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How Did We Not Know That

How Did We Not Know That

By How Did We Not Know That
Hosts Jac and Nat are fresh out of college and studying for the Foreign Service Officer Test. Unfortunately, they have quickly realized how little they know about world history. Join them each week as they sit down and have a conversation about influential moments in history and ask, “How did we not know that?”.

🎉 FSO COMPASS / FSOT STUDY TOOL HERE: fsocompass.com/hdwnkt
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Finland Sided With Nazi Germany? | Russo-Finnish Wars Pt. 2
In Part 2 of the Russo-Finnish War series, Nat covers the Continuation War and the difficult decision Finland had to make in order to preserve its independence.  Check out FSO Compass here: https://fsocompass.com/hdwnkt  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
19:18
January 13, 2021
The Finns Invented The Molotov Cocktail? | Russo-Finnish Wars Pt. 1
Today, Finland is at the forefront of international peacekeeping efforts, but some may be surprised to learn about its violent history in the 20th century. Finland suffered through many wars and has had some of the highest rates of war-time casualties in history. Despite the odds being stacked against them, the Finns were incredibly resourceful and clever in their fight to protect their independence. In Part 1 of the Russo-Finnish War, Nat discusses Finland’s Winter War and their battle against the Soviet Union. Check out FSO Compass here: https://fsocompass.com/hdwnkt  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
29:40
January 7, 2021
How Did The Chinese Get Hooked On Heroin?
How far would you go to make money? What if it led to the entire downfall of a nation and the suffering of millions? In this episode, Jac takes us through the history of the Opium Wars and how it changed the entire course of history for both China and European Imperialists. Check out FSO Compass here: https://fsocompass.com/hdwnkt  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
31:45
December 16, 2020
How Many Chinas Are There?
In 1972, President Richard Nixon did the unthinkable: he became the first US president to visit communist China. Ping pong tournaments, free pandas, and photo-ops with Chairman Mao; what exactly happened in Beijing? In this episode, Nat discusses the importance of President Nixon’s first visit to the People’s Republic of China, and how it changed the course of US-China relations forever.  Check out FSO Compass here: https://fsocompass.com/hdwnkt  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
38:56
December 10, 2020
The Night Witches of WW2 | Bonus Episode
Did you know women served in WW2? In this bonus episode, Jac takes us through the history of the Night Witches, an all-female night bomber regiment from the Soviet Union. Special shoutout to our friends over at 'Woman of HERstory: A Podcast', for selecting our topic this week! Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
23:10
December 2, 2020
Why Are You Crying, Argentina?
If you've heard the hit song "Don't Cry For Me, Argentina", you've definitely heard the name Evita. Eva Perón is considered to be one of the most powerful women of the past century. As the wife of the president of Argentina, Eva (affectionately known as Evita), was an incredibly influential figure in the history of Argentina. She paved the way in terms of labor and women's rights in the 21st century. In this episode, listen to Nat give an overview of the inspirational life and legacy of Evita, and how she changed Argentina forever.  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
31:45
November 26, 2020
How Do We Fix U.S. HealthCare? | Universal Health Care Pt. 3
The issue on every American's mind for the past century: What is wrong with our healthcare system? Why do we spend the most on healthcare, yet fail to deliver basic coverage to every American? The United States Healthcare system is perhaps as complex as the billing codes that insurance companies use to charge us (sometimes) into bankruptcy. Gone are the days, when Americans will stand by as confused, victims of the system! In this special 3 part episode, our guest Esteban, will be breaking down the 4 different models of healthcare around the world and explaining how the U.S. compares. In part three, Esteban will be breaking down our final model the 'Out-Of-Pocket Model' used rural regions of Africa, India, China and South America. Finally, we will discuss the model that makes up the American Health Care system and what needs to happen in order to fix it. Book Source and Recommendation: The Healing of America by T.R. Reid. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
23:12
November 18, 2020
Can We Cover Everyone? | Universal Health Care Pt. 2
The issue on every American's mind for the past century: What is wrong with our healthcare system? Why do we spend the most on healthcare, yet fail to deliver basic coverage to every American? The United States Healthcare system is perhaps as complex as the billing codes that insurance companies use to charge us (sometimes) into bankruptcy. Gone are the days, when Americans will stand by as confused, victims of the system! In this special 3 part episode, our guest Esteban, will be breaking down the 4 different models of healthcare around the world and explaining how the U.S. compares. In part two, Esteban will be breaking down 'The Bismarck Model'  used in countries such as Germany, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Japan, Switzerland, and, to a degree, in Latin America. Then our guest will also break down 'The National Health Insurance Model' used in countries such as Canada, Taiwan, and South Korea. Book Source and Recommendation: The Healing of America by T.R. Reid. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
15:59
November 11, 2020
Is Socialized Medicine Real? | Universal Health Care Pt. 1
The issue on every American's mind for the past century: What is wrong with our healthcare system? Why do we spend the most on healthcare, yet fail to deliver basic coverage to every American? The United States Healthcare system is perhaps as complex as the billing codes that insurance companies use to charge us (sometimes) into bankruptcy. Gone are the days, when Americans will stand by as confused, victims of the system! In this special 3 part episode, our guest Esteban, will be breaking down the 4 different models of healthcare around the world and explaining how the U.S. compares. In part one, Esteban will be breaking down 'The Beveridge Model' of healthcare that is used in  countries such as Great Britain, Spain, and New Zealand. Book Source and Recommendation: The Healing of America by T.R. Reid. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
15:51
November 4, 2020
How Long Did Apartheid Last?
