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It's a Continent

It's a Continent

By It's a Continent
We’re here to challenge the common misconception that Africa is a country, whilst appreciating the identity of each nation. Through each episode we’ll explore key historical moments which have shaped the continent, in an easily digestible, satirical (and shady) format with your hosts Chinny and Astrid. We're also on Instagram as @itsacontinentpod and Twitter @itsacontinent. Sources are posted in each episode note. Don't forget to leave us a review on your podcast platform!
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South Sudan: Forging a New Nation
South Sudan gained independence from the Republic of Sudan in 2011. In this episode, we discuss South Sudan’s arduous road having struggled through two civil wars spanning over 20 years. South Sudan’s current state of affairs has very much been influenced by its relationship with the Republic of Sudan, in particular, conflict over regional borders and oil revenue. Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Sources for further reading: https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/p08qsvj8?fbclid=IwAR1ZemhK1r4jyJ1iQ0rtkzicqkRefTTdU32iXnuLhWBjW1n4ERmegOWpVDA https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/07/09/9-years-south-sudan-still-nation-waiting https://www.discoversudan.de/en/sudan/history/anglo-egyptian-rule https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/africaatlse/2017/12/06/when-success-becomes-a-burden-challenges-of-nations-building-in-post-liberation-south-sudan/ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14069082 Sudan and South Sudan: All-out war? John Lunn and Gavin Thompson After the comprehensive peace agreement in Sudan by Elke Grawert The comprehensive peace agreement and the dynamics of post-conflict political partnership in  Sudan by Ahmed Einas (2009) https://www.britannica.com/place/South-Sudan/Continued-problems-with-Sudan https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/southsudan/overview The Sudan, Egypt and Britain, 1899-1916 https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/africaatlse/2017/12/06/when-success-becomes-a-burden-challenges-of-nations-building-in-post-liberation-south-sudan/
24:47
September 22, 2020
South Africa's Black Consciousness
Steve Biko was a revolutionary and activist often regarded as the father of the Black Consciousness Movement, empowering black South Africans in the fight against apartheid. Biko was viewed as one of the first prolific anti-apartheid icons, and is viewed as a political martyr. In this episode we'll look at Biko's story, his impact and his legacy. Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Sources for further reading: List of Apartheid South African assassinations List of people subject to banning orders under apartheid Articles:  Steve Biko - Britannica Group Areas Act of 1950 Steve Biko: The Black Consciousness Movement University Christian Movement (UCM) Black Consciousness, Black Theology, Student Activism and the Shaping of the New South Africa #SteveBiko Black Consciousness Movement (BCM) TRIBUTE TO STEVE BIKO: Twenty-five Years On Journals:  Black Consciousness, Black theology, student activism, and the shaping of the new South Africa by Professor N. Barney Pityana, 9 October 2012, South Africa
36:39
September 15, 2020
Cameroon's Anglophone Crisis
Following Germany's defeat in WW1, Cameroon was split and handed over to France and Britain - with the majority of the country under French rule alongside a small British minority. Upon reunification, this uneven split has lead to the country facing a socio-political issue involving minority English speakers and the declaration of the self-declared state Ambazonia. In this episode we discuss the history of Cameroon and how this separatist movement came to be. Don't forget to leave us a review on your podcast platform! We're on Instagram as @itsacontinentpod and Twitter @itsacontinent Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Sources for further reading: VJ Day: The forgotten African soldiers of the Burma Campaign Queen to honour Ghana's fundraising WW2 veteran Pte Joseph Hammond The Foumban Constitutional Talks and Prior Intentions of Negotiating: A Historico-Theoretical Analysis of a False Negotiation and Ramifications for Political Developments in Cameroon - Michael Fonkem Achankeng I The anglophone problem in Cameroon yesterday and today in search of a definition Why Britain was Reluctant to Annex Cameroon Cameroon: Government is secretly negotiating with the Ambazonians The Anglophone Problem in Cameroon COLONIAL BACKGROUND TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF AUTONOMIST TENDENCIES IN ANGLOPHONE CAMEROON, 1946-1961 Cameroon's Separatists Relaunch Attacks to Reject State Reconstruction Plan
36:21
August 25, 2020
Western Sahara - Africa's Last Colony
