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Ledgerback Research Podcast

Ledgerback Research Podcast

By Ledgerback's Philomath Series on XYZ
Welcome to the Ledgerback Research Podcast, where we discuss research, tools, news and education on technologically-driven change, with an emphasis on, convergence (connection and integration), democratic ownership models, social technology, networked-scholarship, and tools for thought (TfT).
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Charles Adjovu on A Brief History & Ethos of the Digital Garden

Ledgerback Research Podcast

Charles Adjovu on A Brief History & Ethos of the Digital Garden

Ledgerback Research Podcast

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Charles Adjovu on Legal Issues with using Copyrightable NFTs
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles Adjovu discusses the legal issues with using copyrightable non-fungible tokens (NFTs) as collateral for loans (especially for automated  Decentralized Finance (DeFi) loans) and securities concerns that can arise from NFT projects providing royalties/dividends to token holders. Links: https://twitter.com/CAdjovu https://www.theblockcrypto.com/post/120022/opensea-delists-dao-turtles-project-citing-financialization-concerns https://www.theblockcrypto.com/post/120016/why-ftxs-upcoming-marketplace-is-avoiding-nfts-that-offer-royalties Send your voice messages here.
46:48
October 16, 2021
Charles Adjovu on Communal Digital Gardens and Networked-Journals
In this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles discusses the Oscillations journal, a communal digital garden experimenting with networked-thought tools, and how communal digital gardens can be enhanced with AI/analytical tools. Links: https://oscillations.one/Oscillations Send us voice messages here.
09:05
September 11, 2021
Charles Adjovu on Union-Cooperative Model
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles Adjovu discusses the Union-Cooperative ("Union-Coop") model, an emerging organizational model that combines a union with a worker cooperative. Charles describes the origin and elements of the union co-op model, with a short background on unions and cooperatives, The Liberatory Potential of Union Co-ops by Carmen Huertas-Noble, Missy Risser-Lovings and Christopher Adams, and lastly providing examples of union cooperatives.  Links: https://twitter.com/CAdjovu https://community-wealth.org/content/union-co-op-model https://coopcincy.org/ https://nonprofitquarterly.org/the-liberatory-potential-of-union-co-ops/ https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2770136 http://1worker1vote.org/ Send us voice messages here.
30:39
September 11, 2021
Charles Adjovu on Trademark Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAOs)
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles Adjovu conceptualizes a Trademark Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO), an online collective that owns and manages trademarks (i.e., a brand) via Web3 technologies (e.g., Organizational Technology (OrgTech)). Specifically, how a DAO can collectively-own and -manage trademarks in a global context, and novel tools and incentives via Web3 (e.g., automated market makers (AMM)) to encourage investment and protection of the brand. Links: https://twitter.com/CAdjovu Send us voice messages here.
34:49
September 11, 2021
Charles Adjovu on Bikestream-based Data Cooperative services based on Platoon Co-ops
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles discusses the services a Bikestream-based Mobility Data Cooperative can offer based on features from Platoon Co-ops by Beth McCarthy and Daniel Shavit. Links: https://github.com/Ledgerback/Bikestream https://speakerdeck.com/ledgerback/bikestream-litedeck https://trust.support/feed/platoon-coops Send us voice messages here.
18:51
September 4, 2021
Charles Adjovu on Re-thinking Academic Publishing: The Promise of Platform Cooperativism
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles gives his thoughts and takeaways on From Student Loans to Student Currencies, written by Evgeniya Lupova-Henry and Ámbar Tenorio-Fornés, an article discussing the why and how (with a hypothetical labor-exchange platform) of applying platform cooperativism to address issues ("inequality, unfair profit distribution and the ever-growing centralisation of control over the publishing process in the hands of large commercial players") in academic publishing system to create a more scholar-centric system. Links: Is the staggeringly profitable business of scientific publishing bad for science? Given frustrations with academic structures, how can we build a more human-centered open science? Send us voice messages here.
