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Two Bees in a Podcast

Two Bees in a Podcast

By UF/IFAS Honey Bee Lab
Two Bees in a Podcast is hosted by members of University of Florida's Honey Bee Research and Extension Laboratory. Learn about honey bees, beekeepers, researchers, and specialists from around the world in educational, fun, yet practical episodes!
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Carpenter Bees as Pests & Requeening Using a Nuc
In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on May 13, 2021, we are joined by Dr. Bill Kern, Associate Professor in the Department of Entomology & Nematology at the Ft. Lauderdale Research and Education Center of the University of Florida, to discuss carpenter bees being a pest to honey bees. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to requeen colonies using a nuc. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.
44:53
May 13, 2021
Buckfast Bees, YouTube, & Hiving a Nuc
In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on May 6, 2021, we are joined by Paul Kelley, Staff Apiarist at the University of Guelph in Canada, to discuss Buckfast Bees and educational YouTube content. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to hive a nuc. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.
44:11
May 6, 2021
New Ruling on Oxalic Acid and Marking Queens
In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 22, 2021, we are joined by our very own Dr. Cameron Jack, assistant professor in the UF Entomology and Nematology Department, to discuss the new ruling on oxalic acid in honey and how this impacts its use in hives. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss the why’s and how’s of marking queens. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.
42:01
April 22, 2021
The Benefits of Pollen to Bees & Using a Smoker
In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 15th, 2021, we are joined by Gloria Degrandi-Hoffman, Research Leader at the Carl Hayden Bee Research Center in Tucson, Arizona, to discuss the benefits of pollen to honey bees.  In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to use a smoker when working colonies. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.
01:07:14
April 15, 2021
Tropilaelaps Mites & Characteristics of Healthy Honey Bee Colonies
In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 8th, 2021, we are joined by Dr. Sammy Ramsey to discuss the Tropilaelaps mite. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss the characteristics of healthy honey bee colonies. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.
47:36
April 8, 2021
Impact of Land Use on Pollinators & Colony Inspection Techniques
In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 1st, 2021, we are joined by Dr. Clint Otto from the USGS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center to discuss the impact of land-use changes on honey bees and other pollinators. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss proper colony inspection techniques. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.
54:02
April 1, 2021
Beekeeping in Denmark & Picking Apiary Locations
In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 15th, 2021, we are joined by Flemming Vejsnæs to discuss beekeeping in Denmark and his role in the Danish Beekeeper’s Association.  In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to pick a location for your apiaries. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.
49:09
March 25, 2021
Insulating Honey Bee Colonies & Good Neighbor Guidelines
In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 18th, 2021, we are joined by Bill Hesbach, who will be discussing over-wintering and insulating honey bee colonies. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to be a good neighbor when it comes to beekeeping. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.
01:00:02
March 18, 2021
Social Media & Rules and Regulations
In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, we are joined by Ian Steppler, who discusses his commercial beekeeping and his large social media platform. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss the rules and regulations of beekeeping. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.
01:00:44
March 11, 2021
Extension & Time Dedication to Beekeeping
In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, we are joined by Randall Cass from Iowa State University, who will be discussing his role in extension and outreach, including providing beekeeping information to predominately Spanish speaking communities. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss the time dedication required for beekeeping depending on the number hives and season. This episode is concluded with a Q&A segment.
40:27
March 4, 2021
Cape Honey Bees & Benefits of Starting Colonies with a Nuc
In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, we are joined by Dr. Madeleine Beekman from the University of Sydney, who will be discussing Cape honey bees and worker policing. In the 5 Minute Management segment, we will be discussing the benefits of starting a colony with a nuc. This episode will be ended with a Q&A segment.
49:46
February 25, 2021
Kim Flottum & Starting Colonies with Packages of Bees
In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, we are joined by Kim Flottum, the former Editor of Bee Culture magazine, who continuously gets information out about bees through numerous podcasts and books. In our 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy will focus on starting colonies with packages of bees. We end today’s episode with a Q&A segment.
