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History Behind News

History Behind News

By (formerly ThePeel.news)

Weekly conversations with eminent scholars who explain and analyze the history behind current events. We call this peeling the history behind news.

Hey there Newspeelers. This is Adel, the host of the History Behind News podcast. I am committed to making history that is researched and written by scholars accessible and enjoyable to everyone. So while you won't find any highfalutin pontifications in our program, you will enjoy plenty of highly informative, shocking and humorous moments.

We have new episodes every Friday at 6 am EDT.
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S2E27: America's Election Violence, Electoral College & Minority Power

History Behind News

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S2E40: Russian Oil, OPEC's Power, Prices At the Pump - History of Petroleum
S2E40: Russian Oil, OPEC's Power, Prices At the Pump - History of Petroleum
Why was OPEC formed? Who were the Seven Sisters that ruled the world? How were oil prices determined in the past? And How are they determined now? Will oil and gas prices decrease more anytime soon?  For answers to these questions, I spoke with Ms. Jacqueline L. Weaver, a Professor of Law at the University of Houston Law Center. Her teaching and research interests cover oil and gas law, energy law and policy, international petroleum, and environmental and natural resources law. She has lectured on topics in international petroleum transactions in Africa, Kazakhstan, Lisbon, China and Bangkok. She is a co-author of Smith and Weaver, The Texas Law of Oil and Gas, and a national casebook titled Energy, Economics and the Environment; as well as another casebook titled International Petroleum Transactions and the treatise International Petroleum Exploration & Exploitation Agreement. She has written articles on offshore safety after the Macondo disaster in the Gulf of Mexico, energy markets, sustainable development in the international petroleum industry, comparative unitization laws, energy policy, and traditional oil and gas law topics. She worked as an economist in the Corporate Planning Department of Exxon Co. USA before joining the University of Houston Law Center. To learn more about Professor Weaver, you can visit her academic homepage. In addition, below is a link to another interesting episode: S1E26: Is Green Energy Truly Green?, Prof. KK DuVivier I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get future episode highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter
01:09:05
December 02, 2022
S2E39: Polarization of America's Politics. Prediction: polarization will begin to end in 5-10 years
S2E39: Polarization of America's Politics. Prediction: polarization will begin to end in 5-10 years
The "Red Wave" that was trumped up as a red tsunami never materialized... it barely lapped the shore (I am keeping with the wave analogy here).  So what happened? Did we Americans essentially fear the instability that election deniers pose to our democratic systems? If so, we must have feared this so much that we voted for the very party that most of us seem to blame for high inflation, which has always been the death knell for political parties in power in the U.S.  This is a story of geography, demography, money & minority rule. My guest in this episode is Dr. David Schultz, a Distinguished Hamline University Professor of Political Science and Legal Studies. He is also a professor of law at Hamline as well as the University of Minnesota Schools of Law, where he teaches election law. In this conversation, he tells me about what he believes to be the most important election in U.S. history: the presidential election of 1800. Why is this election important? Because it set the precedent for the losing political party to relinquish power. At the end of the day, Adams conceded his loss (hint, Mr. Trump).  Dr. Schultz explains how polarization has increased in America's politics over the last 50 years, and why polarization will decrease in the next decade (I know, I was surprised too). We also talk about a subject that has baffled and then angered me for years: Super PACs. Don't they threaten our democracy?  We end our conversation with another intriguing realization - that America's election winners are receiving only a minority of the votes. This is a crazy idea in a democracy. Yet, it is happening in ours.  To learn more about Dr. Schultz, you can visit his academic homepage. In addition, below are links to other interesting episodes:  S1E40: The Real Story of Thanksgiving, Dr. David Silverman S2E27: America's Election Disputes & Violence, Prof. Edward Foley S2E38: Chile's History of Polarized Politics, Dr. Claudio Fuentes I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get future episode highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:15:41
November 18, 2022
S2E38: Chile's History of Polarized Politics - from democracy to dictatorship and back to democracy, then rejection of a far left constitution
S2E38: Chile's History of Polarized Politics - from democracy to dictatorship and back to democracy, then rejection of a far left constitution
Before the CIA-supported 1973 coup that placed Pinochet in power, Chile enjoyed democracy for several decades. Remarkably, after less than a decade of Pinochet's brutal repression of his people, Chileans were able to slowly introduce changes that lay the foundation for the eventual return of democracy. This is a huge national accomplishment.  In this episode, Dr. Claudio Fuentes takes us through the history of Chile's polarized politics from prior to 1973 to 2022. Despite this polarization, Chile's democracy has survived. Perhaps the reason is that Chileans have experienced the alternative to democracy: Pinochet's years.  As our politics become more polarized here in the U.S., we can learn quite a lot from Chile, in how fragile democracy is, in how polarization can destroy democracy.  Dr. Fuentes is a professor at the School of Political Science at Diego Portales University in Chile. His academic interests focus on the study of political processes in Chile and Latin America, and in recent years on the study of the dynamics of institutional change. Among his many other recognitions, Dr. Fuentes won the award for the best doctoral thesis awarded by the American Political Science Association (APSA) and is a Luksic Fellow at Harvard University (2011). In Chile, was a member of the Presidential Anti-Corruption Advisory Council (2015). He is an associate researcher at the Center for Intercultural and Indigenous Studies (CIIR) and coordinates the Constitutional Laboratory at Diego Portales University. To learn more about Dr. Fuentes, you can visit his academic homepage. In addition, below are links to other episodes about U.S. interests, interference and even occupation of countries and nations in the Americas:  S2E35: Puerto Rico, Dr. Jorge Duany S1E24: Cuba's History, Dr. Lillian Guerra S1E23: Haiti's History, Dr. Robert Fatton I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get future episode highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution for episode's artwork image: "Classified documents with and without cover sheets found by the Federal Bureau of Investigation during its search of Mar-a-Lago in August 2022." Citation: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classified_information_in_the_United_States. Public Domain image. Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:05:13
November 11, 2022
S2E37: History of America's National Security - classified information, Mar-a-Lago documents, separation of powers & free speech
S2E37: History of America's National Security - classified information, Mar-a-Lago documents, separation of powers & free speech
Can a U.S. president declassify a document by merely thinking it?  My guest is Heidi Kitrosser, Professor of Law at Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law. Professor Kitrosser is an expert on the constitutional law of federal government secrecy and on separation of powers and free speech law… more broadly. She is the author of the following book: Reclaiming Accountability: Transparency, Executive Power, and the U.S. Constitution, which was awarded the 2014 Chicago-Kent College of Law / Roy C. Palmer Civil Liberties Prize. She is on the steering committee of a new initiative – the Free Expression Legal Network (FELN) spearheaded by Yale’s Media Freedom and Information Access Clinic and the Reporter’s Committee for Freedom of the Press She not only tackles the above question head-on, but she also gets into the history of classified information (e.g., Nixon's executive orders), and analyzes the culpability of the Judicial and Legislative branches of our government in giving the Executive branch more or less a free rein when it comes to classified information.  To learn more about Professor Kitrosser, you can visit her academic homepage. In addition, below is a link to a recent podcast that is relevant to our current news:  S2E27: U.S. Election Violence, Electoral College & Minority Winners, Professor Edward Foley  I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get future episode highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution for episode's artwork image: "Classified documents with and without cover sheets found by the Federal Bureau of Investigation during its search of Mar-a-Lago in August 2022." Citation: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classified_information_in_the_United_States. Public Domain image.  Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:04:54
November 04, 2022
S2E36: Xi Jinping - A Dictator's History of Hubris, Insecurity, Blunders & Overreach
S2E36: Xi Jinping - A Dictator's History of Hubris, Insecurity, Blunders & Overreach
Xi Jinping - a  third unprecedented term!   As China flexes its military muscles against Taiwan, Japan and its other neighbors, the world has come to doubt its peaceful intentions. And as its economy falters, for example in the real estate sector and beyond, the world is no longer spellbound by China's economic might.  All of this begs the following question: what happened to China's peaceful rise?  To answer that question, I spoke with Dr. Susan Shirk, who first visited China in 1971 and has been teaching, researching and engaging China diplomatically ever since. From 1997-2000, Dr. Shirk served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of East Asia and Pacific Affairs, with responsibility for China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Mongolia. Dr. Shirk is the chair of the 21st Century China Center in UC San Diego, and director emeritus of the UC Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC). She also co-chairs a task force of China experts that issued its second report in 2019, “Course Correction: Toward an Effective and Sustainable China Policy.” In addition, Dr. Shirk is the co-chair of the UC San Diego Forum on U.S.-China Relations, the first ongoing high-level forum focused entirely on the U.S.-China relationship. In this episode, I will speak to her about her most recent book… "Overreach: How China Derailed Its Peaceful Rise". To learn more about Dr. Shirk, including a list of her many publications, you can visit her academic homepage.  In addition, below are links to other episodes about Caribbean nations: S1E12: China's One-Child Policy, Dr. Wang S1E19: History of Hong Kong, Dr. Wasserstrom S2E1: China's Debt Crisis, Dr. Shih S2E29: Imperial China's History, Mr. Schuman I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get future episode highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution for episode's artwork image: Mar 14, 2012, Secretary Clinton and Vice President Biden hosted a lunch in honor of Vice President of the People's Republic of China, Xi Jinping, at the Department of State. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xi_Jinping Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:00:18
October 28, 2022
S2E35: Puerto Rico's Ambivalence Toward the U.S. - History of A Nation Without Its Own Country
S2E35: Puerto Rico's Ambivalence Toward the U.S. - History of A Nation Without Its Own Country
Hurricane Fiona devastated Puerto Rico last month, but it also brought focus, once more, to Puerto Rico's peculiar status within the United States... that it is a territory, not a state, despite the fact that more than 9 million Americans identify themselves as Puerto Rican. To better understand Puerto Rico's rich history, I spoke with Dr. Jorge Duany, who was born in Cuba and raised in Panama and Puerto Rico. Dr. Duany is the Director of the Cuban Research Institute and Professor of Anthropology in the Department of Global & Sociocultural Studies at Florida International University. And prior to that, he served as Acting Dean of the College of Social Sciences and Professor of Anthropology at the University of Puerto Rico.  Dr. Duany is the author, coauthor, editor, or coeditor of twenty-two books, including the following 4 that I am identifying here: 1st… Puerto      Rico: What Everyone Needs to Know  2nd… The Puerto      Rican Nation on the Move: Identities on the Island and in the United      States  3rd…Cuba and      Puerto Rico: Transdisciplinary Approaches to History, Literature, and      Culture  4th…Cubans in      Puerto Rico: Ethnic Economy and Cultural Identity  In addition, below are links to other episodes about Caribbean nations:  S1E24: Cuba's History, Dr. Lillian Guerra  S1E23: Haiti's History, Dr. Robert Fatton  I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get future episode highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:08:26
October 21, 2022
S2E34: Where Did Islam's Hijab Come From? Iran's History of Women's Rights
S2E34: Where Did Islam's Hijab Come From? Iran's History of Women's Rights
Zan. Zendeghi. Azadi.  Women. Life. Liberty.  This chant has become the slogan of the current protests in Iran, which started with the murder of Ms. Mahsa Amini by the so-called 'morality police'. And to be sure, this time in Iran is all about women's rights.  My guest is an expert in the history of hijab and women's rights in Iran. In this episode, Dr. Janet Afary talks about the plight of Iranian women in the context of Iran's rigid class hierarchy, going back all to the pre-Islamic Persian Empire.  We talk about love, love poems and marriage, and polygamy. She talks about the Shah's White Revolution, the liberations it brought for women and the enemies he made amongst the clergy because of it. From there, she explains Iran's progressive family planning laws (e.g., abortion up to 4 months), all of which were abrogated recently, causing more frustration among Iranians.  Dr. Afary is the author of many books on the history of Iran, women's rights there, and modern romance and sexual politics. Click here to learn more about her books.   In addition, below are links to other episodes about Iran: S2E33: Iranians of the 1979 Revolution, Dr. Naghmeh Sohrabi S2E25: Iran-U.S. Diplomacy, Dr. Vali Nasr S1E25: Iran's Leadership, Government Structure & Religion, Dr. Vali Nasr  And here is the link to Ms. Amanpour's interview with Ms. Ebadi: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/amanpour/id1060761517?i=1000581946452 I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get future episode highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:15:11
October 14, 2022
S2E33: Who Were the Iranians of the 1979 Revolution? Was it an Islamic revolution?
S2E33: Who Were the Iranians of the 1979 Revolution? Was it an Islamic revolution?
Mahsa Amini!  We know her name. Tragically, there are many more names like hers... many more Mahsa Aminis.  We have seen images and watched videos of brave Iranian women, and men, protest in the streets of Iran. Although we experience it from the safety of our homes, far away from the brutality of Iran's regime, it is still daunting to watch a young Iranian woman take off her hijab in public, cut her hair in protest and chant against Iran's Supreme Leader, its president and the Islamic Republic as a whole. What will happen to her? Will she be arrested? Will she become another Mahsa Amini?  We don't know if this is or will become a revolution. But we do know how the movements of the 1970s and street protests in 1978 culminated in the 1979 Revolution. And in this episode, we will learn a lot more about the people who brought about that cataclysmic revolution that changed everything... for the people of Iran.  My guest, Dr. Naghmeh Sohrabi, will take us through this history and also talk about her forthcoming book, which is tentatively titled "The Intimate Lives of a Revolution: Iran 1979.”  Also, here are two publications that Dr. Sohrabi recommends in this episode : Charles Kurzman: The Unthinkable Revolution in Iran. Ervand Abrahamian: “Structural Causes of the Iranian Revolution”. In addition, below are links to other episodes about Iran:  S2E25: Iran-U.S. Diplomacy, Dr. Vali Nasr S1E25: Iran's Leadership, Government Structure & Religion, Dr. Vali Nasr S2E34: Iran's History of Hijab, Women's Rights & Sexual Politics  I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get future episode highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:05:47
October 07, 2022
S2E32: History of Housing Booms & Busts, And Home Mortgages With Huge Balloon Payments
S2E32: History of Housing Booms & Busts, And Home Mortgages With Huge Balloon Payments
Home mortgage interest rates are going up, and home sales rates and even prices are going down.  In this episode, I speak with Dr. Price Fishback, of Eller College of Management at the University of Arizona, about America's history of real estate booms and busts and the history of home loans.  Of course, we can't talk about homes and home mortgages without getting into the history of governments' involvement. As it turns out, the U.S. government has been involved in U.S. real estate since the very beginning.  As the Great Depression wreaked havoc on our economy, causing a huge number of farm and family home foreclosures, the US government got involved in regulating, buying and backstopping mortgages. Of course, we are all familiar with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. These two agencies were supposedly not government programs and were supposedly not backed by the U.S. government. The trouble was, no one believed it. Americans associated these corporations with the US government, and rightfully so! As evidence, both corporations had to bend to popular demand and Congressional pressure, by both parties, to extend their lending policy from high-quality loans to include lower-quality loans that carried significant risk. Well, we know what happened eventually, because all lived through the Great Recession, to which the subprime loan crisis was significantly the cause.  In the Perspective segment of our conversation, Dr. Fishback talked about housing segregation. For more than a century, Black home ownership has consistently been about 20% below White home ownership. Many blame the Home Owner's Loan Corporation (HOLC), for institutionalizing housing segregation in America by creating maps that highlighted neighborhoods' racial and ethnic compositions. I had heard the term redlining and brought it up as well. Dr. Fishback is conducting an extensive and ongoing research on this topic. He believes that the history of HOLC, which is quite controversial, is misunderstood and he explained why.  Below, are links to other episodes about the U.S. economy:  S2E26: A Strong U.S. Dollar, Dr. Eichengreen S2E11: Inflation, Dr. White S1E18: Fed's History, Mr. Lowenstein I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get future episode highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:13:09
September 30, 2022
S2E31: Queen Victoria to Queen Elizabeth II - History of How Kings & Queens Adapted To Constitutional Monarchies
S2E31: Queen Victoria to Queen Elizabeth II - History of How Kings & Queens Adapted To Constitutional Monarchies
The year 1814 not only marks the end of the Napoleonic Wars, but also ushers in the era of constitutional monarchies. No longer could Kings and Queens of Britain, or emperors of France, wield absolute power. This drastic transformation forced monarchs to come to terms with their diminished powers, and to reign rather than to rule. This much is intuitive. And much of it is even codified in the constitutional laws of Britain.  But what is not so intuitive is the power left to constitutional monarchs, such as Queen Victoria or Queen Elizabeth II.  My guest is Dr. Heidi Mehrkens of the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. She explains that constitutional monarchs have been practicing the fine art of soft power. It's a balancing act to be accessible to the people - but not too accessible. So monarchs show their normalness, like their normal families. This practice dates back to 1837 in Britain, the year Queen Victoria began her reign. The surprising aspect of this power, though less than absolute power, is that it has connected the monarchs to their people. This was not at all the case prior to the 1789 French Revolution.   Dr. Mehrkens has many stories to share with us in this episode, such as tourism of monarchy and a prince who thought he would never die - because he was the heir to the throne.  To learn more about Dr. Mehrkens, listen to this podcast and also visit his academic homepage. Below, are links to other episodes about climate: S2E19: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Dr. Frost S2E22: Finland's Wars With Russia, Dr. Lavery S2E28: Hungary's History, Dr. Nemes I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get podcast highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:07:28
September 23, 2022
S2E30: Discriminating Floods, Inland vs. Coastal Communities - history of America's floods and stories from Florida & Louisiana
S2E30: Discriminating Floods, Inland vs. Coastal Communities - history of America's floods and stories from Florida & Louisiana
Did you know that at one point in our recent history, the Army Corp of Engineers and other local developers encouraged Americans to live in the very shadows of our levees? Lots of people made money. Politicians won elections. And then, the levees broke and all those homes were flooded.  This is a general narrative that applies to the infrastructure and property developments of many urban areas. It's a history of failed flood prevention policies. This history would not be complete without talking about home insurance policies, both federal and private, which incentivized many Americans, particularly poor Americans, to live in flood zone - in areas that are not natural human habitats.  In addition to climate change, building and living in flood-prone areas is probably one of the biggest contributing factors to devastating floods, which have increased in frequency and ferocity.  Lucky for us, my guest has many suggestions for what can be done, and he has already implemented much of his flood prevention policies in Louisiana, where nature has been incorporated to help us live with floods, instead of constantly fighting it.  To learn more about Prof. Verchick, listen to this podcast and also visit his academic homepage.  Below, are links to other episodes about climate:  S1E42: America's Water Rights, Prof. Craig  S1E38: Climate Change Laws, Prof. Takacs  S1E26: History of Green Energy, Prof. DuVivier I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get podcast highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:04:27
September 16, 2022
S2E29: China - history's longest superpower!
