Med School Radio

Med School Radio

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By Simon Downes, PhD
www.medschoolradio.com - www.facebook.com/medschoolradio - Subjects related to medical school class content, and the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). Explanations to USMLE sample questions provided by www.Benwhite.com - Simon. (Not affiliated with the NBME or USMLE)
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141: Bedtime FA: resistance, pressure, flow & cardiac and vascular function curves
resistance, pressure, flow & cardiac and vascular function curves
04:38
June 22, 2019
140: Bedtime FA: Cardiac output equations
Cardiac output equations
07:13
June 22, 2019
139: Pathologystudent.com - A simple summary of glomerulonephritis
Pathologystudent.com - A simple summary of glomerulonephritis
10:24
June 15, 2019
138: Peptic Ulcer Disease
Medbullets.com: Peptic Ulcer Disease
05:06
June 15, 2019
137: Pathlologystudent.com - Four things that make helicobacter pylori particularly nasty
Pathlologystudent.com - Four things that make helicobacter pylori particularly nasty
01:17
June 15, 2019
136: Osmosis.org - Von Hippel Lindau disease
Osmosis.org - Von Hippel Lindau disease
00:36
June 15, 2019
135: Osmosis.org - Decreased fetal movement revealed an amniotic fluid volume that was lower than expected for gestational age
Osmosis.org - Decreased fetal movement revealed an amniotic fluid volume that was lower than expected for gestational age
03:41
June 15, 2019
134: Osmosis.org - An 86-year-old woman presents with elevated serum creatinine
Osmosis.org - An 86-year-old woman presents with elevated serum creatinine
04:42
June 15, 2019
133: Osmosis.org - A 65-year old man with shortness of breath on exertion, pitting edema and crackles at the lung bases
Osmosis.org - A 65-year old man with shortness of breath on exertion, pitting edema and crackles at the lung bases
03:10
June 15, 2019
132: Osmosis.org - A 62-year-old woman has extreme weakness, stage 4 in renal disease, and it has been 6 days since her last dialysis
Osmosis.org - A 62-year-old woman has extreme weakness, stage 4 in renal disease, and it has been 6 days since her last dialysis
04:07
June 15, 2019
131: Osmosis.org - A 55-year-old man comes to the office because of feeling thirsty and frequent urination for 1 week
Osmosis.org - A 55-year-old man comes to the office because of feeling thirsty and frequent urination for 1 week
04:23
June 15, 2019
130: Osmosis.org - A 28-year-old woman comes to the office because of blood in her urine
Osmosis.org - A 28-year-old woman comes to the office because of blood in her urine
01:18
June 15, 2019
129. Osmosis.org - A 55-year-old man who has smoked for the past 35 years is experiencing seizures
Osmosis.org - A 55-year-old man who has smoked for the past 35 years is experiencing seizures
01:54
June 15, 2019
128: Lower GI bleed
medbullets.com: lower GI bleed
01:57
June 3, 2019
127: Upper GI bleed
medbullets.com: upper GI bleed
04:28
June 3, 2019
126: Crohn disease
medbullets.com: crohn disease
04:23
June 3, 2019
125: IBS - Irritable bowel syndrome
medbullets.com: Irritable bowel syndrome
01:46
June 3, 2019
124: Chronic pancreatitis
medbullets.com: chronic pancreatitis
04:05
June 3, 2019
123: Acute pancreatitis
Medbullets.com: acute pancreatitis
09:56
June 3, 2019
122: Ejection fraction
Reading First Aid: ejection fraction
01:55
May 25, 2019
121: what is the calculation for stroke volume?
Reading First Aid: what is the calculation for stroke volume?
01:39
May 25, 2019
120: Myocardial oxygen demand
Reading First Aid: myocardial oxygen demand
01:55
May 25, 2019
119: Afterload
Reading First Aid: afterload
02:07
May 25, 2019
118: Preload
Reading First Aid: preload
00:55
May 25, 2019
117: Heart muscle contractility
Reading First Aid: heart muscle contractility
02:51
May 25, 2019
116: Stroke volume: SV CAP
Reading First Aid: stroke volume SV CAP
01:47
May 25, 2019
115: Coronary blood supply
Reading First Aid: coronary blood supply
03:15
May 25, 2019
114: Basic anatomy of the heart and the pericardium
Reading First Aid: Basic anatomy of the heart and the pericardium
01:59
May 22, 2019
113: Fetal-postnatal derivatives
Reading First Aid: fetal post natal derivatives
01:44
May 22, 2019
112: Fetal circulation
Reading First Aid: fetal circulation
03:16
May 22, 2019
111: Outflow tract formation and valve development
Reading First Aid: outflow tract formation and valve development
02:00
May 22, 2019
110: Septation of the chambers
Reading First Aid: Septation of the chambers
04:00
May 22, 2019
109: Cardiac looping
Reading First Aid: cardiac looping
01:14
May 22, 2019
108. Heart embryology
Reading First Aid: heart embryology
03:01
May 22, 2019
107. BNP & ANP
How does the heart deal with increased ventricular wall stress?
