Nutrition Reviews: Conversations with the Authors
By James Cameron
Nutrition Reviews is published by Oxford University Press and is an international, peer-reviewed journal that publishes authoritative and critical literature reviews on current and emerging topics in nutrition science, food science, clinical nutrition, and nutrition policy. Each month we talk with authors who have contributed to Nutrition Reviews to find out who they are, why they wrote their review and how they think the review should be used to advance nutritional sciences.
A Rapid Review on Low-calorie Sweeteners and Human Health
Next month I will be speaking with Lesley Andrade from the School of Public Health and Health Systems at the University of Waterloo in Canada. She published along with her co-authors, Kirsten Lee, Allison Sylvetsky, and Sharon Kirkpatrick a rapid review on Low-calorie sweeteners and human health. We will be able to dive deeper into why this was the situation and what motivated them to work this portion of our contemporary dietary patterns. I look forward to having you listen in to our discussion.
October 1, 2021
Complementary feeding of infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age
This episode we speak with Chessa Lutter from RTI International and Laurence Grummer-Strawn from the World Health Organization Department of Food Safety and Nutrition about their paper in the August 2021 issue of Nutrition Reviews. Their paper is review about the complementary feeding with infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age. Their review identified 12 topics relevant for updating global guidance on complementary feeding which are clearly presented in the article. Join us in this conversation.
August 2, 2021
Food additive emulsifiers: a review of their role in foods, legislation and classifications, presence in food supply, dietary exposure, and safety assessment
This episode we speak with Selina Cox and Kevin Whelan from the Department of Nutritional Sciences at King's College London about their paper in the June 2021 issue of Nutrition Reviews. Their paper is review on the role of food additive emulsifiers and critical assessment of the current estimations of exposure to emulsifiers. Join us for this conversation.
July 1, 2021
Brain foods - the role of diet in brain performance and health
This episode we speak with Bo Ekstrand from Chalmers University of Technology about their paper in the June 2021 issue of Nutrition Reviews. This narrative review provides an overview of the role of diet in 5 key areas of brain function related to mental health and performance, including: (1) brain development, (2) signaling networks and neurotransmitters in the brain, (3) cognition and memory, (4) the balance between protein formation and degradation, and (5) deteriorative effects due to chronic inflammatory processes. Join us for this conversation.
June 7, 2021
Impact of omega-3 fatty acid DHA and EPA supplementation in pregnant or breast-feeding women on cognitive performance of children: systematic review and meta-analysis
This episode we speak with Anne Lehner and Dr. Nicole Bender about their paper in the May 2021 issue of Nutrition Reviews. Their paper was a systematic review and meta-analysis on the impact of omega-3 fatty acid DHA and EPA supplementation in pregnant or breast-feeding women on cognitive performance of children. Join us for this conversation.
May 12, 2021
Effects of macronutrient intake in obesity: a meta-analysis of low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets on markers of the metabolic syndrome
This month we go to The Netherlands and speak with Anouk Willems from the Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences (GELIFES) – Neurobiology, University of Groningen and the Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences, Applied Research Centre Food & Dairy, Leeuwarden and Dr. Gertjan van Dijk who is also form the University of Groningen to discuss their paper on the Effects of macronutrient intake in obesity: a meta-analysis of low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets on markers of the metabolic syndrome which was written in collaboration with their colleagues Martina Sura–de Jong, André van Beek, and Esther Nederhof.
April 1, 2021
Assessing Nutrient Gaps and Affordability of Complementary Foods: New Methods and their Application in Different Settings
This episode provides the backstory for the development of the Comprehensive Nutrition Gap Analysis (CONGA) developed by the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) and UNICEF to better measure the number of children who are not meeting their nutritional needs. The development and use of CONGA are presented in a special supplement issue of Nutrition Reviews. Dr. Ty Beal from GAIN provides important insight on why this line of research was pursued and its implications as it relates to specific nutrients and also the income gap that is associated with the nutrition gap.
March 11, 2021
A conversation with Dr. Teruo Miyazawa about finding from the 8th International Conference on Nutrition and Aging
This episode is our first to highlight a Nutrition Review’s supplement. Dr. Teruo Miyazawa was the special guest editor for the proceeding of the 8th International Conference on Nutrition and Aging. Dr. Miyazawa is a Professor at Tohoku University and he provides how advances in nutritional sciences are helping extend healthy lifespans. The conference supported by ILSI Japan also provides important insight on why Japan is the country with the greatest life expectancy in the world.
