Scientific Sense is a daily podcast focused on Science & Economics. We talk with the world's leading academics about their research and emerging ideas in a variety of domains. The conversation is unstructured and unscripted.
/ Blog: www.scientificsense.com
The Fourth Industrial Revolution, Artificial Intelligence driving the next revolution, Regulatory policy frameworks and pilot projects for policy for AI
Mr. Lofred Madzou is a Project Lead for AI at the World Economic Forum, where he is responsible for managing various global multi-stakeholder AI policy projects. Before that, he was a Policy Officer advising the French Government on AI Policy and Regulation. He has co-written chapter 5 of the French National AI Strategy – entitled “What Ethics for AI?”.
Intranasal delivery of agents to the brain, Adult stems cells and Insulin for treatment of brain injury and degenerative diseases, Possible effects of COVID-19 on the brain, long term complications, and policy choices.
Dr. William H. Frey II is a Senior Research Director of the Center for Memory & Aging at the HealthPartners Neuroscience Center in St. Paul, Minnesota. Dr. Frey’s focus has been the use of a non-invasive intranasal method for bypassing the blood-brain barrier to target therapeutic agents to the brain to treat neurological and psychiatric disorders while reducing unwanted side effects. These conditions include Mild Cognitive Impairment, Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Multiple Sclerosis, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease, and other brain diseases. He is also a faculty member in the Graduate Program in Neuroscience at the University of Minnesota. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org / 651-254-3736
Remittances, the good, the bad, and the ugly, COVID, a systemic shock with significant negative effects on fragile countries and regions, What is a Whale worth and how can we keep it?
Dr. Ralph Chami is Assistant Director, Institute for Capacity Development, at the International Monetary Fund. He is in charge of capacity development for the Western Hemisphere Region. Before joining the IMF, he was on the faculty of Finance at the University of Notre Dame.
Neuroprotective and neurotoxic effects of Nuclear Factor kappa B ( NF-kB), Alzheimer's disease, Economic burden of dementia, Brain region and sex-specific alterations in mitochondrial function, Epigenetics and dietary impacts on spatial memory and brain plasticity
Prof. Ben Albensi is a professor of pharmacology & therapeutics at the Univ. of Manitoba. His lab at St. Boniface Hospital focuses on understanding the neurobiological basis of normal memory and how memory gets impaired in dementia. His lab studies nuclear factor kappa B ( NF-kB), which is a key mediator of brain inflammation thought to be involved in Alzheimer’s disease.
Brain waves and Natural Language Processing, N400 amplitude and vector space model behavior, Contextual embeddings in words, Composition in Sentence Vector Representations, and BERT, what it is Not.
Dr. Allyson Ettinger is a computational linguist and an assistant professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Chicago, working on natural language processing and computational cognitive modeling. Her interdisciplinary work draws on methods and insights from cognitive science, linguistics, and computer science to examine meaning-extraction and predictive processes executed during language processing in humans and in artificial intelligence systems.
Rejuvenation of Rivers and Lakes in India, Policy in environmental choices, Cost externalization, Decentralized and small-scale wastewater treatment, nutrient removal from wastewater, and jumpstarting entrepreneurship through MarketPlaceLiteracy.
Prof. Krishnanand Maillacheruvu is a Professor of Civil Engineering and Construction at Bradley University. His teaching interests include various areas of civil and environmental engineering, sustainability, ethics, and public policy. In addition to more than 50 publications in international journals and conferences, Krishnanand has co-authored three book chapters in the field of environmental engineering
Neurological development of the young brain, The importance of educational process, content, and environment, Left/Right brain specialization, Language, and Mathematics processing in the brain.
Prof. Gerry Leisman is Professor of Neuro and Rehabilitation Sciences at the University of Haifa and Director of the National Institute for Brain and Rehabilitation Sciences in Nazareth, Israel, He is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Functional Neurology, Rehabilitation, and Ergonomics. He is a Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science, is a Senior Member of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society in IEEE and a Life Fellow of the International Association of Functional Neurology and Rehabilitation.
