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NIOD Rewind Podcast on War & Violence

NIOD Rewind Podcast on War & Violence

By NIOD Rewind podcast
The NIOD REWIND podcast presents interviews with scholars on the history and study of mass violence, war and genocide.
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NIOD REWIND Episode 15 - Forced Disappearances Under Apartheid
Anne van Mourik and Thijs Bouwknegt interview historian Kylie Thomas and journalist Michael Schmidt, discussing forced disappearances under Apartheid South Africa. Michael is the author of Death Flight: Apartheid's secret doctrine of disappearance, which investigates and tells the history of Apartheid’s chilling tactic of throwing people, dead or alive, from airplanes so that their remains cannot be found. A Truth and Reconciliation Commission on human rights violations during the Apartheid years was established in 1995. Kylie Thomas researches and writes about the 2017 reopening of the Apartheid cases. Who exactly were the people who were targeted for ‘disappearance’? And how come cases of activists who were imprisoned, tortured and murdered, are only now being reinvestigated and reopened? Websites mentioned in the episode: Foundation for Human Rights Unfinished Business of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission: https://unfinishedtrc.co.za Images courtesy of the Ahmed Timol Family Trust: https://www.ahmedtimol.co.za/ ​ Music: Alastair Douglas
37:22
May 10, 2021
NIOD REWIND Episode 14 - The Problems of Genocide
What are the problems of genocide and how to rethink mass death? In this episode Anne van Mourik and Thijs Bouwknegt interview historian Dirk Moses, whose book The Problems of Genocide: Permanent Security and the Language of Transgression just came out. How does the legal concept of genocide distort our thinking about civilian destruction? What does genocide, as the ‘crime of crimes’ still mean for other types of humanly caused civilian death, like bombing cities and drone strikes? Cover book by Murad Subay: https://muradsubay.com/ Music: Rosemary and Garlic
34:43
April 21, 2021
NIOD REWIND Episode 13 What are the next Big Topics in War and Genocide Research?
War, mass violence and its consequences are not a thing of the past. They are very much present in the world of today and tomorrow. In collaboration with the NIAS, researchers of the NIOD Institute are teaming up with a group of international scholars, in order to develop an innovative and multidisciplinary research agenda in the field of the multiple connections between the topic of ‘war and society’ in the recent past - and in the world of today. In this episode of the podcast Niod Rewind, Anne van Mourik speaks with several of these researchers about this new fellowship program. Why is it so important to investigate the past in light of the present? And how can we connect histories of mass violence with present-day societies? ​ *** The people in this episode: Ismee Tames Sophie de Schaepdrijver Siniša Malešević Avi Sharma Ville Kivimäki ​ This podcast was made with the help of: Bethany Warner and Alex Strete
20:40
April 1, 2021
NIOD REWIND Episode 12 WWII through Digital Gaming
What kind of knowledge can we gain from WWII games? In episode 12 of Niod Rewind, Anne van Mourik interviews Pieter van den Heede about his dissertation 'Engaging with the Second World War through Digital Gaming', which he defended last February (2021). Pieter studied how digital entertainment games such as Call of Duty represent the war and the Holocaust in particular, and how players reflect on playing these games. To what extent do studios make WWII games according to the last historical insights about how people actually dealt with this mass violence? How is it that some games become political and thereby seem to align with right-wing ideologies?
23:24
March 15, 2021
NIOD REWIND Episode 11 Fighters Across Frontiers
In this episode of NIOD Rewind, Anne van Mourik speaks  with Ismee Tames and Robert Gildea about their new book Fighters across  Frontiers. Transnational resistance in Europe, 1936-1948. The book is  the product of years of research by a team of two dozen historians, and  it reveals that resistance against Fascism was not narrowly delineated  by country but startlingly transnational. What did Ismee and  Robert learn from this collaborative scholarship? How did the book come about? Where do the experiences of the transnational fighters take us?  And what does it tell us?
13:19
November 9, 2020
NIOD REWIND Episode 10 Microdynamics of late colonial violence - Roel Frakking
Anne van Mourik talks with Roel Frakking on the term 'extreme violence'  and the importance of local dynamics in researching decolonisation  conflict. Roel is a postdoc researcher at the Royal Netherlands  Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (KITLV, Leiden) where he is  researching the regional dynamics of the Indonesian war against Dutch  recolonisation (1945-1950). His latest publication, co-authored with  Professor Martin Thomas (Exeter), deals with the micro-dynamics of  violence during decolonization conflicts in Southeast Asia and Africa  after 1945 in the Low Countries Historical Review 135, 2 (2020).
