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The Universal Grain

The Universal Grain

By The Universal Grain
Bridging the Asian Divide
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Prison Reform: A Conversation on Education and the Criminal Justice System

The Universal Grain

1x
A Historical Overview of Wealth Inequality
This week, Sandhya and Allison discuss Wealth Inequality, Housing, and what role politics has in wealth inequality.  Follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Twitter and Facebook!  Research Used:  https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/race/reports/2016/12/15/294374/the-united-states-history-of-segregated-housing-continues-to-limit-affordable-housing/ https://www.marketwatch.com/story/biden-to-reinstate-fair-housing-policies-dismantled-under-trump-including-one-aimed-at-combatting-residential-segregation-11618332207 https://www.usatoday.com/in-depth/news/nation/2021/04/14/zoning-biden-infrastructure-bill-would-curb-single-family-housing/7097434002/ https://www.pewresearch.org/social-trends/2020/01/09/trends-in-income-and-wealth-inequality/
19:50
April 19, 2021
A Conversation about Climate Change
This week, Sandhya and Allison talk with Leena and Coco about climate change and all of the different facets of the issue.  Follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook!  Research Used:  https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/ https://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2020/06/25/covid-19-impacts-climate-change/ https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/01/climate-change-link-infectious-diseases-covid-19-study/ https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/global-greenhouse-gas-emissions-data#:~:text=Electricity%20and%20Heat%20Production%20 https://www.cnn.com/2015/08/13/opinions/gallery/top-climate-change-contributors/index.html https://ec.europa.eu/clima/change/causes_en https://www.watershedcouncil.org/pipeline-risks.html#:~:text=For%20natural%20gas%20pipelines%2C%20the,gas%2C%20contributes%20to%20climate%20change. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-00090-3 https://bigthink.com/surprising-science/texas-snowstorm-arctic?rebelltitem=3#rebelltitem3 https://davidsuzuki.org/what-you-can-do/what-is-climate-change/
31:38
April 5, 2021
Addressing Anti-Asian Hate
This week, Sandhya and Allison talk about the horrifying increase in Anti-Asian rhetoric and hate based actions. We stand in solidarity with our Asian community.  Follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter!   Places to Donate to or Be Aware Of:  -https://www.aaldef.org  -https://www.advancingjustice-aajc.org -https://www.imreadymovement.org  Research Used:   https://www.cnn.com/2021/03/16/us/metro-atlanta-spa-shootings-what-we-know/index.html https://www.cnn.com/us/live-news/atlanta-area-shootings-03-17-21/index.html https://www.npr.org/2021/03/10/975722882/the-rise-of-anti-asian-attacks-during-the-covid-19-pandemic https://www.npr.org/2021/03/17/978055571/anti-asian-attacks-rise-during-pandemic-read-nprs-stories-on-the-surge-in-violen https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-56218684
20:59
March 22, 2021
Prison Reform: A Conversation on Education and the Criminal Justice System
This week Sandhya and Allison talk with Professor Reiter, a member of the Prison Education Project at UCI about education and the criminal justice system.  Learn more about the Prison Education Project here: https://prisoneducation.uci.edu Follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Twitter and Facebook!  Research Used: http://restorativejustice.org/restorative-justice/about-restorative-justice/tutorial-intro-to-restorative-justice/lesson-1-what-is-restorative-justice/#sthash.AQlmSDif.dpbs https://www.courtinnovation.org/publications/restorative-racial-justice https://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/rp-pr/csj-sjc/jsp-sjp/rp01_1-dr01_1/p5.html https://leb.fbi.gov/articles/featured-articles/restorative-justice-and-youthful-offenders https://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/cj-jp/rj-jr/index.html https://www.weareteachers.com/restorative-justice/ https://globalpeacecareers.com/magazine/examples-of-restorative-justice/
30:47
March 8, 2021
Washington D.C: A Discussion on Statehood
This week Sandhya and Allison talk about DC Statehood, and the arguments surrounding the issue.  Follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook! Research Used:   https://washington.org/DC-information/washington-dc-history https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/51 https://www.dcvote.org/10-myths-about-district-columbia https://www.abc10.com/article/news/local/how-do-new-states-become-part-of-the-us/103-448157125#:~:text=Typically%2C%20a%20territory%20sends%20representatives,statehood%20to%20make%20it%20official. https://www.washingtonpost.com/dc-md-va/2021/01/08/washington-dc-statehood-faq/ https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/dc-politics/most-americans-say-no-statehood-for-the-district-of-columbia-poll-shows/2019/07/13/d053f350-a4c1-11e9-b8c8-75dae2607e60_story.html https://statehood.dc.gov/page/why-statehood-dc https://www.dcvote.org/public-opinion/citizens’-guide-congressional-appropriations-process-district-columbia
