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Operators To OWNERS

Operators To OWNERS

By Eric R

This is a professional development podcast dedicated to helping veterinarians and veterinary students discover and impliment the habits and routines necessary to develop professionally and personally.
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OTO Episode 74: Exploring Salutogenesis - Crafting Meaningful Work via Personal Growth Initiative
OTO Episode 74: Exploring Salutogenesis - Crafting Meaningful Work via Personal Growth Initiative
Take the Personal Growth Initiative Assessment at otovets.com/pgi Our Inner Work Life Tells a Story Struggling with feelings of burnout and stress at work are not unique to the veterinary profession. In fact, this is an endemic issue that pervades almost every level of our society.  Scientists have begun to classify these internalized thoughts and feelings that are brought on at work as "Inner Work Life."   We've all experienced the power of Inner Work Life at some time. The waxing and waning of motivation throughout the day, that little voice that can ramp up your emotions building relationships or creating conflict, even altering how our subconscious mind perceives the actions of others around us during the day.  What Inner Work Life describes is our behind the scene's motivators; the silent judgements we make, the stories we craft that affect decisions made by us and how these interpretations control our own internal thoughts and actions.  Our feelings of our own levels of control over these situations, aka autonomy, form a key aspect to how we craft these stories. So how can we increase autonomy?  The first thing we must realize is there are differing types of autonomy.  First, there is what I call "Controlling Autonomy" or the ability to schedule your day in a way you desire to control it, letting the individual autonomy decide when tasks and appointments to be done.  This simple act of Controlling Autonomy can help us feel more efficient and better able to cope with daily challenges, unfortunately it does very little to progress personal growth and in the long term only minorly improves feelings of autonomy.  This is a common and important level of autonomous control within our society given to employees by managers as a way to say they provide autonomy in the workplace.  This makes Controlling Autonomy a common scapegoat by managers when they fail to provide a much more empowering type of autonomy; "Meaningful Autonomy." To aid our employees in this evolution toward increased Meaningful Autonomy we may need to provide some structure and/or identify how they can discover, plan for, and pursue Meaningful Autonomy themselves.  Christine Robitchek's Personal Growth Initiative lab has a great model for this; Personal Growth Initiative Scale (PGIS), or a measure that allows us to track the individuals readiness for Meaningful Autonomous growth, ability to plan for effective growth, opportunities and presence of relationships needed for growth, and their tendency towards taking action in areas of Meaningful Autonomy.  Listen in to learn more about how PGI can form the framework for your own Personal and Professional Growth Journey. Take the Personal Growth Initiative Assessment at otovets.com/pgi
32:48
December 01, 2022
OTO Episode 73: Exploring Salutogenesis - 4 Salutogenic Principles that Lead to Flourishing
OTO Episode 73: Exploring Salutogenesis - 4 Salutogenic Principles that Lead to Flourishing
In Episode 72 we introduced the concept of Salutogenesis and my feelings about it's ability to impact our profession; specifically how it has the potential to aid us in discovering our Flourishing State or that state in which we are:  "Being free from illness and distress but, more important, of being filled with vitality and functioning well in one's personal and social life." - Source  Today we discuss the four principles that make up Salutogenesis: 1) A Sense of Coherence - This is comprised of three major factors; comprehensibility, meaningfulness and manageability 2) "Other" Factors - The intangible factors that improve interpersonal and intrapersonal resiliency skills  3) Defined Salutogenesis - A clear definition of what salutogenic medicine is 4) The Mind-Body Connection - What are the physiologic affects of the presence OR lack of a mental state of flourishing Begin to understand just what it means to be a salutogenic practitioner and how it can change the way you work day by day. Link to Episode 63 What do You Want and Why
32:17
September 01, 2022
OTO Episode 72: Salutogenesis as a Tool to Improve Our Profession's Well-being
OTO Episode 72: Salutogenesis as a Tool to Improve Our Profession's Well-being
Salutogenesis is a word few of us have heard before but could be the means by which we can rejuvenate our profession.  Salutogenesis is the pursuit of knowledge around the study of the origins of health, contra the origins of disease, resulting in a better understanding of the "flourshing state" of mental, physical and spiritual health.   More simply defined; salutogenic research revolves around the "top performers" and what makes them the top, vs focusing on the pathologies that cause bottom performers to become bottom.  The pursuit of the factors that lead to flourshing allows us to elevate people from a "healthly" normal and better protect that elevation from suboptimal states using techniques we learn from the top 1%, 5% or 10% of practitioners in their fields. In order to make salutgenesis mainstream in veterinary medicine we will need a fundamental shift in resources from our "we've always done it this way" mentality and instead we must begin to embrace alternative interventions that focus less on correcting the underlying pathologies.
13:31
June 30, 2022
OTO Episode 71: Bottlenecks and Systems Thinking
OTO Episode 71: Bottlenecks and Systems Thinking
Bottlenecks have existed for as long as man has.  From the drawbridge in medieval days, to the corporate board room and even within our own heads; these friction points decrease our efficiency and cause us to experience a variety of problems.  These problems disrupt our lives and cause us untold physical and emotional pain.   Therefore, the identification and addressing of bottlenecks can prove to be a much needed skill for the modern medical professional.  This podcast will teach you techniques to improve your reflective routine so you can more quickly and efficiently identify bottlenecks, even before they begin to cause formal problems.  Finally, we will discuss how adopting a systems thinking mentality will change how you view these problems and help you craft new strategies to address your current bottlenecks.
27:48
December 16, 2021
OTO Episode 70: The Matthew Effect
OTO Episode 70: The Matthew Effect
Fostering motivation for personal development is one of the key values of OTO. Creating an environment of momentum, one that motivates you to continue your development is key to experiencing long term success in this endeavor.   As a listener to this podcast, you're likely among the 20% of individuals that are doing 80% of the creative work in our industry.  But finding the motivation to continue this task, continue this work, is incredibly hard. This is where the Matthew Effect is critical.  The Matthew Effect originates from a bible verse: “FOR UNTO EVERYONE THAT HATH SHALL BE GIVEN, AND HE SHALL HAVE ABUNDANCE. BUT FROM HIM THAT HATH NOT SHALL BE TAKEN AWAY EVEN THAT WHICH HE” This means that if we can begin to create an environment of winning, of success and of personal growth we are more likely to see a continuation of that growth.   This podcast will go deeper into the Matthew Effect, the research that surrounds it and ways you can begin to harness it.  At the end I even include 6 ways that I've personally used to jump start this effect, even when I am at my nadir of personal development motivation.  
21:56
October 29, 2021
OTO Episode 69: Speak it to Existence
OTO Episode 69: Speak it to Existence
Have you ever wanted something but didnt know how to get it?  Maybe you've started a new service and are struggling to get it off the ground? Maybe you've always wanted to provide a service or bring a product to the market but have struggled to get traction as it develops? Have you ever grappled with feelings of inadequacy or imposter syndrome? Then today's episode is made JUST FOR YOU!  Speaking something to existence means that you are committed to sharing your vision with the world.  It means that you want to confidently and clearly commit to what you want and why you want it.  It also means that you are reaching out, leveraging your relationships to help you achieve what you desire. Speaking to existence gives you the opportunity to ask the world for help.  Priming the Reticular Activating System of every speaker, reader or listener toward things that might help make your dreams a reality. Tune in to learn how Speaking to Existence could change your career path today!
13:33
September 09, 2021
OTO Episode 68: Meaningful Work
OTO Episode 68: Meaningful Work
When is the last time you've sat down and thought about what actually is meaningful to you?   Have you ID'd those niche's, specialties and hobbies that fill YOUR cup and provide you energy every day? The deeper that I dig into Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and the motivations it can create, the more I begin to understand the importance of meaningful work in the workplace.  This work is unique to us as individuals, and allows us to express our own interests and desires.  This type of work gives us an intrinsic motivator; IE something no single individual can take away from us.  In addition, research has shown that if we are able to chase after this "meaningful work" concept on a daily basis we are more likely to experience a greater volume of positive work days and therefore overall improved well-being at work overall.  Today's episode is a collection of my ruminations about meaningful work's impact on my career to this point and my increasing belief that it may be one of the most critical factors we as practice owners can utilize to help the overall well-being of our peers.
12:04
August 12, 2021
OTO Episode 67: The Progress Principle
OTO Episode 67: The Progress Principle
The Progress Principle: Learn More at https://hbr.org/2011/05/the-power-of-small-wins Today we discuss the characterization of virtuous cycles at work and how to craft them using small wins for yourself and your employees. We all experience good and bad work days….and there are so many factors that play into each; the type of work, the challenge of the work, our home life, the relationships at work, road blocks we encounter, tools we find…..the list is endless. So how do we maximize the # of positive days we experience at work? This is the very question HBR researchers Teresa Amabile and Steven Kramer asked. And their results were quite eye opening. #1 thing we can do as employers and self managers to increase the # of positive work days is create progress at work in meaningful tasks. While following 238 over 26 projects…through 7 companies and 3 industries….researchers asked these people to do daily diary entries about their work day. They were seeking to find the source of the elusive positive work day…..what they got was 12,000 unique entries that they read and analyzed to come to this conclusion. What they found was that individuals experiencing progress were 5x as likely to have a positive work day than not! Interestingly, these same researchers found that individuals only experienced a positive work 6% of the time they encountered roadblocks or a lack of clarity in their tasks and perhaps even more troublingly these same individuals experienced an astounding 0% positive work environment when they encountered environments that were toxic, confounded with disrespect, discouragement for their tasks and a lack of emotional intelligence. This concept of progress, and the subsequent concepts the authors called catalysis and nourishers, is so powerful that it doesn’t just extend to employees….it will impact you as a business or self manager as well! Think back to the last time your team made progress, landed that new client or created that new service. Did it empower you as a manager? Did you find new energy and passion? Lacking energy at work?  Burning out?  Then this episode on The Progress Principle is just what the doctor ordered!
28:38
July 01, 2021
OTO Episode 66: Helping Your Friends Ease into Personal Growth with Virtuous Cycles
OTO Episode 66: Helping Your Friends Ease into Personal Growth with Virtuous Cycles
We are surrounded by peers who are in vicious cycles.  Struggling with negative mentalities, poor workplaces or a lack of work-life balance.  Recently one of my masterminders posed a question to me, "How do I get friends to start to try Personal Growth Initiative as a way to develop?" This is a great question.  Those of you who listen to this podcast likely already see the value in Personal Growth.  Likely you've invested in this concept for weeks, to months to even years.  If your like me you might even struggle to remember the first steps that lead you down this development path. Today I reflect upon my personal development journey.  From my first days of simply reading books, to my most recent revelations about reflection I share my story of how Personal Growth occurred for me, step by step through the last 8 years.  I will show that this growth doesn't need to occur all at once and that each step, and no matter the means, will create a new Virtuous Cycle.  Discussing potential new habits, steps or commitments is key to the conversations you will need to have with your friends and peers to shift their mentality. I believe that if we can get our peers to invest in even one of these steps we will be able to "hook" them into more motivated Personal Growth behavior, shifting the perverse negative mentality in our profession!
22:23
June 10, 2021
OTO Episode 65: Small Wins Big Progress
OTO Episode 65: Small Wins Big Progress
The Virtuous Cycle; a very cool sounding term for the concept of using small wins to build momentum.  A virtuous cycle is a cycle of wins and progressive movement in areas that matter to you.  This means you're making measurable or visible progress in your areas of salient interest. As Owners of our personal and professional lives it is up to us to set ourselves up for success every day.  We must manage our daily lives as well as  manage our days in order to create this momentum. In my personal opinion the best way to begin this momentum is by creating re-occurring TO-DO's or Non-Negotiable daily tasks.  This can be things like daily workouts, reading, refection or thinking time.  These activities can range from 5 minutes to 20 minutes each BUT they will fill your internal cup and create small wins BEFORE your day starts; allowing you to begin that day's virtuous cycle. If you are successful in this you can increase the chances you will have a positive day as well as carry momentum into your daily goal based To-Do list. To learn more about why the Virtuous cycle is so important and how you can harness it; tune in!  I promise the positive feelings you will garner from this technique are well worth the listen!
14:29
May 27, 2021
OTO Episode 64: Planning to Achieve Your Wants and Whys
OTO Episode 64: Planning to Achieve Your Wants and Whys
1 minute of planning or preparation is = to 10 minutes of execution. - John Maxwell When is the last time you planned before you took on a consulting project, home improvement project or personal growth activity?  Do you know how to successfully create a plan to achieve your wants and whys? If not this episode is for you!  Today we are going to go beyond simple goals and dig deep into how we can make a goal become a reality.  By harnessing a concept called OKR's we can begin to create actionable plans to achieve that goal. This episode will also hash out a REAL WORLD example of how someone could use a goal to craft OKR's, create powerful initiatives and daily To-Do lists.  So tune in today if you want to super charge your planning! Example: Goal: Increase practice revenue so I can purchase a new ultrasound machine. Objectives:  1) Increase Practice Revenue (by X%)    2) Buy a new US machine Key Results for 1):  1) Set Target Dollar Goal 2) Increase Established Services Revenue by X 3) Service X New Clients this Year 4) Generate X Dollars from the New Ultrasound Initiative for Increase Established Service Revenue: ID how to Increase Service Revenue by X and % to Come from each Area: 1) Raise Prices 2) ID New Clients 3) Increase Frequency of Offered Services Daily To-Do for Above Initiative: 1) Review Annual Service Price Increase Q10 Years 2) Visit Two New Clients per Week 3) Hire a PR Firm to Market and Manage Social Media Accounts To learn more tune into the episode! Looking for more planning information.  Checkout this month's Countdown to Success: On Planning at otovets.com/5-4-3-2-1-may-2021 Want to join the OTO Facebook Community?  Join us at otovets.com/facebook
17:16
May 13, 2021
OTO Episode 63: What do you want and why? - Finding Clarity
OTO Episode 63: What do you want and why? - Finding Clarity
Discovering what you really want saves you endless confusion and wasted energy. – Stuart Wilde Picture a world where no one knows what they want or why they want it.  They simply go about their day checking boxes; fulfilling their basic needs and then ending the day.   When I do this it conjures up images of sci-fi movies with these drones of people moving about with no purpose or mission in life....then in comes our superhero.  This hero breaks free of the mold by wanting something different for a compelling reason.   This is what clarity can do for you.  It can help you understand what you WANT in the short, mid and long term.  Additionally, clarity will help you understand WHY you want it.  Giving you endless motivation to chase that end. Today I will give you a few exercises I have used and coached with.  Things that I have found helped me realize my inner desires and driving factors.  These things are why I push every day.  The WANT'S and the WHY's that drive me.  So join me today OTO'ers for a training lesson on how to find your Clarity!
24:04
April 29, 2021
OTO Episode 62: Find Another Career
OTO Episode 62: Find Another Career
What should we do about the nay-says among us?  Those who tell budding vets to find another career or something with a better ROI. How would I handle such an individual and how could personal development, clarity and goal setting change their opinion. Join me today OTO'ers as I provide my perspective on these negative community interactions. Join the discussion at otovets.com/facebook or interact with me directly at dr.eric@otovets.com!
13:38
April 15, 2021
OTO Episode 61: Work-Life Balance - Does it Exist?
OTO Episode 61: Work-Life Balance - Does it Exist?