49:46
February 18, 2021
Suppressed in Ovo Virus Infection & Necessary Beekeeping Equipment for Beginners
In this week’s episode, we are joined by Professor Dirk de Graaf from Ghent University, who discusses suppressed in ovo virus infection (SOV). In our 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy will discuss the beekeeping equipment that is necessary for getting started in beekeeping. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.
46:52
February 11, 2021
Local Honey Bees in the UK & Foundation Type Pros & Cons
In today’s episode, we are joined by Norman Carreck, a beekeeper from the UK and Carreck Consultancy, who discusses local honey bees and adaptation. This is followed by our 5 Minute Management section, where Jamie and Amy discuss the pros and cons of the different types of foundation. We end this episode with Q&A.
57:34
February 4, 2021
Temperature Stress on Queen Quality and Types of Foundation
In today’s episode, we are joined by Dr. Alison McAfee from NC State University, who discusses the impact of temperature stress on queen honey bee quality. This is followed by our 5 Minute Management section, where Jamie and Amy discuss the different types of foundation. We end this episode with Q&A.
49:40
January 28, 2021
Introducing a New Format & Discussing Pesticides
Join us for another season of Two Bees in a Podcast! We are excited to announce our slightly revised format, featuring a new segment called “5 Minute Management.” Each week, Amy will set a timer for Jamie, who has exactly 5 minutes or less to break down and explain a different topic in beekeeping management. In today’s episode, we are joined by Ben Powell, apiculture and pollinator protection specialist from Clemson University, who will be discussing pesticides and their impacts on honey bees. Next, Jamie has 5 minutes to break down today’s management topic: properly storing unused equipment. We will end today’s episode with everybody’s favorite question and answer segment, Stump the Chump.
50:02
January 21, 2021
Honey Bee Pheromones and How to Provide Extension Program Feedback
In this episode, Amy and Jamie will dedicate an entire segment to how you, our listeners, can help us improve this podcast; but first, we will be joined by Dr. Victoria Soroker who will be discussing pheromonal communication in honey bees. Finally, we end with everyone’s favorite game show, Stump the Chump.
57:24
November 20, 2020
Pesticide Applicator Training & Viruses, Bacteria, and Fungal Pathogens
In today’s episode we will be interviewing Dr. Andony Melathopoulos from Oregon State University who will discuss pesticide applicator training. We will follow that with a segment where Amy and Jamie discuss honey bee viruses, bacteria and fungal pathogens. We end with Q&A.
01:15:36
November 12, 2020
USDA Honey Bee Lab in Baton Rouge & World Honey Bee Health
In this episode we will be interviewing Dr. Mike Simone-Finstrom, acting research leader at the USDA honey bee breeding, genetics, and physiology lab in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. We will follow that by interviewing our very own, Dr. Humberto Boncristiani, from the HBREL on the World Honey Bee Health project. We end this episode with Q&A. 
01:01:50
November 5, 2020
Hives on Public Land and How Honey Bees Choose New Sites
In this episode, we are joined by Eric Silva, a consultant for the American Honey Producers Association who will be talking about keeping honey bee colonies on public land. Then, we will interview Dr. Tom Seeley, a professor at Cornell University and world expert on honey bee swarm biology, who will be discussing how honey bees choose nest sites. We end this episode with Q&A.
01:12:49
October 29, 2020
History of the Honey Industry & Arthropod Invaders
In this episode, we are joined by Doug McGinnis, former owner of Tropical Blossom Honey, who is an expert on the history of the honey industry and importing and exporting honey. Then, Amy will interview Jamie on arthropod invaders in honey bee colonies. We end this episode with Q&A.
01:11:31
October 22, 2020
Drone Congregation Areas & Queen Bee Production in Europe
In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Ashley Mortenson from Plant and Food Research in New Zealand, who will be talking about drone congregation areas. Then we will interview Dr. Raffaele Dall’Olio, an independent honey bee research and extension specialist in Italy, who will be discussing queen bee production in Europe. We end this episode with Q&A.