Western Sahara is often described as Africa’s last colony. Since 1884 the people of Western Sahara, the Sahrawis, have been fighting to regain access and ownership of their country from their former coloniser Spain, and most recently Morocco. The United Nations describes Western Sahara’s current situation as an ‘incomplete process of decolonisation,’ however, their ability to bring it to an end has yet to yield positive results. In this episode, we explore Western’s Sahara’s story and the people and organisations involved in its past, and those who continue to determine its future. Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Sources for further reading: Book: Western Sahara - Anatomy of a Stalemate? - 2nd Edition Documentary: Life is Waiting Is one of Africa’s oldest conflicts finally nearing its end? - https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/is-one-of-africas-oldest-conflicts-finally-nearing-its-end Journal: The Western Sahara Conflict: Myths and Realities by John Damis Journal: The Western Sahara Conflict: towards a constructivist approach to self-determination by Mohamed Daadaoui https://www.britannica.com/place/Tindouf https://www.britannica.com/place/Sahrawi-Arab-Democratic-Republic https://www.rightlivelihoodaward.org/laureates/aminatou-haidar/ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14115273 https://www.wilsoncenter.org/event/resolving-regional-conflicts-the-western-sahara-and-the-quest-for-durable-solution
28:46
August 11, 2020
Gaddafi's Pan-African Motives
Colonel Muammar Gaddafi was a divisive figure, as he represented very different things to different people. We begin the first episode of season two by discussing what motivated Gaddafi's Pan-Africanist ideas, as well as the impact of Arab colonisation in Northern Africa and the idea behind the term "sub-Saharan Africa".  Don't forget to leave us a review on your podcast platform! We are on Instagram @itsacontinentpod and we're now on Twitter too: @itsacontinent Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Sources for further reading: Articles: Colonialism: Arab & European Compared by Chinweizu Why do we still use the term “sub-Saharan Africa”? The Green Book Libyan aid and investment projects in Africa Gaddafi’s Libya was Africa’s Most Prosperous Democracy April Victims of The Gaddafi Regime The truth about Gaddafi: He was no friend of Africans Gaddafi’s Blood-Soaked Hands 'It Was As if We Weren’t Human.' Inside the Modern Slave Trade Trapping African Migrants Africans remember Gaddafi as martyr, benefactor Gaddafi wants EU cash to stop African migrants How ‘African’ is Northern Africa? Books: Africanism - Patricia Bamurangirwa African Immigrants in South Africa - Godfrey Mwakikagile Documentary: Mad Dog: Inside the Secret World of Muammar Gaddafi
48:45
July 28, 2020
Ghana's Independence Battle
On the 6th March 1957, Ghana gained independence from British colonial rule, changing its name from the Gold Coast. In this episode we discuss the events leading to independence - from the mistreatment of African soldiers fighting for Allied forces in WW2, to a new constitution. We also draw similarities to Ghana's road to independence with the recent Black Lives Matter protests, demonstrating how black people have continuously been campaigning for equality.  Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Sources for further reading: Four more ways the CIA has meddled in Africa CIA Declassified Document The CIA, Kwame Nkrumah, and the Destruction of Ghana Ghana : History - The Commonwealth Ghana demands independence from Britain The Politics of the Independence Movements Ghanaians campaign for independence from British rule, 1949-1951 This 1948 event in Ghana triggered Africa’s independence The Causes and Effects of the 1948 Accra Riots in Ghana Africa has forgotten the women leaders of its independence struggle 1956: Gold Coast to get independence Ghana, cocoa, colonialism and globalisation: introducing historiography
44:46
June 16, 2020
Wangari, Kenya's mother
Wangari Maathai was a distinguished environmentalist born in Kenya during British colonial rule. As a well-educated black woman, she used her knowledge and experience to educate and mobilise others in her community to fight for change, but faced numerous challenges: from discrimination at work to threats from the Kenyan government. Her determination and fearlessness never waned as she continued to fight for the environment, human rights and democracy in Kenya. In 2004, she became the first black African woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize. Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Artwork by Margo Designs: https://margosdesigns.myportfolio.com/ Sources for further reading: Film: Taking root - the vision of Wangari Maathai http://takingrootfilm.com/earth-day-2020/ https://www.britannica.com/topic/Ibibio https://artsandculture.google.com/exhibit/the-kikuyu-community-of-kenya%C2%A0-national-museums-of-kenya/0QIS6HqkIjAUIQ?hl=en https://www.britannica.com/biography/Wangari-Maathai
34:10
June 2, 2020
Liberia's American Shadow
Quite often – and misleadingly, Liberia is referred to as one of the only two African countries that were not colonised. Whilst Liberia was not carved up by Europeans in the Scramble for Africa, the country was actually founded by the American colonisation society, and many freed black Americans were sent to live in Liberia, despite living in America for generations. These black Americans and their descendants ended up controlling and colonising indigenous Liberians for over 100 years. Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Sources for further reading: Articles: A Brief History of the African Country of Liberia The Library of Congress - African American Mosaic Exhibition "And so Liberia was Born" How a Movement to Send Freed Slaves to Africa Created Liberia Settlement of Liberia and Mexico-Liberian Rule Photos of Cabinet Ministers lined up for Execution after a Coup debate in Liberia Murder and mayhem in Liberia: What America wrought in the country America created