01:35
May 12, 2019
106. What is an S3 Gallop?
Severe mitral regurgitation
01:41
May 12, 2019
105. What can cause drug induced lupus?
hydralazine, pricainamide, isoniazid
02:02
May 12, 2019
104. The fourth heart sound
What happens when you’re older and you have difficulty controlling hypertension?
01:33
May 12, 2019
103. Takayasu arteritis
Granulomatous inflammation of the large arteries
02:21
May 11, 2019
102. Common causes of pneumonia listed by age group and special groups
Try to remember the common causes of pneumonia by separating them into age groups and special groups
04:50
April 28, 2019
101. Bugs that cause diarrhea
Bugs that cause diarrhea: bloody diarrhea and watery diarrhea
03:48
April 28, 2019
100. A nine month old girl with PKU
A nine month old girl has had two seizures in the past month. She was born at home and received no state mandated newborn screening
01:38
March 24, 2019
99. What is the cause of anemia in this HIV patient?
A 26-year-old man who is HIV-positive has a CD4 T-lymphocyte count of 250
01:41
March 24, 2019
98. Understanding restriction enzyme analysis on polyacrylamide gels
A 25 year old woman comes to the physician because of a 10 year history of frequent occurrences of fever blisters
01:20
March 24, 2019
97. What is a six-year-old’s understanding of death?
A six-year-old boy with glioblastoma has a recurrence of the tumor despite aggressive treatment
01:23
March 24, 2019
96. A drug for pain with movement of hands and feet
A 37 year-old woman comes to the physician because of a two month history of pain with movement of her hands and feet
01:48
March 24, 2019
95. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
A 15-year-old girl is brought to the physician because of a three-week history of excessive thirst and voiding excessive amounts of urine
01:40
March 24, 2019
94. What is the mechanism of action of sildenafil?
A 46-year-old man comes to the physician because of a two week history of intermittent dizziness and difficulty standing up
01:44
March 24, 2019
93. What are the hepatic findings in diabetic ketoacidosis?
A 10-year-old boy is brought to the emergency department because of vomiting for six hours. He has had excessive thirst and excretion of large amounts of urine for three weeks.
02:04
March 24, 2019
92. How would you diagnose this lung examination?
Hey 60 year old man has a five day history of productive cough and shortness of breath with exertion
01:29
March 16, 2019
91. What is the cause of this man’s severe abdominal pain?
A previously healthy 36 year old man comes to the emergency department 12 hours after the sudden onset of increasingly severe abdominal pain
02:51
March 16, 2019
90. What is the cause of this woman’s painful mass in her breast?
The 24-year-old woman who breast-feeds her infant develops a warm painful mass and erythema of the overlying skin in the upper outer quadrant of the right breast
01:36
March 16, 2019
89. Diabetes causing atherosclerosis and pain in a man’s foot
A 47-year-old man comes to the physician because of a four day history of pain in his left that began when he tripped over a curb
01:53
March 16, 2019
88. What is the cause of the edema in this woman’s leg?
A 50-year-old woman with a history of ovarian cancer comes to the physician’s office because of swelling in her right leg for the past month
01:47
March 16, 2019
87. Where should you insert the needle in a thoracocentesis?
A 25-year-old man is brought to the emergency department because of a one-week history of fever and cough productive of purulent sputum
01:38
March 16, 2019
86. Rheumatic fever - know it.
A 28-year-old who man had rheumatic fever as a child comes to the physician’s office because of fatigue and dyspnea for the past four months
01:55
February 25, 2019
85. Can you recognize anaphylaxis?
A 30 year-old man is brought to the emergency department 30 minutes after being stung by several wasps