19:26
August 31, 2020
NIOD REWIND Episode 9 Kerstin von Lingen
In episode 9 of NIOD REWIND, Anne van Mourik and Thijs Bouwknegt interview historian Kerstin von Lingen. Prof. Dr. Kerstin von Lingen is a historian and researcher, Professor at the Institute for Contemporary History at the University of Vienna. From 2013-2017, she led an independent research group at Heidelberg University in the Cluster of Excellence “Asia and Europe in a Global Context” entitled “Transcultural Justice: Legal Flows and the Emergence of International Justice within the East Asian War Crimes Trials, 1946-1954,” supervising four doctoral dissertations on the Soviet, Chinese, Dutch, and French war crimes trial policies in Asia, respectively. Her publications include two monographs in English, Kesselring’s Last Battle: War Crimes Trials and Cold War Politics, 1945-1960 (Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 2009) and Allen Dulles, the OSS and Nazi War Criminals: The Dynamics of Selective Prosecution (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013). Her edited volumes include: Transcultural Justice at the Tokyo Tribunal: The Allied Struggle for Justice, 1946-48 (Brill 2018); Justice in times of turmoil: War Crimes trials in the Wake of Decolonization and Cold War in Asia(Palgrave 2016); Debating Collaboration and Complicity in War Crimes Trials in Asia (Palgrave 2017). In German, she published the multi-authored volumes Kriegserfahrung und nationale Identität in Europa [War experience and national identity in Europe after 1945], Paderborn: Schoeningh, 2009, and co-edited with Klaus Gestwa, Zwangsarbeit als Kriegsressource in Europa und Asien [Forced labor as a resource of War: European and Asian perspectives), Schoening 2014. CREDITS Music, intro/ outro: Roy van Rosendaal Logo: Jesper Buursink Advice: Ismee Tames Montage/Editing: Anne van Mourik
30:09
June 30, 2020
NIOD Rewind Episode 8 Iva Vukušić
In episode 8 of NIOD REWIND, Anne van Mourik and Thijs Bouwknegt interview historian Iva Vukušić. Iva is a lecturer at Utrecht University and a Visiting Research Fellow at King’s College London. She recently defended her PhD — online (!) — which focuses on Serbian paramilitaries and irregular armed forces during the breakup of Yugoslavia in the 1990s. Iva worked for the Sense News Agency in The Hague, analyzing evidence from trials at the United Nations’ International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and before that, she was an analyst and researcher at the Special War Crimes Department of the State Prosecutor’s office in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Follow her on Twitter: @VukusicIva CREDITS Music, intro/ outro: Roy van Rosendaal Logo: Jesper Buursink Advice: Ismee Tames Montage/Editing: Anne van Mourik
21:08
May 18, 2020
NIOD Onzekere Tijden - Afl. 4 Frank van Vree
In deze speciale reeks van de NIOD Rewind podcast gaan  onderzoekers van het NIOD in op de coronacrisis en de onzekere tijden  die dit met zich mee brengt. Hoe ervaren zij de crisis zelf? En hoe  analyseren zij, vanuit het perspectief van hun onderzoek, de  gebeurtenissen in de samenleving? Anne van Mourik spreekt met  NIOD-directeur Frank van Vree. Hoe analyseert hij de coronacrisis? Welke  historische analogieën ziet hij? En het NIOD staat deze week stil bij  het 75-jarig bestaan, hoe ziet Frank de toekomst van het instituut? Een podcast door: Anne van Mourik, Thijs Bouwknegt en Anne-Lise Bobeldijk. Credits: Montage: Anne van Mourik Foto logo: Joris van den Tol Muziek intro/ outro: Roy van Rosendaal Advies: Ismee Tames
20:28
May 8, 2020
NIOD Onzekere Tijden - Afl. 3 Ralf Futselaar
In deze speciale reeks van de NIOD Rewind podcast gaan  onderzoekers van het NIOD in op de coronacrisis en de onzekere tijden  die dit met zich mee brengt. Hoe ervaren zij de crisis zelf? En hoe  analyseren zij, vanuit het perspectief van hun onderzoek, de  gebeurtenissen in de samenleving? In de derde aflevering spreekt  Anne-Lise Bobeldijk met Ralf Futselaar over medische geschiedenis,  hamsteren en zijn werk aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Een podcast door: Anne van Mourik, Thijs Bouwknegt en Anne-Lise Bobeldijk. Credits: Montage: Anne van Mourik Foto logo: Joris van den Tol Muziek intro/ outro: Roy van Rosendaal Advies: Ismee Tames
12:39
April 28, 2020
NIOD REWIND Episode 7 Peter Romijn