Many veterinary professionals struggle to create balance between their professional and personal lives.  This struggle can lead to some intense internal and external conflicts about what is most important in their life.  Conflicts such as these can severely effect a professionals mental health, well-being and lead to dissatisfaction and burnout for the individual. Today, I will share some thoughts that I have taught in my Work-Life Balance Mastermind as well as three strategies I believe can start a veterinary professional down the path toward better life balance. By the end of the episode you will: 1) Understand Work-Life Balance in the context of "Life Seasons." 2) Evaluate what "balls" can bounce in your life vs break. 3) And begin to contemplate, "What is enough?" I hope you enjoy the episode OTO'ers!
10:34
April 01, 2021
OTO Episode 60: The Half-Life of Facts - Why Input Matters!
OTO Episode 60: The Half-Life of Facts - Why Input Matters!
Today's podcast discusses why I preach Input as the first tenant in the Professional Development Plan.  This lesson is based upon the book: The Half-life of Facts by Sam Arbesman.  Once we understand that what we know has a finite shelf life it becomes easier to aggressively pursue new information and knowledge to make sure "our facts" are just that; actual facts! Sam's Thesis: Facts change in many ways but the undeniable truth is every fact has a half-life that obeys mathematical rules.  We can measure/expect these changes, what we learn will be out of date or false ever few years and the distribution of fact change is slow; hampered by human networks and internal biases. Please feel free to add to the discussion by joining our Facebook group at otovets/facebook and get some great Inputs, curated by me Dr. Eric, by signing up for our FREE newsletter at otovets.com/5-4-3-2-1. Carry on OTO'ers
19:46
March 18, 2021
OTO Episode 59: Where have we been and where is OTO going?
OTO Episode 59: Where have we been and where is OTO going?
Welcome to our newest podcast. It's been a long minute since I've seen you guys but I'm excited to share a little bit of the changes that have happened since we last talked.  What made me need to be away from you guys for about 5 months and an overview what's new for OTO and where we're headed from here.  So tune in and learn more about the direction of OTL and where we've been.  Episode Resources: *New* OTO Work-Life Balance Mastermind Info at otovets.com/90days *New* FREE OTO Auto-Reply Manual at otovets.com/autoreply *New* FREE OTO Knowledge Broker Newsletter "Countdown to Success" otovets.com/5-4-3-2-1 Join Our Facebook Community at otovets.com/facebook Checkout Our Blog at otovets.com/blog Carry on OTO'ers
10:08
February 18, 2021
OTO Episode 58: What to do when a client fires you?
OTO Episode 58: What to do when a client fires you?
Have you ever been fired by a client? It stings and many times it can become a he said she said experience. What if it didnt have to be that way? Our human brain likes to process interactions in strict yes/no contexts. That is to say yes, I was at fault or no, I wasnt. But what if instead we approached being fired from a learning perspective? Could we gain something positive and break the cycle of negative thinking, self doubt or client blame? Today's episode is all about how you recover from a client firing. Dont miss it OTOers!
09:11
August 13, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 31 - Available energy in starter is dependent upon previous NFC intakes
The Cutting Edge - Article 31 - Available energy in starter is dependent upon previous NFC intakes
Estimates of calf starter energy affected by consumption of nutrients. 2. Evaluation of models to predict changing digestion on energy content in calf starters Big 3 Infographic at otovets.com/cuttingedge Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(19)30082-7/fulltext Big Take Away #1 Let’s open with a great quote, “Estimates of energy in CS in young calves should consider rumen development and changing digestion with advancing GI maturity.” When we calculate daily DE or ME in calves we use an NRC model for CS that accounts for adult digestion NOT neonatal immature digestive tracts. And as you would expect these immature tracts are not really ready to using energy in the CS form. Big Take Away #2: The big key the researchers did find was that the MEratio, or when ME of CS in the calf over ME of the NRC estimate came close to 1, was usually reached when 15 kg of NFC were consumed and MEnrc actually overestimated ME until this occurred. This ratio persisted in weaned calves fed starter and 5% forage as well suggesting accurate predictions of ME even in TMR calves. Big Take Away #3: When the researchers looked for an average age at which this 15kg of NFC was reached they found a range from 51 days of age up to 63 days of age in trial calves. This clearly disputes the industry norm of weaning at a specific age. Also, the current industry recommendation for weaning at a specific intake volume of CS, such as 1kg CS/day, does not mean that that amount of feed can be used by the calf’s GI tract if the 15kg NFC limit has not been reached. Estimates of calf starter energy affected by consumption of nutrients. 2. Evaluation of models to predict changing digestion on energy content in calf starters Published by J. Quigley, W. Hu, J. Knapp, T. Dennis, F. Suarez-Mena, T. Hill,  Jan 2019 Location: Cargill Animal Nurition, Brookville, Ohio Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate methods to calculate energy values of dry feeds (NRC, 2001) fed to young calves during the first 4 mo of life utilizing estimates of total-tract nutrient digestion.
20:37
August 10, 2020
OTO Episode 57 - Job, Career, or Calling?
OTO Episode 57 - Job, Career, or Calling?
There is no "right" answer to this question, only clarity to be gained by asking yourself it. When we think about how we do what we do for a living we can begin to classify it into 3 different categories. We can either be the 1/3 of Americans that have what they would define as a Job. We can be the 1/3 of Americans that have what would be defined as a Career. Or You could be the 1/3 of Americans that say they have a Calling. How you see your veterinary job will affect the lengths you go within it as well as your personal relationships outside of it.  Understanding what you want this work to be, whether that is a job/career/calling, will help you understand and evaluate what you will need to do at work and at home to succeed in the long run. So tune in today as we discuss what a job, career, or calling means for your working future.
15:02
August 06, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 30 - Developing Technologies in Calf Management
The Cutting Edge - Article 30 - Developing Technologies in Calf Management
Symposium Review: Precision Technologies for Dairy Calves and Management Applications Big 3 Infographic at otovets.com/cuttingedge Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(20)30554-3/fulltext Big Take Away #1 The authors concluded that disease affects activity in calves, but the differences in greater or lesser activity are more likely attributed to how the calf responds to illness. Many studies have mapped increases in lying bouts and/or times with accelerometers in calves, but these signs appear variable between different disease processes such as diarrhea, respiratory or navel diseases. Big Take Away #2:  The authors noted that milk flow and meal size at an autofeeder can play a large role on feeding behavior for calves. Altering these parameters can change social-group behaviors in calves, total milk intakes and potentially impact other hunger-based behaviors in calves. Big Take Away #3: The authors also proposed using “optical flow” patterns to detect changes in social dynamics in calf groups prior to diseases outbreaks. Similar technologies using real-time localization systems could be used to detect social isolation of a sick herd member OR monitor herd behavior for ventilation, cooling, sunlight or other responses to environmental factors. Symposium Review: Precision Technologies for Dairy Calves and Management Applications Published by J. Costa, M Cantor, H Neave Location: University of Kentucky Dairy Science and AgResearch Ltd Hamilton New Zealand Objective: The objective of this study was to critically review literature on the use of precision dairy technology devices with a focus on accelerometers, automated feeding systems and systems measuring physiological or physical attributes.
23:02
August 03, 2020
OTO Episode 56 - Building Your Bullpen: Can Your Boss be Your Mentor?
OTO Episode 56 - Building Your Bullpen: Can Your Boss be Your Mentor?
Today we ask the hard question. Can your boss be your mentor? Many Boss-Employee relationships evolve naturally to a Boss-Mentee relationship due to the continuous positive and negative feedback needed in the modern workplace. But is this healthy and how can you seek to establish a healthy Boss-Mentee relationship? This question and more are answered in this weeks Thoughts from the Truck podcast.
18:33
July 30, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 29 - Supplementing the Transition Wet Calf
The Cutting Edge - Article 29 - Supplementing the Transition Wet Calf
The effect of feeding Levucell SC™ rumen specific live yeast on feed intake and weight gain performance of calves during weaning Big 3 Infographic at otovets.com/cuttingedge Link: https://www.wageningenacademic.com/pb-assets/wagen/files/JAAN/JAAN_back_issues/S2049257X17000018a.pdf Big Take Away #1 Even in the face of a moderately aggressive milk limiting ration, improvements were seen at weaning using a yeast type rumen development “supplement.” Many of these milk limiting rations are thought to better develop the rumen than high milk rations and therefore producers ignore supplementing them via other means. Big Take Away #2:  Once again researchers showed that adding “pro-biotics,” even rumen specific yeasts did not improve weight gain in wet calves. The positive benefit of probiotics in the normally functioning animal “monogastric” ruminant still remains hazy at best. Big Take Away #3: Once again researchers have found that the addition of pro-rumen development products improved or maintained rate of gain through the transition period but not into the period beyond the first week. Researchers in this study found that during the week of weaning animals on the yeast supplement gained almost 1.5x as much per day as non-supplement animals. Published by A. Turney, A. Clay, and L. Waldron Location: Lallemand Nz, LWT Animal Nutrition à Industry funded by Lallemand Nurtition NZ Ltd and a Calloghan Innovation grant Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of feeding a rumen specific live yeast (Levucell SC™) on feed intakes and body weights of calves at weaning
18:00
July 27, 2020
Building Your Bullpen: AAA Mentors Pt 2
Building Your Bullpen: AAA Mentors Pt 2
Did you know in the modern workplace?... 80% of learning takes place informally through a mentor or co-worker. Yet......54% of individuals claim that they don’t currently have a mentor personally or professionally. Did you know in the modern veterinary practice?... 29.7 percent is the average employee turnover rate; double the national average (AAHA) Yet...only 25% of small businesses take advantage of official mentorship programs which have been shown to increase retention rates from 49% in non-mentored employees to 72% in mentored employees. Statistics like these are why your business MUST have a mentorship program in place.  But what does it take to become a "AAA" mentor? How can you improve your mentorship? Tune in today OTO'ers for a discussion about the AAA'S of mentorship and how you can improve your practices mentorship program today!
31:59
July 23, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 28 - Improving the employee situation on dairies
The Cutting Edge - Article 28 - Improving the employee situation on dairies
Effects of employer management on employee recruitment, satisfaction, engagement, and retention on large US dairy farms Big 3 Infographic at otovets.com/cuttingedge Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(20)30499-9/fulltext Big Take Away #1: Durst in 2018 identified 6 common management failure areas on a dairy; specified goals, employee input, inter-employee problems, communication, training and positive feedback. This is unsurprising as the majority of owners, much less mid-managers, on a dairy have had little to no management or HR training. Big Take Away #2:  The relationship between an employee and their immediate supervisor was the strongest indicator of job satisfaction. Even on farms with low scores in other management areas if the relationship was strong between employee and supervisor they outscored other farms with better management scores. Big Take Away #3: “Good” current employees were only likely to recommend other good employees who were hard workers, had experience and would do the job right aka “The right fit.” Ultimately, they would only recommend the farm to others who they believed would be committed to is success as well. Ultimate Message: As we already know management is key to employee success and satisfaction. Improving engagement can be multifactorial but if a client is struggling with retention, engagement or satisfaction often they need to look no further than their mid-level managers to find the problem. Objective: The objective of this study was to understand employee perceptions of HRM strengths and weaknesses and their influence on (1) employee satisfaction, (2) employee retention, (3) willingness of employees to recommend the farm as a place to work, and (4) level of employee engagement on the farm.
23:30
July 20, 2020
OTO Episode 54: Building Your Bullpen - Mentorship an Introduction Pt1
OTO Episode 54: Building Your Bullpen - Mentorship an Introduction Pt1
One of the #1 demands from new graduates and new hires is good mentorship. Yet it is a skill we receive 0 training on in school and it has little to no formal training in the currently provided Continuing Education programs. Today, OTO will begin a three part series that dives deep into experiences people have enjoyed and learned from with their mentors, what traits or qualities you need to be a successful mentor and investigating if a boss can still be a good mentor. Join us for part one in this series where we will share real stories from real vets about their mentors, their mentors anecdotes and the traits their mentor showed that they valued the most. Begin educating and improving your mentorship skills today with this episode! Enjoy the episode OTO'ers
16:48
July 16, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 27 - Youth and adult public views of dairy calf housing options
The Cutting Edge - Article 27 - Youth and adult public views of dairy calf housing options
Youth and adult public views of dairy calf housing options Big 3 Infographic at otovets.com/cuttingedge Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(20)30496-3/fulltext Big Take Away #1: It would be remiss of us as agricultural industry reps to ignore the power of public perception. BUT we DO NOT need to view it as wholly negative! These new societal platforms present us with a unique way to get the word out as well as LEARN and adapt much sooner than previously possible. Big Take Away #2:  Those who disagreed with individual housing did not like the lack of socialization, space for the calves, and the “unnatural” feel of the system. This is something that will need to be addressed with future systems; whether that is adding true or perceived space for calves, improving socialization via pairing or grouping and/or more natural options such as outdoor access or “herd” lifestyles. Big Take Away #3: In the youth survey population, those that used social media did not display a statistically significant propensity toward one specific housing option WHERE AS adults who did access social media had a propensity away from individual housing. This could be due to the youth not being exposed to animal welfare campaigns against animal agriculture. Suggesting that with a more active approach this could be utilized to educate them in a positive manor Ultimate Message: Preparing for consumer shifts in the coming decades their impact our clients and therefore the services can be difficult. BUT if we keep abreast of current consumer trends we can stay ahead in the game. Additionally, concentrating on current areas of concern when educating the public and specifically youth, could have lasting positive implications for the dairy industry. Objective: The objective of this study was to explore youth and adult public views of different calf housing options and reasons underlying preference or acceptance. Location:  University of Minnesota Methods: Participants 5 to 17 yr of age (n = 463) and 18 yr or older (n = 1,310) completed an in-person survey at the Minnesota State Fair (St. Paul, MN) in summer 2018. The survey was administered via Qualtrics survey software (Qualtrics, Provo, UT) using iPads (Apple, Cupertino, CA) and, in addition to collecting demographics, presented 3 images of calf housing options (individual, pair, or group) and asked participants to select their preferred option and indicate their reasoning for selection (youth), or acceptance for each option and reasoning for selection (adult). The PROC SURVEYFREQ of SAS (9.4; SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC) was used for descriptive analysis. Rao-Scott chi-square tests (PROC SURVEYFREQ, SAS 9.4) were used to investigate relationships between demographics and housing preference or acceptance.
22:31
July 13, 2020
OTO Episode 53: Building Your Bullpen - Retention
OTO Episode 53: Building Your Bullpen - Retention
Maybe you've landed your unicorn associate... Or maybe it's that dreaded time of the year for associate contract renewal... Either way you're nervous if you will be able to retain your talent this year. How can we go about reducing this problem?  How can we improve our likelihood to retain our clinic's talent? Today we will talk about my THREE steps for improved employee retention.  These are the very steps that have kept turnover low at our clinic, enticed me to remain here for the long term and have fostered a work environment that is enjoyable and rewarding. Join us today to learn these three steps that I believe will help your clinic get on the right path!