S2E29: China - history's longest superpower!
China's version of world history is different than ours - much different.  In their version, the Chinese get their inspiration from their own emperors, ministers, heroes, poets, philosophers, and other historic figures. In a nutshell, Western historic figures were largely irrelevant to China and its history, at least until the 19th century, when China came into military conflict with the Europeans.  To be sure, China had faced many fierce enemies, lost many wars, and conquered many times. But the Europeans were different. Unlike all its prior enemies, the Europeans did not hold China's civilization in high esteem.  China views its humiliating losses from the 1830s to the 1940s as a mere aberration, a disruption, of its long and consistent history of being a superpower.  There is much that we don't know about China. And frankly, as China reaches the status of a global superpower, that's more than a little disconcerting.  To better understand China’s history and its own perception of its history, I spoke with Michael Schuman, who is a nonresident senior fellow in the Atlantic Council’s Global China Hub. He is also a contributing writer to The Atlantic, and was previously a foreign correspondent for the Wall Street Journal and Time magazine. His most recent book is Superpower Interrupted: The Chinese History of the World – which we discussed here. His two previous books are Confucius and the World He Created, and also The Miracle: The Epic Story of Asia’s Quest for Wealth. As a journalist, Mr. Schuman has had 25 years of experience in Asia and, for this conversation, he joined us from Beijing. To learn more about Mr. Schuman, you can visit his homepage, the link for which is provided in the detailed caption of this episode. Below, are links to other episodes about China:  S2E1: China's real estate, Prof. Shih S1E19: Hong Kong & a Century of Humiliation, Prof. Wasserstrom S1E12: China's Brutal One-Child Policy, Prof. Wang I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get podcast highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:13:31
September 09, 2022
S2E28: Viktor Orbán: "We do not want to become peoples of mixed race" - history of the Hungarian people
S2E28: Viktor Orbán: "We do not want to become peoples of mixed race" - history of the Hungarian people
From "forgotten barbarians" to 896; to Mongols, Ottomans and Austrians; Hitler's Germany and USSR, to now!  The "now" aspect of this question is quite important, because as Dr. Robert Nemes will explain in this episode, for most Hungarians now, their nation may seem rather homogenous. And as far as living memory goes, this perception may be correct. But once we dig a little deeper into history, most Hungarians, including our guest's own ancestors, are indeed "peoples of mixed race".  For reasons that Dr. Nemes explains, Hungarians date their history back to 896, after which, despite some military defeats, Hungary becomes a kingdom around 1,000 CE and thrives, experiencing wealth (gold and silver mines) and health (population growth). This success continues despite the utter devastation wrought by the Mongol invasion. As Hungary recovers and even repels the second Mongol invasion, its borders reach the Adriatic.  The Ottoman period is another negative and devastating period in Hungary's history. One particular reason is that their country was split into three parts, and the Austrian Habsburgs also encroach on Hungary, eventually dominating it. But the story of loss doesn't stop there. After WWI, Hungary loses more than 70% of its territory! This loss, imposed by the post-war peace agreement, continues to be relevant in Hungary's nationalistic politics today.  Dr. Nemes is a professor of history at Colgate University and has been visiting Budapest since soon after the fall of the Berlin Wall… where he could see bullet-ridden buildings from the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. He is the author of The Once and Future Budapestand Another Hungary: The Nineteenth-Century Provinces in Eight Lives. He is also co-editor of Sites of European Antisemitism in the Age of Mass Politics, 1880-1918. To learn more about Dr. Nemes, you can visit his academic homepage. In this episode, we also made references to the histories of other European nations. Lucky for us, we have previously produced episodes about them as well: S2E5: Who Are Ukrainians?  S2E8: Wars in Ukraine.  S2E22: Finland's wars against Russia.  S2E19: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. I hope you enjoy these episodes.  Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get podcast highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:04:42
September 02, 2022
S2E27: America's Election Violence, Electoral College & Minority Power
S2E27: America's Election Violence, Electoral College & Minority Power
Disputing the outcome of the 2020 presidential election continues to play a major role in GOP politics. This begs the question: how have election disputes been handled in our history? Are we progressing at election dispute resolution in the march of our history? Or are we regressing?  Intertwined with those questions is the quagmire of election disputes themselves. Has our Constitution created a working system for us? This one is a trick question for two reasons. First, our electoral college system now is not the same one that our founders envisaged. Second, the election system that we think we have is not what we actually have in practice. In one particular aspect, our founders wanted majority winners in our elections, specifically with respect to presidential elections. But under our current system, a candidate can win the White House with a minority of the national and state popular votes.  My guest, Professor Edward Foley, analyzes all of this for us, gives us models from history on how election disputes should be resolved, and then shares anecdotes of election-related violence, and one frightening election that almost caused a second civil war.  Professor Foley is the author of Presidential Elections and Majority Rule, and also Ballot Battles: The History of Disputed Elections in the United States, which was named a Finalist for the David J. Langum Prize in American Legal History and listed as one of 100 “must-read books about law and social justice”. He holds the Ebersold Chair in Constitutional Law at The Ohio State University, where he also directs its election law program. He is a contributing opinion columnist for the Washington Post, and for the 2020 election season, he served as an NBC News election law analyst. And here is the link to my conversation with Daniel Okrent about Prohibition and the 1920 census (S2E24), which I also discuss in this podcast episode.  I hope you enjoy these two episodes, Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get podcast highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:11:31
August 26, 2022
S2E26: Strength of the U.S. Dollar - how does it impact the world?
S2E26: Strength of the U.S. Dollar - how does it impact the world?
Is a strong U.S. dollar good for us Americans? Is it good for Europeans, specifically those whose currency is the Euro? How about emerging countries? Is a strong U.S. dollar good for them? What if those emerging markets borrow in dollars? Then, wouldn't a strong dollar make servicing those debts more difficult for them? And if so, should the Federal Reserve - America's central bank, take the economic well-being of other countries, e.g., developing nations, into consideration when it sets and changes its monetary policies? Hm! Believe it or not, this issue has been raised in international conferences.  For answers to all these questions, we speak with Professor Barry Eichengreen, the Chair and Distinguished Professor of Economics and Professor of Political Science at UC Berkeley. Dr. Eichengreen has won many prestigious awards for teaching and his scholarship, and he was named one of Foreign Policy Magazine's 100 Leading Global Thinkers in 2011. He is a past president of the Economic History Association, and a Research Associate of the NBER.  In this episode, Dr. Eichengreen talks about the history of the dollar's valuation - from its zenith to its nadir, and provides many anecdotes that liven the discussions (think pizza coins).  And here is the link to my previous conversation with Dr. Eichengreen about cryptocurrency (S2E12). I hope you enjoy these two episodes,  Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast HIGHLIGHTS: get podcast highlights in your inbox. SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:04:19
August 19, 2022
S2E25: How America Might Have Contained Iran, Back In 2003! History of U.S.-Iran failed diplomacy.
S2E25: How America Might Have Contained Iran, Back In 2003! History of U.S.-Iran failed diplomacy.
Why doesn't America have diplomatic communications with Iran? Why does Iran pursue a nuclear program?  In this episode, I speak with Dr. Vali Nasr about the history of U.S.-Iran diplomacy, or more precisely, the lack thereof. But it didn't have to be this way. Dr. Nasr tells the story about historic moments of missed opportunities, where we could have perhaps better managed our relationship with Iran and averted more crises and instability in the region.  Dr. Nasr is a Professor of Middle East Studies and International Affairs at Johns Hopkins University… and from 2012 to 2019 he served as the Dean of Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies. Dr. Nasr has advised senior American policymakers, including the President, Secretary of State, senior members of Congress, and presidential campaigns. He has authored many books on the Middle East and its proximate regions, including The Dispensable Nation: American Foreign Policy in Retreat, which we talk about in this episode. To learn more about Dr. Nasr, visit his academic homepage. Also, don't forget to listen to last year's conversation with Dr. Nasr re Ayatollahs In Iran... Shi'ism & Iran's Complex Leadership Structure (S1E25). I hope you enjoy these two episodes. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast The episode image is an Iranian newspaper clip from 1968 reads: "A quarter of Iran's Nuclear Energy scientists are women." The picture shows some female Iranian PhDs posing in front of Tehran's research reactor. Get podcast highlights in your inbox.  SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:12:57
August 12, 2022
S2E24: Awesome Political Power of Minority Interests - History of Prohibition & A US Census That Was Ignored
S2E24: Awesome Political Power of Minority Interests - History of Prohibition & A US Census That Was Ignored
The forgotten story of what happened to the 1920 Census! The 1910s was a big decade in U.S. history.  Here are some highlights from that decade. judge for yourself: (1) WWI, (2) the Spanish flu pandemic, (3) the income tax Constitutional amendment, (4) U.S. senators' popular election Constitutional amendment, (5) women's right to vote Constitutional amendment, and (6) the alcohol ban Constitutional amendment. Also, in 1920 Congress and the White House turned red - meaning Republicans won. Then came the 1920s!  Along with Prohibition, in the Roaring '20s, there was another story that has remained unnoticed by most historians. It's a shocking story of an egregious violation of the U.S Constitution by the U.S. Congress. And behind it all were the determined forces of a minority of Americans.  To learn more about this story, we spoke with Daniel Okrent, author of the Last Call, The Rise And Fall of Prohibition, which won the Albert J. Beveridge prize, awarded by the American Historical Association to the year's best book of American history, and was used as a major source for the PBS miniseries Prohibition directed by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick. In the last segment of our conversation, Mr. Okrent draws parallels between the Prohibition forces a century ago and Pro-Life forces now. They both represent the will of a minority of Americans Yet, they both won. Note though, Prohibition was eventually repealed, which can be attributed to our guest's concluding statement - that we cannot legislate against human desire.  I wonder if there are lessons here for our time? For the abortion fight that is tearing our country apart.  Mr. Okrent served as the first public editor of The New York Times newspaper, and he has also been the editor of other publications, such as Alfred A. Knopf, Harcourt, Esquire Magazine, New England Monthly and Life Managzine. He also served on the board of the Smithsonian’s National Portrait Gallery for 12 years, including a four-year term as chairman, and remains a board member of the Skyscraper Museum and the Authors Guild. To learn more about Mr. Okrent, please visit his homepage. I hope you enjoy this episode. Adel Host of the History Behind News podcast S1E31: History of the Spanish flu Pandemic SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Click to follow us on Twitter ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
56:18
August 05, 2022
Midseason Reflections & Highlights
Midseason Reflections & Highlights
Enjoy our midseason recap of our prior episodes. And here is a link to reflections of season one, including highlights.  I hope you have a great summer and please stay tuned for our next episode.  Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   Twitter   Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
23:43
June 24, 2022
S2E23: Organizing in Starbucks, Amazon & More - History of Labor Unions in America
S2E23: Organizing in Starbucks, Amazon & More - History of Labor Unions in America
Are Starbucks employees happy? No, they are/were not happy. It was all Starbucks branding. And it worked for a long time - until Covid!  This is according to our podcast guest, Professor Kate Bronfenbrenner, Director of Labor Education Research at the Industrial and Labor Relations School of Cornell University.  She is the co-author and editor of several peer-reviewed books on union and employer strategies, and she has testified as an expert witness at Labor Department and Congressional hearings and is frequently quoted in the major news media. Professor Bronfenbrenner is the recipient of many awards, most notably, the 2020 George D. Levy Faculty Award for outstanding community-engaged learning, and, one of Cornell's highest honors, the Carpenter Memorial Advising Award, in 2012. In this episode, Dr. Bronfenbrenner takes us through the history of labor unions in America. I learned a great deal from her. Starting with the very basics, I realized that there is no such thing as the golden age of labor unions. I had assumed that era existed from the 1940s to the 1960s. But she corrected me with a simple retort: depends on which group of workers you are talking about!  The history of unions is intertwined with immigration, tightly so. And unions have been able to organize internationally, to blunt corporations' threats of offshoring work. These days, service industry unions are much more powerful and numerous than traditional unions in heavy industries, such as mining and manufacturing. But those traditional unions have also changed. Get this: they now advocate environmental causes and fight against climate change.  At the conclusion of our conversation, I asked Dr. Bronfenbrenner about the latest news regarding labor unions. She explained that these are mostly organizing victories. They still have to get the contracts, and for that workers need broader support.  I hope you enjoy this episode. Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast S2E15: History of Censorship in America SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   Twitter   Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
55:07
June 17, 2022
S2E22: Finland Is Joining NATO - “Never Again Alone”, Finland’s History of War and Uneasy Peace with Russia
S2E22: Finland Is Joining NATO - “Never Again Alone”, Finland’s History of War and Uneasy Peace with Russia
The 1939 Winter War is Finland's creation story. It's a war that Finland fought virtually alone, relying only on its own weapons and resources, against the might of the Soviet Union. It's a war that the USSR failed to win. And it's a war that Stalin believed he would win within 12 days!  After 700 years of being an integral part of the Swedish Empire, Finland was taken by Russia in 1808 and eventually annexed. After the Russian Empire ceased to exist in 1917, Finland declared its independence and then fought a bloody and brutal civil war against its own Bolsheviks. Unlike many former lands and nations of the Russian Empire, such as Ukraine, Finland managed to keep its independence. But as the power of the Third Reich increased in Europe, the Soviets attacked Finland. And despite their inability to win against a smaller and weaker Finnish force, the Russians did gain what they were looking for. Hint: Finland lost territory to USSR.  Since Finland has suddenly ended its decades-long policy of appeasing Russia by applying for NATO membership, we decided to examine Finland's recent history to better understand not only its similarities but also its differences with Ukraine's history and challenges.  To dig deep into Finland's history, we spoke with Dr. Jason Lavery who joined us from Helsinki for this conversation. He is a permanent adjunct professor at Helsinki University, and also a professor at Oklahoma State University's Dept. of History.  To learn more about Dr. Lavery, his many projects and publications, visit his academic homepage and also personal website. I hope you enjoy this episode. Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast S2E20: Why We Wage War? S2E8: History of Ukraine's Wars S2E19: Poland and Ukraine SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   Twitter   Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:07:60
June 10, 2022
S2E21: Congressional UFO Hearings - human history of UFO stories, searches & science
S2E21: Congressional UFO Hearings - human history of UFO stories, searches & science
How many extraterrestrial beings live on Jupiter? How about on the moon? Philosophers and theologians actually figured this out several centuries ago! They also grappled with another burning question - that since extraterrestrial beings haven't heard the Gospel, then how will they be saved in the afterlife? Good one, right!?! The study of UFOs goes back all the way to Babylonians. While UFOs weren't called UFOs then, there was significant appreciation, interest and quest for what's out there in the heavens. Our modern interest in UFOs is very much Americanized. It started in the 1940s, and soon after the term UFO was coined. So it's only natural to call the people who study UFOs Ufologists. But do these Ufologists, who spend a great deal of time and resources on researching UFOs, receive academic degrees for their work? Like doctorates? And do they make money from their UFO-related activities? To better understand UFOs, Ufologists and the history of UFOs, we spoke with Greg Eghigian, who joined us from Berlin for this conversation. He is a professor of history at PennState College of the Liberal Arts, and the Former Director of the Science, Technology, and Society Program there. Professor Eghigian’s interest is now focused on studying the history of supernatural and paranormal phenomena. In particular, he is writing a book about the history of UFO sightings and claims of alien contact throughout the world. It’s a book about the human history of UFOs, one that we’ll also talk about in this episode. To learn more about Professor Eghigian, his many projects and publications, particularly those about UFOs, visit his academic homepage.  I hope you enjoy this episode. Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Science Series - more UFOs and "Space Junk" SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   Twitter   Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:05:25
June 03, 2022