In this seventh episode of NIOD REWIND Anne van Mourik and Thijs Bouwknegt interview Prof. dr. Peter Romijn. Peter is head of the Research Department of the NIOD and Professor of Twentieth-Century History at the University of Amsterdam. Recently he published a new book about The Netherlands at war in Europe and Asia, 1940-1950. During the Second World War both the Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies (today's Indonesia) were under German and Japanese occupation (1940-1945). After being liberated, the Netherlands engaged in a violent decolonisation war in Indonesia (1945-1950). In his book, Peter, refuses to see the latter war only as an aftermath of the former one; it focuses on the many continuities of a society continuously mobilised for internal conflict and external warfare, trying to come to terms with the profound changes in international relations. More information on his book can be found here (in Dutch): https://www.niod.nl/nl/de-lange-tweede-wereldoorlog-nederland-1940-1949 Muziek intro/ outro: Roy van Rosendaal Logo: Jesper Buursink Advies: Ismee Tames Montage: Anne van Mourik
37:31
April 14, 2020
NIOD Onzekere Tijden - Afl. 2 Uğur Üngör
In deze speciale reeks van de NIOD Rewind podcast gaan  onderzoekers van het NIOD in op de coronacrisis en de onzekere tijden  die dit met zich mee brengt. Hoe ervaren zij de crisis zelf? En hoe  analyseren zij, vanuit het perspectief van hun onderzoek, de  gebeurtenissen in de samenleving? In de tweede aflevering spreekt Thijs  Bouwknegt de kersverse hoogleraar Holocaust en Genocide Studies, Uğur  Ümit Üngör. Een podcast door: Anne van Mourik, Thijs Bouwknegt en Anne-Lise Bobeldijk. Credits: Foto logo: Joris van den Tol Muziek intro/outro: Roy van Rosendaal Advies: Ismee Tames.
09:43
April 7, 2020
NIOD REWIND Episode 6 Ingrid De Zwarte
In episode 6 of NIOD REWIND Anne van Mourik and Thijs  Bouwknegt interview historian Ingrid de Zwarte (Wageningen University).  De Zwarte's research explores the role of food and famine in modern  conflict in the broadest sense: from hunger as a political and military  tool in warfare to social self-organisation in times of hunger, and from  the demographic impact of famine to the effects of hunger on migration  and state formation. Her book “The Hunger Winter. Fighting Famine in the  Occupied Netherlands, 1944-1945” (Cambridge University Press) is  available from August 2020. [hyperlink: www.cambridge.org/nl/academic/subj…441945?format=HB] Together  with M. Corporaal (PI) and L. Jensen, De Zwarte has been awarded a NWO  NWA-ORC Grant for the project Heritages of Hunger: Societal Reflections  on Past European Famines in Education, Commemoration and Musealisation.  Working with famine experts from sixteen countries, it investigates the  past and present significance of European famines in educational  institutions and the heritage sector. (for more information: www.ru.nl/heritagesofhunger/) Music: Kumasi Groove by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100183 Accralate - The Dark Contenent by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100341 Artist: http://incompetech.com/
32:50
March 31, 2020
NIOD Onzekere Tijden - Afl. 1 Ismee Tames
In deze speciale reeks van de NIOD Rewind podcast gaan  onderzoekers van het NIOD in op de coronacrisis en de onzekere tijden  die dit met zich mee brengt. Hoe ervaren zij de crisis zelf? En hoe  analyseren zij, vanuit het perspectief van hun onderzoek, de  gebeurtenissen in de samenleving? In de eerste aflevering spreekt Anne  van Mourik met Ismee Tames. Een podcast door: Anne van Mourik, Thijs Bouwknegt en Anne-Lise Bobeldijk. Foto logo: Joris van den Tol Muziek intro/ outro: Roy van Rosendaal Advies: Ismee Tames
11:50
March 26, 2020
NIOD REWIND Episode 5: Farabi Fakih
Anne talks with Farabi Fakih about the Indonesian national identity during the revolutionary period in Indonesia (1946-1948). Farabi is a lecturer at the History Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada. His main research interests are on urban history, the history of the Indonesian state and the intellectual history of Indonesia. In the background you hear the noise of life at UGM, where the interview was taken. Further reading: K’tut Tantri, Revolt in Paradise (1989). Music: -       Indonesia Raya -       NonaRia performed at Jakarta International Java Jazz Festival (JJF) at JI Expo, Kemayoran, Central Jakarta, Indonesia on March 2nd, 2018 (by Senang0906) -       Amiina -       Rosemary and Garlic​
28:42
February 26, 2020
NIOD REWIND Episode 4 'Negotiating Displacement'