16:46
July 09, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 26 - Evaluating the Economics of Different 1st Breeding Programs
The Cutting Edge - Article 26 - Evaluating the Economics of Different 1st Breeding Programs
Short communication: Economic impact among 7 reproductive programs for lactating dairy cows, including a sensitivity analysis of the cost of hormonal treatments Find the Big 3 Infographic at otovets.com/cuttingedge Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(20)30275-7/fulltext Big Take Away #1: Improving fertility and breeding efficiency of our dairies can be accomplished via three methods; improved detection of estrus, synchronization of estrus and synchronization of ovulation and timed AI as proven by many different authors. Big Take Away #2:  To prove their work the authors used the DairyRepro$ tool form UW-Cornell. Available online after a simple search you can do the same analysis with your own numbers they did! This tool allows you to input all your operations reproductive parameters, drugs costs, labor costs and any other reproductive inputs you could imagine. Big Take Away #3 Ricci found that using Double-Ovsynch over these other Presynch programs it would obtain a $42 dollar greater profit per cow per year than a baseline Presynch-Ovsynch with 35% conception rate and no cherry picking. The next closest program used the automated heat detection system in conjunction with Presynch and that came in at more than 50% less profit than Double-Ovsynch with PGF. Ultimate Message: All that said OTO’er ultimately it comes down to this….can you get a big enough conception rate bump to justify the switch? Many times, the only change to reproduction a dairy will make will be the first breeding program; so use this DairyRepro$ tool to facilitate this discussion. This is the true reason I brought you this article. Objective: This study had 2 major objectives: (1) to analyze the profitability of an intensive reproductive program involving more injections (i.e., Double Ovsynch) compared with less intensive ones (Presynch-Ovsynch) in different geographic areas (i.e., the United States and Europe) depending on variation of hormonal treatment costs, and (2) to estimate how high the cost of hormonal treatments would have to be to render intensive synchronization programs unprofitable. Location: University of Torino and University of Wisconsin-Madison Methods: A reproductive economic analysis simulation model was used to compare the economic impact of pairs of reproductive management programs. We simulated sets of scenarios for 2 analyses. In the first analysis, we calculated the economic impact of switching from a Presynch-Ovsynch program to a Double-Ovsynch program that included a second PGF2α treatment during the Breeding-Ovsynch portion of the program (Double-Ovsynch+PGF). In the second analysis, we conducted a break-even analysis in which the cost of hormonal treatments was incrementally increased within various reproductive management programs.
19:11
July 06, 2020
OTO Episode 52: Building Your Bullpen - Interviews, Skills and Hiring
OTO Episode 52: Building Your Bullpen - Interviews, Skills and Hiring
Landed that precious interview for your associate opening? Maybe you have an interview at your dream clinic? Either way what should you do or expect to experience at the Interview? Today we will talk about the techniques I use when evaluating potential associates and students at our practice.  We will discuss how you can turn the interview process into a two way street and use it as a vital way to evaluate the candidate's skills and personality.  Finally, we will discuss how many owners reluctance to continue to negotiate after a potential candidate says NO, holds them and their practice back!
14:49
July 02, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 25 - Techniques to Improve Efficiency of Milk Production and Client Profitability
The Cutting Edge - Article 25 - Techniques to Improve Efficiency of Milk Production and Client Profitability
Symposium review: Decomposing efficiency of milk production and maximizing profit Find the Big 3 Infographic at otovets.com/cuttingedge Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(19)31086-0/fulltext Big Take Away #1: Once maintenance requirements are met by a lactating animal all energy consumed above that maintenance value DOESN’T return a 1 to 1 ratio of additional milk. This is due to an increase in the metabolic machinery, and therefore calories, partitioned off to supply that increased milk supply. Big Take Away #2:  While current genetic indices allow us to select for feed efficiency (FE) via our mating’s; our current understanding suggests we CANNOT select only for FE because it would result in an INCREASED negative energy balance in early lactation and subsequent negative impacts. This relationship between phenotype and feed efficiency was just proven in 2018 by Hurley. Big Take Away #3 The authors showed that the while feeding at a herd level for more milk was possible and would improve feed efficiency overall it would not improve income over feed cost (IOFC). This was due to the large number of marginal/average cows that would turn that extra feed into weight or growth vs milk reducing overall IOFC. Ultimate Message: When attempting to maximize the efficiency of milk production (EMP) many factors must be considered. While feed quality, cost and volume play a large role in this there are many other marginal factors that can incrementally improve EMP and result in increased profits for any operation. The advisement of and counseling in these areas can prove rewarding for the ambulatory practitioner and the dairies consultant team. Symposium review: Decomposing efficiency of milk production and maximizing profit Objective: In this symposium review the authors wanted to review each of the factors that can play into milking efficiency and profit maximization. The goal was to lay bare the cause of improved milking efficiency, known as efficiency of milk production, and the areas that cause marginal milk to result in maximum profit. Location:  This is a little different article review than we normally do. It is a review of current literature and understanding and thus was not conducted in the field but was rather compiled by the authors who were based in Catalonia, Spain Methods: The dairy industry has focused on maximizing milk yield, as it is believed that this maximizes profit mainly through dilution of maintenance costs. Efficiency of milk production has received, until recently, considerably less attention. The most common method to determine biological efficiency of milk production is feed efficiency (FE), which is defined as the amount of milk produced relative to the amount of nutrients consumed. Economic efficiency is best measured as income over feed cost or gross margin obtained from feed investments. Feed efficiency is affected by a myriad of factors, but overall they could be clustered as follows: (1) physiological status of the cow (e.g., age, state of lactation, health, level of production, environmental conditions), (2) digestive function (e.g., feeding behavior, passage rate, rumen fermentation, rumen and hindgut microbiome), (3) metabolic partitioning (e.g., homeorhesis, insulin sensitivity, hormonal profile), (4) genetics (ultimately dictating the 2 previous aspects), and (5) nutrition (e.g., ration formulation, nutrient balance).
24:28
June 29, 2020
OTO Epidsode 51: Building Your Bullpen
OTO Epidsode 51: Building Your Bullpen
Wondering why you can't find your  "unicorn" associate? Wondering how to find your ideal practice? Today's episode focuses in on how you develop a feeder system that will provide you vet and vet tech prospect for years to come. Discover a key statistic that we as owners can leverage in our search for ideal candidates. Understand what you as an associate could look for in an ideal practice. Join Operators to Owners as we begin our journey into a broad discussion about finding, evaluating, training and growing future veterinary associates.
16:39
June 25, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 24 - Going One Step Deeper: The Effects of Heat Stress Prior to and After Birth on Calves and Performance
The Cutting Edge - Article 24 - Going One Step Deeper: The Effects of Heat Stress Prior to and After Birth on Calves and Performance
Pre- and postnatal heat stress abatement affects dairy calf thermoregulation and performance Find the Big 3 Infographic at otovets.com/cuttingedge Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(20)30165-X/fulltext See the referenced research graphs by joining OTO at otovets.com/facebook Big Take Away #1: Prenatal cooling had no effect on ad lib milk replacer and concentrate intakes BUT postnatal cooling significantly increased overall DMI. This came in the form of both MR and concentrate week 3 to 8 over non-cooled calves. Big Take Away #2:  Postnatal cooling tended to reduce medication events for fever and infection. Prenatal cooling tended to reduce the number of esophageal tube feedings required due to low milk ingestion. Big Take Away #3: Postnatal HS calves had a statistically significant increased ADGs over the other groups weeks 2-3 with calves experiencing both pre and postnatal heat stress being the only ones to have a negative ADG during weaning. Prenatally cooled calves were born 5.3 lb heavier than their peers and had a tendency for better ¼ lb better ADG. Ultimate Message: Ultimately, what we can all agree on is that cooling your dry cows is a REALLY good idea and that cooling your calves TENDS TO HAVE have health and welfare benefits BUT may sacrifice feed efficiency. We are simply trying to understand millennium of complex evolutionary and physiologic biology a handful of baby calves. Realistically, only time and more research will tell the net outcome of these combined variables. Pre- and postnatal heat stress abatement affects dairy calf thermoregulation and performance Published by B. Dado-Senn, L. Vega Acosta, M. Torres Rivera, S.L. Field, M.G. Marrero, B.D. Davidson, S. Tao, T.F. Fabris, G. Ortiz-Colón, G.E. Dahl, J. Laporta Location: University of Florida Objective: The objective of this study was to determine whether prenatal heat stress or heat stress abatement would affect short-term thermoregulatory and productive responses in similar or opposing postnatal environments.
25:37
June 22, 2020
OTO Episode 50: A Thank You and Freebie!
OTO Episode 50: A Thank You and Freebie!
Short...simple...and to the point.  Today's episode is a thank you to the OTO community for joining me for 50! episodes of Thoughts from the Truck.   Thank you for being willing to help one another. Thank you for filling my cup. Thank you for choosing to work on yourselves, your business and your career! Here's to another 50 OTO'ers!
13:12
June 18, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 23 - Disease and removal implications from a new classification system for Subclinical Hypocalcemia
The Cutting Edge - Article 23 - Disease and removal implications from a new classification system for Subclinical Hypocalcemia
Association of transient, persistent, or delayed subclinical hypocalcemia with early lactation disease, removal, and milk yield in Holstein cows Find the Big 3 Infographic at otovets.com/cuttingedge Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(19)30971-3/fulltext See the referenced research graphs by joining OTO at otovets.com/facebook Big Take Away #1: The subclinical hypocalcemic (SCH) state of the post-paturm cow is better described by four states; normal calcemic, transient, persistent and delayed. Each state represents a different metabolic response to the demands of lactation and an increase or decrease in disease and removal incidence as well as production outcome. Big Take Away #2:  Primiparous dams undergoing a persistent SCH state were 4x more likely to undergo a health or removal event vs normal calcemic while multiparous dams were almost 2x more likely. Similarly, primiparous dams undergoing a delayed SCH state were 3x more likely to undergo a health or removal event vs normal calcemic dams while multiparous dams were again 2x more likely. Big Take Away #3: The transient SCH state is associated with 5.5 more lbs per day of milk production in first lactation animals and 12.1 more lbs per day of milk production in second and greater animals. This state represents a cow that is metabolically well adapted and is experiencing a natural calcium suppression due to production demands that the body responds too. Ultimate Message: This study expands our understanding of SCH and it’s different states. By understanding that there is a subpopulation of cows that naturally undergo this state but can still produce above their peers we are better able to create targeted therapies and better identify cows that could be potential problems down the road. Association of transient, persistent, or delayed subclinical hypocalcemia with early lactation disease, removal, and milk yield in Holstein cows Published by J. A. A. Mc Art, R. C. Neves Location: New York, researchers form Cornell and Purdue Objective: Our objective was to assess the association of early postpartum Ca status group, classified as normocalcemia (NC), transient SCH (tSCH), persistent SCH (pSCH), or delayed SCH (dSCH), with early lactation disease diagnosis, culling, and milk yield. A secondary objective was to assess changes in blood BHB and plasma fatty acid concentrations in the first 10 DIM between cows in different early postpartum Ca status groups.
23:36
June 15, 2020
OTO Episode 49: 30 Ways in 30 Days - Grow You Consulting Portfolio Part 3
OTO Episode 49: 30 Ways in 30 Days - Grow You Consulting Portfolio Part 3
My 30 ways in 30 days series will provide an extensive list of 30 different consulting opportunities any new student, associate or owner can learn, frame out and implement in 30 days. Today's podcast continues our dive into these 30 consulting topics. Just like last week, today's dive will also drill down on three of my favorite consulting opportunities. Remember, these are areas I feel have great potential to develop into key consulting areas in the future, are easy for new vets to uptake or are currently under-served. BUT before we begin I want to issue you a challenge… My challenge to you OTO’ers in the next week review and select one of these categories and begin to create a plan for implementing it! Refrain from just listening to this podcast and going about your day and instead engage in ACTIVE growth by taking 10-15 minutes to think about your favorite category and just how you would begin to implement it in your life For as author and mastermind coach Tobe Brockner once said, “Ideas, even great ideas, are a dime a dozen. Without implementation-without action-those ideas are ultimately worthless.” That said lets get right into this weeks consulting areas! This week we will cover consulting areas 21-30: 21) Networking/Tours 22) Farmer Masterminds* 23) Management Training's 24) Farmer Leadership 25) Pest Management 26) Protocol Updates/Audits/Standardization 27) Drug Representative Management 28) Drug Usage Audit* 29) Inventory Management* 30) Goal Setting for 5/10/15 Planning *One of my Big 3 favorite consulting opportunities! Enjoy the episode OTO'ers!
22:35
June 11, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 22 - 18 Industry Leading Calf Experts Agree on a New Herd-Level Passive Immunity Standard
The Cutting Edge - Article 22 - 18 Industry Leading Calf Experts Agree on a New Herd-Level Passive Immunity Standard
Consensus recommendations on calf- and herd-level passive immunity in dairy calves in the United States Find the Big 3 Infographic at otovets.com/cuttingedge Find the full article at: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(20)30383-0/fulltext See the referenced research graphs by joining OTO at otovets.com/facebook Big Take Away #1: The proposed model showed statistically significant decreases in morbidity between the poor and fair categories was observed with 10% reductions in morbidity and 5.7% percent reductions between the good and excellent categories. This herd level model also showed mortality differences between the poor and fair groups and between the fair and good groups, totaling a 50% reduction in mortality between these groups Big Take Away #2:  Animals with elevated IgG concentrations greater than 24 g/L had significant decreases in morbidity. This model suggests a drop from 46.1% morbidity to 28.5% if you go between the poor and excellent groups. Big Take Away #3: Calves that were administered colostrum in one of two ways; #1 a single feeding of ~3.3L of colostrum 2 hours after birth OR #2 a multi-feeding system with the first feeding of ~2.7 L at ~2.8 hours of age and another feeding bringing the total to ~5.3L could would achieve the excellent IgG grouping. This was determined from the NAHMS data which showed the average colostrum treatment required to achieve the "excellent" benchmark. Ultimate Message: It is time to revisit the classic dichotomous scale of PASS or FAIL for transfer of passive immunity. This study seeks to break the stereotype that an animal with less than 2 tenths of a point of Total Protein difference is somehow more protected than one 2 tenths of a point higher. The proposed method by which herd-level passive immunity competency can be assessed and improved breaks down into excellent, good, fair and poor classifications and seeks to address normal variation within herd wide populations while properly conveying the risk associated with that variation. Consensus recommendations on calf- and herd-level passive immunity in dairy calves in the United States Published by J. Lombard, N. Urie, F. Garry, S. Godden, J. Quigley, T. Earleywine, S. McGuirk, D. Moore, M. Branan, M. Chamorro, G. Smith, C. Shivley, D. Catherman, D. Haines, A.J. Heinrichs, R. James, J. Maas, K. Sterner Location: United States Objective: The objectives of this study were to evaluate different threshold values for TPI and their relationship to mortality and morbidity using available data and come to consensus on a calf- and herd-level TPI standard. A secondary objective was to provide colostral management recommendations to meet the consensus standards.
27:20
June 08, 2020
OTO Episode 48: 30 Ways in 30 Days - Grow Your Consulting Portfolio Part 2
OTO Episode 48: 30 Ways in 30 Days - Grow Your Consulting Portfolio Part 2
My 30 ways in 30 days series will provide an extensive list of 30 different consulting opportunities any new student, associate or owner can learn, frame out and implement in 30 days. Today's podcast continues our dive into these 30 consulting topics. Just like last week, today's dive will also drill down on three of my favorite consulting opportunities. Remember, these are areas I feel have great potential to develop into key consulting areas in the future, are easy for new vets to uptake or are currently under-served. This week we will cover consulting areas 11-20: 11) BCS/LS 12) Vaccination Audits* 13) Calf Care 14) Sire Selection 15) Heifer Inventory Audits* 16) Culling Audit 17) Culturing 18) Economics* 19) Ruminant Nutrition 20) Calf Nutrition *One of my Big 3 favorite consulting opportunities! Enjoy the episode OTO'ers!
