EpiToMe is a compilation and the epitome of all the knowledge and ideas that HSCI51 students in Ateneo De Manila University have learned about epidemiology. It touches on topics where intersections of epidemiology and various aspects of life lie. EpiToMe focuses on insights related to the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on our lives, such as vaccines, waste-water, fake news, virus phobias, traveling, COVID-19 precautions, history, and many more.
Sabi ng APO, “Tuloy na tuloy pa rin ang Pasko,” pero kahit ba may COVID-19? Sa Disease Information Talk, itinatampok ang wastong kaalaman ukol sa COVID-19 at pagdiriwang ng Pasko.
(This podcast is prepared by Sta. Cruz II, Pua, Santiago, Roa, Sy, Benitez, and Bunag.)
References of the podcast can be accessed here.
Ever wondered what epidemics were like in the past? If you are interested in learning how health emergencies may be addressed and managed, this podcast is for you.
Novel diseases have the ability to inspire fear, dissent, and conflict around the world. Through travelling back to past epidemics, we may understand how to better address and manage COVID-19 today. Tune into Epi(riod) in time as we revisit how epidemiologists John Snow, Thomas Francis Jr., and Nicole Grasset helped control outbreaks of Cholera, Influenza A and B, and Smallpox, respectively.
No matter where this podcast may be published, credit will be attributed to the authors.
(This podcast is prepared by Florcruz, Orocio, Uy, Wu, Siasoco, Mallari, and Ackary.)
Begum, F. (2019, May 23). Mapping disease: John Snow and Cholera. Retrieved November 02, 2020, from https://www.rcseng.ac.uk/library-and-publications/library/blog/mapping-disease-john-snow-and-cholera/
Celentano, D., & Szklo, M. (2019). Gordis Epidemiology (Sixth). Elsevier, Inc. Extra Credits (Director). (2015, November 28). England: The Broad Street Pump - Map of the Blue Death - Extra History - #3 [Video file]. Retrieved October 26, 2020, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9NVT6iZP2qg
Frerichs, R. (2003). John Snow and the Broad Street Pump. Retrieved November 02, 2020, from http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/snow/snowcricketarticle.html
Libretexts. (2020, July 14). Case Study: John Snow and the Origin of Epidemiology. Retrieved November 02, 2020, from https://bio.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Ancillary_Materials/Worksheets/Book:_The_Biology_Corner_(Worksheets)/Cell_Biology/Case_Study:_John_Snow_and_the_Origin_of_Epidemiology
History - Historic Figures: John Snow (1813 - 1858). (2014). Retrieved November 02, 2020, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/snow_john.shtml
Paul, J., (1974). Thomas Francis, Jr. 1900-1969: A Biographical Memoir by John R. Paul. National Academy of Sciences Washington D.C. Retrieved from http://www.nasonline.org/publications/biographical-memoirs/memoir-pdfs/francis-thomas.pdf
R. R. (2007). The Ghost Map. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 13(7), 1134. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1307.070357
Similarities and Differences between Flu and COVID-19. (2020). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/symptoms/flu-vs-covid19.htm
Zhu, Z., Lian, X., Su, X., Wu, W., Marraro, G., Zeng, Y., (2020). From SARS and MERS to COVID-19: a brief summary and comparison of severe acute respiratory infections caused by three highly pathogenic human coronaviruses.Retrieved from https://respiratory research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12931-020-01479-w
Smallpox Eradication in India, 1972-1977 | The World of Smallpox · Online Exhibits. (n.d.). Apps.Lib.Umich.Edu. Retrieved November 2, 2020, from https://apps.lib.umich.edu/online-exhibits/exhibits/show/smallpox-eradication-india/smallpox-eradication#overview
Dr. Nicole Grasset Retrospective - Seva Foundation. (n.d.). Www.Seva.Org. Retrieved November 2, 2020, from https://www.seva.org/site/SPageServer/?pagename=Nicole_Grasset_Retrospective#.X5-prVMza3 Frerichs
Hungry for exquisite cuisine and good company? If you want to know how safe restaurants can be amid COVID-19, this podcast is for you.
COVID-19 has changed the way people participate in daily life, necessitating adjustments in our social and work interactions. Tune in to Serving EpiFacts, a circle of inquisitive Ateneans, as they probe the experiences of everyday citizens and confer with an expert in probing safety in food establishments amid the new normal.
The group retains credit as authors of this podcast, regardless of where it may be published.