Early detection of localized COVID/disease outbreaks, Age as the dominant consideration in COVID intervention strategy, and vaccine/drug surveillance strategies.
Prof. Martin Kulldorff is a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School. He is an expert on infectious disease outbreaks. As a biostatistician, he has developed methods for the early detection and monitoring of disease outbreaks, currently used by many public health departments for COVID-19 and other diseases. He has also developed methods for the early detection of drug and vaccine adverse events.
Computational Materials Sciences, Atomic-Scale Discoveries with Machine Learning, Hydrogen for storage and transport of energy, Hydrogen as the new natural gas.
Prof Sean Smith is a Professor of computational nanomaterials science and technology at the Australian National University and Director of Australia’s national supercomputing facility, NCI Australia. He has extensive theoretical and computational research experience in chemistry, nanomaterials, and nano-bio science and technology. Prior to returning to Australia, he directed the US Department of Energy-funded Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Sean has published over 260 refereed journal papers with more than 15000 citations.
Open Science Grid, Distributed Computing, Midscale collaborations, South Pole Telescope, ENZO: Adaptive mesh code for Astrophysics, Hydrodynamic simulations, and Fraud Detection.
Dr. Pascal Paschos is a computational scientist at the University of Chicago and an instructor of Mathematics and Computer Science at Chicago State University. Previously he was in academic research at UC California San Diego on Computational cosmology, he moved to Chicago where he worked in High-Performance Computing at Northwestern University. Later, he joined the Maniac Lab at the University of Chicago where he is involved in accelerating computational research using advanced cyberinfrastructure for several international high energy physics experiments and serves as the Open Science Grid area coordinator for midscale collaborations.
Asset pricing methodology confusion, Required Yield Theory (RYT), Connectalism, Mindfulness, and Compassion in Finance
Prof. Christophe Faugère is a professor of finance at the Kedge Business School in France. He is the co-inventor of the “Required Yield Theory”, a financial theory that provides more robust insights into the valuation of broad market indexes such as S&P 500 and gold. He has published articles in leading American academic journals, such as The Journal of Portfolio Management and Financial Markets, Institutions & Instruments.
Personal finance decisions, AI-based behavioral finance interventions, Robo-advising, Framing advisory fees, Funding biases and crowdfunding
Prof. Orly Sade is the Chair in Business Administration and an Associate Professor of Finance at the Department of Finance, School of Business Administration, Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She is a member of the scientific board of the experimental finance society. She is a Visiting Associate Professor at the Stern School of Business, NYU, and has been a visiting Associate Professor at additional leading universities around the world (NYU Shanghai and IE Madrid and NES, Moscow). She has received letters of recognition for excellent teaching, and her research has been published in leading international academic journals and has been presented at leading academic conferences. Professor Orly Sade served as director of the BA program at The Hebrew University and received the Abe Gray awards from the President of the Hebrew University. She has been awarded several research grants, including multiple grants from the Israel Science Foundation.
Mortgage securitization, Measuring Bank Risk, Taxpayer returns from Bailouts, Dividends during a pandemic, and the principal-agent problem in structuring contracts with banks for bailouts.
Prof Amiyatosh Purnanandam is professor finance at the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan, and the chair of the finance area. His research focuses on corporate finance, banking, and financial crisis. He has closely studied topics such as the effects of banking crises on the real economy, the role played by securitization during the subprime mortgage crisis and the economics of government bailout of the financial sector.
Demystifying the Business of Performing Arts, "Sacred," the movie, Learning from Germany on public media, and Organizations for people that succeed.
Prof. William Baker is a Professor and Journalist-in-Residence at Fordham University in NY. He is also a Professor of media & entertainment at IESE Business School, Barcelona, Spain, and President Emeritus of WNET-Thirteen, New York’s public television station. Prof. Baker is the recipient of seven Emmy Awards, two Columbia DuPont Journalism Awards, and honored in 2016 by the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center for his work in the performing arts.