S2E20:  War Continues In Ukraine - 5 Reasons For Wars In History
S2E20: War Continues In Ukraine - 5 Reasons For Wars In History
"War is hard and finding peace is easier than you think." Are you surprised by this statement? I know I was. I thought that we humans are inherently war-prone and that our inclination is to solve our intractable problems through violence.  This is where Professor Christopher Blattman's timely book Why We Fight (just published in April) is instructive. In it, he describes five reasons why conflict triumphs over compromise. He provides examples of how war can be avoided and why it is waged - from the war in Ukraine to drug wars in Colombia and gang violence in Chicago. He also articulates the Game Theory as it is related to decisions about war.  Professor Blattman is a faculty member in The Pearson Institute for the Study and Resolution of Global Conflicts at the University of Chicago, and focuses on why some people and societies are poor, unequal and violent, and how to tackle these issues. I hope you enjoy this episode. Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Russian Revolutions, Prof. Steinberg Wars in Ukraine, Prof. Stone Who are Ukrainians?, Prof. Wanner Poland's History In Ukraine, Prof. Frost  Finland's Winter War, Prof. Lavery SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   Twitter   Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:08:49
May 27, 2022
S2E19: Ukraine Was Part of A Country Lost To History - the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
S2E19: Ukraine Was Part of A Country Lost To History - the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Why does Ukraine look to the West for inspiration as opposed to Russia? To answer this question, we have to understand the history of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest and most populous countries in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries - a country that is now lost to history, a country that engulfed much of modern-day Ukraine.  The government of this Commonwealth was a mixture of different forms of ruling systems - e.g., monarchy, aristocracy and a republic, with many checks and balances that limited the powers of its elected kings. Later in its history, the Commonwealth adopted the first modern European constitution. In addition, the ruling elite of this polity mainly were Catholic. All of this, including Catholicism, affected Ukraine's history, and its preference for a consensual form of government.  As Professor Robert Frost explains in this episode, Ukraine was occupied by this Commonwealth and ruled from Krakow just as long, if not longer, than it has been occupied by Russia and ruled from Moscow. Professor Frost is the Chair of History at the University of Aberdeen. For the last 22 years, his main research interest has been in the history of the Polish-Lithuanian Union and its legacy. Visit his academic homepage to learn more about his extensive scholarship. I hope you enjoy this episode. Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Russian Revolutions, Prof. Steinberg Wars in Ukraine, Prof. Stone Who are Ukrainians?, Prof. Wanner SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. Image attribution: by Rzeczpospolita2nar at Wikipedia under CC BY-SA 3.0 license.  🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   Twitter   Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:14:52
May 20, 2022
S2E18: Florida's History - from Disney to DeSantis to Special Districts
S2E18: Florida's History - from Disney to DeSantis to Special Districts
Why does FL Disney World have a special district but CA Disneyland does not? And how special is Florida's special district anyway? Why does a locality or a corporation need a special district anyway? What are the benefits? How prevalent are special districts in our country? How about in FL? And when it comes to FL, is Mr. DeSantis a more powerful governor than his predecessors?  To learn more about all of this, I spoke with Professor James Clark, who lives in Orlando. He is an award-winning journalist and a history lecturer at the University of Central Florida. He is the author of 9 books, including Hidden History of Florida, A Concise History of Florida, Orlando Florida - A Brief History, and Presidents in Florida. I hope you enjoy this episode. Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Prof. Gary, history of censorship, including abortion materials SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   Twitter   Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
01:04:43
May 13, 2022
S2E17: Chinese Satellite Crashes Into the Moon - history & dangers of Space Debris > 50,000 pieces traveling at 15x speed of a bullet
S2E17: Chinese Satellite Crashes Into the Moon - history & dangers of Space Debris > 50,000 pieces traveling at 15x speed of a bullet
I recently came across a Wall Street Journal article about a four-ton Chinese rocket booster that was anticipated to crash into the moon and expected to leave a 65-foot-diameter crater. This crash is different than all other human-related crashes into the moon because this one was unintentional! According to the article, humans have been crashing spacecraft into the moon for the last 60 years. And, it's not just the moon crashes that are alarming. The mass of human-made space debris is a grave concern as well, as it poses a danger to astronauts, space tourists and the environment in space, not to mention its potential for disrupting technology on earth!  To better understand this news and the history behind it, I spoke with Moriba Jah, a well-recognized expert on this topic. Moriba is an associate professor of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics at The University of Texas at Austin. He’s won numerous awards and has many accomplishments, too many to list here. To learn more about Moriba, visit his academic homepage, the link for which is provided in the detailed caption of this episode. And visit Privateer, Moriba's super cool startup.  I hope you enjoy this episode. Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast UFOs, S1E21 Science Series SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   Twitter   Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast.
51:41
May 06, 2022
S2E16: Assassinate Putin? - history of Russia’s leaders, revolutions and people: "we can't live like this anymore!"
S2E16: Assassinate Putin? - history of Russia’s leaders, revolutions and people: "we can't live like this anymore!"
Professor Steinberg explains that Peter the Great and Catherine the Great were great not because of their many reforms, but because they expanded the Russian Empire. President Putin, who some contemporary Russians believe to be great, admires Peter the Great. This explains a lot, doesn't it? By conquering Ukraine, Russia immediately becomes an empire, making Mr. Putin a "great" Russian leader. The irony of Mr. Putin's admiration of Peter and Catherine is that they Europeanized Russia. This doesn't distress Mr. Putin. He has an explanation for it.  But the greatness of Russia's leaders, be they autocratic presidents or absolutist monarchs, doesn't square with Russia's many revolutions, rebellions, coups and assassinations. That's because Russia is an extremely complex nation. In this episode, Professor Mark Steinberg of the Dept. of History at the University of Urbana-Champaign, tells about the Russian people and their refrain, "we can't live like this anymore!"  Prof. Steinberg's research focuses on the city, revolutions, emotions, violence, space, moralities, and utopia. He is the author of many books about Russia, including Voices of Revolution, 1917, and The Russian Revolution, 1905-1921; and also Russian Utopia. I hope you enjoy this episode. Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Who are Ukrainians? History of Wars in Ukraine. Podcast Series: post-USSR SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news is available wherever you get your podcast. 
01:08:30
April 29, 2022
S2E15: Pulitzer Prize-Winning Book Banned - French postcards, sex, race suicide & book burnings... America's history of censorship
S2E15: Pulitzer Prize-Winning Book Banned - French postcards, sex, race suicide & book burnings... America's history of censorship
French postcards were as close as one could get to Playboy in the 19th century. And apparently, they were ubiquitous in America, particularly during the Civil War. And according to our guest, Professor Brett Gary, that's a good starting point to talk about the history of censorship in America.  Anthony Comstock served in the Civil War and was appalled by the volume of pornography enjoyed by Union soldiers. After the war, he manifested his dedication to upholding Christian morality by becoming an anti-vice activist to root out obscene literature. To be sure, many were committed to this cause. But it was Comstock who had the power to impose his righteousness on others because of his positions as the U.S. Postal Inspector and secretary of the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice. Later, the federal and many states' mini Comstock laws were named after him. With these laws, the vice squad raided bookstores, threatened publishers, and removed books from libraries. And surprisingly, these laws are still on the books, even if they are rarely enforced.  But as time wore on, the U.S. Supreme Court, particularly during the Warren Court, restricted the scope of the Comstock laws. So in our time, while there is no censorship of adult literature, school literature continues to be subject to local scrutiny and banning. The latest high-profile such censorship was in Tennessee, where "Maus", a Pulitzer Prize-winning book about the Holocaust was banned.  Professor Gary takes us through the history of censorship, including the pre-Civil War fear of "race suicide", all the way to the story of "Maus." He teaches at NYU's Dept. of Media, Culture, and Communication, and his recent book is titled Dirty Works, Obscenity on Trial in America's First Sexual Revolution. Enjoy this episode. Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Who are Ukrainians?  Who are Kazakhs?  History of Wars in Ukraine. Podcast Series: post-USSR SUPPORT: please click here and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In
01:08:19
April 22, 2022
S2E14: U.S. Civil War Compared to the War In Ukraine - Trading With the Enemy!
S2E14: U.S. Civil War Compared to the War In Ukraine - Trading With the Enemy!
Does the history of the U.S. Civil War have anything to teach about our time? Yes, a lot. I know! This does sound amazing, even a bit fantastic. But our guest, Roger Lowenstein, who has written several New York Times bestsellers, makes sense of it all and brings the perspective of the past to make sense of our present. Examples include cries of blasphemy for the introduction of paper money, general Grant's and Sherman's frustration with the Union policy of buying cotton from the South while waging war against it (this is not a typo), and the Southern elite's delusion that secession won't lead to war. And somehow, Mr. Lowenstein connects these rich stories from the past to their current counterparts. Visit his homepage to learn more about his many books and other publications, as well as his passions and projects.    I hope you enjoy this episode and learn some about our present challenges from the U.S. Civil War.  Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Bitcoins from a volcano! Prof. Eichengreen, S2E12 20% inflation? Prof. White, S2E11 Federal Reserve's, history. Mr. Lowenstein, S1E18 U.S. Economy Series SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
01:13:29
April 08, 2022
S2E13: Saga of Nobel Laureates' Patents - CRISPR history, application, ownership & ethics
S2E13: Saga of Nobel Laureates' Patents - CRISPR history, application, ownership & ethics
Did Nobel Prize-winners lose a CRISPR patent? Lucky for us, Dr. Samantha Zyontz has spent years studying CRISPR, its development and growing research, its myriad wonderful applications (think beer!) and ownership disputes. And get this, years ago, she even predicted that the scientific work on CRISPR will one day win the Nobel Prize. Of course, she was right! What preceded and followed that Nobel Prize is years of patent litigation, and ethical discussions - gene editing!  Dr. Zyont of Stanford Law School is Research Fellow, Intellectual Property, and Fellow, Center for Law and the Biosciences. To learn more about her scholarships and many projects, visit her academic homepage.  I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about this important technology: CRISPR! Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast History of U.S. Patent System (S1E17) SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
01:04:49
April 01, 2022
S2E12: Bitcoins From A Volcano? History of Dollar's Dominance, Paper Dollars & Digital Dollars
S2E12: Bitcoins From A Volcano? History of Dollar's Dominance, Paper Dollars & Digital Dollars
Will a host of privately minted cryptocurrencies displace the U.S. dollar? Professor Eichengreen tells us about a period in which private American banks issued their own notes. It was a chaotic time that ended with the Civil War. Why does this matter? Because not only is cryptocurrency all the rage with investors but also the U.S. government is getting into the game. The Federal Reserve had been studying digital dollars, and President Biden recently issued a cryptocurrency executive order. Our guest, Mr. Barry Eichengreen, is a Distinguished Professor of Economics and Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley, and he is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research (Cambridge, Massachusetts) and Research Fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (London, England). Prof. Eichengreen is the author of Exorbitant Privilege: The Rise and Fall of the Dollar and the Future of the International Monetary System (see Amazon). His latest article is "Digital Currencies - More than a Passing Fad?" In this episode, he answers questions like what is cryptocurrency? What is it used for and are there different types? What percentage of world trade is conducted in U.S. dollars and will cryptocurrency endanger the dollar's dominance? Why are countries such as Iran, China and Venezuela interested in cryptocurrency? And what about El Salvador? Is it a joke that they want to harness the power of a volcano to mint Bitcoins? I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about the history of the U.S. dollar, its dominance and the rise of the digital dollar.  Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast U.S. Economy Series SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
01:01:12
March 25, 2022
S2E11: 20% inflation! A History of Gold, Great Depression, Nixon, Volker, Bernanke & Free Banking
S2E11: 20% inflation! A History of Gold, Great Depression, Nixon, Volker, Bernanke & Free Banking
Double-digit inflation during WWI, and then again in the '70s! Thankfully, Professor White explains that in the past high inflation looked like a Christmas tree, meaning that it came down just as fast as it had shot up.  During our podcast conversation, Professor White answered the following questions: Is inflation due to issues of supply chain or supply of money? What was inflation like during the previous major pandemic, the Spanish flu? How did the Fed handle inflation during the Great Depression? What do the famous Nixon tapes reveal about his handling of inflation? How did Volker tame inflation? What did Milton Friedman and Ben Bernanke say about the Great Depression and the Fed's handling of inflation? Is fiat money terrible for inflation?    In this episode, Prof. Lawerence White, Dept. of Economics, George Mason University, tells us about the history of inflation, banking and money. He has been a visiting lecturer at the Swiss National Bank and the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. His forthcoming book is Better Money, Fiat, Gold or Bitcoin.  I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about the history of U.S. inflation.   Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast U.S. Economy Series SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
01:03:56
March 18, 2022
S2E10: Why Was Civil War Pension Still Paid In 2020? History of America’s Entitlement Programs
S2E10: Why Was Civil War Pension Still Paid In 2020? History of America’s Entitlement Programs
Although he did not utter the words "Build Back Better", President Biden tried to salvage parts of his huge social stimulus bill by mentioning them in his State of the Union Address. It didn't work. Senator Manchin remains unpersuaded.  So when did the U.S. government start doling out social benefits anyway? What did John Quincy Adams say about one particular pension program? Which was the party of high tariffs and high pensions? Which three presidents successfully reformed social welfare programs? Which president decreased them the most? How did FDR's New Deal change America's social welfare culture? How did our social benefits programs hemorrhage into the costly colossus that they are now? And what are some of the recent eye-popping statistics for "mandatory" spending programs? In this episode, Professor John Cogan, a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and a Professor of Public Policy Program at Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, tells the history of America's entitlements, including a story of longevity, love and marriage, along with eye-popping economic stats. He is the of The High Cost of Good Intentions: A History of U.S. Federal Entitlement Programs. (See in Amazon). I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about the long history of America's entitlement programs.  Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast U.S. Economy Series  SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA:  YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
01:08:14
March 11, 2022
S2E9: What Does Putin Want? - evolution of his ideology
S2E9: What Does Putin Want? - evolution of his ideology
"The Putin Puzzle: Why Ukraine? Why Now?" is a recent WSJ essay by Professor Kathryn Stoner of Stanford University. She is also the author of Russia Resurrected: Its Power and Purpose in a New Global Order, a 2021 book published by Oxford University Press.     In this episode, Professor Stoner tells us about Mr. Putin's early years, his moment of shock in Dresden when he received no help from Moscow in response to anti-communist protests. The year was 1989!  She also talks about Mr. Putin's love of the Russian Empire - its geography, which he expresses now with nationalism and also his support of the Russian Orthodox Church. His pride in Russia was exhibited in his renovation of historic Russian Empire palaces, and his attempts to create a modern, stable Russian economy, about which Professor Stoner educates us as well.  So does Mr. Putin want to resurrect the Soviet Union? Our news media seems to think so, as they often repeat Mr. Putin's infamous line that the collapse of the Soviet empire “was the greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the [20th] century”. But there is a second part to this statement that is not often repeated. It provides a clue to Mr. Putin's true intentions, which Professor Stoner sets out to explain in this episode.     To learn more about Dr. Stoner, her academic work many publications and projects, visit her academic homepage.   I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about Mr. Putin and Russia.      Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Post-Soviet States Series SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA:  YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
52:02
March 04, 2022
S2E8: Wars in Ukraine, A History of Russian Imperialism And Insecurity
S2E8: Wars in Ukraine, A History of Russian Imperialism And Insecurity
