Three healthily skeptical primary care physicians discuss the latest in primary care medicine. Join Mark Ebell MD, John Hickner MD, Henry Barry MD, and others for this fast-paced weekly update on evidence-based primary care.
Where to listen
Primary Care Update: COVID-19 briefs, clavicle fractures, and acetaminophen
This week: salivary testing for COVID, COVID immunity, ACR guidelines for managing patients with degenerative joint disease, and the use of old forms of insulin in managing patients with type 2 diabetes.
In episode 46 we again cover all things COVID-19: 2 trials of remdesivir, news on viral shedding, COVID mortality, thrombotic events and risk of infection among COVID contacts. You can get all of our research briefs on COVID-19 here: https://www.aafp.org/journals/afp/explore/covid-19-daily-briefs.html
This week, 2 new COVID-19 studies (doi:10.1001/jama.2020.6771 and doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.6775), an effective treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31852769), and trends in prostate cancer screening (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31794057).
This week, research updates about COVID-19: the largest trial to date of hydroxychloroquine (https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.10.20060558), the first serosurvey results (https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.14.20062463), doing telehealth (www.bmj.com/content/368/bmj.m1182), masks (https://doi.org/10.17226/25776), the effect of temperature (https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.14.20062463) and viral shedding / infectiousness (https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-0869-5).
This week, a couple of COVID-19 updates, plus POEMs on breast cancer prevention (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31839281) and a cool new (old) way to reduce bad things after an MI (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31733140).
All COVID-19 all the time this week with 6 updates: 2 HCQ studies, the new antibody tests, case fatality rates, whether handwashing really works, and an editorial from NEJM. We'll be doing regular podcasts focused on COVID-19, plus our regular podcasts covering all the rest.
This week: 3 brief summaries of breaking research on COVID-19 (convalescent sera, hydroxychloroquine, and risk stratification); whether you really need surgery for a mid-clavicular fracture (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30835150); and whether acetaminophen does anything (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31892511).
This week: preventing food allergies (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31633778), choosing the right BP target long-term after stroke (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31355878), and improving uptake of colorectal cancer screening (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30915656).
This week: the results of screening for autism (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31562252), does soccer cause dementia (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31633894), and the best way to diagnose hip OA on exam (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31846019).
We finish our top 20 from 2019: bleeding risk with different DOACs (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30512099), whether higher doses of ibuprofen are better than low (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31383385), a comparison of Shingrix with Zostavax (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30361202), and whether exercise really prevents falls (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30592475). Plus, an update on the COVID-19 epidemic.
Part 2 of our review of the top 20 POEMs of 2019. This week infections (ruling out CAP, typical duration of RTI in kids, and 5 vs 10 days for strep throat) and colorectal cancer screening (yield of FIT over 10 years ~ colonoscopy, no need to stop NSAID or anticoagulant, and family history effect on risk).
This week: Dapagliflozin...for heart failure, not T2DM? (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31535829) Do muscle relaxants add anything to NSAIDs for back pain? (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30955985) And early vs delayed surgery for gallstone pancreatitis (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31268184). Plus the quiz and a recommendation.
Happy Holidays... we hope our listeners are getting some downtime. This week, we discuss the benifits (or not) of treating subclinical hypothroidism, the benefits (or not) of atorvastatin for patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and the best preventive strategy for patients with coronary artery disease and atrial fibrillation.
Happy Holidays! This week we talk about whether adding ibuprofen and codeine improves pain control (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31378383); whether or not a colonoscopy is needed to look for cancer after an episode of diverticultitis (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31260589); and why everyone should take their blood pressure meds at night (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31641769).
Our Thanksgiving episode, we even added theme music! Our 3 POEMs this week address whether to add ticagrelor to ASA in CAD (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31475798); how often is a cough caused by an ACE inhibitor (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29330882); and how effective is HAART at preventing HIV transmission (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31056293)?
A whole lotta diabetes goin' on: linagliptin ($780) vs glimepiride ($3) for T2DM (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31536101); semaglutide in T2DM + vascular/CKD (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31185157); and whether we should care about pre-diabetes (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31076416).
It's Halloween, and we start with a seasonally appropriate study. That's followed by new recommendations re: BRCA mutations (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31429902), Dave Slawson with an Atrium BEAT on the value (?) of Sitz baths, fecal transplant for irritable bowel (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30908299), and a quick review of the latest pneumonia guidelines.
A busy pod today: what patients mean when they say "congestion" (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31145430); Dave Slawson on why decongestants are safer than we thought; are personal sound amplifiers any good (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31095263); and ongoing overtreatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31449295).
This week, guest host Dr. Dave Slawson joins Henry and Mark. We discuss rapid (< 2 hr) protocols for ruling out MI (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31242362); whether tramadol is as safe as it's cracked up to be (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31088782); and steroids for pneumonia (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29937237). Plus the quiz, and Mark reviews two clinical prediction rules for PE (PERC and YEARS).
This week, Dr. Dave Slawson, co-inventor of the POEMs concept, joins us to talk about a new project called "Atrium BEATS" (https://www.iambeats.io). Plus, we discuss new studies in how long to continue dual anti-platelet therapy after PCI, whether rimegapant works for migraine, and a possible alternative to ceftriaxone for gonorrhea.