Cognitive and Neurobiological Imaging, Human Connectome Project for disordered emotional states, Imaging systems for oral cancer screening, and Better camera designs for convolutional neural networks using synthetic images
Prof Brian A. Wandell is a professor at the Psychology Department of Stanford University. He is also a member of Electrical Engineering, Ophthalmology, and the Graduate School of Education. He is the founding Director of Stanford’s Center for Cognitive and Neurobiological Imaging and he founded the Stanford Center for Image Systems Engineering Program. Prof. Wandell’s research centers on imaging science and technology, spanning neuroscience measurements of the visual cortex and reading development to simulation and design of imaging systems.
History of oil prices and possible future paths
Dr. Rouben Indjikian, an adjunct professor of energy, commodities, trade finance, digital economy, and international economics at Webster University in Geneva, Switzerland. Dr. Indjikian had a distinguished career of nearly 30 years at UNCTAD (The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development ) where, as an economist and manager, he was in charge of analysis, policy advice, and technical assistance in the areas of international trade, finance, e-commerce, and commodities.
Supply chain risk in pharmaceutical manufacturing and the advantages of continuous manufacturing
Prof. Fernando Muzzio is a Professor of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering at Rutgers University and the Director of the NSF Engineering Research Center in Structured Organic Particulate Systems. Prof. Muzzio has authored over 250 peer-reviewed papers and numerous book chapters and patents. He is one of the founding co-chairs of the International Institute for Advanced Pharmaceutical Manufacturing.
Logistics Manager's Index as a leading indicator of economic activity, Supply Chain Financing, and Effects of COVID on the global supply chain
Prof. Dale Rogers is a Professor of Business at Arizona State University. He is also the Director of the Frontier Economies Logistics Lab and the Co-Director of the Internet edge Supply Chain Lab at ASU. Dale is a leading researcher in the fields of reverse logistics, sustainable supply chain management, supply chain finance, and secondary markets.
Cancer - why have we failed, and how can we get better? The quest to find and destroy the first cell to minimize human strife.
Prof. Azra Raza is a Professor of Medicine and Director of the MDS (Myelodysplastic Syndrome) Center at Columbia University. She is a practicing oncologist seeing 30-40 cancer patients weekly. She worked with President Clinton designing Breakthrough Developments in Science and Technology and with Vice President Joe Biden for the Cancer Moonshot initiative. Her latest book, THE FIRST CELL: And the human costs of pursuing cancer to the last was published in October 2019.
Reasons for the science-policy disconnect, statistical inference, threats to scalability, publication bias, and speculation on global economic effects of COVID.
Dr. Omar Al-Ubaydli is the Director of Research at Derasat, a think tank in the Kingdom of Bahrain, an affiliated associate professor of economics at George Mason University, and affiliated senior research fellow at the Mercatus Center. His research interests include political economy, experimental economics, and the economics of the GCC countries. Omar previously served as a member of the Commonwealth of Virginia's Joint Advisory Board of Economists and a Visiting Professor of Economics at the University of Chicago.
Effects of Immigrants on Firms’ Foreign Location Choice and Performance and Immigrant Entrepreneurs as Pathways to Foreign VC Investments
Dr. Zeke Hernandez is the Max and Bernice Garchik Family Presidential Associate Professor at the Wharton Business School. He studies global strategy, with an emphasis on how immigrants and innovation help firms successfully globalize.
Artificial Intelligence, Automated Science, Self-driving Scientific Experimentation, Active Learning, High Throughput Screening, R&D optimization
Prof. Robert Murphy is a Professor of Computational Biology, Biological Sciences, Biomedical Engineering, and Machine Learning at Carnegie Mellon University. He is also an Honorary Professor of Biology at the University of Freiburg, Germany, Fellow of the IEEE and the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering, and a Senior Member of the International Society for Computational Biology. He founded the Computational Biology Department at Carnegie Mellon University and served as its head from 2009 to 2020. His research interests include machine learning of image-derived models of cell organization and analysis and modeling of protein location changes across cell types and diseases.