Dr. David Stone, U.S. Naval War College, is an expert on Russian military history. He takes us back to a treaty in 1654, one that Russia cites as the basis of its claim to Ukraine. From there, he explains the history of wars in Ukraine, from Peter the Great to Catherine the Great, and then to Vladimir Lenin, WWI and Ukraine's declaration of statehood, and then to the catastrophe of famine in the 1930s and the calamity of WWII.  Dr. Stone is the author of the following books:  Hammer and Rifle: The Militarization of the Soviet Union (2000)  A Military History of Russia (2006)  The Russian Army in the Great War: The Eastern Front, 1914-1917 (2015) He is also the editor of The Soviet Union at War, 1941-1945 (2010). To learn more about Dr. Stone, his academic work many publications and projects, visit his academic homepage, I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about wars and battles in Ukraine and against Ukraine.   Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Post-Soviet States Series SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: to watch the host of ThePeel.news, Adel, peel the history behind news with distinguished professors and critically acclaimed authors, follow us on social media by clicking the following links: YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
54:11
February 25, 2022
S2E7: Why Don't We Have A Cure For Alzheimer's Disease - history & future
S2E7: Why Don't We Have A Cure For Alzheimer's Disease - history & future
"Alzheimer's Disease of forgetting was a forgotten disease" for most of the 20th century, says Dr. Gil Rabinovici of UCSF.    In this episode, he tells us the history of Alzheimer's disease since its discovery and explains why we have yet to discover the cure for AD. In addition, he describes the innovations that ushered in the modern era of AD research. Dr. Rabinovici shares the exciting goal of his large clinical studies. And after giving us some frightening figures about the projected increase of AD population in the U.S., he ends our discussion with a great message of hope - don't be afraid. You can live a long, functional life with AD. In case you were wondering, the news that we are peeling in this episode is Biogen's ADUHELM AD drug - its exciting promise that failed to materialize, confusing product launch, and highly publicized controversy.    To learn more about Dr. Rabinovici, his work and publications, visit his academic homepage.  I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about the history and future of Alzheimer's Disease.   Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Public Health Series SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA:  YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms:  Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
56:58
February 21, 2022
S2E6: Have You Gotten Your Booster Shot? - who has the authority over vaccines, a legal history
S2E6: Have You Gotten Your Booster Shot? - who has the authority over vaccines, a legal history
Should the CDC be independent?  Professor Dorit Reiss of U.C. Hastings Law explains two recent Supreme Court decisions and their practical implications on President Biden's vaccine mandates. She also explains the history behind America’s vaccines laws. For example, do we have federal vaccine laws? Does the federal government have the power to set working conditions for its own employees? Why is it that the CDC seems to have less power than many other federal agencies, such as the FDA? Are there benefits to our system of state-level vaccine laws? Can you sue someone for giving you Covid? Or should we deny health insurance coverage for people who refuse to get vaccinated or wear masks? Professor Reiss's current research and activities focus on legal and policy issues related to vaccines. She has written extensively about vaccines mandates, policy responses to non-vaccinating, tort issues and administrative issues related to vaccines, and the anti-vaccine movement.  To learn more about Professor Reiss and her work, visit her academic homepage.  I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about our country's vaccine laws.  Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast https://ThePeel.news Public Health Series: click for more episodes SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA:  YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms:  Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
56:44
February 11, 2022
S2E5: Who Are Ukrainians? Kievan Rus'... Ukraine’s National Identity
S2E5: Who Are Ukrainians? Kievan Rus'... Ukraine’s National Identity
Are Ukrainians and Russians One People? Mr. Putin certainly claims so. In this episode, Ms. Catherine Wanner, a professor of history, anthropology and religious studies at PennState University, sets out to answer this complex question by exploring Ukraine's and Russia's shared histories, as well as their similar languages and religions.  Professor Wanner has devoted her career to the study of Ukraine and Ukrainians, and has published extensively on this subject. Her most recent book is Everyday Religiosity and the Politics of Belonging in Ukraine (Amazon link). Examples of her previous books include State Secularism and Lived Religion in Soviet Russia and Ukraine (Amazon link) and Communities of the Converted: Ukrainians and Global Evangelism (Amazon). To learn more about Prof. Wanner and her work, please visit her academic homepage.  I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about Ukraine's national identity. Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Post-Soviet States Series SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: to watch the host of ThePeel.news, Adel, peel the history behind news with distinguished professors and critically acclaimed authors, follow us on social media by clicking the following links: YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms:  Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
01:10:04
February 04, 2022
S2E4: 100,000 Overdose Deaths! - a clinical history of America’s opioid crisis. Chasing the White Dragon...
S2E4: 100,000 Overdose Deaths! - a clinical history of America’s opioid crisis. Chasing the White Dragon...
Prof. Agahi was working with opioid users from the very beginning of the crisis. In this episode, she tells the story of how America's opioid problem became a pandemic!   Prof. Agahi tells us about "chasing the white dragon", a term she digs into and defines it in the context of overdose, which is the leading cause of death and injury in the U.S. She speaks about who is to blame, how should addicts be treated (wholistic approach), suicide prevention, harm reduction, and compares the opioid pandemic death tolls against other major U.S. killers, such as diabetes. Thankfully, she concludes with a message of hope - that 60-70% of overdose patients fully recover and lead highly productive lives.  Professor Agahi of the University of Massachusetts Global, School of Social Work, has over 20 years of expertise in alcohol and drug prevention and treatment, as well as suicide prevention and treatment - a subject she feels quite passionately about. She received her doctorate from the University of Southern California, School of Social Work, and holds dual Masters in Public Health and Social Work. To learn more about her work, including her long list of presentations and publications, visit her academic homepage.  I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about our opioid crisis.  Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Public Health Series: click for more episodes SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: to watch the host of ThePeel.news, Adel, peel the history behind news with distinguished professors and critically acclaimed authors, follow us on social media by clicking the following links: YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Our program is available pretty much wherever you get your podcasts. And for your convenience, here are direct links to several platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
01:08:35
January 28, 2022
S2E3: Who Are Kazakhs? Hummer Taxis, An Uprising & Russian Troops
S2E3: Who Are Kazakhs? Hummer Taxis, An Uprising & Russian Troops
"Old Man Get Out!" With personal stories and professional analysis, Prof. Tutumlu takes us through the history of her homeland, the aspirations of its people and their dashed hopes, and the deep-rooted causes for this month's widespread uprising.   Kazakhstan is a resource-rich country with a very low population density. It has successfully attracted consortiums of large international corporations and diligently polished its business-friendly image abroad. So by all indications, Kazakhs should enjoy high living standards. Unfortunately, the realities of life in Kazakhstan are starkly different than the country's potentials otherwise suggest. The overwhelming majority of wealth and power is held by a few. And Kazakhstan's former president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, who led the country from its independence from Soviet rule for some 30 years, still wields considerable power from behind the scenes. As for Russian troops, they were deployed to Kazakhstan not to ensure stability and peace for Kazakh people and businesses. Rather, President Putin sent them there to ensure the security of a friendly oligarchy within the sphere of its influence.   Professor Assel Tutumlu, Near East University, has written extensively about Kazakhstan. Click this link to access some of her publications and read highlights of this podcast conversation.  I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about Kazakhstan.   Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast Post-Soviet States Series SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA:  YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
01:02:53
January 21, 2022
S2E2: Biden Is Forgiving Some Student Loans - history of why student loan programs were designed as a financial product
S2E2: Biden Is Forgiving Some Student Loans - history of why student loan programs were designed as a financial product
Prof. Shermer tells us how student loans were designed as a financial product, rather than a guarantee for higher education. This history, she explains, has made all the financial difference to students, their families and our country, and has created the current crisis.      As of the production of this podcast episode, America's student debt burden stood at $1.73 trillion! Do the math, and you'll note that this figure is not an insignificant percentage of our GDP. While this debt keeps on climbing, no one in government is really rushing to fix the problem. And here is something intriguing: this is a decades-old problem. That's right! As Professor Shermer tells it, complaints about student debts were voiced as far back as 50 years ago. As the complaints became more vocal in the 1990s, the Clinton Administration almost embarked on major changes to our student debt system. But as politics go, it was not to be! Blazing voices of students during the Occupy Movement in the Great Recession brought national news coverage to the debt crisis. Regardless, student debt and its burden have continued climbing unabated.      Professor Elizabeth T. Shermer, Loyola University Chicago, is the author of Indentured Students: How Government-Guaranteed Loans Left Generations Drowning in College Debt (also available on Amazon). In this episode, she explains how we got here.   I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about our country's student debt crisis.  Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast U.S. Economy Series: click for more episodes SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: to watch the host of ThePeel.news, Adel, peel the history behind news with distinguished professors and critically acclaimed authors, follow us on social media by clicking the following links: YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Our program is available pretty much wherever you get your podcasts. And for your convenience, here are direct links to several platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
01:01:09
January 14, 2022
S2E1: Do Economic Shocks Destabilize China's Authoritarian System? And Is China’s Real Estate Industry A Gigantic Ponzi Scheme?
S2E1: Do Economic Shocks Destabilize China's Authoritarian System? And Is China’s Real Estate Industry A Gigantic Ponzi Scheme?
Prof. Shih explains banks, shadow banks, massive debt, Evergrande, economic shocks, and President Xi's personal history that informs his ideology and policies.  In December, one of China's largest real estate developers, Evergrande, defaulted on its loan. Evergrande is the "world's most indebted developer" and this was potentially "Asia's largest default". Prof. Shih cautions that this default and other looming real estate crises do not mean that the Chinese people and investors have lost faith in real estate assets. No! This recent crisis, which Prof. Shih is confident the PBOC will prevent from devolving into a market crash, was caused by government regulations, regulations meant to end the borrowing binge of giant private companies, companies that have become too powerful for President Xi's taste and conservative communist beliefs that seem to pivot China away from its roaring days of capitalism to something else, some form of economy that Prof. Shih explains in this episode. This is the link to Prof. Shih's academic homepage: https://gps.ucsd.edu/faculty-directory/victor-shih.html And these are the Amazon and University of Michigan Press links to Economic Shocks and Authoritarian Stability, a 2020 book edited by Prof. Shih and discussed in this episode.    China Series: click for more episodes SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you.  🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/  SOCIAL MEDIA:    YouTube  TikTok Twitter  Instagram  Facebook  Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms:  Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
54:40
January 07, 2022
Reflecting On Season One
Reflecting On Season One
Listen to 42 highlights from Season One, and learn about what's coming up in Season Two.  The first season of ThePeel.news has come to an end. Over the course of the past 42 episodes, we've covered many fascinating subjects and organized them into several series, which you can find on our website.  In this first season, our audience has grown, our newsletter subscription has increased, and more and more of you are financially supporting our program through your small monthly contributions. I am very grateful for your support, which helps us develop and distribute this podcast. So, thank you!! We have exciting episodes planned for our second season, which starts on Fri., Jan. 7, at 6 am ET. Click the image below to learn more about our New Year episodes. Merry Christmas, happy holidays, and happy New Year. Adel Host of ThePeel.news Podcast SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: to watch the host of ThePeel.news, Adel, peel the history behind news with distinguished professors and critically acclaimed authors, follow us on social media by clicking the following links: YouTube  TikTok Twitter  Instagram  Facebook  Linked-In
27:47
December 17, 2021
S1E42: America’s water rights -  the Colorado River... and was Tennessee stealing Mississippi’s water from under them?
S1E42: America’s water rights - the Colorado River... and was Tennessee stealing Mississippi’s water from under them?
Prof. Craig explains America’s water rights, the Colorado River’s special case and environmental consequences of diverting the water far away from their river sources.    The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously decided against Mississippi in its water rights dispute against Tenessee. The case was not only the first oral argument of this term and the first decision rendered by the Court, but it was also the first of its kind: a dispute about groundwater rights that is based on tort law, and not the legal doctrine of Equitable Apportionment. If all of this sounds too... well, too legalese, not to worry. Professor Robin Craig of USC's Gould School of Law livens up this podcast conversation with stories about the Colorado River and the clever scheme of Tenessee to suction off Mississippi's water from right under their feet (I hope you read that literally). She goes on to explain how the Colorado River's water is split between the many thirsty states along its meandering path, and why it is that California has senior rights to Colorado's water over other states. In addition, she informs us about the environmental catastrophes that result from the mismanaged use of America's river and aquifer waters.    Professor Craig specializes in all things water. She is the author, co-author and editor of many books on this subject, and has a long list of accomplishments and engagements relating to water law, management and scholarship in the US and abroad. They are listed on her academic homepage, the link for which is this: https://gould.usc.edu/faculty/?id=77538  I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about our water rights and its environmental challenges.  Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast https://ThePeel.news SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: to watch the host of ThePeel.news, Adel, peel the history behind news with distinguished professors and critically acclaimed authors, follow us on social media by clicking the following links: YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Our program is available pretty much wherever you get your podcasts. And for your convenience, here are direct links to several platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
58:24
December 10, 2021
S1E41: vaccines in ‘50s, ‘60s & '70s… clamor & rush to get vaccinated
S1E41: vaccines in ‘50s, ‘60s & '70s… clamor & rush to get vaccinated
As Covid vaccine conflict continues, Dr. Wadman explains history of vaccines that saved our parents and grandparents.    Omicron arrived in America this week. It is a new Covid-19 variant, one which President Biden says is a cause for concern, not a cause for panic. Regardless, the President, the CDC and other health care professionals and institutions are encouraging Americans, as they have been for months now, to get vaccinated.  To better understand what the world was like when there were no vaccines, and what happened when vaccines were developed, such as polio and rubella vaccines, we spoke with Dr. Meredith Wadman. In addition, she provided some perspective for us, from her own medical experience, about countries in which vaccines were (and still are) unavailable. Dr. Wadman is a staff reporter at the journal Science and has written for Nature, Fortune, the New York Times, and the Wall Street Journal. She is the author of The Vaccine Race: Science, Politics and the Human Costs of Defeating Disease. This is a direct link to Dr. Wadman's homepage: http://meredithwadman.com/the-vaccine-race/    I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about America's past interest to get vaccinated.  Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast https://ThePeel.news SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ PHOTO: The MMR vaccine image is by Whispyhistory, provided at Wikipedia under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Whispyhistory, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA: to watch the host of ThePeel.news, Adel, peel the history behind news with distinguished professors and critically acclaimed authors, follow us on social media by clicking the following links: YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Our program is available pretty much wherever you get your podcasts. And for your convenience, here are direct links to several platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
53:27
December 03, 2021
S1E40: 400th anniversary of Thanksgiving... the REAL story!
S1E40: 400th anniversary of Thanksgiving... the REAL story!
