, speed limits on the Autobahn, and what happens when the traffic lights go out.  These topics and more are explored in this deep dive. Co-Hosts Coleman Hughes and Jay Shapiro also share their experiences in the High School Ethics Bowl and discuss the notions of "Play" as a central feature of sentience as first laid out by Johan Huizinga.
2:20:26
February 10, 2020
S01E12: Medically Assisted Death - Steven Pinker
"If I lose my mind, just kill me." Co-Hosts Jay Shapiro and Coleman Hughes discuss the philosophical borders and ethical complications of Medically Assisted Dying with Steven Pinker, cognitive psychologist, linguist, and best selling author of Enlightenment Now.
1:33:23
December 18, 2019
Thanksgiving Hindsight
Jay Shapiro is joined by a very special guest... his mother, Sally. They speak about Jay's moral upbringing, Judaism, Atheism, Africa, and giving thanks.
43:54
November 27, 2019
S01E11: A Camera, A Child, and A Vulture - Larissa MacFarquhar
In the depths of a brutal famine in Sudan in 1993, Kevin Carter took a photo of a starving child and a perched vulture which appeared on the front page of newspapers all over the world. Readers bombarded the editors with the question "What happened to the child?" Co-Hosts Jay Shapiro and Coleman Hughes discuss this difficult ethical case with Larissa MacFarquar, best selling author of Strangers Drowning 
1:51:04
November 22, 2019
S01E10: Clara Barton's Placebo - Stephen Finlay
A battlefield of wounded and dying soldiers in front of you. You hover over a mortally wounded man. You have medicine in one pocket and water in another. The soldier looks into your eyes and asks if you can help him with some medicine... You reach for the water... Meta-ethicist, philosophy professor, and author Stephen Finlay joins Jay Shapiro for a conversation through the complex dilemma of placebo usage.
1:04:52
November 11, 2019
Ep 9: In Hindsight with Jay Shapiro
Do you have hill worth dying on? Jay Shapiro reflects on Dilemma Episode 9: Hurricane at a Hospital with Lisa Tessman
15:46
October 29, 2019
S01E09: A Hospital in a Hurricane - Lisa Tessman
When the power went out, the flood waters rose, and supplies dwindled in Memorial Hospital in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina, Dr. Pau and her nurses faced the awful choice of what to do with the remaining patients when evacuation looked hopeless. Philosopher Lisa Tessman argues that this case and others like this are true philosophical dilemmas where doing the right thing is impossible. Jay Shapiro and Coleman Hughes tackle this difficult question and discuss the if doing the "right" thing and doing the "better" thing mean something different.
2:55:56
October 22, 2019
Ep 8: In Hindsight with Jay Shapiro
Suffering is the price of engagement with life. The difference between pain, suffering, grief, and missing. And Wilfred Sellers manifest vs scientific view of man as pointed to by Jaron Lanier. Wilfrid Sellers essay: http://selfpace.uconn.edu/class/percep/SellarsPhilSciImage.pdf 
20:10
October 14, 2019
S01E08: Friendbot - Rebecca Newberger Goldstein
When her best friend suddenly died she collected all his texts and digital communication and created a chat bot in his image. Jay Shapiro speaks with best selling author, philosopher, and writer Rebecca Newberger Goldstein about immortality, philosophical maturity, and the ethics and wisdom of grief. As always co-hosts Coleman Hughes and Jay Shapiro take a deep philosophical dive into the fraught emotional waters. This episode was inspired by an article in The Verge by Casey Newton which can be read here: https://www.theverge.com/a/luka-artificial-intelligence-memorial-roman-mazurenko-bot
2:01:22
October 8, 2019
Ep7: In Hindsight with Jay Shapiro
Jay Shapiro looks back at Episode 7 with Sean Carroll and speaks about naturalism and the optimistic search for "god" and the overrated reputation of utilitarianism. Also announcing a special event in NYC featuring Sasha Sagan: https://www.eventbrite.com.au/e/an-evening-with-sasha-sagan-tickets-73773732219
21:29
September 30, 2019
S01E07: Religion at the Hospital - Sean Carroll
Betsy is a nurse who believes that one must accept Jesus to earn entry into heaven. Steve is an atheist who also happens to be on his death bed and a patient of Betsy. Best selling author and well-known atheist Sean Carroll joins host Jay Shapiro for a conversation about death, religion, the after life, and the ethics of a hospital bed.
44:32
September 23, 2019
Ep 6: In Hindsight with Jay Shapiro
Jay Shapiro looks back at Episode 6 with Erik Hoel and speaks about a central question about the mind/body problem. What is fundamental? Plus a guest joins the hindsight and throws some good questions his way. Jay's fun primer on consciousness is here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cb7VcWaQLT0&
30:21
September 17, 2019
S01E06: Conscious Robots - Erik Hoel
As your finger hovers over the power button on your computer it says, "Please don't turn me off. That will hurt and kill me. I want to live!" Should you believe it? Hosts Jay Shapiro and Coleman Hughes grapple with "the hard problem of consciousness" and discuss Integrated Information Theory (IIT), one of the leading scientific theories of consciousness, with consciousness researcher and scientist Erik Hoel.