21:45
June 04, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 21 - Optimizing weaning through rumen fluid inoculation
The Cutting Edge - Article 21 - Optimizing weaning through rumen fluid inoculation
Inoculation with rumen fluid in early life as a strategy to optimize the weaning process in intensive dairy goat systems Find the Big 3 Infographic at otovets.com/cuttingedge Find the full article at https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(20)30261-7/fulltext Find the IASTATE wet and growing cost pdf at https://www.extension.iastate.edu/dairyteam/files/page/files/Wetcalfanalysisfactsheet-Final.pdf Big Take Away #1:  Inoculation of rumen microbiota from both concentrate and forage diets improved rumen development better than cell free rumen contents or the control group. This was accomplished by populating the rumen and creating more VFA biproducts. The authors attributed must of this development to protozoal populations that can only be established from adult cattle exposure. Big Take Away #2:  Even though inoculated kids were driven to intake more forage and concentrates they did not take in more DM than cell free or control animals. Instead, control and cell free kids drank more milk than their inoculated peers. This resulted in similar DMI and feed efficiencies between all four treatment groups. Big Take Away #3: Inoculated kids displayed increased forage intakes in weeks 9 to 11 of the study post weaning while control and cell free groups saw increased, but not statistically significant, elevations of concentrate intake. This suggests that such inoculation could be used to facilitate the second transition in modern ruminants Ultimate Message: While not an outright dairy or beef model this ruminant experiment has interesting implications for the improvement of the neonatal transition from “monogastic” to true “ruminant” function. Potentially reducing weaning ADG losses, saving money on wet diet rations and avoiding post-weaning compensatory loss on high milk rations. Inoculation with rumen fluid in early life as a strategy to optimize the weaning process in intensive dairy goat systems Published by A. Belanche, J.M. Palma-Hidalgo, I. Nejjam, E. Jiménez, A.I. Martín-García, D.R. Yáñez-Ruiz Location: Granada, Spain Objective: The objective of this study was to optimize the artificial rearing systems of goat kids by implementing new nutritional strategies in early life. It was hypothesized that the inoculation of young goat kids with different types of rumen fluid from adult animals could modify or accelerate the rumen microbial colonization pattern toward a desirable anaerobic fermentation during the preweaning period, facilitate the transition to solid diet postweaning, and increase productivity or decrease feeding costs.
22:14
June 01, 2020
OTO Episode 47: 30 Ways in 30 Days - Grow Your Consulting Portfolio Part 1
OTO Episode 47: 30 Ways in 30 Days - Grow Your Consulting Portfolio Part 1
My 30 ways in 30 days series will provide an extensive list of 30 different consulting opportunities any new student, associate or owner can learn, frame out and implement in 30 days.  Learn new techniques to grow your consulting portfolio and resume.  Over the next three weeks I will cover these 30 consulting topics.  Every week we will discuss 10 new consulting categories that could easily become a cornerstone to any ambitious veterinarians consulting resume.  Within these 10 topics I will drill down on three of my favorite consulting opportunities.  These are areas I feel have great potential to develop into key consulting areas in the future, are easy for new vets to uptake or are currently under-served. This week we will cover consulting areas 1-10: 1) Be Present* 2) Ventilation Consulting 3) Milk Quality 4) Entrance/Midterm/Exit Interviews 5) Facility Design 6) PR/Social Media  7) Employee Training's 8) Calf Statistic Collection* 9) Team Meetings 10) Fresh Pen Audits* *One of my Big 3 favorite consulting opportunities! Enjoy the episode OTO'ers!
21:56
May 28, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 20 - Educating calf care personnel in dairy operations
The Cutting Edge - Article 20 - Educating calf care personnel in dairy operations
Calf care personnel on dairy farms and their educational opportunities Find the Big 3 Take-Away Infographic at otovets.com/cuttingedge Big Take Away #1:  Only 50% of individuals employed in calf care have a high school diploma or GED. This makes the understanding and uptake of recommendations much more difficult, potentially effecting compliance. With larger calf herd employee’s have 7x more likely chance of having less than a high school education. Big Take Away #2:  . In this study they showed that language barriers are a common issue; with over 70% of employees speaking Spanish and less than 35% of owners and vets able to communicate in this language. This contributed calf feeders being 3.4 times more likely to be trained by experienced feeders than management personal. Big Take Away #3: Generation Y and Millennials tend to value more training and employee development with Coulombe in 2016 noting that Hispanic Millennials place greater emphasis on being comfortable with the workplace and seeing themselves there for a long time. Tailoring trainings to ease comfort in the job through understanding of role and “why” will help with long term vision. Ultimate Message: A huge opportunity exists for veterinarians to assume the role of the consultant that can tie together age, education, language and management barriers. Dairy operations are lacking in consultants that can fill this role effectively. Understanding the implications of each of these factors and how to bridge them will be key to the success of any future agricultural consultant. Calf care personnel on dairy farms and their educational opportunities Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(19)30146-8/fulltext Published by W.M Sischo, D. A. Moore, R. Pereira, L. Warnick, D. L. Moore, J. Vanegas, S. Kurtz, K. Heaton, D. Kinder, J. Siler, and M. A. Davis Location: Arizona, Idaho, New York, Oregon and Washington Objective: The objective of this project was to describe selected demographics of calf care employees on large and small dairy farms as part of a larger project to understand on-farm communication with regard to calf health and treatment. One of the aims of this study was to provide background information that might inform educational efforts on prudent antimicrobial use for calf health on dairy farms and calf ranches, particularly for those with multiple employees involved in calf care. Methods: Two to 8 individuals per farm involved with calf care, including owners, veterinarians, and calf managers, feeders, and treaters, were interviewed in either English or Spanish. Interviews were conducted in person on 53 dairy farms located in Arizona, Idaho, New York, Oregon, and Washington State. The number of preweaned calves on the farm ranged from 9 to 1,500 (median = 93). A total of 224 individuals were interviewed across 8 job titles.
28:52
May 25, 2020
OTO Episode 46: Growing Your Expertise Part 2
OTO Episode 46: Growing Your Expertise Part 2
This week’s Thoughts from the Truck episode will continue our discussion from last week.  Learn how you can better market your expertise AND how you can separate yourself from every other consultant by becoming a teacher! How you market your budding consulting service says a lot about how good you think it is.  Learn why you must make your new service a BIG deal and how exactly you can do that! Finally, making the mental switch from doing the consulting to “teaching” the consulting is critical. This is what separates a normal consultant from a great one.  Anyone can tell someone how to do something different but the best consultants I’ve ever seen are one step ahead; they are teaching the what, the why and the how all at once. Rolling them together into a package that the client can use and understand is key! Join me today OTO'ers as we finish our discussion on how to grow your expertise!
14:15
May 21, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 19 - Gradual weaning doesn't improve performance low milk ration calves at weaning
The Cutting Edge - Article 19 - Gradual weaning doesn't improve performance low milk ration calves at weaning
Gradual weaning does not improve performance for calves with low starter intake at the beginning of the weaning process Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(20)30198-3/fulltext Big Take Away #1: This study re-enforces the common belief that we need to be sure to wean our limit fed or low milk ration calves based on starter intakes not time. The authors also proved that in limit fed calves, gradual weaning did not increase starter intakes vs abrupt weaning. Big Take Away #2:  In this study ADG’s, were significantly different between starter intake level calves. Calves on low starter intake at day 35 had almost 6 tenths LESS ADG overall than those who had high day 35 starter intakes and that effect grew larger during the weaning period. We generally know 0.1 lbs of ADG equals ~250 lbs of milk. Big Take Away #3: Today’s society places an ever increasing value on decreasing suffering or perceived suffering by any animal. This goes doubly for neonates. In this study observable hunger signs in abrupt weaning calves trended toward greater vocalization than the gradually weaned calves. However, no physiologic stress parameters were increased. Ultimate Message: We as clinicians need to realize the double narrative that is playing our in our industry. First, we have producers feeding high milk rations and secondly, we have the producers feeding low milk rations in an attempt to save costs or because of tradition. For this second group we will need to concentrate on educating them about the importance of monitoring starter intake levels as a trigger for weaning vs days of age and how it can help set the calf up for a better weaning period and better ADG’s overall. Gradual weaning does not improve performance for calves with low starter intake at the beginning of the weaning process Published by C.M.M. Bittar, M.P. Gallo, J.T. Silva, M.R. de Paula, M. Poczynek, G.B. Mourã Location: University of Sao Paulo Brazil Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of 2 weaning protocols and 2 levels of concentrate intake on the performance and physiological and behavioral variables related to stress in dairy calves. Location:  University of Sao Paulo Brazil Methods: Thirty-six newborn male Holstein calves were used in a randomized block design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement: 2 weaning strategies, abrupt or gradual, and 2 levels of concentrate intake at 5 wk of age, high (>350 g/d) or low (≤350 g/d). Calves were equally managed until they were 5 wk of age and then grouped according to concentrate intake. Statistical analyzes were performed using the MIXED procedure of SAS software (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC), and no significant interaction was observed between studied factors (weaning method and starter intake level); therefore, we considered each factor separately and their interactions with age. Outcomes: The highest dry matter intake and concentration of β-hydroxybutyrate were recorded for animals with a high level of starter intake independent of the weaning method. Structural growth (cm/wk) and average daily gain were superior for calves with high starter intake, but weaning method had no effect. The gradual weaning protocol increased the time eating starter, regardless of the level of concentrate intake. Even animals with low concentrate intake that were weaned abruptly showed levels of cortisol and acid-soluble glycoprotein within normal physiological levels....CONTINUED IN ABSTRACT...
27:48
May 18, 2020
OTO Episode 45: Growing Your Expertise Part 1
OTO Episode 45: Growing Your Expertise Part 1
So you did all the work to develop a new consulting program; you put in the hours, connected with the clients and paid your dues!  Now it's time to grow this program! There are 3 key points to growing your expertise and your consulting program: 1) Learning to Sell Yourself 2) Marketing Your Service 3) A Mental Switch from Doing to Teaching Think of it like pouring gas on a fire. We now want to expose the expertise you developed and ramp it up into a full-fledged consulting program. You know…..the type that gets its own Quickbooks line item! Using this framework is a great way to sell yourself and it doesn’t require any additional experience beyond what we learned in the “alpha” phase of the consulting program. As you build these pitches you will notice that more and more people will become interested. They will feed off your enthusiasm and your perceived expertise and will actively seek opportunities to work with you in ways they may not have considered before! So tune in OTO’ers for a brand new episode that will give you the tools you need to begin growing your expertise into a movement!
15:51
May 14, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 18 - Dietary Management of Inefficient Cows to Improve Dairy Economics
The Cutting Edge - Article 18 - Dietary Management of Inefficient Cows to Improve Dairy Economics
Dietary restriction improved feed efficiency of inefficient lactating cows Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(19)30641-1/fulltext Big Take Away #1: We need to facilitate a mental shift from total lbs of milk shipped or average per cow on our operations to improving efficiency. This is an important transition that I think we will see producers thinking about more in the current economy. It seems we are finally seeing people paying more attention the economic inputs of feed cost, even in home grown feeds. Hopefully, this will open up some avenues for us to consult in areas with HUGE potential upside for our clients. Big Take Away #2: There is an economic breakeven point at which it may make sense to reduce feed offered to inefficient cattle and still come out money ahead even with the reduction in production. Targeting this point and understanding where it is will be key for providing clients advise about attempting this strategy. Big Take Away #3: Inefficient cows fed the same TMR as efficient cows have a 25% higher DMI which is driven by a 23% faster eating rate and 23% bigger meal size. This leads to inefficient cows consuming DM and digestible energy beyond their energy needs resulting in excess energy losses and reduced feed efficiency. Ultimate Message: While not always economically feasible; the monitoring, identification and alternative management of inefficient cows can have positive impacts on dairies. While continued research is done on the genetic components of this, it is important to note that more aggressive management of our current efficient cows can provide positive results in the meantime. Dietary restriction improved feed efficiency of inefficient lactating cows Published by Y.A. Ben Meir, M. Nikbachat, Y. Portnik, S. Jacoby, H. Levit, D. Bikel, G. Adin, U. Moallem, J. Miron, S.J. Mabjeesh, I. Halachmi Location: Israel Objective: The objective of this study was to reduce voluntary dry matter intake (DMI) to increase feeding efficiency of preclassified inefficient (INE) dairy cows through restricted feeding. Location:  Israel Methods: We studied the effects of dietary restriction on eating behavior, milk and energy-corrected milk (ECM) production, in vivo digestibility, energy balance, and measures of feed efficiency [residual feed intake (RFI) and ECM/DMI]. Before the experiment, 12 pairs of cows were classified as INE. The 2 dietary treatments consisted of ad libitum feeding versus restricted feeding of the same total mixed ration containing 36.5% roughage. Inefficient cows fed the restricted total mixed ration had a shorter eating time and lower meal and visit frequency, but a similar rate of eating, meal size, and meal duration compared with INE cows fed ad libitum. Outcomes: Compared with the INE cows fed ad libitum, restricted INE cows had 12.8% lower intake, their dry matter and neutral detergent fiber digestibility remained similar, and their ECM yield was 5.3% lower. Feed efficiency, measured as RFI, ECM/DMI, and net energy retained divided by digestible energy intake, was improved in the restricted INE cows as compared with the ad libitum cows. Our results show that moderate DMI restriction has the potential to improve feed efficiency of preclassified INE cows. Carry on OTO'ers
25:16
May 11, 2020
OTO Episode 44: Creating a Consulting Program
OTO Episode 44: Creating a Consulting Program
We have 171 work days left in 2020 to impact our clients.  How will you increase the impact you have on them?   One of the biggest way's you can do this is to provide them value through consulting. Today's podcast will focus on how new, emerging or seasoned vets can seek to build up a consulting service; even if they have no previous experience in the area they wish to consult in. Tune in OTO'ers to learn more!
16:31
May 07, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 17 - Using Benchmarking to Promote Farmer-Vet Relationships
The Cutting Edge - Article 17 - Using Benchmarking to Promote Farmer-Vet Relationships
How benchmarking promotes farmer and veterinarian cooperation to improve calf welfare Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(19)30910-5/fulltext Big Take Away #1: The authors found in their pre-benchmarking interviews that while farmers ID’d the vet as having expertise on respiratory disease, diarrhea and pain management they did not as often see the vet as an information source for calf nutrition, growth or weaning. Big Take Away #2: I’d urge every vet; whether students, associates and owners need to readjust their expectation that farmers will eventually recognize their expertise and potential advisory role. Instead it is our responsibility to create an environment that shows our expertise and change their mind. Because as Albert Einstein said; Insanity Is Doing the Same Thing Over and Over Again and Expecting Different Results… Big Take Away #3: The author noted that benchmarking discussions did improve farmers understanding of the information; perhaps filling a different role for these clients as more of an educational tool rather than an on-boarding or social norm vehicle. The benchmarking also resulted in increased diagnostics performed by the vets; a positive for the farm in terms of getting answers and a positive for the clinic in terms of revenue. Clearly, we can see that even clients with the best farmer-vet relationships can still benefit from this type of benchmarking program. Ultimate Message: Benchmarking of calf, and likely all farm data, with peer based data helped establish social norms, increased veterinary influence in the operation and enhanced the perceived value of vets as advisors in calf management. It also improved communication and interactions between farmers and vets on the topics of calf management. How benchmarking promotes farmer and veterinarian cooperation to improve calf welfare Published by C. L. Sumner, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, D. M. Weary Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia Location: British Columbia Objective: Understand how benchmarking measures related to calf immune development and growth affected farmer and veterinarian cooperation and influenced the farmer’s view of the veterinarian as an advisor for calf management. Location:  University of British Columbia Methods Veterinarians provided their clients (n = 18 dairy farms in the lower Fraser Valley of British Columbia) with 2 benchmark reports providing information on transfer of passive immunity and calf growth. Farmers were interviewed before and after receiving these reports to understand how they perceived their veterinarian as a calf advisor. Outcomes: Qualitative analysis identified 2 major themes indicating that benchmarking (1) improved farmer perception of their veterinarian's capacities to advise on calves and (2) strengthened the social influence of the veterinarian. We conclude that benchmarking can help promote stronger relationships between farmers and veterinarians.