This week: how accurate is clinical gestalt (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31208974), canagliflozin and renal outcomes in high risk patients (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30990260) and whether oral immunotherapy for peanut allergy is safe and effective (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31030987).
This week: baloxavir (Xofluza) for flu (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30184455); a new guideline for subclinical hypothyroidism (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31088853); and a great review on treating opioid use disorders in primary care (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31088885).
This week: as needed steroid + LABA for mild asthma (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31112386); platelet rich plasma for rotator cuff injury (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31000394); and pioglitazone in high risk diabetics who've had a stroke (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30734043).
This week, John, Henry and Mark talk about adding ultrasound to mammography for screening (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30882843), routine labs for patients on an antifungal (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30347032), and podiatry interventions to prevent falls (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30615052).
Today we talk about what to do for patients with both coronary heart disease and afib (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30883055); a practice changer for the three of us addressing how patient to be with antidepressants (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29952277); and whether early or delayed cardioversion is better for afib (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30883054).
This week we talk about ruling out serious bacterial infection in young infants (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30776077), whether exercise can prevent falls in the elderly (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30592475), and whether statins and BP meds prevent cognitive decline (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30814321).
This week we cover why you should start using automated BP measurement if you're not already (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30715088); ablation vs rhythm control for afib (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30874766); and the value of early aerobic exercise after sports concussion (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30715132). Plus, the value (?) of self-monitoring blood glucose in non-insulin T2DM.
This week John, Henry and Mark discuss interpretation of FIT tests for CRC screening (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30802902); diagnosis of appendicitis (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30017693); and treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30667476). Plus, a quiz about metformin.
Today Mark, John and Henry talk about: how to rule out (and rule in) pneumonia (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30850460); an RCT of e-cigarettes for smoking cessation (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30699054); and non-drug treatments for IBS (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30177784).
This week, Henry, Mark and John discuss: statins for primary prevention in the elderly (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30712900); beer before wine or vice versa (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30753321); and the impact on control on school performance in kids with T1DM (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30721295). Plus a beer themed quiz.
How long does a new knee or hip last (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30782340); does subacromial decompression work for chronic shoulder pain (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30728120); fentanyl or ketamine intranasally for extremity injury in kids (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30592476); and splint or cast for fibular fracture (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30674451).
This week: is it safe to skip breakfast (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30700403), reducing fracture risk in women with osteopenia (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30575489), drug therapy for anxiety disorder (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30712879 ), and antibiotics for serious asthma exacerbations (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30688986).
Today we talk about stem cell injections for osteoarthritis (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29099618), a rant about mortality outcomes in cancer screening from Mark, omega-3 oils for primary prevention (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30415637), and testosterone for depression in men (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30427999).
Today we talk about the impact of more primary care physicians in a population on health outcomes; whether or not probiotics, prebiotics, and antibiotics are helpful for irritable bowel; and the impact of SGLT-2 inhibitors like empagliflozin on cardiovascular outcomes in diabetics with heart disease or at very high risk.
Today's topics: what is the safest oral anticoagulant (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30512099), new diabetes guidelines (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30291106), and the good and the ouch of the new zoster vaccines (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30361202).
Today we discuss: vitamin D for pain and headache (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25261164); chronic diarrhea guidelines (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29653941); lorcaserin and T2DM (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30293771); and the results of "screening" MRI (https://www.bmj.com/content/363/bmj.k4577).
Does linagliptin prevent CV events: ttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30418475; does Tai Chi prevent falls and fractures: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30208396; treatment of endometriosis pain: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30396557; and the benefits of sauna: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30486813.
This week: how does the yield for FIT testing compare with colonoscopy (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29101260); our take on the new ACC/AHA lipid guidelines (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30423391); and what works (or doesn't) for subacute cough (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30201828).
This week we talk about the results of the 3 ASPREE aspirin trials, whether omega-3 oil prevents CV events, and a new biologic agent for migraine. Pubmed abstract links: ASPREE: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30221596 ; omega-3: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30146932 ; and migraine: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30360965
This week's topics: whether surgery works for shoulder impingement, framing test results positively for patients, vagus nerve stimulation for frequent migraines, and a commentary on shared decision-making. Study links: Impingement: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5734212/ ; Vagus nerve stimulation: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29907608 ; and Positive messaging: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1495144/
Mark, John and Henry talk about tamsulosin for helping stones pass (but not all of them), how aspirin and esomoprazole (at the right dose) can reduce mortality in Barrett's esophagus, whether to do HPV only or co-testing in women 30-65 years, and the safety (and effectiveness) of lorcaserin for weight loss.
Mark, John and Henry discuss the new aspiring studies (does it really prevent heart disease), a positive (!) vitamin D trial, and whether procalcitonin can help us avoid antibiotics for patients with lower respiratory infection. Plus, the quiz, and John nerds out about vitamin D. In a good way.
Today's topics: are new basal insulins really any better, the impact of stigmatizing language, the value of adding cytology to HPV testing alone, and the best evidence to date on just how common incidentalomas are with MRI and CT. Plus, the pop quiz, and a segment we call "Preventing Bad Stuff" (today's topic is prostate CA screening).