Prof. Silverman describes first Thanksgiving: an accidental feast between frenemies that was never repeated.  How much is our Thanksgiving tradition based on real events that transpired sometime in the fall of 1621 in Plymouth, Massachusetts? And why does it matter anyway? Don't all nations have feel-good traditions that are partly based on facts, but mostly predicated on myths?  Professor David Silverman answers these questions and more. For example, he shares with us that Europeans had been in contact with the Wampanoag Native Americans, who are the "Indians" of our Thanksgiving tradition, since at least 1524. And that the Pilgrims were guided to Plymouth by at least one crew member who touted its advantage - hint: all its native inhabitants had died of disease, leaving houses and fields empty and available for the would-be English settlers. And while the turkey was certainly on the menu, so was eel!   In this episode, Professor Silvermans explains the aftermath of that first Thanksgiving. And by way of follow-up, I ask him to explain why it is that some Native Americans observe a Day of Mourning on Thanksgiving.   Professor Silverman is the author of This Land is Their Land: The Wampanoag Indians, Plymouth Colony, and the Troubled History of Thanksgiving, a 2019 book. Click this link for this book's Amazon page.  Professor Silverman has written several other books about the history of Native Americans, which are listed on his academic homepage is along with his other publications, projects and honors.  Here is the direct link to Professor Silverman's academic homepage: https://history.columbian.gwu.edu/david-silverman  In addition, below is a link to another podcast on another cherished American holiday: S1E20: The 4th of July - who does it belong to?, Dr. Thomas Blacerski SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:01:51
November 18, 2021
S1E39: defunding the police fails - our criminal justice systems & our "communities"?
S1E39: defunding the police fails - our criminal justice systems & our "communities"?
Defund PD? Not in Minneapolis! Per Prof. Simonson, historically Democrats funded America's PDs in the name of Civil Rights.  Minneapolis gets to keep its police department. That's the outcome of last week's ballot vote.  Minneapolis Mayor Jacob Frey called for police officers "to make sure they are working directly with the community to keep us safe." In our podcast conversation, Professor Jocelyn Simonson brings attention to the complexity of the term "community". What is exactly a community and who is in it? Frankly, before this podcast conversation, I was under the impression that the term community had a geographical definition, such as the community within a precinct. But I now understand that a community can be much more diverse than that restrictive definition, and it may include citizens whose voices are not heard or are ignored. The term community is important because it goes to the heart of ordinary people's participation in the criminal system, which Professor Simonson also describes as bottom-up contestation, and it can include laws and ordinances, policing policies and courtroom watching. She also takes us through the history of America's police, how and when it was founded and when it began to receive federal funding for its growth and militarization.    Professor Simonson, who writes and teaches about criminal law, criminal procedure, evidence, and social change at Brooklyn Law School, explores ways in which the public participates in the criminal process and in the institutions of local governance that control policing and punishment. In this episode, which was recorded prior to the ballot vote in Minneapolis, she also talks about her upcoming book on this subject.   This is the link to her academic homepage: https://www.brooklaw.edu/Contact-Us/Simonson-Jocelyn, and it lists her research and provides information for her many publications - including those in popular journals such as the New York Times and the Washington Post.' SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you.  Description to featured image: Student loan debt rose from $480.1 billion (3.5% GDP) in Q1 2006 to $1,683 billion (7.8% GDP) in Q1 2020. Orange and red boxes inserted by ThePeel.news. Chart by St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank (Public Domain).  🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/  SOCIAL MEDIA: to watch the host of ThePeel.news, Adel, peel the history behind news with distinguished professors and critically acclaimed authors, follow us on social media by clicking the following links: YouTube TikTok Twitter Instagram Facebook Linked-In  ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Our program is available pretty much wherever you get your podcasts. And for your convenience, here are direct links to several platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
01:05:51
November 12, 2021
November 11, 2021
November 11, 2021
00:53
November 11, 2021
S1E38: COP26, US climate policies & history before the conference
S1E38: COP26, US climate policies & history before the conference
Prof. Takacs: America is the only Western democracy not to have any climate change laws!  President Biden attended the Glasgow Climate Conference, COP26, with much fanfare, suggesting that America could lead the fight against climate change by the power of its example. But as Professor David Takacs explains the history of America's climate change commitments in this episode, the U.S. doesn't come out quite the exemplary leader to spearhead this enormous effort. Ask yourself this: how did the U.S. handle the Kyoto Protocol? Or the Paris Agreement?  But surely, you may say, that even though the U.S. has disappointed the international community in the past when it comes to climate change, we've done a great job back home... right? No. Not right! The United States of America, the biggest historical polluter of greenhouse gases, is the only Western democracy not to have any climate change laws.    In this podcast episode, Professor Takacs explains how our federal government's climate policies are implemented in the absence of laws, and the real and political ramifications of this lack of laws on climate. Professor Takacs further teaches us that rules and laws won't do any good, and they may not even pass, without the participation of those who are negatively impacted by our shift to a low or zero carbon emission economy. As he tells it, we need a just transition for workers that will lose their jobs due to our efforts to combat climate change.   To learn more about Professor Takacs's important scholarship and contributions to climate studies, visit his academic homepage at U.C. Hastings College of the Law (link: https://www.uchastings.edu/people/david-takacs/), and read his numerous publications and book (link: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=1393231). And here is an Amazon link to Professor Takcas's book on biodiversity: https://www.amazon.com/Idea-Biodiversity-Philosophies-Paradise/dp/0801854008/ref=sr_1_2?dchild=1&keywords=The+Idea+of+Biodiversity&qid=1621394881&sr=8-2.  One last point, in addition to teaching law, Professor Takacs has a Ph.D. in the history of science and has taught undergraduates for a decade. Prior to that, he has spent time in Keyna and Senegal and witnessed climate change firsthand. In this episode, he shares the depth of his expertise and breadth of experience with us.   Professor Takacs Recommendations: Novel by Barbara Kingsolver, Flight Behavior (Amazon link). My Octopus Teacher, a film on Netflix.   To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:01:54
November 05, 2021
S1E37: 23,000-year-old footprints in New Mexico... Bible scholars, evolution and racist anthropologists.
S1E37: 23,000-year-old footprints in New Mexico... Bible scholars, evolution and racist anthropologists.
Prof. Marks tells the story of human migration from Africa to the Americas - 10,000 years prior than previously believed.  Did humans first migrate to America by crossing an ice-free land bridge from Asia? This is the familiar story of how Native Americans crossed the Bering Sea, during a time when it was dry land, from Siberia to Alaska. But here is the thing: the latest scientific evidence undermines this belief. According to a study published in the journal Science, human presence is unequivocally shown in America during a period between 21,000 to 23,000 years ago, a period in which glacial ice sheets would have presumably impeded the migration of humans from Asia to Alaska.  To better understand the significance of this recent discovery, and to also better understand anthropology, including its history of racism, we spoke with Mr. Jonathan Marks, a Professor of Anthropology at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Professor Marks teaches biological anthropology, human variation and human origins. He is the recipient of many awards and honors, which are listed on his academic homepage: https://anthropology.charlotte.edu/node/131 Among his many publications, Professor Marks is the author of the following books: The Alternative Introduction to Biological Anthropology (2018), Is Science Racist? (2017), and Tales of the ex-Apes: How We Think about Human Evolution (2015).  To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:02:41
October 29, 2021
S1E36: Supply Chain Crisis Effect On Covid, Inflation & Democrats' Big Budgets
S1E36: Supply Chain Crisis Effect On Covid, Inflation & Democrats' Big Budgets
Per Prof. Sheffi, global supply chain lacked enough monkeys to develop Covid vaccines.  Isn't strange that the supply chain has dominated our news? It's strange because the overwhelming majority of us Americans hardly ever think of the supply chain. We order a product, it soon arrives. And if we want to touch and feel things, we go to the store and buy it - physically! But now, we have a supply chain crisis.  To better understand the wide-ranging impact of supply chain and supply chain history, we spoke with Mr. Yossi Sheffi, who is a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  Professor Sheffi is the Director of the MIT Center for Transportation & Logistics and also the Director of the MIT Supply Chain Management Program. He has written many books, including a 2020 book titled The New (Ab)Normal: Reshaping Business and Supply Chain Strategy Beyond Covid-19, and a 2021 book that was published just this week, titled A Shot in the Arm: How Science, Engineering, and Supply Chains Converged to Vaccinate the World. Professor Sheffi has advised many governments and leading manufacturing, retail and distribution enterprises, and he has also founded and co-founded five successful companies.  This is the link to Professor Sheffi’s academic homepage, which lists his research and provides information for his many publications, projects and awards, is provided in the detailed caption of this episode: https://ctl.mit.edu/about/bio/yossi-sheffi To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. The image in our caption artwork is of a basic flowchart of a supply chain for an end-consumer product. It is provided by Miguel Garcia Gonzalez on Wikipedia under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license. Click the following links to learn more about the source of this image and its license: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Supply_Chain_Flowchart.svg#/media/File:Supply_Chain_Flowchart.svg https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/  🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:09:34
October 22, 2021
S1E35: 400% inflation... total calamity! Lebanon’s economic collapse.
S1E35: 400% inflation... total calamity! Lebanon’s economic collapse.
Lebanon hasn't had a national census since the 1930s! Prof. Makdisi explains historical background to current crisis.  Sectarian violence erupted in the streets of Beirut this week. This development is the manifestation of deep-rooted and unresolved issues in Lebanon, which include, but are not limited to, Lebanon's dysfunctional sectarian government system. As Professor Makdisi explains in our podcast conversation, for centuries, pluralism was a constant and celebrated feature of the Levant. Prior to WWI, different sects coexisted under the auspices of the Ottman Empire. But the sectarian government system that the French established in Lebanon after WWI created fissures along sectarian lines that continue to widen. The astonishing aspect of Lebanon's sectarian government is that it was initially meant as a temporary step towards forming a united, secular national government.   Join our conversation with Professor Ussama Makdisi of Rice University to learn more about Lebanon's failed sectarian government, foreign interference and the current economic crisis. He is a Professor of History and the first holder of the Arab-American Educational Foundation Chair of Arab Studies at Rice University. Professor Makdisi has been a Visiting Professor at UC Berkeley, a Resident Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study, in Berlin, and was named a Carnegie Scholar in 2009. He was awarded the Berlin Prize and was a Fellow at the American Academy of Berlin. Here is the link to Professor Makdisi's academic homepage, which includes a list of his books and other publications: https://profiles.rice.edu/faculty/ussama-makdisi. To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:03:22
October 15, 2021
S1E34: Who are the Taliban? Were Afghans good communists?
S1E34: Who are the Taliban? Were Afghans good communists?
Prof. Nunan takes us from Soviet occupation of Afghanistan to rise of Taliban and their lack of governing experience.  Where do the Taliban come from? And how is their version of Islam different than say... Iran's? Saudi Arabia? Or Turkey's? And why is it that most Taliban don't speak English (or French for that matter), but the US-backed Afghan government's technocrats did? In addition to their strict interpretation of Islam, the Taliban are different from the Afghan government they defeated in their ethnicity, language and regional affiliations. The two most striking characteristics of the Taliban are their close ties with Pakistan and their rural origins, both of which sets them apart from the urban residents of Kabul - the Afghanistan that we Americans often saw on TV.  Describing the Taliban of the 1990s, Professor Timothy Nunan highlights an intriguing point - that it's hard to call the Taliban a state, because, in their first run of Afghanistan, they pretty much outsourced most of the administrative matters of the country. And this leads to Professor Nunan's interest in Afghanistan's major theme - that it's a country that for decades has depended on foreign aid to survive!  Although the following is a small point in the great tragedy of Afghanistan's fall to the Taliban, it's important to note that the Taliban are not interested, at least not yet, in exporting their way of government or their Islamic ethos. As Professor Nunan tells it, they are perfectly happy remaining within the bounds and boundaries of Afghanistan.   In this podcast episode, Professor Nunan describes the long history of communism's interest in partnering with the forces of Islam and recruiting Muslims. This background provides a segue to the USSR's occupation of Afghanistan, during which more than one million Afghans died. For more information about Professor Nunan's impressive accomplishments and fascinating research, please visit his academic homepage or his personal website: https://timothynunan.com/. To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:02:38
October 08, 2021
S1E33: 100 years ago, a bridge across the Atlantic was deemed possible. It just needed funding!
S1E33: 100 years ago, a bridge across the Atlantic was deemed possible. It just needed funding!
As Congress debates infrastructure bill, Prof. Petroski explains the history of America's infrastructure and its funding.  Did you know, that before the 19th century, the only engineering schools were at military academies, such as West Point? Civil engineers that took courses in military schools were later hired by governments and, mostly, by private enterprises to build infrastructure that would make the conduct of business more efficient. So, at its core, infrastructure has always been about commerce and the economy. This statement is timeless - it applied to Roman roads and aqueducts as it applies to American freeway and broadband networks.  When it comes to infrastructure, just as in any other technical discipline, improvement spawns out of failure.  As Professor Henry Petroski tells it, while the French were historically great theorists and designers of infrastructure, the British were better doers. And in their infrastructure efforts, the British kept close records of their progress and failures, something that didn't happen in the U.S. until the 1980s.   And here is something that I bet you didn't know: 100 years ago, engineers believed that they could build a bridge across the Atlantic. Yes, one hundred years ago. Try getting Congress to pay for that!    This is the link to Professor Petroski's academic homepage, which includes a list of his many publications, accomplishments and awards: https://cee.duke.edu/faculty/henry-petroski  To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. The MMR vaccine image is by Whispyhistory, provided at Wikipedia under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Whispyhistory, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/  🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:18:12
October 01, 2021
S1E32: Poto Mitan... and Haiti's history of NGOs, earthquakes and economic policies.
S1E32: Poto Mitan... and Haiti's history of NGOs, earthquakes and economic policies.
Prof. Schuller explains how neoliberal policies and NGOs crippled Haiti's economy, and Haitian women shouldered the burden. Haitian migrants are at America's Southern border in unprecedented numbers. While many have fled Haiti after the recent assassination of its president, last month's earthquake and the flooding that followed, the overwhelming majority of Haitians are refugees from the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake. This begs the following question: how is it that Haiti hasn't recovered from its 2010 earthquake, despite all the international assistance that it received?  Professor Schuller dives into the history of Haiti's earthquake recovery, and what role NGOs have played in Haiti. He is a professor of Anthropology and Nonprofit and NGO Studies at Northern Illinois University and its affiliate University in Haiti. Professor Schuller has been studying NGOs and Haiti since the beginning of this century, and he was on the ground in Haiti just 8 days after its calamitous 2010 earthquake. This is the link to Professor Schuller’s academic homepage, which includes a list of his many publications and accomplishments To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. Ruins of Haiti National Palace - Port au Prince. Photo provided by Trocaire from Ireland - DSC_1200 Uploaded by victorgrigas. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Victorgrigas https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Haiti_earthquake#/media/File:Ruins_of_Haiti_National_Palace_-_Port_au_Prince_2012.jpg License:  CC BY 2.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:05:58
September 24, 2021
S1E31: 675,000! The Spanish flu pandemic and its lessons for Covid.
S1E31: 675,000! The Spanish flu pandemic and its lessons for Covid.
What if Covid predominately killed young Americans? Mr. Barry explains how such a scenario would have altered our response.  John M. Barry, our guest in this episode, is the author of The Great Influenza, an award-winning book about the Spanish flu pandemic, one that famously became the impetus for President George W. Bush's pandemic preparation plan. Interestingly, President Bush has read another award-winning book by Mr. Barry, one about the history of the Mississippi River's 1927 flood, which President Bush mentions in his autobiography. Although a nonscientist, Mr. Barry has been involved in highly prestigious positions with many scientific institutions. You'll understand how he is qualified for such positions once you read his books (we highly encourage reading The Great Influenza). You can also appreciate the depth of his scientific knowledge and historical research by listening to our conversation with him about the Spanish flu pandemic, and the lessons that can be gleaned from it for our struggle with the Covid-19 pandemic. As you will note, Mr. Barry is not sheepish in sharing his opinions, about how some of our politicians and experts have may have botched our response to our great pandemic.   Mr. Barry's personal and professional bios are quite fascinating, and he uses wit and humor to tell both. You are welcome to visit his website to learn more about him, including links to his many publications and interviews: https://www.johnmbarry.com/   To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
57:58
September 23, 2021
S1E30: Our Saigon rooftop moment - Afghans hanging from an American military aircraft.
S1E30: Our Saigon rooftop moment - Afghans hanging from an American military aircraft.