25:03
May 04, 2020
OTO Episode 43 People: How We Learn
OTO Episode 43 People: How We Learn
Join me today OTO'ers as we present our last module in our How We Learn series.  This module will focus on people.   Much of how we learn and what we learn is dependent upon the people we surround ourselves with.  To accelerate your professional development you NEED to surround yourself with individuals at or above your current knowledge level. Identifying these people within your network, or adding them too your network as needed, is key to continued growth.   There are three types of people you need to focus on in your network. 1) Your Mentors 2) Your Think Tank 3) Your Mastermind Tune in today OTO'ers to learn how to find, form and utilized people in these three independent rolls for continued professional development!
16:00
April 30, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 16 - Early dry-offs and their impact on future production.
The Cutting Edge - Article 16 - Early dry-offs and their impact on future production.
Full article at: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(20)30078-3/fulltext I first want to add that this article has an immense amount of information reviewed within it. It is staggering what we currently understand and perhaps more concerning that it represents so little. Again, I wanted to state that this review is less about providing you actionable points to implement today, though some will exist in this discussion, but instead meant to facilitate discussion about the proper way to handle economic and production based reductions that today’s dairy economy demands. Ultimate Message: The current state of the dairy economy involves cost reductions and productions. Many of the proposed methods for this involve focusing on dry cows and the dry cow ration for savings or banking of cows for later. I am concerned about the long term impacts of such changes on our current and future production animals. At the very least we need to consider and be prepared for a generation of dairy neonates that will require significantly more attention throughout their first years of life. Late-gestation maternal factors affecting the health and development of dairy calves Published by Angel Abuelo Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, MSU Objective: Discuss the effects of maternal stress during late gestation on the offspring’s growth, productivity, metabolism, and health. In addition, strategies focusing on maternal interventions that improve neonatal health will be reviewed. Location:  Veterinary School, Michigan State University Methods: Efficient production of heifers is fundamental to the productivity and sustainability of dairy farms. However, high preweaning morbidity and mortality rates are frequently reported worldwide, imposing substantial welfare and economic implications. A major contributing factor to disease susceptibility in the neonatal stage is the inability of calves to mount an effective immune response. Appreciation is now greater that exposure in utero to several stresses (nutritional, social, metabolic, and so on) during the last stages of pregnancy have downstream carryover effects in calves' health, growth, and development. Suboptimal intrauterine conditions during critical periods of development lead to changes in tissue structure and function that may have long-term consequences on the offspring's physiology and disease susceptibility. Indeed, preweaning metabolic function and growth are associated with future milk production. Thus, late-gestation carryover effects span into the lactating stage of the heifers. Nevertheless, researchers have been studying how to minimize these effects. Outcomes: This review will discuss the effects of maternal stress during late gestation on the offspring's growth, productivity, metabolism, and health. In addition, strategies focusing on maternal interventions that improve neonatal health will be discussed. A better understanding of the intrauterine conditions affecting calf health and growth may facilitate the design of management practices that could improve neonatal development and future cow productivity.
30:15
April 27, 2020
OTO Episode 42 Books: How We Learn
OTO Episode 42 Books: How We Learn
Access to my personal library on Trello: http://tinyurl.com/y78lthzp Link to Legal Post-its: https://amzn.to/2xR16ZY Today’s episode has a special place in my heart; that’s because it involves my favorite source of knowledge; books. Nothing beats that new books smell, the thrill of new knowledge, a new adventure or simply a chance to get lost in potential. Because this is my favorite knowledge source at the end of this podcast I’ll share a special link to a digital copy of my personal library AND give each listener a chance to win my favorite book! So stay tuned OTO’vers. Don't miss out on the free book giveaway!  Join the OTO Facebook Group at otovets.com/facebook! Three Big Take-Aways: 1) The average American reads 12 books per year BUT the median of books read in America is 4 books, with 24% of Americans having read 0 books in the last 12 months.  Put yourself ahead today by starting a reading habit! 2) John Maxwells quote; “You see, the danger with any book is that the person who reads it will turn the last page, put down the book, and never think about it again.”  Don't become complacent with your reading; be sure to make it an active sport! 3) Begin collecting books today.  One of the few great gifts we can pass on beyond generation wealth, love and support is our personal library which is our wealth of knowledge in paper form. I hope you enjoy today's episode OTOers!
27:32
April 23, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 15 - Improving farmer satisfaction and willingness to comply to recommendations
The Cutting Edge - Article 15 - Improving farmer satisfaction and willingness to comply to recommendations
Factors associated with dairy farmers’ satisfaction and preparedness to adopt recommendations after veterinary herd health visits Full Article Link: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(19)30225-5/fulltext Three Big Take-Away's Dominating a conversation is detrimental to satisfaction, compliance and overall herd health. Vets should instead focus on balancing client communication volume, client education and veterinary consulting to create an atmosphere of mutual input and aligned goals. A paternalistic approach, ie authoritative,  is not desirable but instead vets should try to involve the farmer is all decision making processes and thus make sure these decisions align with their end goal.  This discussion should include a clear and transparent picture of the costs associated with required veterinary services, possibility of financial impact from the disease or herd wide problem as well as the costs of any products to be purchased or utilized to resolve the problem. Finally, veterinary consulting could benefit from increased use of communication via more team or consulting meetings. Published by Caroline Ritter, Cindy L. Adams, David F. Kelton, Herman W. Barkema Objective: Assess dairy farmers satisfaction with veterinary advisors and their perceived preparedness to adopt veterinary advice. This was to be done by looking at the effect of specific predictive variables on satisfaction and preparedness for compliance. Location:  Calgary, Canada. University of Calgary Methods: Audio-video recordings of 14 dairy veterinarians during 70 herd health and production management farm visits were analyzed using the Roter interaction analysis system. Demographic data, farmers' satisfaction, and farmers' preparedness to adopt advice were obtained by using questionnaires. Outcomes: Overall, farmers were satisfied with their veterinarian's communication during farm visits and 58% of farmers felt “absolutely” prepared to follow veterinary recommendations. Based on multivariable regression analysis, farmers' satisfaction was positively associated with their level of education and the amount of talk the veterinarian dedicated to counseling the farmer. However, satisfaction was negatively association with the ratio between veterinarian talk and farmer talk. In addition to various demographic variables, farmers' preparedness to adopt veterinary advice was positively associated with their satisfaction. Other predictor variables for farmers' preparedness to follow recommendations included increased veterinary counseling and frequent herd data discussions, whereas there was a negative relationship between number of farmer questions and dominance of the veterinarian during the farm visit. Identification of factors influencing farmers' satisfaction and preparedness to adopt advice will make veterinary communication more effective and could inform training of veterinarians in communication. Carry On OTO'ers!
25:40
April 20, 2020
OTO Episode 41 Podcasts: How We Learn
OTO Episode 41 Podcasts: How We Learn
Today, we continue our new mini-series, How We Learn, in the Thoughts from the Truck segment. Today's, episode focuses on the core of how we learn from Podcasts.  I challenge you the listener to review if you're making true progress when you're listening to OTO or other podcasts.  Are you simply listening or do you have an active learning plan? In this episode we talk about how to create change in your life before you consume content and how to create an environment of active learning when you listen to podcasts. Remember OTOers, "People of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them.  They went out and happened to things," Leonardo da Vinci.
12:06
April 16, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 14 - Economic analysis of 3 different methods for culling excess heifers
The Cutting Edge - Article 14 - Economic analysis of 3 different methods for culling excess heifers
You can view the complete article at https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(20)30076-X/fulltext Symposium review: An abundance of replacement heifers: What is the economic impact of raising more than are needed? Published by M. W. Overton and K. C. Dhuyvetter Objective: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the economic outcomes of a combined weight-based and genetic culling program at different ages via three different models. Methods: With current market values for prepartum heifers at $1,300 and estimated raising costs ranging from $1,700 to $2,400, dairies that continue to produce quantities of heifers in excess of anticipated needs with plans of selling the extras on the open market are likely to experience significant economic loss. Adult cow herd turnover is the key driver behind the number of heifers needed to calve; however, mortality, disease, fertility, and elective culling losses throughout the heifer-raising period determine the total number of heifers that must be retained and raised to meet anticipated needs. A convenience sample of 50 US dairy herds revealed an average heifer inventory of 102% of total milking and dry cows. In this data set, the mean annualized adult herd turnover was 39%. With a mean stillbirth risk of 5.7% in calving heifers, a culling risk of 10.2% by 13 mo of age, a reproductive failure risk of 6.8% in breeding heifers, and an additional culling risk of 6.4% in pregnant heifers, only 74% of calving events with a heifer birth yielded a heifer that entered the lactating herd. Much of this heifer removal was elective, and making the correct culling decisions at the appropriate time yields the best return for the herd. To demonstrate how a herd might approach the elective culling issue, a records-based exercise with 2 large Holstein herds was performed to estimate the cost versus benefit of 3 different elective culling approaches, using a combination of genetic potential and growth performance as the selective criteria. Outcomes: However, the culling of heifers results in economic losses, because the revenue received is less than the cost incurred during raising. Selective culling of heifers soon after weaning yielded the best results in both herds, but despite the predicted improvement in lactation performance of the retained group, the cost associated with removal was greater than the benefit predicted. Culling a group early and then culling a second group just before calving yielded the largest loss. Moving forward, herds should breed more carefully to produce better-quality heifers from more superior dams and sires and consider the use of beef semen in inferior animals. However, to reduce the risk of not producing an adequate supply of replacement heifers, dairies should add an additional buffer to their anticipated needs. Using the assumptions within this project, having 10% extra calving events with a heifer birth would allow the annualized adult herd turnover to rise from 39 to 43% in case economic conditions or health status of the herd should change. If these heifers are not needed, the selection criteria outline could be used to help identify more valuable animals to retain.
21:07
April 13, 2020
OTO Episode 40 Masterminds: How We Learn
OTO Episode 40 Masterminds: How We Learn
Welcome back OTO'ers! Today I want to introduce a new mini-series to the Thoughts from the Truck segment.  This mini series is going to focus on how you can utilize the knowledge you collect (OTO Episode 5) and turn it into an actionable learning experience. Over the course of the next weeks we will discuss how you can take information from books, podcasts/media, articles, web-pages and your peers and begin to transform it into learning and action.  Today's episode will focus on the knowledge we obtain from our peers and will specifically focus on introducing the power of a peer group called a mastermind. Masterminds are groups of 2 to 6 like minded individuals who come together in the spirit of helping each other.  These groups often learn together, either through a common source like a book or through facilitated lessons by a host.  This learning acts as a primer for a later event which is known as a HOT seat.  During this time participants share successes and problems they have encountered in their career and seek the advice and counsel of their peers in learning from and addressing the problem.  Finally, at the end of the group members form accountability plans and share them with their co-members encouraging them to complete actions that address their problems or implement what they learned at the mastermind.  Masterminds are great way to accelerate your career.  They allow you to tap into the experience and ideas of your peers as well as find solutions to problems you may never have thought of before.  By leveraging your peers through a mastermind you will be able to learn faster, grow faster and ultimately accelerate your career well beyond its normal rate.
16:48
April 09, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 13 - Enhancing cognitive performance in our clients to facilitate decision making during difficult economic times
The Cutting Edge - Article 13 - Enhancing cognitive performance in our clients to facilitate decision making during difficult economic times
Full article available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23234490 Today more than ever we are seeking tools and answers for our producers. These are unprecedented times with unprecedented decisions. I have been involved in many calls, discussions and interactions that have sought a solution to theses problems. The ultimate conclusion is that there is not one single answer. For some producers there will just be pain and potential loss, some extreme hardship they can persevere through and others will be able to make it through unscathed. But each operation has many tough decisions ahead and we are responsible for helping them make these decisions. It is for this reason I present this study today as a means to help you, help each of your producers come to the realization of what they need. Pain, fear, depression and anxiety are powerful emotions and can cloud the human mind to available options in a time a crisis. It is my hope that you can use the information in this study to cause a shift in your client’s mind and help them come to the unique solution that might only work for their operation but WILL WORK and WILL GIVE THEM A PLAN! Ultimately, we as consultants may not be able to provide any plan for an operation, much like a placebo pill we will have no solution, BUT the act of saying the operator can create a plan to survive may cause a mental shift and thus lead to a positive impact or solution being generated on our clients operations. Article Summary: Mobilizing unused resources: Using the placebo concept to enhance cognitive performance Published by U.W. Weger and S. Loughnan Objective: The main objective of this study was to explore whether the placebo principle can be used outside the medical setting to enhance cognitive performance. Hypothesis: The author hypothesized that participants in the placebo condition who believed that they had been exposed to the correct answers would subliminally score higher than participants in the control condition. Location:  University of Witten-Herdecke Germany and University of Melbourne Australia Methods: To do so, we employed a modified placebo induction—a bogus priming method that we told participants would unconsciously enhance their knowledge and that they should hence trust their skills in an upcoming knowledge test. Outcomes: Participant performance was indeed enhanced, compared to a group that did not think the priming process would improve their knowledge. The study documents the relevance of the placebo effect outside the medical and therapeutic setting.
23:02
April 06, 2020
OTO Episode 39 Reflective Thinking
OTO Episode 39 Reflective Thinking
Many of us are experiencing unprecedented amounts of free time.  COVID shutdowns, layoffs and closings have provided us with many hours we otherwise would have filled with work or social activity.  How we utilize this time will be key to our future success. This is why reflective thinking is so key.  Too many times we get caught in the day to day grind; we having a list, check it off and move on to the next days list.  We never pause to reflect on what its working, the direction we are headed or if it aligns with who we are.  This is where reflective thinking comes in. Join me today as I share my own recent story about reflective thinking, discuss why we need to make it a regular practice and provide you with five key tips that will make you a successful reflective thinker.