01:14
February 25, 2019
84. What is the cause of this baby’s cyanosis?
A full-term two week old male newborn has cyanosis
01:51
February 25, 2019
83. What is the cause of his decreased ejection fraction?
A 45-year-old man has a left ventricular ejection fraction of 25% with diffuse hypokinesis
01:52
February 25, 2019
82. A reaction to a tetanus booster
A healthy 19-year-old man receives a tetanus immunization booster prior to induction into the US Marines
02:12
February 15, 2019
81. FUNCTION is the key between normal and abnormal
An eight-year-old boy needs to be coaxed to go to school and while there often complains of severe headaches or stomach pain
01:20
February 15, 2019
80. Which pharmacotherapy would you use first to treat OCD?
A 23-year-old man who is a graduate student comes to the physician because of a three month history of anxiety
01:42
February 13, 2019
79. Know the difference between endotoxins and exotoxins
A 37 year-old man with pancreatic cancer is brought to the ER because of fever and muscle aches for four days
01:24
February 13, 2019
78. Another acid-base question - don’t be scared!
An 18-year-old woman has gastroenteritis with nausea and vomiting and is able to ingest only small amounts of water
02:27
February 13, 2019
77. Remember the side effects of aminoglycoside antibiotics
A 70-year-old man is brought to the emergency department by his wife because of fever and shortness of breath for two days
01:29
February 13, 2019
76. Delayed separation of the umbilical stump
A two week old female newborn delivered at term is brought to the physician by her mother because of an increasingly severe diaper rash since birth
02:29
February 13, 2019
75. Be able to recognize fever and acute LLQ pain in an older person
A 76-year-old man comes to the emergency department because of a 12 hour history of fever and left lower quadrant abdominal pain
02:01
February 13, 2019
74. Recognizing Kartagener syndrome
A six-year-old boy is brought to the physician by his parents because of a three day history of fever, headache, and cough productive of a green, foul smelling discharge that also exits from his nose
02:18
February 8, 2019
73. Medial medullary syndrome (Dejerine syndrome)
A 68-year-old woman has the sudden onset of weakness in her right arm and leg
01:43
February 8, 2019
72. Know the psychiatric manifestations of medical conditions
A 15-year-old girl is brought to the physician by her mother because of an eight month history of fatigue
01:52
February 8, 2019
71. When urine excretion of sodium and potassium are inappropriately high
An 18-year-old female athlete reports easy fatiguability and weakness
01:45
February 6, 2019
70. How to tell if it is an insulinoma
A previously healthy 32-year-old woman who works as a nurse comes to the emergency department because of a three-week history of episodes of dizziness, nausea, and profuse sweating that resolve with eating
02:23
February 6, 2019
69. When NSAIDs, methotrexate, and colchicine fail
Hey 74-year-old man comes to the physician for a follow-up examination. He has a three month history of severe pain and swelling of the metacarpophalangeal joints, wrists elbows and knees
01:52
February 6, 2019
68. A surprising result of being bedridden and unable to attend to personal needs
Hospital discharge of a 75-year-old man is delayed due to unavailability of a bed in a nursing home
02:20
February 4, 2019
67. What is the difference between eclampsia and preeclampsia?
A 24-year-old primigravid women at 28 weeks gestation has had nagging headaches a puffy looking face and swollen legs for the past week
01:13
February 4, 2019
66. What hip flexor is up in the abdomen near the appendix?
A five-year-old girl is brought to the emergency department because of fever and severe abdominal pain
01:13
February 4, 2019
65. GVHD
A 46-year-old woman receives a non-T lymphocyte-depleted allogenic bone marrow transplant
01:11
February 1, 2019
64. What causes the 45, X karyotype?
A full term female newborn is examined shortly after birth
01:45
February 1, 2019
63. Remember the relationship between dopamine and prolactin
A 43-year-old woman comes to the physician because he has not had a menstrual period for three months
02:21
January 31, 2019
62. Remember the effects of an aspirin overdose
A 26-year-old woman is brought to the ER three hours after ingesting approximately 50 tablets of aspirin in a suicide attempt
02:01
January 31, 2019
61. Unexpected result after taking a nasal decongestant
A 76-year-old man with a history of prostatic hypertrophy has the recent onset of increased difficulty urinating