Causes of Cancer, Healthcare access, Breast Cancer, Emerging Techniques in Breast Cancer Surgery, SHAVE trial
Prof. Anees Chagpar is a Professor in the Department of Surgery at Yale School of Medicine. She is a well-known breast surgical oncologist who participates in investigator-initiated and cooperative group clinical trials, as well as translational and clinical research. The results of one of her recent clinical trials to improve outcomes in breast cancer surgery were published in the New England Journal of Medicine. She teaches an online course on Coursera entitled “An Introduction to Breast Cancer”, and co-hosts a radio show and podcast called “Yale Cancer Answers”.
The economic impact of LGBT rights in firms and countries, policy trends, wage gaps and reasons for optimism
Prof. M. V. Lee Badgett is a professor of economics and co-director of the Center for Employment Equity at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. She is also a Williams Distinguished Scholar at UCLA’s Williams Institute. Her research focuses on economic inequality for LGBT people, including wage gaps, employment discrimination, and poverty, and on the global cost of homophobia and transphobia. Her latest book is The Economic Case for LGBT Equality: Why Fair and Equal Treatment Benefits Us All (Beacon Press, 2020).
Computer Assisted Mobility, Intelligent Wheelchair design, Human/Machine interactions, and Human Engineering Research Laboratories.
Prof. Rory Cooper holds several positions including Associate Dean for Inclusion and Paralyzed Veterans of America, Professor of Rehabilitation Science and Technology, and Orthopedic Surgery at the University of Pittsburgh. He is also the Founding Director and the VA Senior Research Career Scientist at the Human Engineering Research Laboratories. He is also a Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences.
Cheaper and faster sterilization of PPE, HPV eliminating antiviral and anticancer agents, Modulating DNA with polyamides, Green Chemistry
Prof. James Bashkin is a Professor of Chemistry and Bio-Chemistry at the University of Missouri, St.Louis. Prior to this, he was an NIH postdoctoral fellow at Harvard before joining Monsanto Corporate Research, which later became Pharmacia and then Pfizer. His recent research interest has been at the interface of chemistry and biology, in areas such as "chemical genomics," the design of antiviral and anticancer agents, and Green Chemistry.
Human evolution, Out of Africa migrations, Neanderthals and Denisovans, DNA methylation effects on the body parts, Gene organizer, Epigenetics in assessing ancient environments and behavior of humans.
Prof. Liran Carmel is a professor of computational biology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel. Liran has won many awards, including the Michael Milken prize, the Farkash award, and the Eshkol fellowship. Liran is studying a host of topics in molecular evolution, RNA biology, and genetics and is particularly interested in human evolution and in understanding the very recent evolutionary adaptations that led to the development of human-specific traits. He is among the founders of paleo-epigenetics, a field of study where epigenetic signals are reconstructed in ancient genomes, thus allowing to obtain information on ancient gene activity patterns.
Trust as an operating system, Entrepreneurship, Leadership, Types of leaders, Entrepreneurial leadership, Creating successful companies and Startups
Joel Peterson is the 12-year Chairman of JetBlue Airways, retiring in May 2020, former Chairman of The Hoover Institution, and the Founding Partner of Peterson Partners, a Salt Lake City-based investment management firm with $1B under management. Since 1992, Peterson has been on the faculty at the Graduate School of Business at Stanford University, teaching courses in real estate investment, entrepreneurship, and leadership.
Antimicrobial research, surrogate invertebrate hosts, in vivo high throughput screening, methicillin-resistant MRSA, colonization, and the need for fast and accurate diagnostics.
Prof. Eleftherios Mylonakis is a Professor of Infectious Diseases at Brown University and the Chief of Infectious Diseases at Rhode Island and Miriam Hospitals. He is also the Director of the COBRE Center for Antimicrobial Resistance and Therapeutic Discovery. He is Assistant Dean for Outpatient Investigations and Director of the Center for Outpatient and Longitudinal Medical Research at the Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Professor of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology. He has 8 patents and almost 400 articles in peer-reviewed literature.
Background Imaging of Cosmic Extragalactic Polarization, Simons Observatory, Origins of the Universe, Hubble constant discrepancy, Multiverse
Prof. Brian Keating is a Professor of Physics at the Center for Astrophysics & Space Sciences at the University of California, San Diego. Prof. Keating's research area is the study of the cosmic microwave background and its relationship to the origin and evolution of the universe. In 2001 he conceived the first BICEP experiment (Background Imaging of Cosmic Extragalactic Polarization), located at the South Pole. Later he became Director of the Simons Observatory, co-located with the ACT telescopes in northern Chile. The project includes over 250 collaborators from over 30 institutions around the world.