(This podcast is prepared by Agatep, Kaw, Santiago, Samson, Duero, and Paderes.)
de Lusignan, S., Dorward, J., Correa, A., Jones, N., Akinyemi, O., Amirthalingam, G., Andrews, N., Byford, R., Dabrera, G., Elliot, A., Ellis, J., Ferreira, F., Lopez Bernal, J., Okusi, C., Ramsay, M., Sherlock, J., Smith, G., Williams, J., Howsam, G., … Hobbs, F. D. R. (2020). Risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 among patients in the Oxford Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre primary care network: a cross-sectional study. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1473-3099(20)30371-6
Carol Tan-Lim & Aldrich Burog, “Should electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) tests be used in the diagnosis of COVID-19?”, PSMID: Philippine Society for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Inc, August 16, 2020, https://www.psmid.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/ECLIA-20200823_180625.pdf.
Chu, D. K., Duda, S., Solo, K., Yaacoub, S., & Schunemann, H. (2020). Physical Distancing, Face Masks, and Eye Protection to Prevent Person-to-Person Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 72(4), 1500. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2020.07.040
Mayara Lisboa Bastos et al., “Diagnostic accuracy of serological tests for covid-19: systematic review and meta-analysis”, The British Medical Journal, June 23, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2516.
Lu, J., Gu, J., Li, K., Xu, C., Su, W., Lai, Z., Zhou, D., Yu, C., Xu, B., & Yang, Z. (n.d.). Early Release - COVID-19 Outbreak Associated with Air Conditioning in Restaurant, Guangzhou, China, 2020 - Volume 26, Number 7—July 2020 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC. Wwwnc.Cdc.Gov. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2607.200764
What if we told you that one of our greatest allies against COVID-19 is the very thing that you flush down your toilet everyday? Stick around, we’re about to tell you a story about poop!
In this episode, we focus on an unconventional method that is shown to be practical and cost-effective, which can potentially help in managing the COVID-19 public health crisis in the Philippines: wastewater-based epidemiology.
This podcast will always be attributed to the group as the authors (Ely Bautista, Rae Dacalanio, Gaby Mendiola, Samantha Mistal, Andrea Ong, Carlos Palencia, Isabel Salsona).
Biobot Analytics (2020, September 12). Mining wastewater data to refine COVID-19 case estimation. Retrieved October 17, 2020, from https://medium.com/@biobotanalytics/mining-wastewater-data-to-refine-covid-19-case-estimation-8dc58d67f706
Claudio, L. E. (2015, April 23). Wastewater Management in the Philippines. Retrieved 2020, from https://www.wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/mdocs/en/.../wipo_ip_mnl_15_t4.pdf
Developing a Wastewater Surveillance Sampling Strategy. (n.d.). Retrieved October 23, 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/wastewater-surveillance/developing-a-wastewater-surveillance-sampling-strategy.html
Larsen, D.A., Wigginton, K.R. Tracking COVID-19 with wastewater. Nat Biotechnol 38, 1151–1153 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41587-020-0690-1
Manila, Philippines, Water / Wastewater Improvements. (2012, November). Retrieved 2020, from https://www.esc-pau.fr/ppp/documents/featured_projects/philippines_manila.pdf
Peiser, J. (2020, August 28). The University of Arizona says it caught a dorm's covid-19 outbreak before it started. Its secret weapon: Poop. Retrieved October 23, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2020/08/28/arizona-coronavirus-wastewater-testing/
Resnick, B. (2019, March 22). Apollo astronauts left their poop on the moon. We gotta go back for that shit. Retrieved October 17, 2020, from https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2019/3/22/18236125/apollo-moon-poop-mars-science
Sims, N., & Kasprzyk-Hordern, B. (2020). Future perspectives of wastewater-based epidemiology: Monitoring infectious disease spread and resistance to the community level. Environment international, 139, 105689. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105689
Understanding medical tests: Sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value. (n.d.). Retrieved 2020, from https://www.healthnewsreview.org/toolkit/tips-for-understanding-studies/understanding-medical-tests-sensitivity-specificity-and-positive-predictive-value/
Wastewater Surveillance Testing Methods. (n.d.). Retrieved October 23, 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/wastewater-surveillance/testing-methods.html
World Health Organization. (2020). Water, sanitation, hygiene, and waste management for the COVID-19 virus. https://apps.who.int/iris/rest/bitstreams/1272446/retrieve
Theme: A travelogue style podcast, conversational, two hosts with the friendliest local guides from all around the world.