01:55
January 29, 2019
60. What happens after being intubated for a long time?
A comatose 35-year-old man is admitted to the hospital after being involved in a motorcycle collision
01:48
January 23, 2019
59. Know your vitamin deficiencies
A 73-year-old woman comes to the physician because of a two month history of diffuse weakness and tingling of her arms and legs
01:45
January 23, 2019
58. Pyknosis & nuclear fragmentation
A 35-year-old man who works at a facility processing highly radioactive substances accidentally receives a high whole body dose of ionizing radiation
01:21
January 23, 2019
57. SCID
A three month old male infant is brought to the physician because of recurrent viral infections and rashes over his trunk
01:42
January 23, 2019
56. Know your UMN/LMN signs
A 50-year-old man has had gradually progressive weakness of the hands during the past year
01:27
January 23, 2019
55. Progressive shortness of breath on exertion
A 45-year-old woman has a six month history of progressive shortness of breath on exertion
01:28
January 20, 2019
54. ITP vs TTP
An otherwise healthy 26-year-old woman has had petechiae on her legs during the last 24 hours
02:30
January 20, 2019
53. How to convince a patient to have a mammography
A 30-year-old woman whose mother and grandmother have died of carcinoma of the breast refuses to have monography
01:23
January 20, 2019
52. Memorize the drugs that induce and inhibit CYP 450
Warfarin is administered to a 56-year-old man pulling placement of a prosthetic cardiac valve
01:24
January 20, 2019
51. Cognitive, social & motor development
A 10 month old girl is brought to the physician because of a two day history of diarrhea
01:08
January 20, 2019
50. How to advise a self-medicating patient
A 32 year-old man with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma comes to the physician six days after finishing the initial chemotherapy regimen
01:49
January 16, 2019
49. Sumatriptan for Increasingly severe unilateral throbbing headaches
A 20-year-old woman comes to the physician because of a five year history of increasingly severe unilateral throbbing headaches
01:27
January 16, 2019
48. Classic Wernicke’s encephalopathy
A 40 year old man with a 20 year history of alcohol abuse is brought to the hospital by his friends because he was difficult to arouse
01:28
January 16, 2019
47. Practice with interpreting hepatitis panels
A 26-year-old man with HIV infection comes to the doctor for a follow up examination
03:01
January 13, 2019
46. Tamoxifen use and vaginal bleeding
A 58-year-old woman comes to the physician because of intermittent vaginal bleeding during the past three months
01:52
January 13, 2019
45. Weight loss, watery diarrhea after returning from Thailand
A 17-year-old boy comes to the ER because of severe thirst, weakness and weight loss after a trip to Thailand
01:45
January 13, 2019
44. A two-year-old boy with LUQ pain
A two-year-old boy is brought to the emergency department because of shortness of breath and left sided abdominal pain for three hours
01:58
January 10, 2019
43. A four-year-old who chews his fingers and lips
A four-year-old boy with delayed motor development and choreoathetosis
01:24
January 10, 2019
42. What is the bird’s beak appearance?
A 37-year-old man comes to the physician because of a six month history of chest pain that occurs when he swallows food
01:47
January 10, 2019
41. A chromosome that appears truncated
A five month old girl has bilateral retinoblastoma. One of the arms of chromosome 13 appears to be cut off or shortened
01:42
January 10, 2019
40. Rigidity, confusion, fever, autonomic instability
832-year-old woman with schizophrenia is brought to the physician because of rapid heartbeats, sweating, muscle rigidity and confusion for one day
02:14
January 9, 2019
39. Female with cramping pain in rt. lower abdomen
A 25-year-old woman is brought to the emergency department one hour after she fainted
01:45
January 9, 2019
38. Result of stress & fatigue
A 30 year-old woman has anxiety about episodes of abdominal pain that have alternated with diarrhea and constipation over the past year
01:31
January 9, 2019
37. Understanding reactive hyperemia
Vascular control is studied in an intact hind extremity of an anesthetized experimental animal
01:39
January 9, 2019
36. Cause of a vesicular rash in a T8 dermatomal distribution
A 72-year-old man comes to the physician because of sharp pain of his right thorax for three days and a rash and a band like distribution over his right chest for one day
01:37
January 9, 2019
35. Recognizing MCAD
Four month old boy is brought to the emergency department 30 minutes after becoming unresponsive
02:11
January 9, 2019
34. Lymphatic spread of disease
A 12-year-old boy is brought to the physician by his father because of redness and swelling of his left foot for 24 hours
01:21
January 9, 2019
33. A clostridium difficile infected bedpan
What is the best way to sterilize a bedpan infected with clostridium difficile?