37:22
August 30, 2021
Charles Adjovu on From Student Loans to Student Currencies
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles gives his thoughts and takeaways on From Student Loans to Student Currencies, written by Will Ruddick, an article discussing the creation of a Community Inclusion Currency to support a student's education and training as an alternative to student loans.  Links: https://www.grassrootseconomics.org/post/from-student-loans-to-student-currencies Send us voice messages here.
10:24
August 30, 2021
Charles Adjovu on A Prehistory of DAOs
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles gives his thoughts and takeaways on A Prehistory of DAOs by Kei Kreutler, an article tracing the history of a Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO), a conceptualized Web3 organizational form, from the political dialogue of the early web by John Barlow in Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace and David Ronfeldt in Tribes, Institutions, Markets, Networks (TIMN) in the 1990s, to the term's ever-changing meaning in Web3 since Vitalik Buterin's DAOs, DACs, DAs and More: An Incomplete Terminology Guide in 2014, to how the term may be a neologism for digital cooperativism (or cooperatives) in cyberspace, noting the connection between Platform Cooperativism and Web3 as both movements intend to upend the current platform economy and through the works of Jesse Walden's The Ownership Economy and Nathan Schneider's Exit to community, how DAOs and Cooperatives can learn from each other, how DAOs compare to gaming guilds from older massive multiplayer online (MMO) games such as EVE Online and where DAOs can learn from gaming guilds (contribution-tracking, dispute resolution, social currencies), why DAOs and gaming guilds may act under shadow economics, how DAOs can scale beyond the modern firm through cooperation based on Ronald Coase's The Nature of the Firm, why tools for DAOs (OrgTech) do not automatically create culture based onJaya Klara Brekke, Kate Beecroft, and Francesca Pick's The Dissensus Protocol: Governing Differences in Online Peer Communities, how DAOs will form multi-organizational heterarchical networks (similar to Meta-organizational form) of DAO-2-DAO interactions similar to the MONDRAGON Corporation based on Patrick Rawson's Ownership in Cryptonetworks, why DAOs should be recognized as an "emergent organizational form with legitimate political relevance," and lastly defining decentralized avatar organizations as DAOs that manage avatars (i.e., virtual people) that advocate for political platforms. Send us voice messages here.
01:51:09
August 22, 2021
Charles Adjovu on implementing Access Control in Bikestream with Token Gates (TGs) via Unlock Protocol
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles discusses how Bikestream and Token-locked Gates (TLGs) or Token Gates (TGs) via the Unlock Protocol or Mintgate can be implemented for securing access to, and sharing, databikes, based on Austin Robey's Token-gated physical spaces (an experimental recipe) Links: https://github.com/Ledgerback/Bikestream https://speakerdeck.com/ledgerback/bikestream-litedeck https://club.mirror.xyz/Iutxpw3iidtxPs1drAq3pkb0Kn5MU_KLri0r0nNCsNA https://www.mintgate.io/ https://twitter.com/austinrobey_ Send us voice messages here.
07:22
August 20, 2021
Charles Adjovu on A Brief History & Ethos of the Digital Garden
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles gives his thoughts and takeaways on A Brief History & Ethos of the Digital Garden, written by Maggie Appleton, an article discussing the brief history of digital gardens and its ever-changing meaning from the 1990s to the present, the growth of no-code (i.e., low code) tools for digital gardens, and defining 6 design principles for digital gardens: Topography over Timelines, Continuous Growth, Imperfection & Learning in Public, Playful, Personal, and Experimental, Intercropping & Content Diversity, and Independent Ownership. Links: https://maggieappleton.com/garden-history https://maggieappleton.com/
51:27
August 19, 2021
Charles Adjovu on implementing Bikestream based on A Novel Crowdsourcing Model for Micro-Mobility Ride-Sharing Systems
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles discusses how Bikestream and a Mobility Data Cooperative can be implemented for a Crowdsourced Bike Sharing System (BSS), based on Mohammed Elhenawy et al.'s A Novel Crowdsourcing Model for Micro-Mobility Ride-Sharing Systems, and responding to Nicolas Saravia's issues with the model.  Links: https://github.com/Ledgerback/Bikestream https://speakerdeck.com/ledgerback/bikestream-litedeck https://www.researchhub.com/paper/1265930/a-novel-crowdsourcing-model-for-micromobility-ridesharing-systems#paper%20pdf https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/21/14/4636 Send us voice messages here.