Artificial Intelligence, Artificial General Intelligence, Non-human intelligence, Machine Reasoning, Policy, and the AI future of society
Prof Bart Selman is a Professor of Computer Science at Cornell University. He is the incoming President of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), the main international professional society for AI researchers and practitioners. Last year, he co-chaired a national study to determine a 20-year Roadmap for AI research, to guide US government investments in AI research. Prof. Selman was previously at AT&T Bell Laboratories. He has authored numerous publications and has won many awards.
The start-up ecosystem in life sciences, Stakeholders in a start-up, Basic v/s translational research, and health systems
Mr. Jim Jordan is the President of the Pittsburgh Life Sciences Greenhouse and the Managing Director of the Accelerator Funds. Jim has served as a Distinguished Service Professor of Healthcare & Biotechnology Management at Carnegie Mellon University. He has written two books; Innovation, Commercialization, and Start-ups in Life Sciences, The Intellectual Property Pyramid Assessment, and is currently working on his third book, Health Systems.
Adaptive control for COVID-19 in India, A field experiment for health insurance in India, the evolution of influenza with vaccination
Prof Anup Malani is a Professor at the University of Chicago Law School and a Professor at the Pritzker School of Medicine at the University of Chicago. He is also a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research in Boston, a Senior Fellow at the Schaeffer Center at the University of Southern California, and an editor at the Journal of Law and Economics. Prof. Malani is the co-founder and Faculty Director of the International Innovation Corps, a social service program that sends teams of US and foreign university graduates to work on innovative development projects with government officials in India.
Battery technologies, species of electrolytes, materials science innovation, the safety of products, and the need for inclusion in education
Prof. Steve Greenbaum is a Professor of Physics at Hunter College in the City University of New York and a Fellow of the American Physical Society. Prof. Greenbaum's main research interest involves spectroscopic studies of disordered solids by magnetic resonance and synchrotron x-ray absorption, most of which have recently centered on materials for electrochemical energy storage and conversion. He has authored or co-authored over 260 peer-reviewed publications and given over 60 invited talks at national or international conferences.
Pharmaceutical R&D trends and costs, Value chain paradigms, Basic v/s translational research, Investment needs, and COVID 19
Prof. Kenneth Kaitin is a professor of Public Health and Medicine at Tufts School of Medicine and the Director of the Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development. He is also an Advisory Professor at Shanghai Medical College at Fudan University in Shanghai, and a consultant to the U.S. Department of Defense on bioterror countermeasures. Ken’s research focuses on the economic, scientific, regulatory, and political factors that affect pharmaceutical development.
Future of business law, Corporate legal strategy, Turning compliance into a competitive advantage
Prof. Robert Bird is a Professor of Business Law and the Chair in Business Ethics at the University of Connecticut. Robert's wide-ranging research focuses on corporate social responsibility, corporate compliance, employment law, legal strategy, and the intersection of law and business. His work has been published widely and he has received numerous teaching and research awards and is currently the President-Elect of the Academy of Legal Studies in Business.
Investment-q paradox, persistent investment decline, Tobin's q decomposition, asset utilization as a driver of investment rate, and failure of common explanations.
Prof. David Ikenberry was the Chair of Finance at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the Associate Dean of the Executive programs. Later he served as the Dean of the Leeds School of Business at the University of Colorado, Boulder, and now serves as the full professor in the School. He was an early pioneer among researchers examining long-horizon stock returns, particularly returns subsequent to major corporate news events. Much of his work relates to behavioral finance and the extent to which news is incorporated into market prices. His most noted work has studied open market stock repurchase programs. Please excuse the slight overlap in the audio.