South Africa, one of the most beautiful countries in the world, has an ugly past marked by one of the severest examples of racial segregation in history.  In this episode Jac explains the system known as Apartheid and its lasting effects on the country today. Learn More and Donate to PASSOP: https://www.passop.co.za/ Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
33:31
October 28, 2020
Did Rasputin Have Magical Powers?
An evil sorcerer, undercover spy, and the secret lover of the Empress. A man of great mystery and intrigue, the infamous Rasputin has been called all these names and more. But do we really know the full story? In this episode, Nat uncovers the unbelievable life of Grigory Rasputin and the last Russian emperor. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
47:29
October 21, 2020
What Is A Mooncake?
Happy Mid-Autumn Festival! Here's the Chinese legend of how the ancient Asian festival came to be. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
14:07
October 7, 2020
What's Going On In The Middle East?
The Middle East is an incredibly diverse and complex region, but it’s oftentimes disregarded by Western media as too confusing or too complicated to be “solved”. In order to gain a better understanding of today’s world, Nat covers the Arab Spring, an unprecedented series of pro-democracy uprisings that swept across North Africa and the Middle East in the spring of 2011. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
32:41
October 1, 2020
There Are Two Irelands?
Ireland: the home of gorgeous coastal mountains and grassy plains. Yet, despite the beauty and charm, the island of Ireland has a long history of conflict. So much so, that the island is split into two *not physically of course*.  In our Season 2, World History premiere, Jac takes us through the conflict between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland . Become a History Hero and get exclusive access to HDWNKT polls and topic selection: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
33:57
September 23, 2020
Minisode #9: The Iditarod
Ever wonder if anyone still dog sleds? They do, and they have a race for it too. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
08:05
August 27, 2020
How Many US Presidents Have Been Assassinated?
Most Americans are familiar with the assassinations of JFK and Lincoln, but what about James Garfield? Despite the fact that he was considered to be one of the most promising presidents of his time, his life and unfortunate death is mostly forgotten today. In the Season 1 finale, Nat covers the assassination of President James Garfield and the man who was insane enough to carry out the deed. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
36:06
August 25, 2020
Minisode #8: The US Territory of American Samoa
In the 4th and final part of the miniseries on permanently inhabited US territories, Nat covers the history of American Samoa and how fa’a Samoa (the Samoan way of life) has been preserved throughout centuries. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
08:10
August 20, 2020
So You Want To Be A Billionaire?
In a time where billionaires roamed the earth, it seemed as if everything in the United States was gold. Spoiler Alert: It wasn't. If your last name isn't Rockefeller, Carnegie, or Vanderbilt, there's a good chance your ancestors were dirt poor and pawns in the grips of capitalism and corruption. In this Episode, Jac takes you through the history of the Gilded Age, striping off the thin gold on top and exposing the rusted, abused tin underneath.  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
29:25
August 18, 2020
Minisode #7: The US Territory of the Virgin Islands
In Part 3 of the miniseries on permanently-inhabited US territories, Nat covers the unique history of the US Virgin Islands and how a $554 million purchase changed the map of the US permanently. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
06:37
August 13, 2020
What's The Big Deal With Voting In 2020?