45:30
August 19, 2021
Charles Adjovu on Coase's Penguin is learning to fly
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles gives his thoughts and takeaways on Coase's Penguin is learning to fly, written by Joey DeBruin, an article discussing how a new form of peer production (with background), community owned peer production, can support (enhance and increase) knowledge production by academic-scientists and citizen-scientists through mechanisms powered by Web3 technologies. Links: https://creativekitchen.so/contributors/joey-debruin https://creativekitchen.so/penguins/Coases-Penguin-is-learning-to-fly-MNWpI https://stratechery.com/2021/non-fungible-taylor-swift/ https://vitalik.ca/general/2021/03/23/legitimacy.html Send us voice messages here.
42:06
August 12, 2021
Charles Adjovu on Why would anyone buy crypto art – let alone spend millions on what’s essentially a link to a JPEG file?
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles gives his thoughts and takeaways on Why would anyone buy crypto art – let alone spend millions on what’s essentially a link to a JPEG file?, written by Aaron Hertzmann, an article questioning the hype and sales prices around the NFT (i.e., CryptoArt) boom in early 2021.  Aaron looks into the supposed benefits of NFTs for artists and how it is different from traditional art, how art is social, and how a NFT's ability to separate an artwork's artistic form from it's commodity form, creating scarcity and connections between artists and buyers helps explain the value of NFTs. Links: https://theconversation.com/why-would-anyone-buy-crypto-art-let-alone-spend-millions-on-whats-essentially-a-link-to-a-jpeg-file-157115 https://theconversation.com/profiles/aaron-hertzmann-694016 Send us voice messages here.
30:47
August 12, 2021
Charles Adjovu on $GENERALIST: An experiment in value, collaboration, and creativity.
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles gives his thoughts and takeaways on $GENERALIST: An experiment in value, collaboration, and creativity, written by The Generalist and Jack Butcher of Visualize Value, a summary of the Generalist's experiment in using Mirror to crowdfund the production of a S-1 analysis (article) on Coinbase and split future earnings with crowdfunders through a Non-fungible Token (NFT).  Links: https://www.readthegeneralist.com/briefing/generalist-token https://www.readthegeneralist.com/ http://visualizevalue.com/ Send us voice messages here.
32:10
August 10, 2021
Charles Adjovu on Aggregators aren't open-ended
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles gives his thoughts and takeaways on Aggregators aren't open-ended, an article by Gordon Brander discussing how aggregators (i.e., platform owners) in the platform ecosystem stifle innovation on top of their platforms by limiting requisite variety in their ecosystems, and that instead we need to have an open-ended ecosystem (i.e., open-source) for innovation to flourish and build new transformative tools for thought. Additionally, Charles looks at the relationship between tools for thought and local-first software.  Impressive quote: "My sense is that, more than other networked software, tools for thought want to be owned. I don't want to store my second brain on someone else's computer. What if we instead had a small tool that was personal, multiplayer, distributed, evolvable? Maybe this is just a niche category, or maybe it could be the basis for a new open-ended ecosystem?" Links: https://subconscious.substack.com/p/aggregators-arent-open-ended https://subconscious.substack.com/people/1245173-gordon-brander
23:39
August 10, 2021
Charles Adjovu on Building Monocle, a universal personal search engine for life.