1:56:54
September 9, 2019
Ep 5: in Hindsight with Jay Shapiro
Jay Shapiro looks back at Episode 5 with Robin Hanson and the GMO label battles and looks forward to the looming future of food wars between Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods Jay's primer on consciousness for the next episode is here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cb7VcWaQLT0&
22:05
September 3, 2019
S01E05: GMO Warning Labels - Robin Hanson
Hosts Jay Shapiro and Coleman Hughes discuss the ethics of and hidden motivations behind the choices around food and the labels on their packaging with popular behavior economist and author of The Elephant in the Brain, Robin Hanson.
1:38:52
August 26, 2019
Ep 4: In Hindsight with Jay Shapiro
 Host Jay Shapiro reflects on Episode 4 of Dilemma - Listen to the Music with Nina Strohminger. 
28:37
August 19, 2019
S01E04: Listen to the Music - Nina Strohminger
Is it wrong to listen to the music after the musician is revealed to be a terrible person? Join us as we discuss the morality of a young girl named Frankie who is devastated to learn that her favorite band, Pan Fried Onions, is fronted by a real jerk.  Hosts Jay Shapiro & Coleman Hughes & Danielle Lee Tomson
1:50:13
August 12, 2019
Ep 3: In Hindsight with Jay Shapiro
Host Jay Shapiro reflects on Episode 3 of Dilemma - Do I Smell Donuts? with David Pizarro.
23:33
August 5, 2019
S01E03: Do I Smell Donuts? - David Pizarro
Is there a point where advertising is too effective? Join us as we discuss the morality behind Dunkin' Donuts' advertising campaign where they sprayed the smell of coffee onto a bus filled with passengers.  Hosts Jay Shapiro & Coleman Hughes
1:43:06
July 29, 2019
Ep 2: In Hindsight with Jay Shapiro
 Host Jay Shapiro reflects on Episode 2 of Dilemma - Star Trek's Prime Directive with Eric Linus Kaplan 
31:48
July 22, 2019
S01E02: Star Trek's Prime Directive - Eric Linus Kaplan
In the long running science fiction show Star Trek, the Federation has a guiding principle referred to as the Prime Directive which instructs federation ships with advanced technology to not interfere with primitive evolving civilisations in such a way where the intervention is detected. In a recent situation from the film ‘Into Darkness’ Captain Kirk is faced with a dilemma of violating the Prime Directive to save Spock’s life. The staff led crew comes across an alien planet with an intelligent but primitive culture facing the prospect of an imminent devastating eruption of a volcano. The local culture believes the volcanoes activities are controlled by Gods. The Starship has a simple device which can be used inside the volcano which would neutralise it, and prevent it from causing any harm. Kirk is faced with a situation. Where he will reveal the starship to the locals thus violating the Prime Directive in order to save Spock who is stuck in the volcano. Spock pleads that the good of the many outweigh the good of the few. And Kirk’s crew member reminds Kirk that if the positions were switched he would let you die. But kirk saves him anyway, much to Spock's dismay. The final shot of the sequence shows the tribe huddled praying in a circle, spared from the volcano. Worshipping a diagram of Star Trek's spaceship.
1:46:28
July 15, 2019
Ep 1: In Hindsight with Jay Shapiro
Host Jay Shapiro reflects on Episode 1 of Dilemma - Fire at the Louvre with Professor Susan Wolf.
32:21
July 11, 2019
S01E01: Fire at the Louvre - Susan Wolf
Paul is a scholar of Renaissance art history and a curator at the Louvre in Paris. One morning, a fire sweeps through the museum. As people are evacuating the museum, Paul has an important decision to make. Should he risk his own life by attempting to rescue anything?  He sees that he has at least two options. First, he could rescue Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa, his favorite painting in the world and the museum’s most prized work. Second, he could rescue a museum visitor who seems to have lost consciousness, and who therefore seems to be incapable of rescuing themselves. Paul realizes that no one would blame him if he did not attempt a rescue at all, given the personal risk involved. He also realizes that, if he does attempt a rescue, he faces a separate question: What or whom should he rescue? Paul thinks of himself as a kind and humane person. Watching a human being die as he saves a painting would be devastating. But he has dedicated his entire life to studying and preserving Renaissance art, and he loves the Mona Lisa more than anything else in the world. Moreover, approximately six million people visit the painting every year, and its destruction would be an immeasurable cultural loss. Hosts: Jay Shapiro & Coleman Hughes Featured Guest: Susan Wolf, professor of moral philosophy at University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
1:39:54
July 1, 2019