We've got a HUGE election coming up in 2020 during a PANDEMIC! In this special episode, our good friend David teaches us everything we need to know about preparing to vote this year and the history and ongoing issue of voter suppression in the USA!   VOTING LINKS BELOW! LET'S GO!   PSA GENERAL ELECTION IS NOVEMBER 3rd 2020!!!   What do I need to do today? Register to vote!  Request an Absentee Ballot NOW (THOSE ARE DUE ~3 WEEKS BEFORE NOV 3RD)  Research WHO is up for election  Choose who you plan to vote for  VOTE + SEND IT BACK OR DROP IT OFF AT YOUR LOCAL ELECTION OFFICE (if absentee)   Am I registered? https://www.vote.org/   When are the Elections? https://www.vote.org/election-reminders/   Who are the candidates? https://www.ballotready.org/ Which candidates do I side with? https://www.isidewith.com/ Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
28:46
August 11, 2020
WHAT Did We Do To The Native Americans? | Forced Sterilization Part 2
What's the most insidious way to stop the continuation of the human race? Forced sterilization would be our guess. It may seem like a thing of the past but you'll be terrified to know that practices of force sterilization and the eugenics movement lasted well into the 70's for the United States. In our FIRST guest episode EVER, our friend Indeep takes us on a journey through the history of forced sterilization, who it targeted, the resistance, and how long it lasted. This episode is part 2 in a 2 part series. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
24:17
August 6, 2020
We Inspired Nazi Germany? | Forced Sterilization Part 1
What's the most insidious way to stop the continuation of the human race? Forced sterilization would be our guess. It may seem like a thing of the past but you'll be terrified to know that practices of force sterilization and the eugenics movement lasted well into the 70's for the United States. In our FIRST guest episode EVER, our friend Indeep takes us on a journey through the history of forced sterilization, who it targeted, the resistance, and how long it lasted. This episode is part 1 in a 2 part series. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
21:43
August 4, 2020
Minisode #6: The US Territory of the Northern Mariana Islands
In Part 2 of the miniseries on permanently inhabited US territories, Nat covers the complex history of the foreign occupation of the Northern Mariana Islands and the resulting political struggles that continue to exist to this day.  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
09:36
August 1, 2020
Why Are We So Obsessed With Latin America?
Regarded as one of the most influential ideologies in US foreign policy, the Monroe Doctrine established the foundation for America’s role in the Western Hemisphere and as a major actor on the international stage. In this episode, Nat dissects the impact of the Monroe Doctrine and its complex legacy in Latin America. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
26:10
July 29, 2020
Minisode #5: The Harlem Hellfighters
Jac gives a brief history on one of the greatest infantry units in American War History that you've never heard of, the Harlem Hellfighters. To learn more about the Harlem Hellfighters, check out this awesome documentary video from History.com https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/the-harlem-hellfighters-video Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
05:30
July 23, 2020
WHAT Was The Cotton Club?! | The Harlem Renaissance Part 2
This episode is part 2 in a 2 part series on the Harlem Renaissance. After gaining an understanding of what the narrative was like before the Harlem Renaissance, Jac dives into the background of great artists from this time. We celebrate the remarkable achievements in art and activism, and explore a variety of themes present in this era. Due to the poor audio quality from the original post, this episode has been edited with the audio cut out, to hear the entire episode please check out our Youtube video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0eQWzzlTTU Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
15:10
July 22, 2020
Who Is Jim Crow? | The Harlem Renaissance Part 1
This episode is part 1 in a 2 part series on the Harlem Renaissance. In order to respect the emergence of new black artists who redefined what it meant to be black in America, we need to examine what the narrative was of African Americans before the Harlem Renaissance. In this episode Jac talks about the heavy propaganda that was used to create false narratives of African Americans and how that lead to the rise of white supremacy groups and bias in American society. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
21:51
July 17, 2020
Minisode #4: The US Territory of Guam
In Part 1 of the new miniseries on permanently inhabited US territories, Nat gives a brief history of Guam and how the Chamorros became American citizens.  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
11:35
July 15, 2020
Are You A Communist?
Wiretaps, undercover surveillance, and Soviet spies: this is what the US looked like in the 1950’s. In this episode, Nat goes over the Red Scare and McCarthyism, and the widespread fear of communism that shook the country. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
29:38
July 9, 2020
Minisode #3: The Internet Flame Wars
Internet Trolls and insults galore here's an episode on the 90's flame wars.  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
06:11
July 7, 2020
The Internet BROKE The Stock Market?!