On this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles gives his thoughts and takeaways on Building Monocle, a personal search engine developed by Linus AKA The Sephist as a tool for thought and local-first software. Links: https://thesephist.com/posts/monocle/ https://twitter.com/thesephist/status/1282795369512960001 Send us voice messages here. 
18:03
August 10, 2021
Charles Adjovu on NFTs, Generative Art, and Sol LeWitt
On this episode of Musings, Charles gives his thoughts and takeaways on NFTs, Generative Art, and Sol LeWitt, an article by Mitchell Chan discussing the connection between Sol LeWitt's conceptual artwork of the 1960's and '70s and generative art (code that produces artwork) NFTs on the blockchain, and how NFTs "separate of an artwork’s expressive, or artistic form, from its commodity form."  Links: https://medium.com/@mitchellfchan?source=post_page-----e99a5fa2b0cb-------------------------------- https://medium.com/@mitchellfchan/nfts-generative-art-and-sol-lewitt-e99a5fa2b0cb
16:18
August 5, 2021
Charles Adjovu on AI + NFTs: What is an iNFT?
On this episode of Musings, Charles gives his thoughts and takeaways on AI + NFTs: What is an iNFT?, a guest post by Arif Khan on Intelligent Non-Fungible Tokens (iNFTs) and his project, Alethea AI. Links: https://andrewsteinwold.substack.com/p/ai-nfts-what-is-an-inft- https://twitter.com/real_alethea https://twitter.com/ArKhan
14:45
August 5, 2021
Charles Adjovu on Building Monocle, a universal personal search engine for life
Episodes with music are only available on Spotify.
On this episode of Musings, Charles gives his thoughts and takeaways on Building Monocle, a personal search engine developed by Linus AKA The Sephist as a tool for thought and local-first software. Links: https://thesephist.com/posts/monocle/ https://twitter.com/thesephist/status/1282795369512960001
25:40
August 5, 2021
Social Digital Research Cooperative V0.9
Update to the Social Digital Research Cooperative model (now up to version 0.9).
52:28
June 9, 2021
Nonfungible Tokens (NFTs)
Nonfungible tokens (NFTs) are cryptographically unique digital assets created on a blockchain (and often linked to a digital file stored off-chain such as the IPFS). NFTs have exploded into mainstream popularity with major celebrities and public figures such as Jack Dorsey, Elon Musk, and Lindsey Lohan, and Beeple selling art, tweets, and a variety of other digital creative works as NFTs on platforms like Foundation and Rarible.
22:06
May 22, 2021
Social Digital Research Cooperative
A conceptualization of a social digital cooperative institute (or research cooperative).
29:33
May 21, 2021
Artificial Swarm Intelligence: Amplifying human intelligence to improve problem-solving
Hi there! Welcome to another episode of the Philomath Series on Musings. In this episode, Charles discusses collective intelligence (CI) and swarm intelligence (SI), and how artificial swarm intelligence (ASI), a means to artificially simulate a swarm for humans and robots, can be applied in two contexts.  References: Can Humans Use Artificial Swarm Intelligence to Make Smarter, Faster Decisions? Swarm intelligence Swarm Intelligence Applications How 'artificial swarm intelligence' uses people to make better predictions than experts
36:21
December 26, 2020
Beyond Money: Alternative Currencies for Redefining Value
Hi there! Welcome to another episode of the Philomath Series on Musings! In this episode, Charles provides an overview of alternative currencies and monetary systems with real-world examples such as WIR Bank and Helsinski Timebank, and then mentions how Web 3 can help grow community currencies via bonding curves (i.e., automated market makers). 
34:51
December 26, 2020
PlasticBank: Incentivizing Plastic Recycling
Hi there! Welcome to another episode of the Philomath Series on Musings. In this episode, Charles discusses PlasticBank, a blockchain project focused on incentivizing plastic recycling with tokens and redeemable services. 