Podcast Description: Ever wondered what other countries did right in pandemic management? Join ThesisIt! as we go on an epidemiological journey to uncover the various national responses to COVID-19.
Prepared by the ThesisIt! Team: Hosted by J. Alipio and J. Santiago. Featuring K. Barin, J. Domalanta, A. Layco, and C. Liwanag.
On this Halloween EPIsode on Creepin’ it Real with Coronaphobia, join us and psychologist Albert Go as we go through Juan’s (ones) story understanding and living with coronaphobia.
(This podcast is made by Beltran, Cai, Chan, Co, Medina, Salvador, Yumul.)
Arora, A., Jha, A.K., Alat, P., & Das, S.S. (2020). Understanding coronaphobia. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 54, 102384. doi:10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102384
Mertens, G., Gerritsen, L., Duijndam, S., Salemink, E., & Engelhard, I. M. (2020). Fear of the coronavirus (COVID-19): Predictors in an online study conducted in March 2020. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 74, 102258. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102258
Salari, N., Hosseinian-Far, A., Jalali, R., Vaisi-Raygani, A., Rasoulpoor, S., Mohammadi, M., . . . Khaledi-Paveh, B. (2020). Prevalence of stress, anxiety, depression among the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Globalization and Health, 16(1). doi:10.1186/s12992-020-00589-w
Schimmenti, A., Billieux, J., Starcevic, V. (2020). The four horsemen of fear: An integrated model of understanding fear experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 17(2), 41-45. doi: 10.36131/CN20200202
‘Dun Dun Dun Sound Effect Brass’ by Alexander available at http://www.orangefreesounds.com/dun-dun-dun-sound-effect-brass/ under a Creative Commons License Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). Full terms at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Vaccinate or vaccinot? As the COVID-19 pandemic draws out, countries across the world await a vaccine to end this disaster once and for all. However, once a vaccine is approved, several factors would come into play for vaccination to be successful––including trust. Join us as we dig deeper into understanding why people are hesitant to get vaccinated in the context of COVID-19 with public health experts Jason Haw and Alfonso Regala.
(This podcast is made by Acuña, Larry; Angeles, Kirsten; Cagas, Eds; Capote, Veronica; Lirios, Alissa; Santiago, Bella.)
For further reading -- here are some resources we found helpful in creating this podcast!
What is vaccine hesitancy? By the World Health Organization
She hunts viral rumors about real viruses by Jenny Anderson in the New York Times
Dengvaxia controversy: impact on vaccine hesitancy by Fatima and Syed in the Journal of Global Health
Vaccine confidence plummets in the Philippines following dengue vaccine scare: why it matters to pandemic preparedness by Larson et al., in the Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics Journal
Another casualty of vaccine hesitancy: Philippines declares polio outbreak by Jenny Lei Ravelo, in Devex
Philippines: Measles Outbreak - Operation Update - Re-emergence of vaccine preventable diseases by the International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies
Johnson And Johnson Is Working On COVID-19 Vaccine, Commits To Supply One Billion by SmartParenting Staff
Scientists raise alarm over signs of COVID-19 vaccine 'hesitancy' (CNA, 2020) by Channel News Asia
Disease Burden of Dengue in the Philippines by Undurraga et al. in the American Journal of Tropical Hygiene and Medicine
To tackle the COVID-19 infodemic, let’s learn how to analyze research, identify fake news and determine for yourselves the role that alternative treatment can play in your health.
(This podcast is made by Aluquin , Corto , Gomez, Ronquillo , Simbulan, and Sy.