Prof. Allison, a military historian, explains America’s war strategies from Vietnam to Afghanistan.  We can't win with you... and we can't win without you. What does this statement mean? The statement comes from an American ally, which we supported militarily, and which was widely viewed as an American puppet regime. Can you guess which ally this was? Here is a hint: that regime and that country no longer exist.  In this episode, Professor Allison explains the difficulty of war. But what he explains, even more, is the difficulty of ending a war. We have faced this difficulty after virtually every American war, the aftermaths of which have been uncertain, tumultuous, violent and at times have led to renewed war. You may find it interesting that American military officers learn about the art of ending a war, just as much as they learn about having empathy... not the kumbaya type of empathy, but the kind that helps us better understand our enemies and their objectives, which in turn help us win wars and succeed afterward. Such analysis informs our military leaders to avoid making bad assumptions and, more importantly, avoid strategic narcissism. To better understand how our nation botched our military exit from Afghanistan as well as understand our war strategies and exit strategies in Iraq and Vietnam, we engaged Professor Bill Allison in a long conversation, one that revealed much about America's wars. Professor Allison teaches at Georgia Southern University. He has many accomplishments and awards. For example, he is a recipient of the Department of the Army Meritorious Public Service Medal. This is a link to his academic homepage: https://cah.georgiasouthern.edu/history/faculty/allison/ And here are links and information about two of Professor Allisons' books: My Lai: An American Atrocity in the Vietnam War:  https://jhupbooks.press.jhu.edu/title/my-lai The Gulf War 1990-91: https://www.macmillanexplorers.com/global-and-transnational-history/the-gulf-war-1990-91/15379996 Prof. Allison also has a podcast on military history and military historians. Its title is Military Historians Are People Too! A Podcast With Brian and Bill. It's available on all podcast platforms.  To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:35:01
September 10, 2021
S1E29: Do immigrants commit more crime than native-born Americans?
S1E29: Do immigrants commit more crime than native-born Americans?
Recently, the Cato Institute published a research study that showed crime rates in Texas by illegal as well as legal immigrants are lower, in fact much lower than native-born Americans. This was an astonishing report to us, not because we don't believe it, but because one hardly hears such reports in the news. The popular political narrative of some conservatives, which we often hear in the news, is the opposite - that immigrants increase crime in America. Also, we should point out that the news of the Cato research wasn't exactly headline news! Rather, it was a tiny note in the Wall Street Journal.   To understand the correlation between immigration and crime, and its history, we spoke with Professor Jennifer Chacón of UC Berkeley Law. This is a link to her academic homepage: https://www.law.berkeley.edu/our-faculty/faculty-profiles/jennifer-m-chacon/  To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. Image attributions: immigrants during a 2010 naturalization ceremony at the Grand Canyon National Park. and immigrants on an ocean steamer passing the Statue of Liberty, NYC, 1887. Both images are in the Public Domain. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
56:15
September 03, 2021
S1E28: Ethiopia's "avoidable" civil war!
S1E28: Ethiopia's "avoidable" civil war!
Prof. Dinka explains history of empire, independence, ethnicities & nations, civil war & more... When most of us Americans think of Ethiopia, we think of famine, of which Ethiopia is once again in imminent danger. But there is so much more about Ethiopia that distinguishes it from the rest of Africa. For example, Ethiopia was never colonized. In fact, by beating Italian invaders in the late 19th century, Ethiopia became the envy of and inspiration for other African countries. And yes, there is more to this story too. Ethiopia used that prestige and power to, in turn, colonize other African nations that now reside in southern regions of modern Ethiopia. But why do we say nations? Aren't the terms ethnicity, race or tribes a better fit for describing Ethiopia's different peoples? The answer to that is a definite no! Ethiopia defies African standards, once again, by having the "courage", the word that Professor Dinka used, to create a country in which the boundaries of its different states are drawn to reflect the different nations that live within Ethiopia. In essence, Ethiopia is a multinational federal country. But that federal system is now under threat as a civil war with the Tigray region is engulfing other national regions of the country as well as Eritrea, a bordering country that until recently was part of Ethiopia.  Join me in this podcast conversation with Professor Etana Dinka of James Madison University, who is a historian of Africa and whose research focus is on Ethiopia, including many publications and a book titled Society, Revolution and Military Intervention in Ethiopian Politics. This is the link to Professor Dinka's academic homepage: https://www.jmu.edu/history/people/all-people/dinka-etana.shtml To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. Image attribution: Map of Ethiopia by Gordon Johnson from Pixabay. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:08:01
August 27, 2021
S1E27: Cuomo, Weinstein, Clarence Thomas... power, harassment & retaliation!
S1E27: Cuomo, Weinstein, Clarence Thomas... power, harassment & retaliation!
Prof. Baker takes us through the history of the movement against sexual harassment.  Governor Cuomo has resigned due, in part, to allegations of sexual harassment by him on about a dozen women. But what does the term sexual harassment mean? According to Professor Baker, its legal definition derives from the intensity and pervasiveness of the harassment. And amazingly, in the last 46 years since the term "sexual harassment" has been coined, the rates of sexual harassment have pretty much remained the same. But progress, however slow, is being made after the me-too moment.    Join me in this podcast conversation with Professor Carrie Baker of Smith College, whose research focus is on women's legal history, gender and public policy, and feminist activism. She is the author of The Women’s Movement Against Sexual Harassment, a 2008 book, and Sexual Harassment Law, a 2020 book. This is the link to Professor Baker's academic homepage: https://www.smith.edu/academics/faculty/carrie-baker  To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. Image attribution: #METOO by Mihai Surdu on Unsplash. https://unsplash.com/@mihaisurdu?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText https://unsplash.com/s/photos/sexual-harassment?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText  🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:02:10
August 20, 2021
S1E26: Is green energy truly green? Environmentalists complain: not in my backyard!
S1E26: Is green energy truly green? Environmentalists complain: not in my backyard!
Prof. DuVivier talks about Michael Moore's 2020 film and explains the growing pains of the carbon-neutral industry.  We hear much talk about green energy. But other terms are used as well, including renewable energy, clean energy, green energy and sustained energy. So which term is correct, and which term is more important for legislation and fundraising purposes? And how does politics fit into all of this? And why do some environmentalists oppose solar power projects?  For answers to these questions, and much more, we spoke with Professor DuVivier of the University of Denver Sturm College of Law. She is Chair in Natural Resources Law, an award-winning professor, the author of two books on energy, and also has a degree and experience working in geology.  This is the link to Professor DuVivier's academic homepage: https://www.law.du.edu/about/people/kk-duvivier Professor DuVivier also followed up on our podcast conversation about switching to heat pumps for air conditioning and heating, with the following article that heralds California's new building code to phase out gas: https://www.power-grid.com/policy-regulation/california-adopts-new-building-code-to-phase-out-gas/?utm_source=powergrid_weekly_newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=2021-08-19   To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. Podcast Artwork Attributions: Image attributions: solar panels by Zbynek Burival (https://unsplash.com/@zburival?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on Unsplash (https://unsplash.com/s/photos/clean-energy?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText), wind turbine by Photo by Gonz DDL (https://unsplash.com/@gonz_ddl?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on Unsplash (https://unsplash.com/s/photos/clean-energy?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText). 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:18:13
August 13, 2021
S1E25: Ayatollahs In Iran... Shi'ism & Iran's Complex Leadership Structure
S1E25: Ayatollahs In Iran... Shi'ism & Iran's Complex Leadership Structure
Prof. Nasr explains that contrary to popular belief, Shi'ism's dominance in Iran is relatively new.  Iran has a new president, a new government. But what does the term government mean to you? That question is not meant to be philosophical. It's rather simple in fact. To most of us Americans, our federal government is composed of the executive, the legislative and the Judiciary branches combined. This is more or less repeated throughout our state systems. But in the Islamic Republic of Iran, the very term government may be confusing to the unfamiliar. For example, aside from its parliament and president, there are many non-elected institutions that rule above the presidency and the parliament. And while Iran's Supreme Leader is an all-powerful figure, as explained by our podcast guest, Professor Vali Nasr, his power does indeed have limitations - limitations that more than once were displayed for all to see.  And here is a question that is not often asked... what is it about Iran's dominant religion - Shi'i Islam - that particularly lends itself to Iran's form of government, particularly its Supreme Leadership? And here is another question yet: has Iran - this bastion of Shi'ism - always been a Shi'i country? The answer is a shocking no!   To dig deeper and better understand the governing structure of the Islamic Republic of Iran, including its history, we spoke with Mr. Vali Nasr. He is a Professor of Middle East Studies and International Affairs at Johns Hopkins University, and from 2012 to 2019 he served as the Dean of Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies. Professor Nasr has advised senior American policymakers, including the President, Secretary of State, senior members of the Congress, and presidential campaigns. He has authored many books on Iran and Shi'ism, and has written for the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, Foreign Affairs, Financial Times, The Washington Post, and a host of others. He is a frequent guest on PBS, CNN, and other major networks.  This is the link to Professor Nasr's academic homepage: https://sais.jhu.edu/users/vnasr1  In addition, here is a link to a recent New York Times article about the structure of Iran's government: https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/05/world/middleeast/iran-president-ebrahim-raisi.html?searchResultPosition=1  Podcast Artwork Attributions: Iran's flag: Photo by sina drakhshani on Unsplash. Link to image: https://unsplash.com/@sina_drakhshani?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText Ayatollah Khamenei (middle): on Wikipedia by khamenei.ir under license CC BY 4.0 Link to image:   https://farsi.khamenei.ir/photo-album?id=47568#i, and link to license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ President Ra'isi (right): on Wikipedia by Mehr News Agency under license CC BY 4.0. Link to image: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_Iran#/media/File:Raisi_in_2021-02_(cropped).jpg. Link to License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.  SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:10:41
August 06, 2021
S1E24: Cuba- Two Centuries of Fighting For Freedom...
S1E24: Cuba- Two Centuries of Fighting For Freedom...
One way to understand Cuba, the way that Professor Guerra tells it, is to study it in contrast to other colonies of the Spanish Empire. And what stands out is this: slavery! It was a ruthless, barbaric form of slavery that was exercised throughout Cuba's sugar plantations. And then... fears of revolution led to mass persecutions that preceded real revolutions and incremental, slow change. Along the way in the 19th Century, there were larger than lifelike characters, such as Jose MartÍ, about whom Professor Guerra, this episode's guest, published a book in 2005.  As Cuba struggled to free itself of its Spanish overlords, America invaded Cuba in 1898. But deep disappointment set in as it soon became evident that America did intend to bring freedom to Cuba. In fact, developments that soon followed proved that America's interest in Cuba was far from the independence of Cuba or freedom of its people. America's military intervention, its meddling in all aspects of Cuba's government, including its constitution, and its support of military despots in Cuba paved the path for Castro and, eventually, communism in Cuba.  To better understand this history, we spoke with Lillian Guerra. She is an award-winning scholar of Cuba with many scholarly publications on the subject, including three books. Her upcoming fourth book on Cuba is Patriots and Traitors in Cuba: Political Pedagogy, Rehabilitation and Vanguard Youth, 1961-1981. Here is the link to Professor Guerra's academic homepage, which includes a list of her several books and her many awards and accomplishments: https://history.ufl.edu/directory/current-faculty/353-2/ The image of the Cuban flag in this episode's artwork is by Photo by Juan Luis Ozaez on Unsplash. Here is a link to Juan's page on unsplash.com: https://unsplash.com/@jloza?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusicpromoted by https://www.free-stock-music.comAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/its
01:26:26
July 30, 2021
S1E23: Haiti, A Black Nation's Triumphant Revolution, and then... Foreign Interference!
S1E23: Haiti, A Black Nation's Triumphant Revolution, and then... Foreign Interference!
After assassination of Pres. Jovenel Moïse, Prof. Fatton describes world's reaction to independence of a black nation.  Haiti continues to be on American news. The country's stability is at issue, and America has declined the request of Haiti's government to send troops. But many Haitians don't want American troops in their country, no doubt because of the long history of foreign interference in Haiti's domestic affairs.  To better understand this history, we spoke with Robert Fatton Jr. He is an award-winning Professor of Government and Foreign Affairs in the Department of Politics at the University of Virginia, and the author of many books on various aspects of Haiti's history, including one that published this year. Here is the link to Professor Fatton's academic homepage, which includes a list and links to his many publications: https://politics.virginia.edu/people/profile/rf/ To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:13:34
July 23, 2021
S1E22: Who are Afghans? Empire, modernization, women's liberation & more...
S1E22: Who are Afghans? Empire, modernization, women's liberation & more...
Prof. Hanifi takes us through parts of Afghan history that are hardly ever covered in our news media.  As the U.S. military leaves Afghanistan, the nightmare of the Taliban regaining control of that country is more and more becoming a real possibility. And President Biden remains resolute about his decision, because, as he emphasizes, we did not go to Afghanistan to nation-build. In a recent news conference, he has explained more, historically more. According to President Biden, no empire has been able to unify Afghanistan.   To better understand the history of Afghanistan, we spoke with Mr. Shah Mahmoud Hanifi, a professor of Central and South Asia and Middle Eastern studies in James Madison University. Professor Hanifi has many publications regarding the history of Afghanistan since the 16th century, including his book "Connecting Histories in Afghanistan".  Here is the link to Professor Hanifi's academic homepage, which includes a list and links to his many publications: https://www.jmu.edu/history/people/all-people/hanifi.shtml  To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:14:47
July 16, 2021
S1E21: UFO talk: Harvard astronomer and Pentagon’s 6/25 UFO Report
S1E21: UFO talk: Harvard astronomer and Pentagon’s 6/25 UFO Report
Prof. Loeb informs of the scientific community's reluctance to embrace UFO research.    The U.S. government's intelligence community released its report about UFOs on June 25, 2021 (it was actually an analysis of many reports). And prior to this, our government had revived its special task force on UFOs. But what about our scientific community? According to Professor Avi Loeb, a professor in and the former chair of the Department of Astronomy at Harvard University, the scientific community has been cool to explore UFOs and research this fascinating and mysterious topic. Why you may ask, as did we? Because of the risks involved. While scientists have researched the dark matter, the taboo and the potential for ridicule surrounding UFOs has, generally speaking, kept away from delving deep into the subject of UFOs.   Professor Loeb is the Founding Director of Harvard's Black Hole Initiative and a former member of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) at the White House. He has authored four books and some 700 research articles. His latest book is Extraterrestrial: The First Sign of Intelligent Life Beyond Earth. It was published in January of this year.  Here is the link for his academic homepage: https://astronomy.fas.harvard.edu/people/avi-loeb  And this is the link to his most recent book: https://www.hmhbooks.com/shop/books/Extraterrestrial/9780358274551  To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
59:46
July 09, 2021
S1E20: 4th of July... who does it belong to?
S1E20: 4th of July... who does it belong to?