15:60
December 26, 2020
About Ledgerback
Hi There! This short episode is on the background of Ledgerback, going over the name and logo and how it pwoers us to work towards a global technological commonwealth.
23:52
December 18, 2020
Decentralized Validation Mechanism for Citizen Science Micro-work
Hi everyone and welcome to another episode of the Philomath Series on Musings! In this episode, Charles discusses a possible protocol for validating micro-work in citizen science projects.
09:06
December 16, 2020
Peer Accounting License (PAL)
Hi there and welcome to another episode of the Philomath Series on Musings! In this episode, Charles discusses the Peer Accounting License (PAL), an update to the Peer Production License (PPL) and its possible improvements to the PPL regarding a transvestment strategy, adding ethical values and restrictions, and supporting creators with stewardship organizations.
31:21
December 16, 2020
Expanding Gridcoin with a Platform Cooperative
Hi there! Welcome to another episode o the Philomath Series on Musings. For this episode, Charles discusses Gridcoin and how it can be expanded with a platform cooperative to provide redeemable services.
07:32
December 16, 2020
Crowdsourcing and Micro-work through a Cooperative lens
Hi there! Here is another episode of the Philomath Series on Musings covering cooperatives and crowdsourcing.
27:17
December 15, 2020
Openstreetmaps: Distributed Communities and Stakeholder Tensions
Hi there! Here is another episode of the Philomath Series on Musings on Openstreetmaps's potential stakeholder issues and a cooperative as a possible remedy. References OpenStreetMap is Having a Moment  Support our work by donating on Opencollective.
24:38
December 15, 2020
Platform Cooperativism for CivicTech: The case of Parti and the rise of citizen engagement
Another day, another episode!  In this episode, Charles goes over participative democracy, deliberative democracy and civic tech, and how these models that promote more citizen participation in political and governmental processes can be supported by platform cooperatives, with a short discussion on one particularly interesting use-case in Parti Cooperative, a platform cooperative that has developed an open source citizen participation platform (and a suite of tools) based in Seoul, South Korea. Relevant Articles and Links: Emerging Designs for Collective Governance: Part 2  Parti.coop Parti Townhall Internet, democracy, public goods and patti. Democratic Seoul is released as open source The digital participatory process that fed into the French Climate Assembly Citizens’ Initiative Review: Helping citizens make better informed voting choices Citizens’ Councils in Vorarlberg: Building a culture of participation How Ostbelgien became a trailblazer in deliberative democracy Digital parliaments: Adapting democratic institutions to 21st century realities
30:30
December 3, 2020
The Age of Digital Diplomas: What can we learn from Central New Mexico Community College
Some old work on creating an audio version of our The Age of Digital Diploma article we published on Medium in our Greyscail Blockchain Review publication. 
16:34
October 14, 2020
Community Broadband Networks
On this issue of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles Adjovu dives in on community broadband networks and how they are a viable and necessary alternative to for-profit, market-driven broadband networks. 
32:06
August 14, 2020
Peer Prediction Mechanism
*This is a test episode for the Philomath Series on XYZ* In this episode of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles Adjovu dives in on the Peer Prediction mechanism, a novel mechanism for eliciting honest (or truthful) feedback from participants on tasks. Charles goes over the basics of the PP mechanism and its applications for open science, blockchain and data oracles. Lastly, this episode should serve as a call to action for more research from academia and industry into PP mechanism applications. 
57:04
August 8, 2020
Cooperative Update March 27, 2019
Quick update on Ledgerback! Sorry for the long hiatus regarding Trinary, we have been uber busy with other Ledgerback projects. This episode provides an update on Ledgerback's successful release of the Greenback Exchange, an in-person cryptoexchange where people can convert Bitcoin and Ethereum for USD (Cash or Card). We discuss why we made the Greenback Exchange, the void it fills, and why we believe it can help grow Ledgerback and the local blockchain/cryptocurrency community in Las Vegas, Nevada. 
16:13
March 28, 2019