Brewster, C. T., Choong, J., Thomas, C., Wilson, D., & Moiemen, N. (2020). Steam inhalation and paediatric burns during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Lancet, 395(10238), 1690. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(20)31144-2
Chidambaram, A. G., & Josephson, M. (2019). Clinical research study designs: The essentials. Pediatric Investigation, 3(4), 245–252. https://doi.org/10.1002/ped4.12166
Department of Health. (2020, August 20). Approved Chinese Drug (Lianhua Qingwen) Is Not A Treatment For COVID-19. Retrieved November 2, 2020, from http://ro8.doh.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/COVID-ADVISORY-025-as-of-August-20-2020.pdf
Hu, K., Guan, W., Bi, Y., Zhang, W., Li, L., Zhang, B., Liu, Q., Song, Y., Li, X., Duan, Z., Zheng, Q., Yang, Z., Liang, J., Han, M., Ruan, L., Wu, C., Zhang, Y., Jia, Z., & Zhong, N. (2020). Efficacy and safety of Lianhuaqingwen capsules, a repurposed Chinese herb, in patients with coronavirus disease 2019: A multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled trial. Phytomedicine, 153242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2020.153242
Kucharski, A. (2016). Study epidemiology of fake news. Nature, 540(7634), 525–525. https://doi.org/10.1038/540525a
Li, L.-C., Zhang, Z.-H., Zhou, W.-C., Chen, J., Jin, H.-Q., Fang, H.-M., Chen, Q., Jin, Y.-C., Qu, J., & Kan, L.-D. (2020). Lianhua Qingwen prescription for Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treatment: Advances and prospects. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 130, 110641. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2020.110641
Little P, Moore M, Kelly J, Williamson I, Leydon G, McDermott L, Mullee M, Stuart B; PIPS Investigators. Ibuprofen, paracetamol, and steam for patients with respiratory tract infections in primary care: pragmatic randomised factorial trial. Version 2. BMJ. 2013 Oct 25;347:f6041. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f6041. PMID: 24162940; PMCID: PMC3808081.
Scarborough, A., Scarborough, O., Abdi, H., & Atkins, J. (2020). Steam Inhalation: More Harm Than Good? Perspective From A UK Burns Centre. Burns. doi:10.1016/j.burns.2020.08.010
The Marshall Protocol Knowledge Base. (2019, September 1). Differences between in vitro, in vivo, and in silico studies. Retrieved November 2, 2020, from https://mpkb.org/home/patients/assessing_literature/in_vitro_studies
University of East Anglia. (2020, February 13). Fake news makes disease outbreaks worse, research shows. Retrieved November 2, 2020, from https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-02/uoea-fnm021320.php
Uy, T.M., Miranda, M.C., Aro, S.J., & Uy, M.E. (2020). Should steam inhalation be used in the treatment and prevention of COVID-19? Asia Pacific Center for Evidence Based Health Care. https://www.psmid.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Steam-Inhalation-for-COVID-Full-Report-14JUL2020-V1-TU-MM-SA-EU-LFD.pdf
Everyone can agree that we all want the COVID-19 pandemic curbed as quick as possible—and thus a fully-developed vaccine is much anticipated worldwide. Join Fitz, Gibby, and Isaiah as they interview doctors to discuss pharmaceutical logistics and ethics, and reveal key points that the general public must look out for. If you are concerned with when and how the COVID-19 vaccine should be distributed, then tune in to this episode.
(This podcast is made by Abellanosa, Acedillo, Dee, Ebarle, Fadriquela, Lapuz, Sison.)
“Mother knows best.” To see how this applies in the current pandemic, listen to Sabi ni Mama as we learn about how mothers view different COVID-19 concerns.
Have you ever encountered the saying “mother knows best” ? To see how this saying may apply in the current pandemic, join Dara Carreon, Josiah Doromal, Bea Itchon, Jal Legaspi, Sab Manlutac, Matthew Santos, and Bettina Veloso in this podcast as they interview their mothers to learn more about what they have to say on COVID-19 protective measures, COVID-19 infection susceptibility, and COVID-19 recovery. In addition, each segment will also include some common misconceptions on the COVID-19 topics, which will be clarified with the help of published journal articles, as well as testimonies from patients who have dealt, and are still dealing with COVID-19 symptoms. If you want to know more about fighting both the spread of the virus and the spread of its common misconceptions, listen to this podcast now.
The following sources were used:
The changing demographics of COVID-19 infections and deaths in the Philippines: how age-sex structure, living arrangement, and family ties intersect
Why does COVID-19 disproportionately affect older people?
Association between age and clinical characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19
Coronavirus: Why Men are More Vulnerable to Covid-19 Than Women?
Persistent Symptoms in Patients After Acute COVID-19 | Critical Care Medicine | JAMA
Outcomes of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients Recently Recovered From Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
RT-PCR, antigen tests, antibody tests, travel bubbles...When we talk about COVID-19 testing and traveling, what are we actually talking about? Tune in to Inching Incidence: On the (Travel) Bubble as your resident “EpiCuties”, along with Dr. Anna Ong-Lim (Infectious Disease Expert) and Engr. Alec Mapalo (Baguio’s Tourism Officer) tackle these COVID-19 concerns.
(This podcast is made by Isabella Bolaños, Mary Sophie Co, Athena Garcia, Nina Gorospe, AJ Regio, Abigail Te, and Iñigo Uyguangco.)
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