01:11:53
October 15, 2020
Natural Varroa-Resistant Honey Bees and Small Hive Beetles
In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Steve Martin, a professor from the University of Salford in the United Kingdom, who will be discussing his research on natural varroa-resistant honey bees. This will be followed by a segment where Cameron interviews Jamie on small hive beetles. We end this episode with Q&A.
01:18:50
October 8, 2020
Drone Congregation Areas & Nosema
In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Ben Oldroyd, a professor from the University of Sydney in Australia, who will be discussing his new research on the use of drones at drone congregation areas to estimate the density of wild honey bee colonies. This will be followed by an interview with Dr. Cameron Jack from the University of Florida, who is an expert on Nosema. We end this episode with Q&A.
01:00:47
October 1, 2020
Varroa Sensitive Hygiene & Various Beekeeping Climates
In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Jeff Harris from Mississippi State University, an expert on Varroa Sensitive Hygiene traits. This is followed by a segment where Dr. Ellis and Amy discuss overwintering colonies in different climates. We end this episode with Q&A. Q&A Has there been any research on combining two or more different chemical treatments at the same time to treat Varroa? If the daughter of a non-local queen has survived a season, does that mean she been adapted to the colony? Are there more than one type of Varroa? Do they look the same?
01:03:52
September 10, 2020
Generational & Commercial Beekeeping
In this episode, we are joined by Logan Cutts to talk about his experience as a fifth-generation beekeeper. This is followed by a segment where Dr. Ellis and Amy discuss the commercial beekeeping industry. We end this episode with Q&A. Questions What’s the deal with Manuka honey? Why is it so fancy, and why do people want it? Should we keep bees in the sun or the shade? Where is the best placement, and should the entrances be faced in a certain direction? Can bees survive in observation hives survive in a home? Does the placement of these hives matter?
01:03:07
September 3, 2020
Scout Bees & Bee Stings
In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Juliana Rangel to talk about scout bees. This is followed by a segment where Dr. Ellis and Amy discuss bee stings. Q&A includes: can sugar water go bad? Do we remove supers to prevent amitraz contamination? When a commercial beekeeper is loading a pallet of hives onto a flatbed trailer, what are the bees doing?
01:02:15
August 27, 2020
2019-2020 BIP Colony Loss Survey and Queen Bees
In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Geoff Williams to discuss the 2020 Bee Informed Partnership (BIP) preliminary survey. Then Amy and Jamie talk about queen bees. Q&A includes: when removing supers, should burr comb be melted and applied to frames to encourage honey bees to building in that super? What are “zom-bees”? I heard foundationless frames made smaller worker bees, which led to less Varroa. Is this true?
01:00:13
August 20, 2020
Quality Queens and the Top Honey Bee Stressors
In this episode, we are joined by Dr. David Tarpy to learn what it means to have quality queen bees and about his Queen and Disease Clinic at North Carolina State University. Then Amy and Jamie discuss the biggest stressors that honey bee colonies face according to the Bee Informed Partnership. Q&A includes: I had harvested my honey and there are a lot of air bubbles. Is this ok or should I wait before putting a lid on? What kind of hive stand is the best? Would it be okay if I got rid of deeps and used a different size hive box?
01:10:01
August 13, 2020
Queen Polyandry and the Label is the Law
In this episode we speak with Dr. Keith Delaplane about queen mating behavior. For the second segment, Dr. Ellis and Amy discuss the role of labels and how to interpret them. Q&A includes: is there a way to control mold in a hive? How can you tell the difference between wax moths and small hive beetle larva? How do you deal with high moisture content in your honey?
01:10:46
August 6, 2020
Black Bee Honey
In this episode we speak to Black Bee Honey, a non-profit organization aiming to turn ‘food deserts to food oases,’ and encourage young entrepreneurs. The first segment describes how they provide youth the opportunity to learn about entrepreneurship. In the second segment, we go more in depth into how this program was developed and how you can begin one in your area. Q&A includes: is honey safe to eat when pregnant? Can bacteria in honey cause botulism? Does the bacteria affect the bees? Why do queens have different colored abdomens? Why do bees sometimes exhibit behavior of wash boarding?