Prof. Balcerski shares the surprisingly circuitous history of America's celebration of the 4th of July.  America's Independence Day has been on the news. One reason is that President Biden set a goal for at least 70% of Americans to get one Covid vaccine shot, which he did not achieve. Another reason, a more complicated one, is that some have brought focus to the importance and meaning of the 4th of July, which doesn't seem all that out of place, given last year's pandemic crisis, BLM protests, a contested presidential election and the January 6th insurrection. As it turns out, the history of the 4th of July is not that straightforward. For example, it took about a century for the recognition of our Independence Day as a federal holiday. And for some 80 years after the Civil war, some parts of the South, including Vicksburg, did not celebrate the 4th of July. It took WWII to create a new sense of nationalism, including the national celebration of the 4th of July.   To better understand the history of our Independence Day, we spoke with Professor, an associate professor of history at Eastern Connecticut State University, where he teaches classes on early American history, African American history, and US presidents and first ladies. In addition, Professor Balcerski is a frequent contributor to CNN, the Washington Post, NBC, and other news organizations. This week he published an opinion on CNN, in which he talked about this week's release of C-SPAN's 2021 Historians Survey of Presidential Leadership. In addition to the fact he was one of the 142 historians who participated in this survey, he also authored a book on President James Buchanan… which is highly relevant to the C-SPAN survey because James Buchanan is ranked as our country's worst president.  The link to Prof. Balcerski's academic homepage: https://www.easternct.edu/faculty-directory/balcerski.html You can find on Twitter @tbalcerski Link to his latest CNN opinion piece: https://www.cnn.com/2021/06/30/opinions/c-span-historian-survey-donald-trump-ranking-balcerski/index.html Link to the 2021 C-SPAN survey: https://www.c-span.org/presidentsurvey2021/?page=overall Amazon link to Prof. Balcerski's book, "Bosom Friends: The Intimate World of James Buchanan and William Rufus King Illustrated Edition": Bosom Friends: https://www.amazon.com/Bosom-Friends-Intimate-Buchanan-William/dp/019091459   To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:00:43
July 02, 2021
S1E19: Hong Kong, opium, “one country, two systems"
S1E19: Hong Kong, opium, “one country, two systems"
Prof. Wasserstrom connects history of Opium Wars to China's repossession of Hong Kong & its emotional patriotic education.  Hong Kong never really left the news after its massive demonstrations in 2019 and early 2020. But this month, June 2021, America's news coverage of Hong Kong spiked. Here are some highlights. According to the Wall Street Journal, out of apprehension for Hong Kong's future, big international businesses are leaving that city, and the effects of that exodus are highly visible, both metaphorically and literally - the latter manifest in the high rate of commercial real estate vacancies. In addition, although Hong Kong's annual observance of the Tiananmen Square massacre has been banned, in defiance, Hong Kong residents gathered in small numbers to commemorate that tragic day anyway. And there is one more highlight that we like to share. The leaders of the G-7 group of nations issued a rebuke to China regarding many issues, including its treatment of Hong Kong's autonomy and the freedom of its residents. But why does Hong Kong receive so much press coverage? What makes the case of Hong Kong special? To better understand Hong Kong, its past and present, we spoke with Jeffrey Wasserstrom, a Chancellor's professor of history at the University of California, Irvine. Professor Wasserstrom is a specialist in modern Chinese history and has a strong interest in connecting China's past to its present and placing both into global perspective.  Here is the link to Professor Wasserstrom's academic homepage, which includes a list of his numerous publications: https://www.faculty.uci.edu/profile.cfm?faculty_id=5310.  To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:10:07
June 25, 2021
S1E18: The Fed - secrecy & subterfuge at its founding, inflation control and interest rates
S1E18: The Fed - secrecy & subterfuge at its founding, inflation control and interest rates
The consumer price index rose to 5% in May, a level it had not reached since August 2008, when it was at 5.4%. Economists and the business community are now wondering when the Federal Reserve will raise interest rates to combat and control inflation. Changing interest rates may affect the stock market, our economy, and our lives - the lives of ordinary Americans, which means that the Federal Reserve is a very powerful institution, and an independent one. But where did the Federal Reserve come from? There is nothing about it in the Constitution. We did not have a Federal Reserve at our founding. We merely had a private bank that acted as America's de facto central bank. But that was too much for us Americans - giving that much power to one bank. So, until 1913 America didn't have a central bank... and for some time after its establishment, the Federal Reserve was not the powerful entity that it is today. For example, it hardly mattered during the Great Depression.     To better understand the history of the Federal Reserve, in this episode we speak with Roger Lowenstein. Mr. Lowenstein is a financial journalist and writer. He reported for The Wall Street Journal for more than a decade. His work has appeared in The Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg, The New York Review of Books, Fortune, The New York Times Magazine, and other publications. His books include Buffett, When Genius Failed, Origins of the Crash, While America Aged, and The End of Wall Street. In addition, he is the author of a 2015 book titled "America's Bank, THE EPIC STRUGGLE TO CREATE THE FEDERAL RESERVE"… which nicely fits with this episode's history behind the news.   This is the link http://rogerlowenstein.com/news to Mr. Lowenstein's website, which includes a list of his numerous publications.    To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:00:18
June 18, 2021
S1E17: America’s Patents, COVID vaccine patent waiver
S1E17: America’s Patents, COVID vaccine patent waiver
Join two patent experts (one is a historian) for a fun debate about the ethics and economic impact of America's patent system.   Last month, President Biden's Administration made the extraordinary decision to support the suspension of Covid vaccine patent rights.  While pundits weigh our moral obligation to help other countries against the gravity of patent rights for America's businesses and their leadership in innovation, we decided to ask an entirely different question - a seminal question. What is a patent anyway? What rights does a patent give a patent holder? And where did patents come from? And why has patent law - a highly technical field - has had such a complicated history?   To get the answer to these questions and learn more about the history of patent law, we turned to two experts.   Steve Pepe is a partner at the law firm of Ropes and Gray with 25 years of experience in litigating patent infringement cases in virtually every important patent jurisdiction. He’s been lead counsel in many significant patent suits in the fields of computer technology, semiconductors, telecommunications, consumer products, and mechanical systems. Mr. Pepe has been recognized as a Super Lawyer every year since 2013 and has taught patent law and Intellectual Property at Touro Law School. Click this link https://www.ropesgray.com/en/biographies/p/steven-pepe for the extensive list of his publications, presentations, and awards are available on his homepage.  Sam Brenner is an attorney with a Ph.D. in U.S. history – our kinda guy! He is Counsel at the law firm of Ropes and Gray. Dr. Brenner litigates intellectual property cases in technical fields, including telecommunications, electronics, software and hardware, semiconductors, and the life sciences. He counsels clients on patent licensing strategy and also has a prolific pro bono practice. Dr. Brenner has taught at the University of New Hampshire School of Law, the University of Michigan, Brown University, and the University of Rhode Island. Click this link https://www.ropesgray.com/en/biographies/b/samuel-brenner for his bio and long list of publications, presentations, and other accomplishments and awards.   About the law firm of Ropes and Gray (www.ropesgray.com/en): Ropes & Gray is one of the world’s most prestigious law firms, with 1,400 lawyers, known for its work in the private equity, asset management, life sciences, health care and technology industries. Over a century and a half, it has provided legal advice to the world’s most exciting brands - Samsung, Cirque du Soleil, Dunkin’ Brands, among many others. The firm has also advised nearly every major COVID-19 vaccine manufacturer on legal or financial issues associated with bringing vaccines to market. Ropes & Gray also recently played a role in a $40 billion deal to take public Grab, one of the biggest ride-hailing and delivery services apps in Asia, which speaks to the firm’s global reach and its ability to handle complex legal issues. In 2015, Ropes & Gray litigated, and won, at the U.S. Supreme Court the key case that extended marriage equality to all 50 states; the case was Obergefell v. Hodges.  🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:05:21
June 11, 2021
S1E16: Israeli Jews and Israeli Arabs violently clash in streets...
S1E16: Israeli Jews and Israeli Arabs violently clash in streets...
Prof. Pytlik tells the long history of coexistence between Muslims & Jews, which defies America's understanding of this region.  Last month, in May 2021, for almost two weeks Israel and Hamas exchanged missiles and rockets. At the same time, Israeli Arabs attacked Jews, and Israeli Jews attacked Arabs... all in the streets, neighborhoods and restaurants of Israel. This was the people of Israel attacking other people of Israel.  In this podcast episode, Professor Michael Pytlik describes the long, intertwined history of Muslims and Jews, and how in comparison to Christian Europe, for several centuries Jews lived in relative peace in the lands of Islam and even thrived. He ends our conversation by asking us all to remember what we forgot.  Mr. Pytlik is an assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology and Religious Studies at Oakland University, in Rochester, Michigan. He is the Director of Judaic Studies and the Director of the Cis Maisel Center for Judaic Studies and Community Engagement. Professor Pytlik is also the Director of the Study Abroad in Israel: an archaeological field school and culture tour. This is the link to Professor Pytlik's academic homepage: https://www.oakland.edu/socan/top-links/faculty/pytlik. To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
59:31
June 04, 2021
S1E15: Afghan refugees are here. How did we treat Vietnamese refugees?
S1E15: Afghan refugees are here. How did we treat Vietnamese refugees?
Prof. Demmer: 130,000 Vietnamese evacuated in 1975 along with the US military. Over time, one million Vietnamese refugees settled in the U.S.   When is the right time to leave Afghanistan? And when was the right time to leave Vietnam? Are we leaving our allies in Afghanistan, defenseless before the onslaught of the Taliban? Just as we left our allies at the mercy of the North Vietnamese? What will time tell? Will Kabul go the say of Saigon? And if so, will it take two years? Or will Kabul fall faster?  One rare soldier who served in both wars believes that the same thing that happened in Vietnam is happening now in Afghanistan.  To understand what happened in Vietnam and its aftermath, we spoke with Professor Amanda Demmer, an assistant professor of history at Virginia Tech, whose research and teaching are focused on the boundaries between war and peace in American history. Her recently published book is highly pertinent to our conversation, and it's titled After Saigon’s Fall: Refugees and US-Vietnamese Relations, 1975-2000.  To learn more about Professor Demmer's scholarship and contributions to America's history of war, visit her academic homepage at https://liberalarts.vt.edu/departments-and-schools/department-of-history/faculty/amanda-demmer.html.  To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
54:22
May 28, 2021
S1E14: Climate Change & America - the only Western Democracy without any climate change laws.
S1E14: Climate Change & America - the only Western Democracy without any climate change laws.
The success of President Biden's climate summit hinges on the unprecedented cooperation of the international community. But as Professor David Takacs explains the history of America's climate change commitments in this episode, the U.S. doesn't come out quite the exemplary leader to spearhead this enormous effort. Ask yourself this: how did the U.S. handle the Kyoto Protocol? Or the Paris Agreement?  But surely, you may say, that even though the U.S. has disappointed the international community in the past when it comes to climate change, we've done a great job back home... right? No. Not right! The United States of America, the biggest historical polluter of greenhouse gases, is the only Western democracy not to have any climate change laws. In this podcast episode, Professor Takacs explains how our federal government's climate policies are implemented in the absence of laws, and the real and political ramifications of this lack of laws on climate. Professor Takacs further teaches us that rules and laws won't do any good, and they may not even pass, without the participation of those who are negatively impacted by our shift to a low or zero carbon emission economy. As he tells it, we need a just transition for workers that will lose their jobs due to our efforts to combat climate change. To learn more about Professor Takacs's important scholarship and contributions to climate studies, visit his academic homepage at U.C. Hastings College of the Law (link: https://www.uchastings.edu/people/david-takacs/), and read his numerous publications and book (link: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=1393231).  And here is an Amazon link to Professor Takcas's book on biodiversity: https://www.amazon.com/Idea-Biodiversity-Philosophies-Paradise/dp/0801854008/ref=sr_1_2?dchild=1&keywords=The+Idea+of+Biodiversity&qid=1621394881&sr=8-2.  One last point, in addition to teaching law, Professor Takacs has a Ph.D. in the history of science and has taught undergraduates for a decade. Prior to that, he has spent time in Keyna and Senegal and witnessed climate change firsthand. In this episode, he shares the depth of his expertise and breadth of experience with us.   And, as we promised during the podcast, this is the link to the White House's fact sheet regarding President Biden's climate summit.   Professor Takacs Recommendations: Novel by Barbara Kingsolver, Flight Behavior (Amazon link). My Octopus Teacher, a film on Netflix.   🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 
01:02:14
May 21, 2021
S1E13: Taxes... if Mr. Biden Was President In 1821, Could He Have Raised Corporate & Income Taxes To Pay For His Infrastructure Plan?
S1E13: Taxes... if Mr. Biden Was President In 1821, Could He Have Raised Corporate & Income Taxes To Pay For His Infrastructure Plan?
We are having a bit of fun with the title of this podcast because it poses a trick question? You see... if Mr. Biden was president in 1821... aside from the fact that there was no "Democratic" political party then, he would have another issue on his hand: there were no corporate or income taxes back then either.  And no! As much as our current political skirmishes suggest, it wasn't a Democratic US President that ushered in the income tax. It was a Republican president - Honest Abe! And later, it was during another Republican President's term that the income tax became permanent - William Taft. The irony of it is that the poor masses and the progressive middle class pushed for the income tax to get the rich to pay their fair share. Now, the poor and the middle American families seem to shoulder most of the income tax burden.  So this begs the following question: how did the federal government pay for itself all these years before the income tax? How and why did it grow so large, needing ever more income to pay for its many programs?  So that we better understand our present, we spoke with Mr. David Thomson, an assistant professor of American history at Sacred Heart University in Connecticut (link to the academic homepage: https://www.sacredheart.edu/phonebook/david-thomson.php). In his research, Professor Thomson focuses on the Civil War period, including the financing of that war through the sale of government bonds. He recently received a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. He is the recipient of numerous fellowships and has won many awards and honors. He is also a contributor to prominent publications, such as the New York Times, the Washington Post, and the Boston Globe magazine. See more information on his website: http://davidkthomson.com/. Professor Thomson has an upcoming book titled Bonds of War: How Civil War Financial Agents Sold the World on the Union. His book will be published in the Spring of 2022 with the University of North Carolina Press. Tune in to ThePeel.news podcast as Professor Thomson takes us from our very beginning - no taxation without representation - through Shays' Rebellion, the US Constitution, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, the Civil War, great depressions before the GREAT DEPRESSION, the Gilded Age, the Sixteenth Amendment, World War I, the Roaring '20s, the GREAT DEPRESSION, and World War II.  Image attribution: The chart title "Federal Revenue by type" is by Wikideas1, from this source, and provided under CC BY-SA 4.0 license in Wikipedia. The sides and top margins of the chart were cropped for better fitting. Some descriptions & titles were superimposed on the chart for better reading. The chart was turned sideways for better fit into the frame.  🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
01:07:25
May 14, 2021
S1E12: How China's one-child policy was implemented without any laws?
S1E12: How China's one-child policy was implemented without any laws?
China's highly anticipated and much-delayed census finally arrived. And it is making China's officials nervous because it shows a definite downward trend for its population growth. In fact, China's recently announced that families can have three kids, which is a step up from two kids, which was a step up from only one child, which was China's policy from about 1979 to 2015.  China's population decline will affect everything - its pension and housing systems to its geopolitical relations with Europe and the U.S.  In this episode, we spoke with Professor Wang, who shared the brutal history of China's one-child policy and drew perspective for us... for what the future may look like.  Mr. Feng Wang is a professor of sociology at the University of California, Irvine (academic homepage). He has research interests in contemporary Chinese society and comparative demographic processes and social inequality in state socialism, and his work is frequently cited in the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, and other prominent journals. I hope you enjoy this episode and gain some perspective about China's population control programs.   Adel Host of ThePeel.news podcast China Series SUPPORT: To continue our free podcast program, we depend on our listeners’ support. So please click this link https://anchor.fm/the-peel-news/support and join our other supporters in the news peeler community. Thank you. 🎵 attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ SOCIAL MEDIA:  YouTube   TikTok  Twitter   Instagram    Facebook    Linked-In ThePeel.news Podcast Platforms: Apple  Spotify  Google  iHeart
01:00:32
May 07, 2021
S1E11: The Chauvin Trial - the long history of violence against African Americans
S1E11: The Chauvin Trial - the long history of violence against African Americans
Click https://thepeel.news/register/subscribe-support/ to support our podcast for the price of a cup of coffee. The knee of a police officer placed on the neck of an African American man for longer than 8 minutes - in broad daylight, brazenly in full view of a cell phone camera. How did we get here? How have previous U.S. Presidents handled violence against African Americans? How have they reacted to high-profile criminal proceedings involving Black people? And how does President Biden's handling of the killing of George Floyd and Derek Chauvin's trial hold up against our prior presidents? So that we better understand our present, Thomas Balcerski, a professor of American history and a frequent contributor to CNN, NBC and Washington Post provides us with perspective from the past by taking us on a journey - at times a discomfiting one – through America's history. Tune in to ThePeel.news podcast as Professor Balcerski teaches us that free African Americans were snatched from the North into the slavery of the South. He brings this story to life through the example of the Academy Award-winning film "12 Years A Slave". From this antebellum period, he informs of the post-Civil War atrocities of the Ku Klux Klan and how President Grant and his DOJ crushed them, only for white supremacy to come back in a different form, with a different name. We learn from Professor Balcerski the heart-wrenching story of Emmett Till - a murdered African American teenager - and his intrepid mother's determination for all the world to know, and to see, what happened to her boy. We compare the responses of Presidents Eisenhower and Obama to the murders of teenage African Americans. Finally, we are reminded that George Floyd's death was not the first time that police violence against African Americans was recorded.... for all Americans to see. Here's a hint: Rodney King. Click this link to read ThePeel.news post that is related to this podcast episode.  Information about this episode's guest: Professor Thomas Balcerski is an associate professor of history at Eastern Connecticut State University (link to his academic homepage: https://www.easternct.edu/faculty-directory/balcerski.html), where he teaches classes on early American history, African American history, and presidents and first ladies. He is a frequent contributor to CNN, the Washington Post, and NBC, and is the author of Bosom Friends: The Intimate World of James Buchanan and William Rufus King, published b y Oxford University Press in 2019 (book link). You can find him on Twitter @tbalcerski. Here is the long-form Amazon link to his book: https://www.amazon.com/Bosom-Friends-Intimate-Buchanan-William/dp/0190914599 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.comAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
56:40
April 30, 2021
S1E10: Biden's $2.3T infrastructure could use a previous president's plan for an infrastructure Constitutional amendment.