34:50
May 19, 2020
Mugabe's fall from grace
Robert Gabriel Mugabe led Zimbabwe for almost four decades, and within that period he went from being a hero who helped free his country from colonial rule to an authoritarian who did whatever it took to stay in power. In this episode, we discuss the rise and subsequent fall of this Zimbabwean leader.  Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Sources for further reading: Documentary: Zimbabwe Countdown Book: Two weeks in November by Douglas Rogers Journal: Zimbabwe's success story in education and health; will it weather economic structural adjustment? Online sources: How Mugabe became Africa's fallen angel From breadbasket to basket case (The Economist) Robert Mugabe brutally squandered the ‘jewel’ of Zimbabwe – his rule was a bitter lesson for South Africa (The Independent)
29:07
May 5, 2020
Rwanda's Comeback
After a brutal genocide in 1994, Rwanda came back to be a thriving and sustainable country within a short space of time. Considering Rwanda’s difficult history comprising of colonialism and genocide, it’s encouraging to see one million people lifted out of poverty, women being elevated in society and life expectancy doubling. However there is a shadow lingering over Rwanda's rapid comeback- a number of human rights issues. Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Sources for further reading: Critics of the Rwandan government dead or missing News articles  Rwanda, 20 years on: how a country is rebuilding itself Two Decades After Genocide, Rwanda’s Women Have Made the Nation Thrive Rwanda 20 years later: A model for progress and reconciliation How a Nation Reconciles After Genocide Killed Nearly a Million People A Short History of the Rwandan Genocide Rwanda unveils new flag and anthem Since Genocide, Rwanda's Women Have Helped Lead The Recovery Human Rights Watch Rwanda, A Success Story Of Women Empowerment Papers: Rwanda: The Genocide, Its Aftermath, and the Tragedy of Victor’s Justice Rwanda's initiatives 
45:54
April 21, 2020
The Scramble for the DRC
From 1880-1920 the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) was under the rule of King Leopold II of Belgium. Within that time period, the atrocities committed under his rule led to the loss of 10 million Congolese lives, half of the country's population. In this episode, we explore the lead-up and subsequent rule of King Leopold II and the impact this had on the DRC. Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Sources for further reading: BOOK: King Leopold's Ghost: a story of greed, terror, and heroism in Colonial Africa by Adam Hochschild JOURNAL ARTICLE: On the origin of fear in the world trade system: excavating the roots of the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885 by Marjorie Florestal THESIS: King Leopold II's exploitation of the Congo from 1885 to 1908 and its consequences by Steven P. Johnson
32:16
April 7, 2020
Burkina Faso's Icon
Thomas Sankara was the president of Burkina Faso from 1983-1987. He remains an inspiration to young Africans and those committed to a pan-Africanist future. His progressive policies, when it came to women’s rights, sustainability, education, and healthcare, were innovative and ahead of his time. We’ll discuss Sankara’s legacy and what could’ve been if he was able to fully galvanise Burkina Faso and perhaps the African continent. Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Sources for further reading: Thomas Sankara - the Upright Man (documentary) The Upright Man - Thomas Sankara by Sean Jacobs (essay) Sankara - daring to reinvent Africa's future (Guardian article) The Land of Upright People (article)
33:36
March 24, 2020
Nigerian Civil War
The Nigerian Civil War took place from 1967-1970. For a recent historical event that  inflicted trauma onto many Nigerians, this story still appears stifled compared to other modern historical events. The total number of Nigerian-Igbo people killed in this conflict is still unknown but it is estimated to be in the millions and it's important that we recognise this. We'll talk about how this war came to be, Britain's involvement in this conflict and the longer reaching consequences from the civil war for Nigeria and the wider continent today. Follow us on Instagram: @itsacontinentpod and let us know which topic you think we should cover next!  Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... Sources for further reading: Journals/Books: Keil, C. (1970). The Price of Nigerian Victory. Africa Today,  There was a Country, Chinua Achebe Documentary: Nigeria war against Biafra 1967-1970 documentary  Weblinks: Nigerians need to talk about the horrors of the war 50 years later Igbo Genocide and its aftermarth  Mr President, I am renouncing my Nigerian citizenship and this is why
41:32
March 10, 2020
Introducing: It's a Continent
Welcome to It's a Continent! In this new podcast, we aim to decolonise African history by recounting key moments which have shaped the continent. We will bring previously unhighlighted stories to light whilst recognising the contributions that African countries have made to our wider society.  Follow us on instagram: @itsacontinentpod Music provided by Free Vibes: https://goo.gl/NkGhTg Warm Nights by Lakey Inspired: https://soundcloud.com/lakeyinspired/... Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/...
00:46
March 2, 2020