Alzheimer's disease, oxidative stress, mitochondria abnormalities, diagnostics, amyloid-beta plaques, aging
Prof. George Perry is a Professor of Biology and Chemistry at The University of Texas at San Antonio. Prof Perry is recognized in the field of Alzheimer's disease research particularly for his work on oxidative stress. Perry's research is primarily focused on how Alzheimer’s disease develops and the physiological consequences of the disease at a cellular level. He is currently working to determine the sequence of events leading to damage caused by and the source of increased oxygen radicals.
Artificial Intelligence, Breast cancer diagnostics, Teleradiology, Social return to technology commercialization
Prof. Richard Mammone, a professor of engineering and business at Rutgers University. He is a fellow of the National Academy of Inventors, recipient of the Thomas Edison Patent Award and inductee of the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame. He has published over 200 papers and has 30 patents. He was a founding editorial board member of the IEEE Neural Network Society and was the Associate Vice President of Innovation and Partnerships of Rutgers.
Food, Nutrition, Obesity, supply chains, food security
Marion Nestle is a Professor of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health, at New York University. She is also a Visiting Professor of Nutritional Sciences at Cornell. Her research and writing examine scientific and socioeconomic influences on food choice and its consequences, emphasizing the role of food industry marketing. She is the author of six prize-winning books. She has received many awards and honors for her excellent teaching, research, and writing.
Public-private partnerships, education systems, ethics and leadership
Dr. Stanley Litow is a Professor at Columbia and Duke University, and serve as Innovator in Residence at Duke. He is a speaker, writer and subject matter expert on Education and Corporate Social Responsibility and had a career in the public, private and not for profit sectors, including President of the IBM Foundation, Deputy Schools Chancellor for New York City, and Founder of Interface. He has served on several Presidential Commissions and currently serves as a Trustee of the State University of New York. He is also a columnist for Barron's.
Mental illnesses, stigma, ADHD, design of education, Berkeley girls longitudinal study
Professor Stephen Hinshaw is a Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Berkeley, and Professor of Psychiatry at UCSF. His work focuses on developmental psychopathology, clinical interventions in attention deficits and hyperactivity, and mental illness stigma. His excellent teaching and research over the years brought him numerous awards including those from the Society for Science of Clinical Psychology, the Society for Research in Child Development, and the American Psychological Association. He has authored over 360 articles and chapters plus 12 books
Hunger in America, SNAP/Food Stamps, SSTAR Act, Obesity, Decision-making
Dr. Sara Abiola is an assistant professor of health policy & management at the Columbia Mailman School of Public Health and co-director of the Better Health Systems Lab that analyzes law, policy, and technological innovations designed to facilitate health systems strengthening and transformation through multisector collaboration and integration. She has constructed legal databases to map noncommunicable disease prevention policy and food policy at the global and national level and currently explores statutory and regulatory mechanisms to integrate the delivery of health and social services to address inequality and the social determinants of health.
Population health, Transformational Collaborative Outcomes Management (TCOM).
Dr. John S. Lyons is a Professor of Health Management and Policy and the Director of the Center of Innovation in Population Health at the University of Kentucky. After receiving a doctorate in clinical psychology, John has founded the Mental Health Services and Policy Program at Northwestern University, been the inaugural chair of Child and Youth Mental Health at the University of Ottawa, and a Senior Policy Fellow at the University of Chicago. He has designed and implemented outcomes management approaches in all fifty states and on every continent except Antarctica.
Memristors, Neuromorphic Computing, Mysteries of the brain and the future of Computing
Dr. Mehdi Anwar is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Connecticut. As a Jefferson Science Fellow, he served as Special Adviser for Technology Transfer and Innovation in the office of Intellectual Property Enforcement, Economic Bureau, U. S. Department of State. At present, Dr. Anwar is assisting U. S. Department of State and other U. S. Government organizations and the United Nations Office for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries, and Small Island Developing States to stand up the newly established United Nations Technology Bank.
Microstructures of financial markets, order routing, high-frequency trading, oil prices .....
Prof. Bruce Mizrach is a professor in the Department of Economics at Rutgers University. He has held appointments at Boston College, the Wharton School, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and NYU Stern School of business. Bruce is the founder and editor of Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics and Econometrics, which is devoted to using the nonlinear analysis to understand economic and financial markets. His most recent work is on the market microstructure of electronic limit order markets in bonds, equities, and commodity markets.