18:31
February 22, 2021
Celebrating Lunar New Year
In this mini-episode, Allison and Sandhya talk about Lunar New Year and some of the holiday's traditions. They both wish everyone a prosperous new year and hope that everyone is celebrating the holiday safely!  Follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook.  
05:25
February 13, 2021
Sharing Experiences: A Conversation About Asian-American Identity
This week, Sandhya and Allison talk to their friends, Varshitha and Brandon, about their experiences as Asian-Americans.  Follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter! Thank you for listening!
27:20
February 8, 2021
The Future is Female: A Conversation With Women In Politics
This week, Sandhya and Allison, along with Rebecca and Katherine from Women In Politics talk about congresswomen, the gender wage gap, and United States Madam Vice President Kamala Harris.  Follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook!  Research Used:  https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/04/04/americans-dont-like-it-when-men-and-only-men-make-decisions-about-women/ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264428985_Cold_or_Caring_Adolescent_Sexual_Assault_Victims'_Perceptions_of_Their_Interactions_With_the_Police https://policecrime.bgsu.edu/Home/Crimes https://www.maristcircle.com/opinion/2020/11/12/idolizing-politicians-undermines-democracy-political-polarization https://www.politico.com/newsletters/women-rule/2020/09/11/why-women-pols-are-talking-about-beauty-490308 https://valor-dictus.com/opinion/2017/01/19/lets-stop-glorifying-obama-and-all-politicians-for-that-matter/ https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/2019/1/23/18184192/kamala-harris-president-campaign-criminal-justice-record https://policyoptions.irpp.org/magazines/march-2019/women-politicians-must-still-bend-to-gender-stereotypes/ 
37:13
January 25, 2021
A Discussion on the COVID Vaccine
This episode, Sandhya and Allison talk about the COVID vaccine, the rollout of the vaccine, and the history of anti-vaccination ideology.  Follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook!  Research Used:  https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/different-vaccines/mrna.html https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/different-vaccines/how-they-work.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fvaccines%2Fabout-vaccines%2Fhow-they-work.html https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/different-vaccines.html https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/8-things.html https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/national-strategy/planning-guidance/guidance_508.html https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/12/world/americas/covid-vaccine-us-uk-canada.html https://ftp.historyofvaccines.org/content/articles/history-anti-vaccination-movements https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/31/health/vaccine-distribution-delays.html https://intermountainhealthcare.org/blogs/topics/covid-19/2020/11/debunking-the-myth-of-non-vaccine-herd-immunity-in-covid-19/ https://globalnews.ca/news/7511664/fact-or-fiction-covid-19-vaccine/ https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/covid-19/hcp/mrna-vaccine-basics.html https://www.chop.edu/centers-programs/vaccine-education-center/making-vaccines/how-are-vaccines-made https://www.immune.org.nz/vaccines/efficiency-effectiveness
24:37
January 11, 2021
Delving into Sexual Health Stigmas
This week, Sandhya and Allison talk about reproductive rights and sexual health in both Asian and American culture.  Be sure to follow @theuniversalgrain on Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram!  Research we used:  https://www.thirdway.org/memo/talking-about-reproductive-rights-in-2020 https://statusofwomendata.org/explore-the-data/reproductive-rights/ https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/odi.13390 http://www.ipsnews.net/2019/02/dismantling-sexual-health-stigma-india/ https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/amy-coney-barrett-s-supreme-court-confirmation-jeopardizes-more-abortion-ncna1244568 https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/11/03/930533103/how-an-abortion-fight-in-supreme-court-could-threaten-birth-control-too https://www.commonhealth.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Facts-on-Abortion-in-Asia-_Guttmacher-Institute-Jan-2012.pdf https://americanpregnancy.org/unplanned-pregnancy/pregnant-teen-26089#:~:text=Our%20toll%2Dfree%20teen%20pregnancy,talk%20about%20your%20pregnancy%20options.