With the rise of the internet companies in the mid 90's everyone was eager jump on the bandwagon of investments in the hopes of gaining riches. Hear Jac explain the dot com bubble, who lost it all, and who got rich after the pop!  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
23:27
July 3, 2020
Canada Burned Down The White House?
America has a long and expansive history of war, but none is as often forgotten or is as pointless as the War of 1812. In celebration of Canada Day, Nat talks about America’s first declared war that involved the kidnapping of American sailors, the capture of our nation’s capital by Canadian and British forces and the destruction of the White House.  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
31:39
July 1, 2020
Minisode #2: Roberta Cowell
To celebrate the end of Pride Month, in this minisode Nat covers the extraordinary life of Roberta Cowell, a British race car driver and WWII fighter pilot who was also the first known person in Britain to undergo sex reassignment surgery. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
05:46
June 30, 2020
What Were The Stonewall Riots?
In a time where it was illegal to be who you were and love who you wanted to love, abuse and discrimination to the LGBTQ+ community was constant. What did discrimination look like? How did a routine police raid escalate, and what did people do when they finally had enough? In celebration of the 50th pride anniversary, Jac explains what the Stonewall riots were and how they lead to a liberation of gay rights in the United States.  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
18:30
June 26, 2020
Minisode #1: LGBTQ+ Terminology
A quick lesson on LGBTQIAP+ terms and symbols in the Queer community in honor of pride month🏳️‍🌈🎉  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
05:20
June 26, 2020
When Did Slaves ACTUALLY Become Free?
On June 19th, 1865, Texas became the last state in the country to emancipate its slaves, nearly two and a half years after President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. Why did it take so long for Texas to abolish slavery, and how come we let them get away with it? On its 155th anniversary, Nat explains the history behind the holiday of Juneteenth and the emancipation of slaves in America. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
27:57
June 26, 2020
There Was A Native American Civil Rights Movement?
The Native American civil rights movement is considered to be one of the most radical social movements of the era, but it is largely overlooked in the context of our country’s history and often forgotten by most Americans. In this episode, Nat gives a brief overview of Native American social activism during the 1960s & 70s, focusing on the occupation of Wounded Knee in 1973. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
45:09
June 12, 2020
Who REALLY Won The Space Race?
The race is off against the Soviet Union and the United States! In a time of rising tensions, science and technology paved our way into space. But WHO actually won the space race and what were we racing for? In honor of the recent SpaceX in partnership with NASA launch, Jac brings us on a journey through the first era of space exploration, the Space Race! Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
34:19
June 6, 2020
We Were Illegal?
Could you imagine going to jail for loving someone whose skin color didn't match yours? It wasn't too long ago that this was the case. In this episode, Jac takes you through the history of how interracial marriage rights came to be in the United States of America, and shares the story of the couple that helped make it happen. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
29:56
May 29, 2020
Is It Free Speech Or Espionage?
With heightened tensions concerning foreign interference and spies during World War I, Congress decided to enact the Espionage Act in 1918. In this episode, Nat breaks down the history of the Espionage Act and how it affected the First Amendment and our freedom of speech by examining some of the most influential Supreme Court cases during this period. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
29:44
May 26, 2020
How Much Money Did The Mafia Make?!
Murder, drugs, and soup kitchens? In this episode, Jac takes you through the history of the Mafia and explains the business tactics that brought them riches.  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
32:44
May 15, 2020
Texas Was A Country?
Before President James K. Polk, America looked a lot smaller than it does today. In this episode, Nat gives an overview of the Mexican-American War and how it changed the landscape of our country forever. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
25:29
May 13, 2020
The Great Depression Was A GOOD Thing?
Historical unemployment, widespread homelessness, stock market crashes, and failing crops characterized the American Great Depression; but could the immense suffering have actually been a good thing? In this episode Jac explains the start and end of the Great Depression, differences in the lives of people going through it, and the light on the other side. Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
14:02
May 8, 2020
President McKinley Was Assassinated?
Nat covers the assassination of President William McKinley.  Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat
16:56
May 6, 2020
Introducing "How Did We Not Know That"
Feel like the odd one out in your friend group when it comes to talking about world events? Wish you could finally come up with the facts to debate with that schmuck at work? Tired of having nothing but the weather to bring up on the first date?  If you always find yourself asking, "How did I not know that?" be sure to check out our first episode on Wednesday, May 6th.
01:10
May 3, 2020