Causes of chronic liver diseases, emerging treatments, COVID-19
Dr. Scott Friedman is the Dean for Therapeutic Discovery and Chief of the Division of Liver Diseases, at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. He has performed pioneering research into the underlying causes of scarring, or fibrosis associated with chronic liver disease, affecting millions worldwide. His work has spawned an entire field that is now realizing its translational and therapeutic potential, with new anti-fibrotic therapies for liver disease reaching clinical trials.
Evolution of cancer, plague, pandemics, COVID, policymaking under uncertainty
Jeffrey Townsend is the Elihu Professor of Biostatistics and Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the Yale School of Public Health and Yale University. He is an experimentalist and a theoretician; someone who performed the first experiments to show how extensively genome-wide gene expression varies in one individual organism to another within a population; who has developed theory to reveal not just what is known, but what is unknown and unknowable in how organisms have descended from their ancestors; who has pioneered both experimental and theoretical approaches enabling us to understand the evolutionary changes that give an organism its form, function, and ability to survive and propagate. Currently, he spends the majority of his time working on evolutionary theory applied to tumor genome sequencing, revealing how cancer evolves from normal tissue to malignant tissue—how cancer evolves within us.
Decisions under uncertainty, shocks, supply chains, and autonomous vehicles
Prof Warren Powell taught at Princeton for almost 40 years, where he was drawn to the opportunity of bringing advanced analytics to the trucking industry which introduced him to the challenge of making high-dimensional decisions (such as assigning drivers to loads) under uncertainty. This problem guided a lifetime of research in stochastic optimization using approximate dynamic programming. His research produced over 250 papers and two books with the help of 60 graduate students and post-docs, supported by $50 million in research funding.
Democratizing our data - A manifesto. Improving the design of metrics, collection of data, analysis and decision-making at the federal level
Prof. Julia Lane is a Professor at the New York University Wagner Graduate School of Public Service and an NYU Fellow for Innovation Analytics. She is a senior advisor in the Office of the Federal CIO at the White House, supporting the implementation of the Federal Data Strategy. She cofounded the Coleridge Initiative, whose goal is to use data to transform the way governments access and use data for the social good through training programs, research projects, and a secure data facility.
Humans, bacteria, intelligence, consciousness, life and everything else
Ian Williams was born in England in 1954. He trained as a biochemist at the Universities of Bristol and Oxford and received an MFA from Bennington College in Vermont. He worked for Pfizer for twenty years heading the Molecular Sciences Department and serving in the Research strategy group. He and his wife, Nancy Hutson, have a farm in Connecticut containing over 50 large-scale sculptures that Williams has made over the last decade. Together with Nancy, he has ridden in horseback safaris in many parts of the world. He may be reached at email@example.com
COVID-19, clinical trial processes, pharmaceutical R&D, vaccine development, use of preventative medications, Alzheimer's disease, PTSD
After obtaining his medical degree in Belgium in 1972, Pierre Etienne moved to McGill University, where he did postgraduate work in neurochemistry. There he directed a program on the biochemical, physiological, and neuropathological basis of Alzheimer's disease. After a brief passage in experimental medicine at Ciba-Geigy (now Novartis), he went back to McGill in 1987, dividing his time between the Montreal Neurological Institute and the Allan Memorial Institute. In 1989 he joined Pfizer as Director of Experimental Medicine, responsible for all Phase 2 A programs for US and Japan discovered compounds. In 2003, he became CEO of PhageTech, Inc., a privately-held biotechnology company based in Montreal, Canada. PhageTech exploited a proprietary platform based on phage-bacterial intracellular interactions to research and develop new classes of synthetic antibiotics. Phagetech later became Targanta Therapeutics that went public on NASDAQ (TARG) in the summer of 2008. In December 2009, he started a new life as a physician at the Douglas Institute. In July 2011, he was appointed Director of the Clinical Research Division. He is the co-Director of the Alzheimer’s disease prevention program (Stop-AD).