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Orchard Outlook

Orchard Outlook

By Orchard Outlook
Tangible, practical advice and information. Orchard Outlook is a podcast by Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. hosted by our Tree Fruit Specialist, Michelle Cortens. These insightful discussions can help any grower navigate commercial tree fruit production for sweet success. Perennia is a technical development agency based in Nova Scotia, Canada with the mission to help farmers, fishers and food processors be more prosperous and profitable.
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E4 S2. Don’t sneeze at blossom thinning

Orchard Outlook

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E10 S2. Ghosts and Skeletons of Powdery Mildew
Today’s episode of the Orchard Outlook podcast is all about the annoying and persistent disease powdery mildew, folks. It’s there flagging shoots and curling leaves leading to some ghostly-looking Honeycrisp and Cortland trees. Today’s guests Dr. Kerik Cox and graduate student David Strickland are like ghost busters researching management strategies for tree fruit diseases like powdery mildew to bust away those white and fuzzy symptoms. Guest: Dr. Kerik Cox is an associate professor in the School of Integrative Plant Science Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology Section at Cornell AgriTech. To address pain points for growers, he wields his pathology expertise to focus on antimicrobial resistance and very applied disease management. In his extension appointment, he also focuses on pesticide education and disease forecasting. David Strickland is a Ph.D. candidate in Kerik’s program and his focus is apple powdery mildew. He’s investigating applied solutions for the management of this disease including field trials to explore efficacy and optimize fungicide applications and work on disease resistance. Website: www.perennia.ca Host: Michelle Cortens, Tree Fruit Specialist Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca
41:26
August 11, 2021
E9 S2. Loving Local Food
In today’s episode, we find out juicy information about local food. We check in with our guest Patrick Kelly about the buy local program, how local food is defined, in-store signage, and some pandemic response. Nova Scotians want to buy local and our guest explains how buy local promotion is helping customers identify and purchase local food products in retail stores. Guest: Patrick Kelly is the Buy Local Development Officer for Perennia and the NS Department of Agriculture. His work on the Buy Local marketing team has contributed to the development of effective marketing initiatives, aimed at creating a recognizable brand for Nova Scotians to feel confident in their decisions when purchasing high quality, locally grown and produced, Nova Scotia food and beverages. Show notes: A directory of food and beverage businesses in Nova Scotia: https://buylocal.novascotia.ca Website: www.perennia.ca Host: Michelle Cortens, Tree Fruit Specialist Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca
12:20
June 30, 2021
E8 S2. Don’t play with fire blight (ENCORE)
As I was driving to a farm this month, I listened to our very first episode from 2019 about fire blight. Not only is it our most popular episode but it’s also timely. So I’ve decided to release this episode to revisit my conversation with Dr. George Sundin. This episode is oozing with information about bacterial growth on flowers and in trees, misconceptions, trauma blight, and why antibiotics need to be timely. Guest: Dr. Sundin is a Professor of Plant Pathology and runs the Tree Fruit Pathology Lab at Michigan State University.  He performs extension and research in tree fruit disease control including management of fire blight, fungicide resistance, and the evaluation of new bactericides and fungicides. Website: www.perennia.ca Host: Michelle Cortens, Tree Fruit Specialist Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca
26:11
May 26, 2021
E7 S2. Welcoming Weather Stations
In this episode, I forecast that you’ll learn a lot about weather stations. Their components. How to site them for reliable results. Installing and maintaining them. I sense a clear conversation about collecting weather information with our guest, Jonathan Buffet. Guest: Jonathan Buffett is the founder and manager of the Cape Breton Mesonet, a network of community-owned and operated weather stations in Cape Breton and the eastern mainland. Jonathan also works as a Meteorological Inspector for Environment and Climate Change Canada by day. Born and raised in Nova Scotia, he is extremely passionate about our local climate, focusing mainly on data collection at the mesoscale/micro-climate level. Show notes: Cape Breton Mesonet: www.capebretonweather.ca In this podcast, Perennia representatives mention the Davis Vantage Pro 2 weather station but it is neither an endorsement of the technology nor a suggestion that similar technologies are ineffective. Website: www.perennia.ca Host: Michelle Cortens, Tree Fruit Specialist Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca
29:44
April 28, 2021
E6 S2. Part 2 Still Speaking of Sprayers
This episode is Part 2 of 2 on effective and efficient spraying. If you haven’t listened to Part 1 you should give it a go first. In Part 2 now, the stories about spraying continue, with our guest Dr. Jason Deveau. He will answer confusing questions about spray concentration and then explain crop-adapted spraying. Guest: Dr. Jason Deveau is the application technology specialist with the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, or he is more commonly known as spray guy. Jason has literally written the book on airblast spraying and he joins us after recently publishing the second edition with colleagues. Show notes: Airblast 101 book: https://sprayers101.com/airblast101/ Sprayers 101 website: https://sprayers101.com Micron woman comic book: https://sprayers101.com/micronwoman/ Exploding sprayer myths videos: https://sprayers101.com/articles/multimedia/myths/ Snapcard app: https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/grains/snapcard-spray-app Website: www.perennia.ca Host: Michelle Cortens, Tree Fruit Specialist Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca
30:57
March 10, 2021
E5 S2. Part 1 Speaking of Sprayers
In episode Part 1 of 2, our guest Dr. Jason Deveau blasts through common questions about spraying. Don’t let your thoughts drift through the air as we cover goodies like pesticide labels, leaf area coverage, product concentration, and the practicality of making adjustments. We certainly won’t drench you with information. We’ve got our eye on the target, and that’s effective and efficient spraying. Guest: Dr. Jason Deveau is the application technology specialist with the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, or he is more commonly known as spray guy. Jason has literally written the book on airblast spraying and he joins us after recently publishing the second edition with colleagues. Show notes: Airblast 101 book: https://sprayers101.com/airblast101/ Sprayers 101 website: https://sprayers101.com Micron woman comic book: https://sprayers101.com/micronwoman/ Exploding sprayer myths videos: https://sprayers101.com/articles/multimedia/myths/ Snapcard app: https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/grains/snapcard-spray-app Website: www.perennia.ca Host: Michelle Cortens, Tree Fruit Specialist Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca
37:25
February 24, 2021
E4 S2. Don’t sneeze at blossom thinning
There is a real science to disrupting fertilization to keep early flowers and remove late flowers. Yes, the timing is uncomfortable, and the results can be inconsistent, so we’ll explore one way to improve our confidence with this process – the pollen tube growth model (PTGM). Guest: Michael Basedow is the Tree Fruit Specialist with the Cornell Cooperative Extension and part of a regional program called the Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture Program. Michael was recently featured in an article for his work on trialing a decision-support tool for blossom thinning. Show notes: Article by The Good Fruit Grower “Thinning decisions by the numbers”: https://www.goodfruit.com/thinning-decisions-by-the-numbers/ Network for Environment and Weather Applications (NEWA): http://newa.cornell.edu Website: www.perennia.ca Host: Michelle Cortens, Tree Fruit Specialist Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca
22:57
January 28, 2021
E3 S2. Bitter and Sweet Sides of Cider
Today’s guest is going to filter through the horticultural information to give us a taste of growing fruit for hard cider. In this episode we’ll focus on the production challenges and economics of growing specialized cider varieties. The information might be refreshing or sobering! Guest: Dr. Gregory Peck is an assistant professor of horticulture at Cornell University in the School of Integrative Plant Science. A common thread across his research is to facilitate economic sustainability in the tree fruit industry. He was awarded Grower Advocate of the year in 2018 by the American Cider Association. Website: www.perennia.ca Host: Michelle Cortens, Tree Fruit Specialist Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca
31:56
December 16, 2020
E2 S2. Confronting Climate