March 8, 2021
Identifying the links between consumer food waste, nutrition, and environmental sustainability
This month we have the pleasure of speaking with Drs. Conrad Zach from William and Mary and Dr. Nicole Blackstone from Tufts University about how food waste effects not only the environment but also nutritional status and food security. Their insightful review provides not only evidence for people to reduce food waste but also in the podcast they provide practical examples for how to do it.
March 1, 2021
Effects of caloric restriction on human physiological, psychological, and behavioral outcomes: highlights from CALERIE phase 2
This episode is a discussion with Dr. James Dorling who is at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He along with co-authors from Pennington, Tufts University, Duke University and Washington University in Saint Louise provided a review on the effects of caloric restriction on human physiological, psychological, and behavioral outcomes with a special focus on results from the CALORIE Phase 2 study, a randomized control trial to determine the effect of reducing caloric intake by 20% on various markers of aging. We will discuss these key finding and what is next for us to learn about caloric restriction.
February 5, 2021
The implications of vitamin D deficiency on COVID-19 for at-risk populations
This episode we speak with article authors Dr. Rosemary Dall, Dr. Deeptha Sukumar, and Dr. Deborah Clegg about their article "The implications of vitamin D deficiency on COVID-19 for at-risk populations" to determine the current knowledge about the risk of COVID-19 development for populations at risk for vitamin D deficiency, including individuals living with overweight and obesity, those of older age, and racial or ethnic minorities.
January 21, 2021
A systematic review of the influences of food store product placement on dietary-related outcomes
This episode we speak with Sarah Shaw, Senior Research Assistant and PhD student, and Dr. Christina Vogel, Principal Research Fellow, at the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton. Their paper is a systematic review aimed to determine how product placement strategies, availability, and positioning, in physical retail food stores located in high-income countries, influence dietary-related behaviors. Douglas Taren, host and Editor in Chief for Nutrition Reviews, asks the authors about their research, and their current and future endeavors.
December 1, 2020
Portion size estimation in dietary assessment: a systematic review of existing tools, their strengths and limitations
Portion size is an essential component of dietary assessment. However, methods of quantifying portion size can differ between studies. This episode, we speak with Dr. Birdem Amoutzopoulos, Dietary and Nutrient Data Manager at The Medical Research Center Epidemiology, University of Cambridge. She is the lead author for the article "Portion size estimation in dietary assessment: a systematic review of existing tools, their strengths and limitations" featured in the November 2020 print issue of Nutrition Reviews.
October 31, 2020
Current Explorations of Nutrition and the Gut Microbiome: A Comprehensive Evaluation of the Review Literature
The ability to measure the gut microbiome led to a surge in understanding and knowledge of its role in health and disease. The diet is a source of fuel for, and influencer of, composition of the microbiome. Join us for a discussion with authors Dr. Leigh A Frame and Dr. Scott A Jackson. Leigh A Frame, PhD, MHS, is the Director of The Office of Integrative Medicine and Health at George Washington University School of Medicine & Health Sciences. Scott Jackson, PhD, currently serves as the leader Microbiology group at the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
October 1, 2020
The effect of sucralose and aspartame on glucose metabolism and gut hormones.
Catch this month’s conversation with Dylan Mackay from University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Dr. Mackay is a nutritional biochemist, specializing in human clinical trials and inter-individual variability. I focus on how phenotype and genotype modulate an individual's response to dietary interventions. The lead author of the paper, Dr. Samar Ahmad was unable join the conversation from her clinic in Kuwait. However, you are still in for a treat with the topic of this month’s episode on "The effect of sucralose and aspartame on glucose metabolism and gut hormones."
September 1, 2020
Influence of Nutrients involved in One-Carbon Metabolism on DNA Methylation in Adults - A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Join the conversation with authors Diane Lees-Murdock and Sophia Amenyah with the Genomic Medicine Research Group at the University of Ulster, in Coleraine, North Ireland. Dr. Lees-Murdock is a Researcher and Senior Lecturer in Biomedical Sciences at the University of Ulster, and Dr. Amenyah is now a postdoctoral research fellow at Bournemouth University School of Health and Social Care. In our discussion, we find out more about the authors and the research that lead to their findings on associations between 1-carbon metabolism nutrients and DNA methylation.
August 1, 2020
Long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cognitive decline in non-demented adults
Join the conversation with author Anu Alex, from the University of Newcastle in the State of New South Wales, Australia. Anu is a doctoral student working in the laboratory of Dr. Manohar Garg who is one of the world’s leading researchers studying phytosterols, fatty acids, and other bioactive nutrients.
July 2, 2020