S1E10: Biden's $2.3T infrastructure could use a previous president's plan for an infrastructure Constitutional amendment.
Republicans argue that President Biden's infrastructure plan includes items irrelevant to infrastructure. It will be a big political fight. But passing big infrastructure legislation has always been difficult - legally and politically.  In this podcast, we briefly review the history of America's infrastructure - from Washington's dream of a water canal to America's constitution, and then to presidents that followed Washington, all the way to Eisenhower.  Become a financial supporter of ThePeel.news podcast by clicking the support button in this link. 📚 Below are citations to some sources discussed in this podcast. Visit the post on ThePeel.news site for citations to specific pages. Ambrose, Stephen E. Eisenhower: Soldier And President. Simon & Schuster, 1990. Amazon link.  Chernow, Ron. Alexander Hamilton. Penguin Books, 2004. Amazon link.  Chernow, Ron. Washington, A Life. The Penguin Press, 2010. Amazon link.  Heilbroner, Robert L. The Worldly Philosophers. Simon & Schuster, 1953. Amazon link.  Meacham, Jon. Thomas Jefferson, The Art of Power. Random House, 2012. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize. Amazon link.  Meacham, Jon. American Lion - Andrew Jackson in the White House. Random House, 2008. Amazon link. McCullough, David. John Adams. Simon & Schuster, 2001. Amazon link.  Remini, Robert V. The Life of Andrew Jackson. Harper, 1988. Amazon link.  Rubenstein, David M. The American Story - Conversations With Master Historians. Simon & Schuster, 2019. Amazon link.  Schlesinger, Arthur, Jr. The  Age of Jackson. Konecky&Knockey, 1945. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize. Amazon link.  Unger, Harlow Giles. The Last Founding Father - James Monroe And A Nation's Call To Greatness. Da Capo, 2009. Amazon link.  🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.comAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
42:24
April 10, 2021
S1E9: Have mass shootings increased in America? Brief review of 2nd Amendment... and then... confusion!
S1E9: Have mass shootings increased in America? Brief review of 2nd Amendment... and then... confusion!
America has experienced three mass shootings in three weeks. But have there really been... three mass shootings in the three weeks! We are not trying to be cute here. Of course, there were three mass shootings in the last three weeks. We merely pose this question to highlight the frustrating fact that there is no consensus on the exact definition of a mass shooting. There is actually disagreement. And there is no consensus about the frequency of mass shootings, and whether or not their numbers are rising. After ample research, we were left with confusing and contradicting definitions and data.  In this podcast, we briefly review the history of the Second Amendment, and then, through our frustration, bring focus to the lack of funding for research and information about gun violence, including mass shootings.  Become a financial supporter of ThePeel.news podcast by clicking the support button in this link. 📚 Below are citations to some sources discussed in this podcast. Visit the post on ThePeel.news site for citations to specific pages. Amar, Akhil Reed. America's Constitution, A Biography. Random House, 2005. Amazon link.  Cheney, Lynne. James Madison, A Life Reconsidered. Viking, 2014. Amazon link. Scalia, Antonin. Scalia Speaks, Reflections on Law, Faith and Life Well Lived. Forwarded by Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Edited by Christopher J. Scalia. Crown Forum, 2017. Amazon link. Waldman, Michael. The Second Amendment, A Biography. Simon & Schuster, 2014. Amazon link. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.comAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
37:19
April 04, 2021
S1E8: The filibuster is in the news - to keep or not to keep!
S1E8: The filibuster is in the news - to keep or not to keep!
Since last week, Democratic Party's push to end the Senate's filibuster has picked up momentum. Republicans are against it and so are some Democrats... including a very important - the President of the United States.  In this podcast, we analyze the history of the filibuster. How did it get started? How do Senators end a filibuster? Why has it morphed from a rare parliamentary procedure of the past to the prevalent practice of our present? And why would a U.S. Senator need a urine bucket close to the Senate floor?    Become a financial supporter of ThePeel.news podcast by clicking the support button in this link. 📚 Below are citations to some sources discussed in this podcast. Visit the post on ThePeel.news site for citations to specific pages. Jentleson, Adam. Kill Switch: The Rise of the Modern Senate and the Crippling of American Democracy. Liveright, 2021. Amazon link. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.comAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
29:05
March 26, 2021
S1E7: Biden's Political Power: $1.9T Covid Stimulus - the history of Democratic Party's paradigm shift from small to BIG government
S1E7: Biden's Political Power: $1.9T Covid Stimulus - the history of Democratic Party's paradigm shift from small to BIG government
Last week, President Biden's Covid stimulus recovery bill became law. Already, many, including President Biden himself, are comparing the Covid stimulus package to Lyndon Johnson's Great Society relief programs. But this colossal economic package is just one of several that Mr. Biden and his Democratic Party colleagues are planning, meaning that the Biden Administration will outlay funds and financial packages the scope of which will likely rival FDR's New Deal programs.   But the Democratic Party that President Jackson founded was in favor of a small federal government and balancing the budget. Although this Democratic ethos changed in the latter decades of the 19th century, it wasn't until Franklin Delano Roosevelt's presidency that gigantic federal programs were implemented. It was the era of the New Deal.  In this podcast, we analyze the history of Jackson's and FDR's presidencies and entertain you with their unbelievable stories. We also bring focus to Jackson's and FDR's political powers and invite you to contemplate as to whether or not President Biden enjoys similar political powers to push through his wide-ranging economic programs.  Become a financial supporter of ThePeel.news podcast by clicking the support button in this link. 📚 Below are citations to some sources discussed in this podcast. Visit the post on ThePeel.news site for citations to specific pages. Downey, Kirstin. The Woman Behind The New Deal – The Life of Frances Perkins, FDR’s Secretary of Labor and His Moral Conscience. Random House, 2009. Amazon link.  Heidler, David S. and Jeanne T. Henry Clay: The Essential American. Random House, 2010. Amazon link.  Lash, Joseph P. Eleanor And Franklin. Konecky & Konecky, 1971. Amazon link.  Meacham, Jon. American Lion - Andrew Jackson in the White House. Random House, 2008. Amazon link.  Remini, Robert V. The Life of Andrew Jackson. Penguin Books, 1990 (original publication, 1988). Amazon link.  Wapshott, Nicholas. The Sphinx: Franklin Roosevelt, The Isolationists, And The Road To World War II. Norton, 2015. Amazon link.  🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.comAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
40:44
March 19, 2021
S1E6: Censored books: Dr. Seuss, Fahrenheit 451, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, and many more
S1E6: Censored books: Dr. Seuss, Fahrenheit 451, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, and many more
Become a financial supporter of ThePeel.news podcast by clicking the support button in this link. Last week, Dr. Seuss Enterprises announced that it will no longer publish or license six specific books from the Dr. Seuss collection. This piqued our interest regarding the history of what other classic books have been censored or self-censored in our history due to social pressure. For example, did you know that Fahrenheit 451, a book about book banning, book burning and book censoring, was itself censored in America? And what is banned books week? Brianna Keilar of CNN rhymes the new Dr. Seuss-style. Watch video.  📚 Below are citations to some sources discussed in this podcast. Visit the post on ThePeel.news site for citations to specific pages. Karolides, Nicholas J, et al. 100 Banned Books - Censorship Histories of World Literature. Checkmark Books, 1999. Amazon link. Goodwin, Doris K. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 2005. Amazon link.  🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.comAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
28:16
March 12, 2021
S1E5: Mr. Potato Head, Gender Neutrality, Marie Antoinette, Kamala Harris, Ms., Mx., Mrs. & Miss
S1E5: Mr. Potato Head, Gender Neutrality, Marie Antoinette, Kamala Harris, Ms., Mx., Mrs. & Miss
Become a financial supporter of ThePeel.news podcast by clicking the support button in this link. Last week, the title Mister in Mr. Potato Head briefly became a heated social and cultural issue.  Did you know that, not too long ago, the use of Ms., which is a title, a prefix before a woman's name, was a sensational issue in a U.S. presidential election?   📚 Below are citations to some sources discussed in this podcast. Visit the post on ThePeel.news site for citations to specific pages.  Baron, Dennis. What's Your Pronoun? Beyond He & She. W.W. Norton & Co., 2020. Amazon link.  Caouette, Mick. Summoned: Frances Perkins and the General Welfare. A 2020 PBS documentary film, available on Amazon Prime Video. Cowley, Robert, ed. What If? Eminent Historians Imagine What Might Have Been. Putnam, 1998. Chapter: What if Pizarro Had Not Found Potatoes In Peru? The humble roots of history. By William H. McNeill, pp. 813-827. Amazon link. Downey, Kirstin. The Woman Behind The New Deal - The Life of Frances Perkins, FDR's Secretary of Labor and Hist Moral Conscience. Random House, 2009. Amazon link. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.comAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
28:30
March 05, 2021
S1E4: Bitcoin, Hamilton, the Civil War, Karl Marx, a Persian king, "a Cross of Gold", Janet Yellen
S1E4: Bitcoin, Hamilton, the Civil War, Karl Marx, a Persian king, "a Cross of Gold", Janet Yellen
Last week, the market value of bitcoin reached above $1T. By comparison, the market value of privately held gold is $2.7T. Where does bitcoin fit in the history of the eagle, Alexander Hamilton, the Civil War, Karl Marx, the Dutch, the Mongols, a Persian King and "cross of gold"? Our podcast this week peels the history behind the bitcoin news - America's money and... its gold! 📚 For the full list of sources either cited in or consulted for this podcast, please visit its corresponding post here https://thepeel.news/2021/02/20/minimum-wage-politics-2021-verus-1930s/. Below is a list that includes some of them: Lewis, Nathan. Gold - The Once And Future Money. John Wiley & Sons, 2007. Click here to link to this book on Amazon Mezrich, Ben. Bitcoin Billionaires - A True Story of Genius, Betrayal, And Redemption. Flatiron Books, 2019. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.comAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
35:38
February 27, 2021
S1E3: Part II: Minimum Wage Politics Now Pales In Comparison To the Political Drama At Its Inception - A Heroine Behind It All
S1E3: Part II: Minimum Wage Politics Now Pales In Comparison To the Political Drama At Its Inception - A Heroine Behind It All
Establishing a national minimum wage was a revolutionary idea that entailed a constitutional court crisis and impeachment hearings. And at the center of it all, was a woman - Frances Perkins, America's first female member of a U.S. Cabinet. 📚 For the full list of sources either cited in or consulted for this podcast, please visit its corresponding post here https://thepeel.news/2021/02/20/minimum-wage-politics-2021-verus-1930s/. Below is a list that includes some of them: Cameron, Rondo; Neal, Larry. A Concise Economic History of The World, 4th ed. Oxford University Press, 2003. Caouette, Mick. Summoned: Frances Perkins and the General Welfare. A 2020 PBS documentary film, available on Amazon Prime Video. Downey, Kirstin. The Woman Behind The New Deal - The Life of Frances Perkins, FDR's Secretary of Labor and Hist Moral Conscience. Random House, 2009. Amazon link: https://www.amazon.com/Woman-Behind-New-Deal-Unemployment/dp/1400078563/ref=sr_1_1?dchild=1&keywords=kirstin+downey&qid=1613770724&sr=8-1 Feldman, Noah. Scorpions: The Battles and Triumphs of FDR's Great Supreme Court Justices. Norton, 2010. Lewis, Nathan. GOLD - The Once And Future Money. Wiley & Sons, 2007. Scalia, Antonin. Scalia Speaks: Reflections on Law, Faith, and Life Well Lived. Crown Forum, 2017. Sowell, Thomas. Basic Economics, A Common Sense Guide to the Economy. 3rd ed. Perseus Books Group, 2007. Thomas, Evan. First, Sandra Day O'Connor. Random House, 2019. Wapshott, Nicholas. Sphinx - Franklin Roosevelt, The Isolationist, And The Road To World War II. Norton, 2015. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.comAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
20:15
February 20, 2021
S1E3: Part I: Minimum Wage Politics Now Pales In Comparison To the Political Drama At Its Inception - A Heroine Behind It All
S1E3: Part I: Minimum Wage Politics Now Pales In Comparison To the Political Drama At Its Inception - A Heroine Behind It All
Establishing a national minimum wage was a revolutionary idea that entailed a constitutional court crisis and impeachment hearings. And at the center of it all, was a woman - Frances Perkins, America's first female member of a U.S. Cabinet.  📚 For the full list of sources either cited in or consulted for this podcast, please visit its corresponding post here https://thepeel.news/2021/02/20/minimum-wage-politics-2021-verus-1930s/. Below is a list that includes some of them:  Cameron, Rondo; Neal, Larry. A Concise Economic History of The World, 4th ed. Oxford University Press, 2003. Caouette, Mick. Summoned: Frances Perkins and the General Welfare. A 2020 PBS documentary film, available on Amazon Prime Video. Downey, Kirstin. The Woman Behind The New Deal - The Life of Frances Perkins, FDR's Secretary of Labor and Hist Moral Conscience. Random House, 2009. Amazon link: https://www.amazon.com/Woman-Behind-New-Deal-Unemployment/dp/1400078563/ref=sr_1_1?dchild=1&keywords=kirstin+downey&qid=1613770724&sr=8-1  Feldman, Noah. Scorpions: The Battles and Triumphs of FDR's Great Supreme Court Justices. Norton, 2010. Lewis, Nathan. GOLD - The Once And Future Money. Wiley & Sons, 2007. Scalia, Antonin. Scalia Speaks: Reflections on Law, Faith, and Life Well Lived. Crown Forum, 2017. Sowell, Thomas. Basic Economics, A Common Sense Guide to the Economy. 3rd ed. Perseus Books Group, 2007. Thomas, Evan. First, Sandra Day O'Connor. Random House, 2019. Wapshott, Nicholas. Sphinx - Franklin Roosevelt, The Isolationist, And The Road To World War II. Norton, 2015. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.comAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
21:14
February 20, 2021
S1E2: Removing Congresswoman Greene From Her Committees Changes Disciplinary Standards Set In History
S1E2: Removing Congresswoman Greene From Her Committees Changes Disciplinary Standards Set In History
In our research of the history of Congressional disciplinary actions, including expulsion and exclusion of members as well as their removal from committees, we discovered a general caution toward taking disciplinary action against behaviors at issue that occurred prior to members' election to office. The Congress's hesitance to discipline a member seemed particularly high when the behavior at issue occurred in plain view of the member's future constituents. Prior criminal activity, however, was an exception to this general trend. Listen to our podcast to learn about the standards and circumstances in which other members of Congress have been disciplined. 📚 The following works were either cited in or consulted for this post: "Marjorie Taylor Greene Removed From Committees by House Vote," The Wall Street Journal, Feb. 4, 2021. "Marjorie Taylor Greene would be in rare company if she is kicked off her committees," The Washington Post, Feb. 3, 2021. "House Republicans Propose Removing Ilhan Omar From Committees Instead Of Greene," Forbes, Feb. 2, 2021. Expulsion of Members of "Congress: Legal Authority and Historical Practice," Congressional Research Service, Jan. 11, 2018. "The Insurrection Bar to Office: Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment," Congressional Research Service, Jan. 29, 2021. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoonMusic promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.comAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Spon
21:18
February 13, 2021
S1E1: Counting Americans - controversy, clash and Constitutional crisis: 1920-21 and 2020-21
S1E1: Counting Americans - controversy, clash and Constitutional crisis: 1920-21 and 2020-21
The resignation of the director of one of the many bureaus in our federal government does not frontpage news make. However, controversy and clash over who should be counted in the 2020 U.S. does, just as it did in 1920. Similar to our time, a century ago including immigrants in the census was the issue. 📚 The following works were either cited in or consulted for this post: Amar, Akhil Reed. America's Constitution - A Biography. Random House, 2005. Okrent, Daniel. Last Call - The Rise And Fall Of Prohibition. Scribner, 2010. 🎵 The attribution, links and license for the theme music in this podcast is below: The Success by Keys of Moon | https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoon Music promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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January 29, 2021