01:36
January 7, 2019
32. Hematemesis and alcoholism
A 55-year-old man who has alcoholic cirrhosis is brought to the emergency department
01:42
January 7, 2019
31. Differentiating endemic fungal diseases
Three weeks after traveling to California to study desert flowers, a 32 year old man develops fever, chest pain and sore muscles
01:58
January 7, 2019
30. Human papillomavirus infection
A 42-year-old woman with type two diabetes mellitus presents with a 2 cm ulcer on the cervix.
02:00
January 5, 2019
29. Treatment for wood alcohol consumption
A 21-year-old man is brought to the ER by friends after he drank wood alcohol
02:57
January 5, 2019
28. Group B streptococcus and sepsis
Group B streptococcus and sepsis
01:41
January 5, 2019
27. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Abnormality of the mamillary bodies
01:39
January 5, 2019
26. Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis
03:16
January 5, 2019
25. Volume loss and ADH (vasopressin)
Volume loss and ADH (vasopressin)
01:57
January 5, 2019
24. Verapamil and Sumatriptan for cluster headaches
If you get cluster headaches, you should be aware of these drugs!
01:36
December 9, 2018
23. Uses for Taxol (Paclitaxel)
Paclitaxel is used to fight cancer by disrupting mitosis.
00:45
December 4, 2018
22. Remember Reed-Sternberg cells?
Reed-Sternberg cells have an 'owl's eye appearance'.
00:48
December 4, 2018
21. Recognizing trisomy 21
Main features of down stndrome (trisomy 21)
00:37
December 4, 2018
20. Craniopharyngiomas: solid, cystic & calcified
Craniopharyngiomas: solid, cystic & calcified
00:34
December 4, 2018
19. DPP-4 inhibitors (gliptins)
How are DPP-4 inhibitors (gliptins) used for DM 2?
01:19
December 2, 2018
18. Fetal macrosomia and hypoglycemia
When a mother has gestational diabetes, her condition can affect her baby.
00:55
November 29, 2018
17. Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
Why would a young child not be able to break down fatty acids during a long period of fasting?
01:32
November 24, 2018
16. What enzyme is deficient in McArdle disease?
When a patient presents to you with pain and cramping during exercise but is able to exercise after rest and ingestion of sucrose this indicates McArdle disease.
01:15
November 20, 2018
15. What happens in Conn’s disease?
If a patient is producing too much aldosterone and hydrogen ions are being sent out with potassium would the environment become more basic or more acidic?
01:21
November 20, 2018
14. Glucokinase and gestational diabetes
If you have a problem with the activity of glucokinase, the beta cells of the pancreas will not be able to respond to glucose and produce insulin
02:17
November 20, 2018
13. Dopamine agonists for a prolactinoma
Prolactinomas are treated with dopamine agonists - E.g., bromocriptine or cabergoline
02:41
November 17, 2018
12. Don’t give a nonselective beta blocker to a diabetic patient
Diabetic patients should receive selective beta blockers (selective beta 1 antagonists)
02:43
November 16, 2018
11. Bone pain as a result of not getting enough sun
If you don’t get enough sun you might experience bone pain as a result of a problem in normal vitamin D metabolism
02:59
November 16, 2018
10. What is a lingual thyroid?
If a patient comes to you with hoarseness and difficulty breathing it could be a lingual thyroid.
01:32
November 16, 2018
9. Multiple endocrine neoplasia
MEN 1, 2A, 2B
04:43
November 16, 2018
8. Chromaffin cells
What are chromaffin cells?
00:45
November 16, 2018
7. Hypoparathyroidism as a result of thyroid surgery
When the thyroid is operated on sometimes it results in hypoparathyroidism.
03:22
November 16, 2018
6. Problems with fructose metabolism
This is MED SCHOOL RADIO • Problems with fructose metabolism: Essential Fructosuria and Hereditary Fructose Intolerence
03:33
November 16, 2018
5. Gigantism and Jak-Stat
Growth hormone and Jak-Stat signaling pathway
06:51
November 16, 2018
4. HAART therapy and body fat redistribution
If an HIV patient presents with unexplained re distribution of body fat, it could be due to the HAART drugs they are taking.
03:40
November 12, 2018
3. Bisphosphonates and osteomalacia
Is it OK to give bisphosphonates to patient with osteomalacia?
03:24
November 12, 2018
2. Hypophosphatemia
Hypophosphatemia
04:12
November 12, 2018
1. Clostridium difficile infection
Clostridium difficile
02:59
November 10, 2018
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