51:24
July 30, 2020
Women in Beekeeping
In this episode we are joined by Dr. Tammy Potter to discuss the role of women in beekeeping. Then we speak with Dr. Jennifer Tsuruda about what it means to be an Extension Specialist, her programs in Tennessee, and some emerging topics in the honey bee world. Q&A includes: when moving a hive, is it true that you need to move them ‘two feet a day or two miles away’? How can we incorporate integrated pest management when using a top bar hive? Are there any essential oils we should not be using in the hive that attract small hive beetles?
01:10:13
July 23, 2020
Queen 'Duets' and the Story of Honey Bee History
In this episode we discuss recent research conducted by lead scientist, Dr. Martin Bencsik, who studied honey bee queen ’duets’. Then we hear from Dr.  Malcolm Sanford, professor emeritus from the University of Florida, about his research and career experiences. Q&A includes: what does it mean when beekeepers are ‘treatment free’? Is Amdro safe to use around hives? How many dead bees is enough to be cause for concern?
01:24:47
July 16, 2020
BeeMD and Honey Labeling Guidelines
In this episode we discuss BeeMD with Dr. Dewey Caron and Dr. Debbie Delaney. Then we hear from Chris Hiatt, the vice president of the American Honey Producers Association (AHPA) to discuss AHPA, some of their initiatives, including a hot topic in the commercial beekeeping industry: honey labeling guidelines. Q&A includes: is there a resistance to amitraz? What does it mean when beekeepers talk about mite resistance or varroa sensitivity? Where would someone find queens who are resistant to certain problems?
01:22:11
July 9, 2020
Best Management Practices and Factors That Determine a Worker vs a Queen
In this episode we discuss the five best and worst commercial beekeeping management practices with Dan Aruell and Matt Hoepfinger from the Bee Informed Partnership (BIP). Then we hear from Dr. Julia Bowsher, to learn about her research on the factors that determine whether a female larvae will become a worker or queen bee. Q&A includes: I have a hive with screen bottom boards. I coat the removable, plastic bottom boards with canola oil or vegetable oil to collect ‘all the good stuff’ that falls to the bottom: varroa, small hive beetle, etc. I’ve heard of others who use diatomaceous earth or small hive beetle traps instead. What are the pros and cons of diatomaceous earth versus oil? How does someone recognize the forage sources around them and are there resources for determining what kind of forage is around you? Are there quantitative measures?
01:16:23
July 2, 2020
Blue Calamintha and ‘Found in Translation’
In this episode we discuss the re-discovery of the blue calamintha bee with Dr. Chase Kimmel. Then we hear from Dr. Jay Evans, to learn about his book, ‘Found in Translation’. Q&A includes: how do you deal with bull ants?I just installed a package of bees into a new hive, the queen is in her cage with a sugar cork. The bees are on outside clustering on the nest entrance and cluster is getting bigger, what should I do? What qualifies someone as a beginner, intermediate, or advanced beekeeper?
01:07:07
June 25, 2020
USDA Research Labs and State Beekeeping Associations
In this episode we hear from Dr. Jay Evans, and learn about the role of USDA Bee Research Laboratories and what they do for beekeepers. This is followed by a discussion with Jennifer Holmes, the Florida State Beekeepers Association president, on state beekeeper associations. Q&A includes: after I work my bees, I smell like smoke the rest of the day, is there a trick to removing smoke? When you first receive a package, I’ve been told that I should seal the entrance for the first day or two, is this true? Several time within a few weeks I’ve seen small swarms head out over water and then return. When we captured the swarm, there was no queen, but the bees began to return to their hive. Have you seen this behavior before?