In this special edition of NIOD REWIND, Anne van Mourik and Thijs Bouwknegt interview scholars from various backgrounds and disciplines on the topic of Displacement. In December 2019,  the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust, and Genocide Studies organised a conference in collaboration with IMIS University of Osnabrück: ‘Negotiating Displacement: New Perspectives and Connections in War, Migration and Refugee Studies’. The conference aimed at connecting research on war, mass violence and genocide with migration studies in order to deepen the dialogue between two disciplines that often look at similar phenomena but from different viewpoints. The conference’s guiding question was how displacement has been negotiated with regard to trajectories and status by individuals and groups from the First World War to the present in a global perspective. Scholars, journalists and migrants discussed displaced person’s agency, room for maneuver and possibilities for creating their own social and cultural spaces within the limited and often harsh social, economic and political parameters. How can we understand the dynamics surrounding these processes? In this podcast: Anne Irfan Avi Sharma Christoph Rass Eugene Michail Ismee Tames
33:42
February 13, 2020
NIOD REWIND episode 3: Natalya Vince
Anne van Mourik spoke with historian Natalya Vince of the University of  Portsmouth. Natalya has carried out extensive field research in both  Algeria and France since 2005 including interviewing Algerian women who participated in the War of Independence (1954-1962) about their  experiences in post-colonial Algeria and their memories of the conflict.  Her monograph Our fighting sisters: nation, memory and gender in Algeria, 1954-2012 was published by Manchester University Press in May  2015 and was winner of the Women's History Network Annual Book Prize in 2016. Here are some links for further reading: The classic and path breaking account of women in the Algerian War - Djamila Amrane - Les femmes algeriennes dans la guerre (1991): https://www.amazon.fr/femmes-alg%C3%A9riennes-dans-guerre/dp/2259022952/ref=sr_1_2?__mk_fr_FR=%C3%85M%C3%85%C5%BD%C3%95%C3%91&keywords=djamila+amrane&qid=1561641569&s=books&sr=1-2 Stef Scagliola, Liefde in tijden van oorlog: onze jongens en hun verzwegen kinderen in de Oost (Amsterdam 2013) Frances Gouda and Julia Clancy Smith's Domesticating the Empire: Race, Gender, and Family Life in French and Dutch Colonialism Ann Laura Stoler Carnal Knowledge and Imperial power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule Frantz Fanon Algeria unveiled - free here: http://abahlali.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Frantz-Fanon-A-Dying-Colonialism.pdf or On rape and sexual violence: Raphaelle Branche: https://www.cairn.info/revue-vingtieme-siecle-revue-d-histoire-2002-3-page-123.htm (in French) In English, readers could check out her chapter 'Sexual Violence in the Algerian War'(pp. 247-260) in Dagmar Herzog (ed) Brutality and Desire: War and Sexuality in Europe's Twentieth Century (Palgrave, 2009; second ed 2011) On the Djamila Boupacha case: https://www.jstor.org/stable/42843654?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents (not open access) This is a great recent article (in French - keep googling it for the online version): Khedidja Adel, La prison des femmes de Tifelfel. Enfermement et corps en souffrances.Année du Maghreb, dossier de recherche 20/2019-I: Prisons en guerre, guerres en prison au Maghreb. Co-edited by Marc André and Susan Slyomovics Shepard's The invention of decolonisation really highlights the ways in which the war was gendered and sexualised, http://www.cornellpress.cornell.edu/book/?GCOI=80140100361490, he does this even more in his edited collection with Catherine Brun, http://www.thalim.cnrs.fr/publications/article/guerre-d-algerie-le-sexe-outrage?lang=fr Indonesia, Jonathan Verwey's text.‘Hoeveel wreekt de bruidegom de bruid’ Seksueel geweld en de Nederlandse krijgsmacht in Indonesië, 1945-1950 Jonathan Verwey TVGESCH 129 (4): 569–592 DOI: 10.5117/TVGESCH2016.4.VERW
36:02
January 22, 2020
NIOD REWIND Episode 2 Wim Manuhutu
The NIOD REWIND Podcast presents interviews with scholars on the history  and study of mass violence, war and genocide. In the second episode  Anne van Mourik and Thijs Bouwknegt speak with Wim Manuhutu.
32:13
December 17, 2019
NIOD Rewind Episode I Kees Ribbens
The NIOD REWIND podcast presents interviews with scholars on the history and study of mass violence, war and genocide. In the first episode Anne  van Mourik and Thijs Bouwknegt talk to Professor Kees Ribbens about his research on World War Two and the representation of the Holocaust in  comic books and popular culture.
44:32
November 13, 2019