22:17
November 23, 2020
Supporting Small Business
In this episode, Sandhya and Allison talk about immigrant history, small business and the pandemic, and the economy! If you are able to, the Universal Grain highly encourages you to shop at small business, especially during the pandemic.  Remember to vote if you are able to! Follow @theuniversalgrain Instagram, Facebook, Twitter.  Research we used:  https://www.inc.com/jessica-stillman/immigrants-play-an-outsize-role-in-small-business.html https://www.pnas.org/content/117/30/17656 https://www.fastcompany.com/90514082/small-businesses-owned-by-women-people-of-color-and-immigrants-are-harder-hit-by-covid-19 https://delaroq.com/pages/about https://wedreamincolour.com/about.html https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/public-and-social-sector/our-insights/covid-19s-effect-on-minority-owned-small-businesses-in-the-united-states# https://www.shelbizleee.com/post/sustainable-black-owned-businesses https://www.valuewalk.com/2018/11/non-citizens-usa/ https://www.self.inc/blog/starting-a-business-as-an-immigrant-to-the-u-s
18:38
November 8, 2020
Mobilizing the Asian Electorate
This week, Sandhya and Allison discuss the importance of voting and the political climate.  Remember to VOTE if you are eligible, YOUR VOICE MATTERS!  Follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Twitter and Facebook  Research Used:  https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/05/07/asian-americans-are-the-fastest-growing-racial-or-ethnic-group-in-the-u-s-electorate/ https://www.americanbar.org/groups/crsj/publications/human_rights_magazine_home/voting-in-2020/why-minority-voters-have-a-lower-voter-turnout/ https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/06/opinion/latino-voters-2020-election.html https://www.npr.org/2020/09/12/909131065/will-2020-be-the-year-of-the-young-voter https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/how-asian-americans-are-thinking-about-the-2020-election/ https://www.forbes.com/sites/alisondurkee/2020/09/21/more-young-voters-say-they-will-definitely-vote-this-year-than-prior-elections/#36b5c36756f1 https://www.brookings.edu/blog/the-avenue/2020/07/30/now-more-than-half-of-americans-are-millennials-or-younger/
24:58
October 12, 2020
Discussing the History of the Subjugation of Women
In this episode, Sandhya and Allison talk about the roots of cultural misogyny and their own experiences with gender stereotypes.  Follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook!  Research Mentioned:   https://unu.edu/publications/articles/achieving-gender-equality-in-india-what-works-and-what-doesnt.html https://worldcrunch.com/culture-society/the-violent-roots-of-india39s-subjugation-of-women https://www.girlsnotbrides.org/child-marriage/india/ https://transgenderlawcenter.org/black-trans-women-black-trans-femmes-leading-living-fiercely https://vawnet.org/sc/serving-trans-and-non-binary-survivors-domestic-and-sexual-violence/violence-against-trans-and https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2020/03/leftover-women-china-israel-children-marriage/607768/ https://asiasociety.org/education/women-traditional-china
24:42
September 28, 2020
Finding a Bicultural Sense of Self
In this episode, Sandhya and Allison talk about cultural shame and their experiences with whitewashing.  Be sure to follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook!  Research Used:  - https://www.latimes.com/entertainment-arts/movies/story/2019-10-04/asian-american-films-canon - https://www.simplypsychology.org/social-identity-theory.html - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/247516914_Bicultural_Identity_and_SelfGroup_Personality_Perceptions
35:56
September 14, 2020
Realizing Academic Pressure in Asian Communities