01:04:18
June 18, 2020
The Role of Florida Farm Bureau Federation and Mosquito Control
In this episode we discuss the role of Florida Farm Bureau Federation and their relationship with apiculture. In the second segment of this podcast episode, we speak with Caitlin Gill from the Florida Department of Agriculture, about mosquito control for beekeepers. Q&A includes: what are things that beekeepers can do to prevent mosquitos? What ratio do you recommend for sugar water, and why? I have a split that didn’t re-queen, I added a new frame of eggs, there is an empty queen cell, but there is no sign of her. It is poorly populated, is it a loss?
59:08
June 11, 2020
Social Immunity and Swarms
In this episode we are joined by Distinguished McKnight Professor, Dr. Marla Spivak, to learn about social immunity. Amy and Jamie have a discussion on swarms, and we wrap up with Q&A. Q&A includes: How soon should I put a honey super on a newly split ten frame hive? Can you tell us about treating for mites prophylactically? Are supers safe to reuse if they had European foulbrood in the past?
57:54
June 4, 2020
Honey Bee Friendly Landscaping and Equipment Tips and Tricks
In this episode we are joined by UF/IFAS Extension Lake County Agent, Brooke Moffis, to learn about landscaping for bees. We wrap up this episode with a discussion on commonly asked question about specific beekeeping equipment such as woodenware and bottom boards. Q&A includes: why did beetles find my hive only hours after placing them? What are small cell foundations? What is the best way to move frames in a hive without crushing the queen?
54:40
May 28, 2020
Asian Giant Hornet Special: Truths and Myths about Vespa mandarinia
In this episode we are joined by Chris Looney, Entomologist for the Washington State Department of Agriculture, who discusses the current situation surrounding the Asian giant hornet. Q&A includes: where does the Asian giant hornet occur? How do I know if the stinging insect I have found is an Asian giant hornet and what should I do? What kinds of trap/screens do you suggest beekeepers use to protect against predation?
43:57
May 21, 2020
Beekeeping in Barbados and a Look into the Use of Oxalic Acid
In this episode we are joined by David Smalls, who discusses his experiences and knowledge of beekeeping in the Caribbean and how Varroa have affected the industry. We wrap up this episode with Dr. Cameron Jack, who’s segment focuses on the use of oxalic acid as a pest management tool. Q&A includes: Should you select and remove drones? Do drones take resources away from the larvae? Can you get different sizes of drone within your colony?
56:16
May 14, 2020
COVID-19 Special: Updates on the Beekeeping Industry
In this very special episode, we discuss the effects of COVID-19 on beekeepers and how it connects with our food system. We are joined by Jason Mathis from Florida Farm Bureau, and Tony Hogg who is a beekeeper and the chair of the Apiary Advisory committee for the Florida Farm Bureau.
38:40
May 7, 2020
When You Have Competition It Raises the Quality of a Product
In this episode we are joined by Michael Young, who discusses Honey Judge Training programs, we wrap up Bill Kerns pest series with a conversation about miscellaneous pests, and we end the episode with Q&A. Q&A includes: What are books and resources for beekeepers? Can you combine frames from two hives to make one walkaway split?
52:40
April 30, 2020
Popular Beekeeping Journals
In this episode we discuss available resources and beekeeping journals by editors around the country: Eugene Makovec, the editor of American Bee Journal, and Jerry Hayes, the editor of Bee Culture (who has a little surprise for our podcast listeners!). We end the episode with these Q&A questions: Why doesn’t the Africanized honey bee gene pool get watered down? Is checking a hive once a week (or more) bad for the colony? What to do about swarms?
01:02:46
April 23, 2020
Once a Bear Finds an Apiary, It Will Keep Going Back
We are accompanied by Sarah Red-Laird, the founder and executive director of The Bee Girl Organization, to talk about bee nutrition, forage, and regenerative agriculture, we will be continuing our Apiary Pest discussion with Bill Kern talking about bears, and Q&A. Q&A Includes: Should you bottom super or top super? If you bottom super, what’s the order to do that? Is there any information on Azaleas and honey bees? I have honey bees in my tree. What can I do to remove them?