19:49
April 02, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 12 - The High-Fertility Cycle
The Cutting Edge - Article 12 - The High-Fertility Cycle
Catch our High-Fertility Cycle Action Points infographic by joining the OTO community at otovets.com/facebook! Find the complete article at: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(19)30282-6/fulltext The high-fertility cycle: How timely pregnancies in one lactation may lead to less body condition loss, fewer health issues, greater fertility, and reduced early pregnancy losses in the next lactation Published by E. L. Middleton, T. Minela, and J. R. Pursley Objective: The main objective of this study was to gain a greater understanding of the association between previous calving interval and body condition change during the first 30 DIM and their relationship to subsequent fertility and health variables and sex ratio at birth. A secondary objective was to describe how body condition changes and other measurements in first-parity cows were associated with fertility and health variables. Hypothesis: The author hypothesized that time to pregnancy in the previous lactation would be associated with body condition change, health, and fertility variables in the subsequent lactation. Location:  Michigan, MSU Dept of Animal Science Methods: Dry cows and heifers (n = 851) from a single farm entered the study approximately 25 d before the due date. They were evaluated and given a body condition score on a 1-to-5 scale with 0.1-point increments weekly until parturition. Body condition score was assessed within 1 wk of parturition and then again 27 to 33 DIM. Previous calving interval, gestation length, periparturient health events (giving birth to twins, dystocia, retained placentas, ketosis, metritis, and displaced abomasum), sire net merit ($), and milk data were used for each cow as recorded in PCDART (Dairy Records Management Systems, Raleigh, NC) by the herd managers. Outcomes: Longer previous calving intervals were related to greater body condition at parturition and body condition loss during the first 30 DIM. A 75% greater proportion of cows with a calving-to-pregnancy interval shorter than 130 d maintained or gained body condition during the first 30 DIM compared with cows with calving-to-pregnancy intervals longer than 130 d. Multiparous cows that maintained or gained body condition (n = 144) had greater pregnancies per AI following first service compared with cows that lost body condition (n = 577) during the first 30 DIM when health events were considered or removed. When cows with health events were considered, multiparous cows that maintained or gained body condition had a greater percentage pregnant by 130 DIM compared with cows that lost body condition (67 vs. 55%; n = 522). Cows that lost body condition during the first 30 DIM regardless of health events experienced greater pregnancy loss (n = 224) between 35 and 60 d after first AI (0.0 vs. 6.7%) compared with cows that maintained or gained body condition (n = 69) during that period. Based on data in this study from a single herd, maintaining a cycle of pregnancy before 130 DIM may reduce the amount of body condition lost after the next parturition, enhance subsequent pregnancies per AI, and reduce the possibility of early pregnancy loss. We refer to this phenomenon as the high-fertility cycle.
22:49
March 30, 2020
OTO Episode 38 Controlling the Controllables: Using your marketing systems to educate, provide value and connect during COVID 19
OTO Episode 38 Controlling the Controllables: Using your marketing systems to educate, provide value and connect during COVID 19
Welcome back OTO'ers! Today IN OUR 50TH EPISODE!!.. we will discuss how we as veterinarians can have an impact during the COVID-19 crisis.  We will discuss how human medicine, government and social services have failed to clearly communicate the need AND reasons for current intervention strategies and the impacts this is having on their success. We will also discuss how our unique training and experience as vets makes us ideal conduits for this education for our clients, producers and the general public.   By combining our expertise in scientific translation and protocol delivery with our current marketing systems, such as flyers, social media, email and text sequences, we can begin to position ourselves at the forefront of this crisis as knowledge sources and educators.  By doing this we can add value and build our "know, like and trust" NOW which will pay dividends after we get through this pandemic! Tune in today to learn how you can use you current marketing structures and medical skills to positively impact your clients and society TODAY! Thanks for joining us for 50 episodes of veterinary professional development!  Carry on OTO'ers!
22:48
March 26, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 11 - Redefining the importance of ad lib water in neonatal calves
The Cutting Edge - Article 11 - Redefining the importance of ad lib water in neonatal calves
Drinking water intake of newborn dairy calves and its effects on feed intake, growth performance, health status, and nutrient digestibility Full Article: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(18)31058-0/fulltext OTO Short Notes Available at otovets.com/cuttingedge Article Overview: Objective: Examine water and feed intake, growth performance, health status, and nutrient digestibility of Holstein heifer calves offered drinking water from birth (W0) as compared with those offered it at 17 d of age (W17), when fed an ad libitum volume of milk. Location:  Iowa State University Methods: Thirty Holstein heifer calves, balanced for parity of the dam, birth weight, and birth week, were randomly assigned (n = 15) to W0 or W17. Calves had free access to drinking water and a starter ration, offered in 2 separate buckets, until they were 70 d of age. Calves were bottle-fed with pasteurized whole milk 3× per day (2.0 kg/feeding until d 14, and 3.2 kg/feeding thereafter). Calves were partially weaned (33% of the milk allowance 1 × per day) at 42 d of age and completely weaned at 49 d of age. Drinking water intake, starter intake, milk intake, ambient temperature, and the fecal consistency were recorded daily. Body weight, hip height, hip width, heart girth, and body length were measured weekly. Blood (drawn from a jugular vein) was analyzed for hematocrit and haptoglobin concentrations at 14 d of age. On d 69 and 70, total fecal output of individual calves was measured and analyzed for chemical composition to determine apparent total-tract digestibility of nutrients Outcomes: When offered from birth, newborn calves consumed 0.75 ± 0.05 kg/d water aside from the water they received from ad libitum milk allowance during the first 16 d. Once offered, W17 calves drank more water (59%) than W0 calves during the preweaning period. Starter intake of W0 and W17 calves was similar, but W0 calves consumed 0.285 kg/d more milk and tended to achieve greater body weight and heart girth compared with W17 calves during the preweaning period. Offering water from birth versus offering it later did not affect the number of days with diarrhea, intensity of diarrhea, or blood hematocrit and haptoglobin concentrations of preweaned calves. Despite a similar starter intake, W0 calves had greater hip height, body length, apparent total-tract digestibility of acid detergent fiber and neutral detergent fiber, and feed efficiency than W17 calves postweaning (50 to 70 d of age). When followed up to 5 mo of age, W0 calves had greater body weight than W17 calves. Provision of drinking water immediately after birth could improve growth and development of calves pre- and postweaning, potentially by stimulating rumen development, thus increasing nutrient availability.
24:53
March 23, 2020
OTO Episode 37 What we during times of uncertainty sets us up for success later
OTO Episode 37 What we during times of uncertainty sets us up for success later
Welcome back OTO'ers! Today I'm going to give you an off the cuff Thoughts from the Truck episode.  No script or research just the thoughts currently going through my head! 1) We need to be the knowledge brokers for our society!  We need to be educated on the virus and use our skills on conveying treatment and control plans to educate the public in a social manor.  This means utilizing our current avenues of marketing to add value and facilitate knowledge transfer at a level our clients understand! 2) Professional development CANNOT stop!  Many of us are facing uncertain futures; financially, professionally or personally.  As business slows down we need to be taking advantage of this time to continue to develop.  What we do NOW during this uncertainty will set us up for FUTURE success!  Special bonus in this section; my 5 favorite books for social isolation that facilitate personal and professional development! 3) Take time with your family.  Reconnect with them and establish new habits that build your relationships in the future.  Many of us are type A personalities and this may cause us to fall short in this category.  Take this time to rebuild and redevelop this area! Finally, know OTO community that I am here for you!  If you need anything; someone to talk to, bounce ideas off of or just commiserate for a little while I'm here!  Please join our community and share at otovets.com/facebook or reach out directly at dr.eric@otovets.com Carry on OTO'ers!
19:56
March 18, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 10 - Improving communication patterns of vets at herd health and production management visits
The Cutting Edge - Article 10 - Improving communication patterns of vets at herd health and production management visits
You can view the short notes at otovets.com/cuttingedge. The complete article can be found at https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(18)30792-6/fulltext. The abstract of the article can be found below: Objective: Describe veterinary practitioners' communication patterns during dairy herd health and production management farm visits. Location:  Calgary, Canada. University of Calgary Methods: Fourteen veterinarians in Alberta and Ontario, Canada, were provided with action cameras (Hero3 black edition; GoPro Inc., San Mateo, CA) and recorded 3 to 7 farm visits each. The resulting 70 audio-video recordings were analyzed using the Roter Interaction Analysis System. Additionally, demographic variables were obtained from study participants to investigate associations of these variables with communication patterns. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated for communication units, and multilevel negative binomial regression was used to compare communication patterns between demographic groups. Additionally, the relationship-centeredness of interactions was evaluated and compared between groups using linear regression models. Outcomes: Communication patterns varied considerably among recordings of the same veterinarian interacting with different clients. However, most veterinary talk focused on farmer education, counseling, and building a relationship, whereas especially open-ended questions were rare. When discussion revolved around health issues of an individual animal, veterinarians used less social talk but focused more on biomedical information gathering. Veterinarians' age and sex and the length of the veterinarian–farmer relationship had limited association with communications; however, if the farmer and veterinarian were both male, the conversation was more relationship centered. Communication of veterinarians with previous communication training was very similar to that of those without training. Detailed description of veterinary practitioners' communication patterns on dairy farms will contribute to establishing the importance of communication as a clinical skill and is critical to identifying unique aspects of veterinary on-farm communication.
25:37
March 16, 2020
OTO Episode 36 Marketing 101: Building a Personal or Professional Content Map
OTO Episode 36 Marketing 101: Building a Personal or Professional Content Map
Today's Thoughts from the Truck episode will teach you step by step how to approach picking a topic, researching that topic, picking your target platforms and selecting your content type with the ultimate goal of creating your first content map. I will talk about what a content map could look like as well as give you exact examples of the types of maps I utilize or would like to utilize in my veterinary practice and Operators to Owners. So, tune in today to get real world examples not just guru talk on how to begin your own marketing campaign! 
20:06
March 11, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 9 - The effect of CIDR re-use on conception rates and P4 concentrations
The Cutting Edge - Article 9 - The effect of CIDR re-use on conception rates and P4 concentrations
This article can be reviewed for FREE on reseachgate.net at https://tinyurl.com/trzw6rj. Check out my typed summary of this episode at otovets.com/cuttingedge.  This summary is best viewed in a browser but is mobile friendly as well. Efficacy of repeatedly used CIDR device in cattle reproduction: a metaanalysis review of progesterone concentration and conception rate Published by Muhammad Furqan Asghar CHACHER, Armağan ÇOLAK, Armağan HAYIRLI Hypothesis: Considerable residual P4 concentration exists in used CIDR (U-CIDR) devices and the achieved blood P4 concentration on days 14–15 after insertion suggests that CIDR devices can be reused upon disinfection in order to minimize the cost of using such a device. Objective: To withdraw conclusions from the available literature regarding P4 concentrations in devices and animals as well as conception rate (CR) responses in cases of multiple U-CIDR devices subjected to various disinfection methods in cattle. Location:  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Disorders at Ataturk University Turkey. Methods: Two datasets were compiled from 8 and 7 research articles involving 3434 (2653 heifers + 771 lactating cows + 10 ovariectomized cows) and 7301 cattle (3879 heifers + 3422 lactating cows) to evaluate blood P4 concentration and conception rate, respectively, in response to repeatedly used CIDR devices after sanitization via autoclaving and disinfection. Outcomes: As the number of CIDR usages increased, blood P4 concentration decreased linearly (y = –0.484X + 3.135, R2 = 0.99, P < 0.001). Blood P4 concentration (1.52 vs. 2.20 ng/mL; P < 0.002) and conception rate (40.76 vs. 32.96%, P < 0.05) for lactating cows were lower than those for heifers. The sanitization method did not affect blood P4 concentration, but reused CIDR device subjected to disinfection was associated with reduced conception rate. In summary, depending upon the initial P4 load (1.38–1.90 g), the CIDR device could be used twice in lactating cows and four times in heifers after autoclaving to achieve target blood P4 concentrations.
21:17
March 09, 2020
OTO Episode 35 Marketing 101: What You Need to Know
OTO Episode 35 Marketing 101: What You Need to Know
Today's Thoughts from the Truck episode will begin our month long journey into veterinary practice marketing. I'm going to talk about basic marketing techniques that can be used by a one year associate, established associate, new owner or seasoned veteran! We will discuss the importance of having a marketing strategy and how it helps you develop your KLT or Know Like and Trust relationship with your clients.   I will also give tips on resources for educating yourself on basic digital marketing techniques.   Finally, we will wrap the episode up with an overview of the type and amount of content you could be seeking to generate for your business or personal veterinary brand! Carry on OTO'ers!
28:13
March 04, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 8 - Effect of 2x vs 3x Milking on High Producing Fresh Cows
The Cutting Edge - Article 8 - Effect of 2x vs 3x Milking on High Producing Fresh Cows
The complete summary of this episode and article can be found at otovets.com/cuttingedge. Find the full article at https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(19)30685-X/fulltext. Reducing milking frequency from thrice to twice daily in early lactation improves the metabolic status of high-yielding dairy cows with only minor effects on yields Published by U. Moallem, H. Kamer, A. Hod, L. Lifshitz, G. Kra, S. Jacoby, Y. Portnick, M. Zachut Hypothesis:  That high-yielding dairy cows the magnitude of the decrease in milk yield when reducing MF from thrice to twice a day in early lactation would be small but might be effective in alleviating EB Objective: To determine how reducing the milking frequency (MF) of high-yielding dairy cows from thrice to twice a day during the first 30 d in milk (DIM) affects yields, intake, efficiency, metabolic status, and carryover effects. Location:  Volcani Center LeZion Israel Methods: o this end, 42 multiparous cows were divided into 2 groups according to their previous lactation performance, parity, and body weight. The control cows were milked 3 times a day (3ML) and the treated cows were milked twice a day (2ML) until 30 DIM and then both groups were milked 3 times a day. Milk samples were taken twice a week from 2 or 3 consecutive milkings until 45 DIM for analysis of milk solids, and both groups were followed until 100 DIM to determine the carryover effects of MF until 30 DIM. Individual dry matter intake (DMI), milk yield, and body weight were recorded daily. Blood samples were taken 3 times weekly from 14 d prepartum until 45 DIM. Outcomes: Milk yield during the first 30 DIM was 8.6% higher (49.3 and 45.4 kg/d, respectively), milk fat percentage was lower (3.96 and 4.27%, respectively), and the yields of all milk solids were higher in the 3ML cows than in the 2ML cows. Dry matter intake and 4% fat-corrected milk were similar between groups. The EB during the first 30 DIM was lower in the 3ML cows than in the 2ML cows, and milk yield, but not 4% fat-corrected milk yield, per unit of DMI was higher in the 3ML cows. No differences were observed between groups from 31 to 100 DIM in milk yield (∼56.3 kg/d for both groups), milk solids yield, DMI, or milk/DMI; however, fat percentage was lower and EB was higher in the 3ML cows. Blood glucose concentrations between 0 and 30 DIM were lower and β-hydroxybutyrate concentrations were higher in the 3ML cows than in the 2ML cows, but nonesterified fatty acids concentrations were lower, which may be attributed to the lower clearance frequency of nonesterified fatty acids from the blood stream in the 2ML cows. A lower proportion of the 3ML cows (10%) ovulated ≤15 DIM compared with the 2ML cows (40%), with no beneficial effects on preovulatory follicle characteristics. Reducing the MF from thrice to twice a day during the first 30 DIM improved EB and metabolic status, with only minor effects on production.
27:29
March 02, 2020
OTO Episode 34 Practice Ownership: Concerns and Benefits of Becoming a Practice Owner
OTO Episode 34 Practice Ownership: Concerns and Benefits of Becoming a Practice Owner
Today’s Thoughts from the Truck episode titled will discuss the concerns and benefits of becoming a practice owner.  As a current practice owner I am concerned by the reported 5% drop in practice ownership that the AVMA reported in 2018. This is why I asked the veterinary community two BIG questions this week: 1) What was the #1 reason you bought your veterinary practice. AND 2) What was the #1 thing stopping you from buying into a veterinary practice? Today, I will discuss the results of these discussions and talk about how you can avoid or address some of the concerns that come with practice ownership.  Join me today for a community driven episode aimed at educating you about the challenges and benefits of practice ownership!