This episode, Allison and Sandhya discuss their experiences with school, grades and mental health, and how their experiences relate to the larger Asian communities. They both want to remind their listeners to stay safe, don't stress, and do what they enjoy!  Be sure to follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook!  Research Mentioned:  https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10615806.2012.668536 https://counseling.steinhardt.nyu.edu/blog/asian-americans-burdened-with-worry/ https://www.apa.org/pi/oema/resources/ethnicity-health/asian-american/article-mental-health https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2020-08-13/online-learning-fails-low-income-students-covid-19-left-behind-project https://forge.medium.com/the-complain-brag-is-even-worse-than-the-humblebrag-397060de9092 https://adaa.org/learn-from-us/from-the-experts/blog-posts/professional/too-well-seek-help-model-minority-myth-asian https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2018-00184-001 https://academiccommons.columbia.edu/doi/10.7916/D82R40WD https://hechingerreport.org/how-do-you-manage-college-online-quarantined-with-eight-people/ https://www.vox.com/the-highlight/2019/11/27/20975989/perfect-mental-health-perfectionism https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-science-adversity/201608/why-no-one-likes-humblebragger
33:30
September 1, 2020
Embarking On A Religious Journey
This week, Sandhya and Allison talk about their struggles with religion, how religion is intertwined with culture, and cultural appropriation.  Be sure to follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook!  Some of the research mentioned:  https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-41757047 https://www.pewforum.org/2012/12/18/global-religious-landscape-exec/ https://www.dol.gov/agencies/oasam/civil-rights-center/internal/policies/religious-discrimination-accommodation https://www.justice.gov/crt/combating-post-911-discriminatory-backlash-6 https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-29644591 https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2011/feb/14/why-do-we-say-bless-you-notes-queries https://law.justia.com/cases/california/court-of-appeal/2015/d064888.html 
28:54
August 17, 2020
Wearing a Mask For Everyone
This week Allison and Sandhya talk about the Coronavirus and how both Eastern and Western values have impacted the situation. Please wear a mask and take safety precautions for the sake of others and yourself, and be safe!  Be sure to follow @theuniversalgrain on Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter.  Read more on the research mentioned in the episode:  https://theconversation.com/calling-covid-19-a-chinese-virus-is-wrong-and-dangerous-the-pandemic-is-global-134307 https://www.pbs.org/newshour/nation/asian-americans-describe-gut-punch-of-racist-attacks-during-coronavirus-pandemic https://www.advisory.com/daily-briefing/2020/06/19/mask-wearing https://www.bbc.com/news/world-52015486
26:34
August 3, 2020
Bridging the Divide Between Asian Culture and Hollywood
This week Allison and Sandhya talked about race, culture, and media representation. Asian representation in media is something that has affected both Allison and Sandhya in ways they think their audience can relate to as well. Be sure to check out the...
34:20
July 19, 2020
Becoming A Better Ally
This episode we decided to talk about something that is close to both of our hearts: the Black Lives Matter movement. We hope that from this, listeners learn how to be an Asian ally and the importance of BIPOC unity. After listening to our episode, take...
25:59
July 6, 2020
Intro Episode
Welcome to The Universal Grain, a podcast founded by two Generation Z, Asian-American teenagers. This is our intro episode, where you can get to know us and find out what we want to talk about. We are so glad you're listening, and cannot wait to take...
03:19
June 29, 2020