58:14
April 16, 2020
Top 10 Tips for Beekeepers
In this episode, Dave Westervelt discusses the history of beekeeping, we continue our pest series with Dr. Kern discussing wasps, and Dr. Ellis lists his top ten tips for beekeepers. Q&A includes: Can you smoke bees too much? How does the hive keep a balance between drones and workers? Can the queen lay different types of eggs?
56:55
April 9, 2020
Scientifically Rigorous Information
Interviews with key members of the International Bee Research Association, including Professor Dr. William Kirk, discussing the history of IBRA, Dr. Robert Brodschneider, the editor of the journal Bee World, and Dr. Maria Bouga, the editor of the Journal of Apicultural Research. Jamie and Cameron include a synopsis of what it means to publish academic research. Q&A with Jamie and Amy include: Why should we care about the honey bee gut? What are super sisters? What is the difference between orientation flights, swarming, and robbing?
01:03:45
April 2, 2020
Even Though I'm an Entomologist, I'm Not an “Ant”omologist
An interview with 2020 American Honey Princess, Sydnie Paulsrud, about the American Beekeeping Federation and the Honey Queen Program, followed by Bill Kern beginning our “Pests in the Apiary” series with a discussion about ants, and Q&A. Q&A with Jamie and Cameron includes: How many hives are needed per acre in almond pollination? Are top bar hives a better choice for bee health? When should a beekeeper be worried about hive beetles?
39:52
March 26, 2020
Honey Bees Are Animals and They Deserve to Be in Good Health
An interview with Dr. Meghan Milbrath about European foulbrood, followed by a discussion with Dr. Milbrath about Honey Bee Treatments, Dr. Bill Kern talks about Africanized Honey Bees, and we finish with Q&A.
56:20
March 12, 2020
The First Responders in Bee Health Issues
A discussion with the Florida Assistant Bureau Chief of Apiary Inspection, Brandi Stanford, an interview with pollination ecology expert, Dr. Rachel Mallinger, and Q&A.
01:11:17
March 5, 2020
Commercial Beekeeping… One Day at a Time, One Issue at a Time
An interview with Dr. Josette Lewis with the Almond Board of California, a discussion with Sarah Stern, a commercial beekeeper/co-owner of Concord Farms about her life as a commercial beekeeper, and Q & A.
01:06:27
February 27, 2020
Risk Is Simply the Product of Multiplying Toxicity and Exposure
An interview with Dr. Judy Wu-Smart, Extension & Research Entomologist University of Nebraska-Lincoln, on her pesticide research, Jamie and Amy discuss pesticide risk and what that really means, and Q&A.
50:37
February 20, 2020
If Your Goal Is to Keep Your Bees Alive
An interview with Randy Oliver about monitoring Varroa, a discussion about the Bee Informed Partnership with Anne Marie Fauvel and Nathalie Steinhauer, and Q&A.
01:13:12
February 13, 2020
Species Without Natural Enemies
What to do about honey bee dead-outs with Dr. Humberto Boncristiani, a discussion on invasive species with Dr. Jim Cuda, and Q&A.
53:59
February 6, 2020
What It Takes to Provide Purposeful Education
A summary of Extension and Research, and an interview with Dr. Meghan Milbrath from Michigan State University discussing her 50/50 Research/Extension appointment.
01:05:04
January 30, 2020
The Mite Is Free to Move About the Cabin
A general overview of Varroa, honey bee pollen and nutrition, Master Beekeepers Programs, and Q&As.
54:31
January 23, 2020
The UF/IFAS Honey Bee Research and Extension Laboratory
Learn about the HBREL, UF Instructional Programs, and what it means to have a Healthy Colony.
47:51
January 15, 2020
Introduction to “Two Bees in a Podcast"
Meet your “Two Bees in a Podcast” hosts, learn about their positions and experiences, find out more about what to expect from this podcast, and how you can be more involved!
37:24
January 7, 2020