Bernard came recommended for his research on climate resilience in food systems. He has heard from our local growers in Eastern Canada and is interested in grower-led solutions. Prepare to value your local knowledge and learn what you have to offer in climate discussions. Guest: Bernard Soubry is a writer, a researcher, and a hiatused farming apprentice torn between Oxford, UK, and Eastern Canada. His current research focuses on how food systems can adapt to climate change. Website: www.perennia.ca Host: Michelle Cortens, Tree Fruit Specialist Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca
22:27
November 25, 2020
E1 S2. Rooting for Water Management
Dr. Denise Neilsen understands root architecture and she uses that knowledge to help explain the precision management of water and nutrients. She explains the effect of drought stress and why the timing and frequency of irrigation matters. Guest: Dr. Denise Neilsen is a retired Research Scientist with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in Summerland, British Columbia. She was the co-recipient of the IFTA Research Award in 2014 and the distinguished Carlson Lecturer. Website: www.perennia.ca Host: Michelle Cortens, Tree Fruit Specialist Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca
33:51
October 21, 2020
Stop the Hop
Dr. Agnello joins us at a time when orchards full of tender young leaves are susceptible to damage by potato leafhopper. He brings an entomology lens to the issue and isn’t fooled by hopperburn. Guest: Dr. Arthur Agnello is the Tree Fruit Extension Entomologist at Cornell AgriTech in Geneva, New York – and you might recognize him as the editor of the Scaffolds newsletter. His interest in insects led him to his longstanding role in research and extension. Website: www.perennia.ca Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca
13:09
July 22, 2020
Dealing with Diseases
Dr. Peter explores the fuzzy fungi that cause powdery mildew and a slew of summer rots including black rot and bitter rot. Then shifting our focus from fungal diseases to bacterial, she explains how to curb the spread of a tumour-like growth known as crown gall and infamous fire blight infections. Dr. Kari Peter is an Associate Research Professor of Tree Fruit Pathology who loves to help with a burning question about tree fruit diseases! She is located at the Penn State Fruit Research and Extension Center in Biglerville, Pennsylvania.
32:34
June 24, 2020
Microscopic Meddlers Part 2
Tom shares insights from his research program that is focused on replant management for perennial fruit crops and the ecology and management of plant-parasitic nematodes. Tom explains exactly who is taking microscopic munches out of your root systems and feeding on productivity. Dr. Tom Forge is a research soil ecologist and nematologist for Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, at the Summerland Research and Development Centre. He’s captivated by the diversity of micro-animals in the soil – especially nematodes that are economically important plant parasites.
36:20
May 6, 2020
Microscopic Meddlers Part 1
Keith describes why digging for facts is better than jumping to conclusions – because replant disease acts in concert with adverse soil properties. Learn how to modify the soil in a replant situation and have your questions answered about soil fumigation. Keith Fuller is a soil research scientist with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada based out of Nova Scotia. He is a familiar face in our local apple industry, fascinated with soil, and currently involved in a project on replant disease.
20:16
April 29, 2020
Downloading Decisions
Jon gets techy – in an approachable way – by explaining what tools are available to tree fruit growers. Make your smartphones smart by downloading tools for pest modeling, predicting fruit set, and pocket pathology. Jon Clements is an Extension Educator for commercial tree fruit growers with the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Apart from the usual farm calls and meetings, he has an interest in computers that has helped him embrace decision-support tools.
31:54
March 25, 2020
Save a Watt
Efficiency Nova Scotia folks share some powerful messages about energy efficiency including how you can save money and lower your operating costs. Kraig Porter has been the Onsite Energy Manager in Agriculture for Efficiency Nova Scotia since 2012. His passion for environmentalism led him to study in the NSCC Energy Sustainability Engineering Technology program. Janet Tobin has a background in marketing and communications, and was drawn to Efficiency Nova Scotia because of its culture and broad-reaching impact to Nova Scotians.