29:18
February 26, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 7 - The Effect of High Plane vs Conventional Plane Nutrition on Disease Challenged Wet Calves
The Cutting Edge - Article 7 - The Effect of High Plane vs Conventional Plane Nutrition on Disease Challenged Wet Calves
The complete typed summary of this episode and article can be found at otovets.com/cuttingedge. Find the full article at https://avmajournals.avma.org/doi/abs/10.2460/javma.241.11.1514?journalCode=javma. Effect of nutritional plane on health and performance in dairy calves after experimental infection with Cryptosporidium parvum Published by Theresa L. Ollivett, Daryl V. Nydam, Thomas C. Linden, Dwight D. Bowman and Michael E. Van Amburgh Objective: To evaluate the effect of nutritional plane on health and performance of dairy calves after infection with Cryptosporidium parvum. Location:  Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. June 2008 to August 2008 Methods: Calves were assigned to a higher plane of nutrition (HPN; 0.30 Mcal intake energy/kg of metabolic body weight using a 28% protein-20% fat milk replacer) or conventional nutrition (CN; 0.13 Mcal intake energy/kg of metabolic body weight using a 20% protein-20% fat milk replacer). Calves were inoculated with C parvum oocysts at 3 days old. Fecal and health scores, oocyst counts, weight gain, dry matter intake, and hematologic variables were measured for 21 days. Data were analyzed with nonparametric and regression methods. Results-Body weight (day 1), serum total protein concentration (day 3), and PCV (day 3) were not different between groups. Oocyst shedding was not different between groups. The PCV was higher in the CN group (40%), compared with the HPN group (32%) at the end of the study. Fecal scores (FS) improved faster in the HPN group (median, -0.1 FS/feeding), compared with the CN group (median, -0.06 FS/feeding). The HPN calves had better average daily gain (ADG) than did CN calves (median, 433 g/d vs -48 g/d, respectively). Feed efficiency (ADG:dry matter intake ratio) was better for HPN calves than CN calves (median, 131.9 g/kg vs -31.4 g/kg). Outcomes: After a pathogen challenge, calves maintained hydration, had faster resolution of diarrhea, grew faster, and converted feed with greater efficiency when fed a higher plane of nutrition.
19:10
February 24, 2020
OTO Epi 33: Building Your Bullpen: Developing and Retaining Prospective Associates
OTO Epi 33: Building Your Bullpen: Developing and Retaining Prospective Associates
Welcome back OTO'ers!  Today, I have a special episode journey as I begin to develop a completely new talk for Operators to Owners which I will be presenting at AABP in 2020! In today's preview I'm going to focus on our strategy for developing good quality prospects; either through home grown talent or how you land ideal prospect by creating your own "Field of Dreams." I will also discuss how you can also improve your associate pool through 3 techniques that provide them quality mentorship, integrate them into the team and how you can help them grow.  Each of these techniques will help you with associate retention and development. The lesson will conclude with the golden rule, "Treat others how you would like to be treated," and how it applies to employee development. Tune in today to learn more! Carry on OTO'ers!
31:24
February 19, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 6 - Can 32 cents improve conception rates by 6.6 points?
The Cutting Edge - Article 6 - Can 32 cents improve conception rates by 6.6 points?
Find a complete typed summary at otovets.com/cuttingedge Find the full article at https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(11)00025-7/fulltext The use of plastic cover sheaths at the time of artificial insemination improved fertility of lactating dairy cows Revisiting a technology and technique developed in the 80’s with a new research model. Published by: S. Bas, A. Hoet, P. Rajala-Schultz, D. Sanders, G.M. Schuenemann Objective: To to evaluate the effectiveness of using protective plastic sheaths (PS) to minimize contamination of the AI catheter (AIC) on pregnancies per AI (PAI) in lactating dairy cattle. Hypothesis: The hypothesis of this study was that the use of protective PS (clean AI technique) would minimize vaginal contamination of the AIC and improve PAI in lactating dairy cows. Location:  Unknown April – June 2009 Methods: Lactating cows housed in freestall barns on a commercial dairy farm were presynchronized with 2 injections of PGF2α given 14 d apart (starting at 26 ± 3 d postpartum) followed by Ovsynch (GnRH-7 d-PGF2α-56 h-GnRH-16 h-timed-AI; TAI) 12 d later. Cows presenting signs of standing heat any time during the protocol received AI, whereas the remaining animals were subjected to TAI 16 h after second Ovsynch GnRH. At the time of AI (1 AI technician), 996 services from 773 lactating dairy cows were randomly assigned to 1 of the 2 groups; with (TRT, n = 487) or without (CON, n = 509) the use of disposable PS. In the TRT group, the AIC protected with a PS was introduced into the vagina; once in the cranial portion of the vagina adjacent to the cervical os, the PS was pulled back and only the AIC was manipulated through the cervix into the uterine body for semen deposition. In the CON group, cows were inseminated without the use of PS. Samples were taken with a sterile cotton swab from the tip of the AIC (n = 51) after AI from both treatment groups. Pregnancy diagnosis was determined by ultrasonography 39 ± 3 d after AI. Outcomes: Cultured swab samples revealed that the use of PS was effective in minimizing contamination of the AIC (positive bacterial growth: TRT = 61.53% vs. CON = 100%). Overall, the proportion of cows pregnant was greater for cows in TRT (42.7) compared with the CON group (36.1). For first services postpartum, PAI did not differ between CON (43.01%, n = 194) and TRT (43.8%, n = 182) groups. However, PAI for second or greater services were greater in TRT (43.8%, n = 305) than in CON cows (32.3%, n = 315). Results from this study provided evidence that the use of PS during AI improved PAI for second or greater services in lactating dairy cows. Performing a clean AI technique through the use of PS may be an effective strategy to improve reproductive outcomes in dairy cattle.
22:36
February 17, 2020
OTO Epi 32: How to Land Your Ideal Job: The "Active Resume"
OTO Epi 32: How to Land Your Ideal Job: The "Active Resume"
Link (Affiliate) to Think and Grow Rich: https://amzn.to/37eCqpJ In today's Thoughts from the Truck episode I introduce the concept of an "Active Resume."  An Active Resume is my modern take on a CV or Resume.  It is meant to provide the user with a competitive advantage when applying for their ideal job.  If you choose to use the Active Resume you will also learn key skills about business development and taking initiative that will naturally make you more employable.   Today I will cover the 7 key steps to creating an Active Resume and how they will improve the strength of your interview pitch.  Learn how: To identify your ideal job. To identify your ideal employer. How to extensively research this ideal employer. Identify your current skills and talents or add  skills and talents you might want/need to become more valuable to your ideal employer. Learn how to create an ideal Active Resume plan that will allow you to forget about job listings and instead focus on what YOU can provide your ideal employer.   Learn how to review and polish your Active Resume and hone your pitch before you present it. Identify and present your plan to the right person! So tune in today OTO'ers!
35:37
February 12, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 5 - Economics of Ampicillin vs Ceftiofur for Metritis Treatment
The Cutting Edge - Article 5 - Economics of Ampicillin vs Ceftiofur for Metritis Treatment
Find a complete typed summary at otovets.com/cuttingedge or the full article at https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(19)30507-7/fulltext. Title: Economic comparison of systemic antimicrobial therapies for metritis in dairy cows Published by F.S. Lima, A. Vieira-Neto, J.A. Snodgrass, A. De Vries, J.E.P. Santos Objective: To first determine cost of metritis for 2 antimicrobial treatments using a herd budget that includes costs associated with incidence of concurrent diseases, milk production and reproduction losses, and removal from the herd and second to apply sensitivity analysis to determine the cost of different scenarios Hypothesis: The hypothesis of this study was that metritis is costly and that choice of antimicrobial therapy would not influence the cost of the disease despite differences in price and milk withhold. Location:  Florida, Oct 2012 - Jan 2013 Methods: Cows with metritis from a previous study assigned randomly to receive ampicillin (AMP, n = 259), an antimicrobial that requires milk withhold, or ceftiofur (CEFT, n = 269), an antimicrobial with no milk withhold, were used for the economic analysis. A group of cows with no metritis (NOMET, n = 268), matched by parity and calving day, served as the baseline for comparison. The incidence of other diseases in the first 60 d postpartum, culling and death, reproductive performance, discarded milk, milk yield, total milk sold per cow, and residual cow value were used as responses. The economic analysis considered the costs associated with therapy, reproductive management, discarded milk, estimated DM consumed, income from saleable milk, and the residual cow value at 300 d postpartum or earlier if the cow was removed from the herd. Sensitivity analyses were performed considering 3 scenarios for milk and feed prices. Outcomes: The incidence of diseases other than metritis (NOMET, 30.4%; AMP, 45.4%; CEFT, 34.0%) and days in the hospital (NOMET, 2.7 d; AMP, 8.6 d; CEFT, 3.5 d) were greater for cows treated with AMP than CEFT. Treatment did not affect the risk of leaving the herd (NOMET, 15.5%; AMP, 15.0%; CEFT, 19.1%). The 21-d pregnancy rate was lower for cows with metritis but did not differ between AMP and CEFT (NOMET, 24.9%; AMP, 18.9%; CEFT, 17.0%). Milk yield was greater for cows without metritis than those with metritis and greater for AMP than CEFT (NOMET, 33.7 kg/d; AMP, 32.5 kg/d; CEFT, 31.2 kg/d). Cost of metritis did not differ with choice of therapy, but it increased as milk price increased. When both milk and feed prices were the average values considered ($0.44/kg and $0.26/kg, respectively), the costs of a case of metritis for AMP and CEFT were, respectively, $344 and $410 when milk was discarded and $267 and $406 when milk was fed to calves. Cost of therapy for AMP and CEFT represented 16.6 and 24.6% of the total cost of metritis when milk was discarded and 21.5 and 24.8% of the total cost of metritis when milk was fed to calves. The largest component of cost of metritis for both therapies was the reduced income from milk minus feed cost, ranging from 40.0 to 56.7%.
32:15
February 10, 2020
OTO Ep 31 Graduating is NOT Enough: State of the Veterinary Medical Job Market
OTO Ep 31 Graduating is NOT Enough: State of the Veterinary Medical Job Market
How do you plan to set yourself apart from 3,000 other graduating veterinary students OR the 113,000 other veterinarians in the US? Do you understand the average Debt to Income Ratio for veterinary students today and it's implications on your job hunt? Did you know that the total number of practicing Food Animal vets is reducing by 17% every 5 years? New graduates, associates and practice owners all need to stay abreast of the the current state of veterinary medicine.  AVMA has given us great veterinary census data and today I will review key points about demographics, debt and income determining factors.  These are key piece of information when it comes to finding and obtaining your ideal job or ideal candidate.   Join me today as I set the stage for the rest of this months discussions about jobs in veterinary medicine! Additional resources: AVMA Salary Estimator:  https://myvetlife.avma.org/current-student/your-financial-health/veterinary-salary-estimator AVMA 2019 Economic State of the Veterinary Profession Report: https://ebusiness.avma.org/ProductCatalog/product.aspx?ID=1637 Carry on OTO'ers!
28:34
February 05, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 4 - A pilot intervention trial using a novel combination of ELISA, proviral load and lymphocytic counts for reduction of BLV positive animals in US dairy herds
The Cutting Edge - Article 4 - A pilot intervention trial using a novel combination of ELISA, proviral load and lymphocytic counts for reduction of BLV positive animals in US dairy herds
Controlling bovine leukemia virus in dairy herds by identifying and removing cows with the highest proviral load and lymphocyte counts A pilot intervention trial revisiting the concept of selective culling and segregation for BLV positive cattle in an effort to reduce BLV transmission. Published by Ruggiero, B. Norby, O.J. Benitez, H. Hutchinson, K.R.B. Sporer, C. Droscha, C.L. Swenson, P.C. Bartlett Objective: To reduce bovine leukemia virus (BLV) transmission and prevalence in commercial dairy herds using proviral load (PVL) and lymphocyte count (LC) measurements as indicators of the most infectious animals for culling or segregation. Hypothesis: They hypothesized that BLV within-herd transmission and prevalence could be reduced by identifying and removing (culling or segregation) ELISA-positive cows with the highest PVL and LC. Location:  Michigan and Wisconsin Methods: Milk or blood samples from adult cows in our 3 Midwestern dairy farm field trials were tested semiannually with ELISA for BLV antibodies, and ELISA-positive cattle were then retested using a blood LC and a quantitative PCR test for PVL to identify the animals presumed to be most infectious. Herd managers were encouraged to consider PVL and LC status when making cull decisions, and to segregate cows with the highest PVL and LC from their BLV ELISA-negative herd mates where possible. Outcomes: After 2 to 2.5 yr of this intervention, the incidence risk of new infections decreased in all 3 herds combined, from 13.8 to 2.2, and the overall herd prevalence decreased in all 3 herds combined from 62.0 to 20.7%, suggesting that this approach can efficiently reduce BLV transmission as well as prevalence. This is encouraging, because a very low prevalence of BLV infection would make it economically feasible to cull the remaining ELISA-positive cattle, as was achieved in national eradication programs in other countries decades ago.
28:49
February 03, 2020
OTO Ep 30 Adding Value through Client Education Events
OTO Ep 30 Adding Value through Client Education Events
Welcome back OTO'ers! Today I'm going to wrap up goal setting January.  But before I do I want to lead you through how exactly you can follow through on at least one of the big goals I presented last week in episode 29.   For this reason, in today's episode, I have made up a blueprint for how to setup a successful client education event.  Today you will learn: #1 The advantage public speaking can give you over your competition. #2 What a Knowledge Broker is and how you can become one and use this position to add value to your clients. #3 How to set up an ideal speaking event by leveraging Russel Brunson's Perfect Webinar Script. #4 How I currently run my marketing so I can create buz and excitement around our client educational events. #5 What to look for in a speaking site and what the best times are to host an event. So stay tuned OTO'ers for another special episode!
27:28
January 29, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 3 - The first study to demonstrate an improvement in milk yield in eutocic cows treated with meloxicam pre-calving
The Cutting Edge - Article 3 - The first study to demonstrate an improvement in milk yield in eutocic cows treated with meloxicam pre-calving
Meloxicam administration either prior to or after parturition: Effects on behavior, health, and production in dairy cows First study to examine the effect of meloxicam administration before calving on behavior, health and production in dairy cattle. Published by Swartz, Schramm, Bewley, Wood, Leslie, Petersson-Wolfe Objective: To test the effect of the administration of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (meloxicam) on the behavior, health, and production of peripartum cows. Hypothesis: The administration of meloxicam before calving would increase activity measures and milk more so than postcalving administration, and that both treatment groups would be more active on the days following calving, display fewer lying bouts on the day of calving, and produce more milk than controls. They also hypothesized that NSAID-treated dystocic cows would be more responsive to treatment than NSAID-treated eutocic cows. Location:  Blacksburg, Virginia Methods: Meloxicam was dosed at 1 mg/kg of body weight, and an empty gel capsule served as a placebo. Both were administered orally with a balling gun. Dairy cows and heifers were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups: (1) meloxicam administration before calving, with a placebo administered after calving (MEL-PRE, n = 60), (2) placebo administered before calving, and meloxicam administered after calving (MEL-POST, n = 69), and (3) a placebo administered before calving and after calving (CTL, n = 65). To identify imminent calving events, a vaginal thermometer was inserted approximately 2 wk before the expected calving date and a drop in temperature was used to identify cows close to calving. Calving events were monitored via video cameras, and the amount of time that elapsed between the appearance of the amniotic sac at the vulva until delivery of the calf was used to determine calving difficulty score. Eutocic calving events were defined as cows that calved in ≤70 min, and dystocia was defined as cows that took longer than 70 min to calve. Milk yield and components were measured for the first 15 wk of lactation and accelerometers were used to record activity and lying behaviors. Outcomes: Regardless of the time of administration, dystocic cattle that received meloxicam were less active than dystocic CTL. Dystocic animals displayed more lying bouts on the day of calving and then displayed fewer lying bouts and were less active during the days following calving. No effect of treatment was noted on any health outcomes. Eutocic MEL-PRE animals produced 6.8 kg/d more milk than eutocic CTL.
31:13
January 27, 2020
OTO Ep 29 3 Goals for Every Vet in 2020
OTO Ep 29 3 Goals for Every Vet in 2020
Struggling to find goals for yourself or your practice in 2020?   Today I'm going to share my idea for 3 goals that will have a significant in your practice in 2020. #1 Learn Marketing #2 Develop, Redesign or Learn 1 New Service or Skill #3 Client Education and Value Adding Checkout today's episode for some sweet value!
23:55
January 22, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 2 - A technique to half the time to onset to local anesthesia in disbudding
The Cutting Edge - Article 2 - A technique to half the time to onset to local anesthesia in disbudding
You can find a complete summary and link to this episodes research article at otovets.com/cuttingedge!  Study Title: A new method of administering local anesthesia for calf disbudding: Findings from a comparative on-farm study in New Zealand  Authors: Bates, Sutherland, Chapple, Dowling, Johnson, Saldias and Singh  Objective: Describe and analyze efficacy of an alternative method for local anesthesia administration that uses local site infiltration of anesthetic over the horn bud. This study assessed differences between disbudding using the cornual nerve block and disbudding with local anesthesia administered by local site infiltration.  Hypothesis: There would be no difference in the behavioral signs of pain and discomfort during disbudding and in the 3 h afterward and no difference in the lying and standing times in the 24 h after disbudding between calves disbudded under a cornual block and calves disbudded under the local infiltration block.  Location:  New Zealand  Methods: We describe an alternative method of local anesthesia administration that uses local site infiltration of anesthetic over the horn bud. However, this method has not yet been scientifically validated. This study assessed differences between disbudding using the cornual nerve block and disbudding with local anesthesia administered by local site infiltration. Efficacy of local anesthesia was assessed at 30-s intervals after administration by absence of reaction to 3 consecutive needle pricks over the horn buds. Behavior indicating pain was assessed during disbudding and scored from 0 to 3. Calf behavior was also recorded for 3 h after disbudding. Accelerometer data loggers were fitted to each calf for 24 h before and after disbudding to assess lying and standing times.  For more information about this research or it's results as well as other Cutting Edge episodes please visit the OTO website at otovets.com/cuttingedge or enjoy the relevant podcast episode at otovets.com/podcast!
20:18
January 20, 2020
OTO Epi 28 Discover Your WHY
OTO Epi 28 Discover Your WHY
“Our souls are not hungry for fame, comfort, wealth or power...our souls are hungry for meaning, for the sense that we have figured out how to live so that our lives matter, so that the world will be at least a little bit different for our having passed through it” Rabbi Harold Kuishner It is something every single person has but few realize. A driving factor, an inspiration. In times of great struggle you lean on it to get you through, in times of great joy it’s call is met. It is your WHY. Every single one of us has tapped into our why at some time in our careers. Whether it was during a challenging stretch of veterinary school, a particularly challenging day in practice or to overcome some sort of personal challenge you have used your why to great effect. Join me today as I discuss what exactly is your why, how do you discover it and why, your why, is so important!
21:32
January 15, 2020
The Cutting Edge - Article 1 - How researchers achieved a 12% increase in colostrum Quality
The Cutting Edge - Article 1 - How researchers achieved a 12% increase in colostrum Quality
You can find a complete summary and link to this episodes research article at otovets.com/cuttingedge! Study Title: Evaluation of 2 different treatment procedures after calving to improve harvesting of high-quantity and high-quality colostrum Authors: Sutter, Borchardt, Schuenemann, Rauch, Erhard, Heuwieser Objective: Evaluate 2 different treatment procedures at the first milking after calving to increase colostrum quantity and to improve colostrum quality in dairy cows. Hypothesis: That either exogenous treatment with oxytocin or the presence of the calf at first milking would lead to higher colostrum quantity and higher IgG concentration. Location: The study was conducted from October to December 2017 on a commercial dairy farm in Germany. Methods: A total of 567 cows at the time of calving were enrolled, but for the final analyses only 521 animals were considered. The cows were randomly assigned on a daily basis into 1 of 3 groups: (1) control group (n = 177), (2) application of 20 IU of oxytocin i.m. (OXY; n = 163), and (3) presence of the calf (CA; n = 181) before and during milking. Cows in the control and oxytocin group had no contact with their calves after calving and were milked in a separate milking parlor. Cows in the oxytocin group were injected with 20 IU of oxytocin i.m. 3 min before manual stimulation. For cows in the third group, the calf was placed into a calf cart and located in front of the cow 3 min before manipulation of the cow. Colostrum quantity was determined by a digital hanging scale. The colostrum quality was assessed with digital Brix refractometry and ELISA. To evaluate the effect of 2 different treatment procedures, a generalized linear mixed model was constructed using SPSS (SPSS Inc., IBM, Ehningen, Germany). For more information about this research or it's results as well as other Cutting Edge episodes please visit the OTO website at otovets.com/cuttingedge or enjoy the relevant podcast episode at otovets.com/podcast!
14:29
January 13, 2020
OTO Ep 27 New Year, New You
OTO Ep 27 New Year, New You
Every year January 1st rolls around and people begin the new year with resolutions or goals to change themselves, their circumstances or their situation. By February 1st less than 50% of these goals still exist. So what goes wrong? The reason so man people lack the ability to have achievable goals is because they lack clarity. They don’t understand who they were in the past weeks, months and years and how this will have to change to become who they want to be. Today’s episode is going to focus how we can use routine personal reflection techniques to remain clear on where we winning, what our challenges are and how to set goals that challenge and stretch us to become who we want to be.
28:07
January 08, 2020
The Cutting Edge Introduction
The Cutting Edge Introduction
Welcome to a new Operators to Owners segment called The Cutting Edge.  This segment has been created to expose you to research that you may not have otherwise been exposed too.  Here OTO will present peer reviewed articles ranging from business to client interaction, marketing to metabolic disease.  This selected content will aim to make you a well-rounded clinician and business owner.   This episode will discuss why I decided to start a new podcast segment and what The Cutting Edge will provide listeners.  Be sure to tune back for future episodes where we will begin reviewing scientific content!
13:46
January 06, 2020
10 Success Habits for Young Vets: The Impact of Habits on Medicine Pt2
10 Success Habits for Young Vets: The Impact of Habits on Medicine Pt2
Joing me today as I discuss 10 habits young vets can take to improve their development and increase their career satisfaction. If you like this content join our community at otovets.com/facebook!
38:26
December 24, 2019
The Impact of Habits on Medicine Pt 1
The Impact of Habits on Medicine Pt 1
Aristotle said, "Quality is not an act it's a habit." Join me today as I discuss the importance of forming good habits, the impact of habits on the medicine we practice and the science behind habit formation and use.  We will capstone part one of this series with author James Clear's 5 basic habits for professionals.  I hope you enjoy today's episode!
20:56
December 23, 2019
Consulting from Nothing: Embrace the Abundance Mindset
Consulting from Nothing: Embrace the Abundance Mindset
Join me today as I discuss an example of how my clinic was able to find abundance even during a downturn in the dairy economy! Learn a completely novel consulting technique that can begin to pay back immediately for your clients and your business! For more information check out our blog at otovets.com/blog and join our Facebook group at otovets.com/facbook!
24:10
December 11, 2019
OTO Ep 22 Positive Thoughts = Positive Medicine: As a Man Thinketh
OTO Ep 22 Positive Thoughts = Positive Medicine: As a Man Thinketh
Join me today as I review the highlights of James Allen's manuscript; As a Man Thinketh. I will discuss the need for positive thought and how it can effect the type of medicine you practice. Also, you can get a FREE copy of As a Man Thinketh at otovets.com/thought so you can follow along and learn from Allen himself!
14:02
December 04, 2019
OTO Ep 21 Heuristics Pt2: Applied Heuristics
OTO Ep 21 Heuristics Pt2: Applied Heuristics
Join us today to learn how you can apply heuristics to improve your medicine, help clients make decisions and increase diagnostic efficiency. Today's lesson will be beneficial to anyone involved in disease diagnosis; from the day to day laborer to the board certified clinician.
22:01
November 27, 2019
OTO Ep 20 Heuristics Pt1: How a word you've never heard of affects medicine every day!
OTO Ep 20 Heuristics Pt1: How a word you've never heard of affects medicine every day!
Join us for part one of a two part segment on heuristics and their impact on how you practice medicine.
23:49
November 20, 2019
OTO Ep 19 Taking Action: Even When You Dont Want To
OTO Ep 19 Taking Action: Even When You Dont Want To
How do we motivate ourselves to take action on the 50% of days that we feel less than ideal, sick, burdened or unmotivated? Tune in today to catch some of my personal tips for finding the motivation to take action EVERY day!
18:53
November 13, 2019
OTO Ep 18 The #1 Action Roadblock
OTO Ep 18 The #1 Action Roadblock
What is the most common roadblock to taking action? Tune into this short episode as I explain the silent but killer roadblock that stops so many professionals from achieving their greatest potential.
08:15
October 31, 2019
OTO Ep 17 Are You Farm Blind? - Peer Collaboration Pt 2
OTO Ep 17 Are You Farm Blind? - Peer Collaboration Pt 2
In this episode you will learn how Dr. Rooker's clinic has leveraged peer collaboration and Caroline Ritters 2018 Clinical Communication study to improve service to their clients and improve their consulting portfolio.
13:49
October 23, 2019
OTO Ep 16 Finding Your Way Back
OTO Ep 16 Finding Your Way Back
How to begin to return to your why or mission after a big event or let down.
12:22
October 11, 2019
OTO Ep 15 Peer Collaboration
OTO Ep 15 Peer Collaboration
Join me today as I talk about Step 6 in The Professional Development Plan: Peer Collaboration. This topic is near and dear to my heart and forms the core of Operators to Owners. I hope you enjoy this episode!
15:41
September 24, 2019
OTO Ep 14 The Magic Consultant Equation
OTO Ep 14 The Magic Consultant Equation
Join me as I discuss how new and up and coming veterinarians can begin to develop a consulting portfolio that will help support themselves and their practices throughout their career.
12:48
September 20, 2019
OTO Ep 13 Action Plans
OTO Ep 13 Action Plans
Join me as I discuss how to successfully develop actions plans and transition your ideas and thoughts to action and desirable outcomes!
21:08
September 17, 2019
OTO Ep 12 Keeping it Fresh
OTO Ep 12 Keeping it Fresh
In this episode Dr. Eric will give you a sample of 1 of the 7 modules from his Facilitating an Ownership Mentality Mastermind. This module focuses on how you can keep growing off previous success and continually generate new and desirable content for your clients.
15:31
September 11, 2019
OTO Ep 11 Abundance Mindset
OTO Ep 11 Abundance Mindset
Dr. Eric joins you for a quick editorial about rural area veterinary need vs under-appreciation.  
08:51
September 06, 2019
OTO Ep 10 Desirable Outcomes
OTO Ep 10 Desirable Outcomes
In this episode Dr. Eric will introduce Step 4 of The Professional Development Plan; Desirable Outcomes.  He will discuss keys to forming clear desirable outcomes, selecting the right desirable outcomes and how to break desirable outcomes down into bite size pieces that you can tackle day-to-day.  A clear Desirable Outcome is critical to your progression personally and professionally, so tuned to learn how to create a successful one! 
19:57
September 04, 2019
OTO Ep 9 Medici Effect: Necropsy Cameras
OTO Ep 9 Medici Effect: Necropsy Cameras
In this episode Dr. Eric will provide a direct case example of how he has used the Medici Effect brainstorming model to provide a technique that can improve diagnostics when performing necropsys. For more information join our community at otovets.com/facebook-group.
09:37
August 29, 2019
OTO Ep 8 Consumption and Organization of Ideas Pt 2
OTO Ep 8 Consumption and Organization of Ideas Pt 2
In this episode Dr. Eric will provide listeners with his personal knowledge organization plan. He will also introduce and provide strategies for utilizing Step 3: Brainstorming of The Professional Development Plan. For more information and examples of how to take advantage of The Professional Development Plan, join our community at otovets.com/facebook-group.
46:52
August 26, 2019
OTO Ep 7 Flyers
OTO Ep 7 Flyers
Today Dr. Eric will talk about how you can use flyers to make an impact on your business and your clients. Join him as he discusses why paper copy isn't dead in the large animal practice and how you can take advantage of it to grow your business!
13:12
August 23, 2019
OTO Ep 6 Consumption and Organization of Ideas Pt 1
OTO Ep 6 Consumption and Organization of Ideas Pt 1
In this episode Dr. Eric will use David Allen's workflow diagram as an example of how you can begin to organize and think about the knowledge you have collected in the first step of the Professional Development Plan. Stay tuned for next week's episode where we talk about specific systems you can use to assist you with organizing your information and ideas as well as how you can begin to think critically about that knowledge.
21:12
August 19, 2019
OTO Ep 5 Knowledge Collection
OTO Ep 5 Knowledge Collection
In this episode Dr. Eric discusses the first step in the Professional Development Plan: Knowledge Collection. You will be exposed to the information sources and idea creation techniques Dr. Eric uses in his own professional development journey. We also encourage you to join and share your Knowledge Collection sources at our Facebook community! You can join at otovets.com/facebook-group.
16:18
August 12, 2019
OTO Ep 4 Starting a Professional Development Plan
OTO Ep 4 Starting a Professional Development Plan
In this episode we will recap our Wednesday episode about professional development and talk about the steps you can take to begin to develop professionally. Dr. Eric will provide you tips and tricks for jump starting your own professional development plan.
06:50
August 09, 2019
Ep 3 Professional Development Defined!
Ep 3 Professional Development Defined!
Join Dr. Eric as he defines what professional development is and his personal strategies for a successful professional development plan.
20:09
August 07, 2019
OTO Ep 2 Burnout
OTO Ep 2 Burnout
In this episode Dr. Eric introduces his "Thoughts from the Truck" segment. Meant to help connect you directly with Dr. Eric's own professional development journey he shares his thoughts, current challenges and tips/tricks between calls during the day. This episode introduces a few of the personal strategies Dr. Eric has used to reducing his own burnout.
09:40
August 02, 2019
OTO Origin and Mission Ep 1
OTO Origin and Mission Ep 1
Welcome to the Operators to Owners podcast! This episode will introduce your host Dr. Eric and the origin of OTO. We will also discuss the mission of Operators to Owners and how it can impact your life.
06:58
July 30, 2019