25:36
February 26, 2020
Getting to the Core of Breeding
Dr. Amritpal Singh is a research Scientist in tree fruit germplasm development, with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) and leads the apple and sweet cherry breeding program at the Summerland Research and Development Centre. He has a PhD from the University of Guelph, and was an assistant professor in the department of agricultural biotechnology at Anand Agricultural University in India for six years. At a time when there are many new apple varieties to choose from, Dr. Amritpal Singh joins us to explain the science that makes it all possible. Producer: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Website: www.perennia.ca Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit  Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca Recorded by: Podcast Atlantic Recorded and Edited by Michael Boyd
23:58
January 15, 2020
Digging into Drainage
Scott  Anderson graduated as an Agricultural Engineer from the Technical University of Nova Scotia, specializing in Soil and Water Management. In the past he’s worked with the PEI Department of Agriculture as a water management specialist and also with Agriculture and AgriFood Canada as the Regional Water Resources Engineer for the Atlantic Region. He now manages large collaborative research projects at AAFC. Scott Anderson joins us after a particularly wet spring to help us visualize how water behaves below-ground, and he describes how water can be managed using surface and subsurface drainage. Producer: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Website: www.perennia.ca Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit  Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca Recorded by: Podcast Atlantic Recorded and Edited by Michael Boyd
21:34
December 18, 2019
Winning at Weed Control
Kristen Obeid is a recent recipient of the Excellence in Weed Science Extension Award from the Canadian Weed Science Society (CWSS). She joins us to explain the risks and rewards of weed control.  Kristen is OMAFRA’s Weed Management Specialist for Horticulture crops. She has a master’s degree in weed science from the University of Manitoba and an honors bachelor of science degree in agriculture from the University of Guelph. Producer: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Website: www.perennia.ca Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit  Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca Recorded by: Podcast Atlantic Recorded and Edited by Michael Boyd
19:17
November 20, 2019
Fine-tuning Fertility
Bernardita Sallato joins us to talk about the tools and techniques used to monitor plant nutrition. Whether plants can absorb available nutrition is an interesting topic as we reflect on some unusual tree growth from early this season.  Bernardita is a Regional Tree Fruit Extension Specialist at Washington State University, located in the middle of the Yakima valley – one of the most productive regions for apple and sweet cherry production. She is originally from Chile, where she obtained a degree in Horticulture and Plant Physiology, and now she has specialized in soils and plant nutrition. Producer: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Website: www.perennia.ca Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit  Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca Recorded by: Podcast Atlantic
23:21
October 16, 2019
Sensing Fruit Maturity
Dr. John DeLong joins us to talk about how to measure fruit maturity at harvest using traditional and new methods. Thanks to postharvest physiologists like John, we can enjoy fresh apples long after harvest.  Dr. DeLong has been a research scientist with AAFC since 1996 after graduating from the Pennsylvania State University's Department of Horticulture. Over the last 23 years, his research has focused on harvest maturity and storage quality retention of apple fruit and regional wine grapes. Producer: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Website: www.perennia.ca Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit  Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. Email us at: info@perennia.ca Recorded by: Podcast Atlantic Recorded and Edited by Michael Boyd
26:23
September 18, 2019
Apple Maggot Birth Control
Dr. Suzanne Blatt joins us to talk about apple maggot flies that lay their eggs in apple fruit. The maggots tunnel through apple flesh and can make a real mess that nobody wants to bite into. Dr. Blatt is a research entomologist with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, located in Nova Scotia. Her research focuses on integrated pest management methods for a wide range of commodities including apple - and apple maggot management is of course a major concern. Producer: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc.  Website: www.perennia.ca  Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit  Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia  Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones  Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc.  Email us at: info@perennia.ca  Recorded by: Podcast Atlantic  Recorded and Edited by Michael Boyd 
22:02
August 21, 2019
Don’t Play with Fire Blight
In today’s episode, we talk about the bacteria Erwinia amylovora that creates a scorched appearance on infected apple trees, accurately termed fire blight.  Producer: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc.  Host:  MICHELLE CORTENS, M.Sc., Tree Fruit Specialist
 mcortens@perennia.ca Michelle is the Tree Fruit Specialist for Perennia Food & Agriculture Inc. and she performs farm extension activities for the province of Nova Scotia. She has a Master of Science through her research on apple trees and is a certified Professional Agrologist. Michelle has been awarded for her achievements in community involvement and leadership. Guest:  Dr. George Sundin is a Professor of Plant Pathology and runs the Tree Fruit Pathology Lab at Michigan State University. He performs extension and research in tree fruit disease control including management of fire blight, fungicide resistance, and the evaluation of new bactericides and fungicides.   Website: www.perennia.ca  Follow us on Twitter: @nsperennia @nstreefruit Connect with us on: Instagram: @nsperennia Facebook: @nsperennia  Music: A Sunny Day by J. Tones  Logo Created by: Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc.  Email us at: info@perennia.ca  Recorded by: Podcast Atlantic  Recorded and Edited by: Michael Boyd 
26:01
August 7, 2019